Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Y factor, a major reason for population explosion in Asia

Y factor, a major reason for population explosion in Asia

One of the major reasons of population explosion in India and Asia is our desire for a male child. Due to patrilineal society, the male remains a stationary partner while the female moves from parents place to husband's house. Therefore, the family wish to retain the wealth and name by the male child.

It is a male dominated society for centuries. Male is the owner and female is a property-object of male. Female has been considered as earth on which male plants/charge the new baby. Due to dowry and heir ship issues, female child is not welcomed in many families even today though literacy rate of the society is going up. Religion also played an important role by authorising male child to perform rituals etc, after the death of the parents.

Girl children who have more chances of survival are less against the boy children, when we read figures of sex ratio. 

But why?

Y factor is the answer. 

The Y chromosome is paternally inherited; human males have one while females have none. What is more, the Y chromosome a father passes to his son is, in large measure, an unchanged copy of his own. ( "the generations of Adam": Adam begat Seth, Seth begat Enosh, Enosh begat Kenan... down to Noah of the flood. The account could read "Adam passed a copy of his Y chromosome to Seth, Seth passed a copy of his Y chromosome to Enosh, Enosh passed a copy of his Y chromosome to Kenan"... and so on until Noah was born carrying a copy of Adam's Y chromosome. )

It is a game of 23rd pair of chromosome as other 22 are auto somes.

All eggs contain an X chromosome while sperm are of two types: those containing an X chromosome and those containing a Y. A Y sperm fertilizing the X egg produces an XY zygote which develops as male; fertilization by an X sperm gives rise to a female XX zygote. Since every male must possess a Y chromosome which can be inherited only from his father, a man's Y chromosome represents a unique record of his paternal inheritance. Once a particular line dies out, it never reappears. 

Many medical researchers believe that Y chromosome sperm are faster swimmers, but the X chromosome sperm have more endurance. To increase the probability of a male child, the husband has to ensure that the sperms are released as close to the egg so that the Y chromosome sperm can reach the egg first before getting "worn out."

Psychological factor of a mental acceptance of a husband by a wife is important otherwise, the "Y" may not be accepted at all.

DNA (the book of life) code has also a role to play. Many a time, it is found that some family trees deliver more male children and some deliver more female children.

Constitution of India has given equal right to both. Both are human and have enormous capacity to rise. It is the culture which has been developed over centuries make differences between male and female child, otherwise without female, no male can be born. She is the "Mother", the "Mohini Avtaar" of Lord Vishnu, the reason for "Samsaar", "Maha Shakti" and strength of all. She holds all, therefore "earth" has been identified as "Mother".

The chromosome X has all legs in balance but the Y has one missing! Therefore, when a man loses balance, he has to take shelter in woman's lap!

My Gujarati teacher Shri Bhavsar in High School used to say, "Baa" (mother) means full and "Baapa" (father) means 1/4 of "Baa" (pa means 1/4 in Gujarati, the same we say 'pav' in Hindi)!!!

There is phrase in Gujarati, "Maa te Maa, bija badha vagadana vaa" (Only mother matters, others are like winds, come and go)

Punamchand
30 December 2014

Monday, December 29, 2014

Where did the Year go? Happy New Year 2015

Where did the Year go? Happy New Year 2015

Where did the year go? Suddenly it is December last days .......again - and we realize that with giant strides we started in January and within a blink of an eye, 2014 is on its back!

2014, a year full of events changing guards at the Centre and in many States in India. ISRO and India have earned international fame in Space Science when Marsyaan (MOM) reached Mars and successfully orbiting it since 24/9/14.

A calamitous year with: J&K floods; South Korea Ferry disaster; three Malaysian planes tragedies killing 799 passengers; killing of 132 students and 9 teachers of Army run school in Peshawar by Taliban militants; Nigerian School girls abduction; Ebola outbreaks in West Africa; etc.

Sports full year with Sochi Winter Olympics, FIFA World Cup in Brazil, Common Wealth Games in Scotland, Asian Games in South Korea but tragic note of  Australian Cricketer Phil Hughes death after being hit by a cricket ball. Michel Shoemaker is yet to recover his health to normalcy.

New "Hegemony" of the world yet to emerge fully. Scottish continued with UK through referendum. Ukraine Crimean  crisis kept the western world in worries. Italy got it youngest PM, Thai had elections and Hong Kong went through protests.

Oil prices picked to $115/barrel crashed to $56/barrel. Facebook bought WhatsApp for $19B indicated strength of "Social Media" of the present world. Manufacturing and exports of goods are undergoing recession all over the world, searching purchase power of the customers. Growth statistics are getting stabilized to reality.

India is on "cleaning mode" of "Swatch Bharat" through Mahatma Gandhi Swatchata Mission.

Filmy world is ending the year with adding one more hit movie, PK!

A big "Thank You" to  you, for the  impact you had on my life this year. Especially for reading all my mails. It won't have been possible without your reading to share my thoughts and travelogues.

I'm sure that 2014 would have been extremely boring from my side keeping some of you busy deleting my mails or moving them to junk!

I wish you all a Season filled with Loving Wishes and Beautiful Thoughts. May 2015 mark the beginning of a Tidal Wave of Love, Happiness and Bright Futures.
                       
ALL THE BEST FOR 2015.

HAPPY NEW YEAR 2015.

Truly Yours,

Punamchand
Gandhinagar
29 December 2014

Sunday, December 28, 2014

IAS Baby, AIS Officers are Brahmins (Dwij)

IAS Baby, AIS Officers are Brahmins (Dwij)

AIS officers are recruited through 3 stages of examinations; preliminary, mains and interview. 5 lakh write preliminary, 10-15000 clear it and write mains, of which 1500 are called for interview from whom 800 are selected. This is called recruitment.

Do you know, the process of birth of a "Baby" is also called "recruitment", passing through the same process of preliminary, mains and interview?

In simple language, 3-11 (2-5 mm) follicle starts journey during first 5 days of menstrual cycle (Preliminary), of them 5-7 grow in size (Mains) but only one of them grow up to 10 mm (7th day) take dominance, start growing at the rate 2-3 mm a day, and reaches to size 17-27 mm on ovulate day 14th (28-14=14). Before the ovulation it gets active for fertilization. Therefore day 10-11-12-13-14-15 are very important (interview) for the couple to become active to get the follicle recruited.

The interviewers (the couple) also need some preparation. The female should not eat acidic food and the male should concentrate more on eating ambla, udad, rice, etc that increase quantity and quality of sperms. Better to follow celibacy during first 8 days of menstrual cycle. Baby is an accident, a gift of God, but for that accident the couple to do "Brahma Karma" during that golden 7 days, 10-17. They are to plan their tours, moods and fights accordingly!

Those born twice are called "dwij", "Brahmins". All AIS officers are "Brahmins" as they are born twice; first from the recruitment of follicle and second from the recruitment of UPSC. LoL.

Shubham bhavatu.

Punamchand
27 December 2014

Friday, December 26, 2014

Who earn from Whom

Who earn from whom?

I happened to be in Dahod couple of years ago, went to one Voraji's shop in Hanuman Bazaar. There was a Voraji with two tribal boys in the shop. Voraji was sitting on desk and the two boys were working. 

How old is the shop? You have developed it well and must be earning good, I asked.

No Sir, these two boys are earning for me. Every morning I come to the shop, sit at the desk whole day, just keeping an eye on customers and sales of stationeries. I took my delicious lunch and go back home every evening taking the income in pocket. These two boys manage all the jobs of handling of customers, stock management, placing orders for new inventories, etc. I am called their employer but they are earning for me. I pay them fixed salary and profit is mine for owning the shop and sitting on desk. Whatever I am, it is because of their hard work.

What an honest confession it was!

Are all entrepreneurs confessing the same? If they do, dignity of labour will be respected more. Entrepreneurs will think more for their welfare along with their name in the list of rich, richer, richest.

Punamchand
26 December 2014 

NB: In offices, many times, we earn credit from the work output of our subordinates. Hope some of us transfer credits to them!
 

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Changing the Designations of Public Servants

Democracy has been established by the Constitution of India and strengthen by the people and judiciary of India. As the broad principles derived from the British System of administration, the designations of public servants remained the same mostly. Legislatives, Executives and Judiciary have been declared as 'Public Servants'. But opposite to Shakespeare's saying (nothing is in a name), the designations carry 'Power', the 'Raj Mad', making the person proudy who sit on that power chair.

On executive side, 5 persons are important, PM, CM, DM, Mayor (commissioners may question?) and Sarpanch. The Country is run by the PM, the State is run by the CM, the District is run by the DM, the City is run by the Mayor and the Village is run by the Sarpanch in public perceptions.

Present PM, when he was CM, called CM as "Common Man". As PM, he identified himself as "Pradhan Sevak".

Collector is no more collecting money and magisterial job is occasional. Ministers become mini and Mayor-Sarpanch become punching bags. PM and CM become more powerful if have clear majority.

Collectorates and other offices are changing into "Jan Seva Kendra" making the bureaucrats real 'Public Servant'. Politicians can survive only by performance. Day by day the 'King' of Indian democracy, the people of India, are waking up and put the executives under more and more public audit.

Can't we make it official by changing their designations: PM as Pradhan Sevak, CM as Rajya Sevak, DM as Jilla Sevak, Mayor as Nagar Sevak and Sarpanch as Gram Sevak? Once started, other designations will also get change.

Jilladhikari may start worrying after reading the mail. After all, whole attraction of joining IAS centers around DM, that is approx. 10% of the length of once service. LoL.

Punamchand
26 December 2014 

Development for whom? For what? How? What next?

Development for whom? For what? How? What next?

US economic crisis of September 2008 has proved that artificial growth bubbled up by corporates in connivance with politicians and economists bursts at the end, and general population become loser. The players make money and run away under the cover of lawyers and politicians. Money give them the same kick what cocaine does to the addict and general mass are kicked out.

At home many companies looted away domestic small investors savings by issuing IPO at premium rate (and fall in prices thereafter) or playing with sensex, pulling it up (to sell) and  down (to buy) and eat away difference from the game.

Democratic power come through votes and votes need money to spend of campaign, media and for buying favours. That push political parties near the corporate world and the nexus starts working on Industrialisation model of development.

Informal sector, priority section and weaker section advances are in conservative mode of finance and big corporates get loans in billions/trillions. NPA of banks is a loss of the people.

Are we building India (roads, flyovers, bridges, ports, airports, power stations, automobiles, etc) for the comforts of 20% rich people and using 80% for their cover? Or making it for all? Are we moving away from our priorities? People have TV, bikes and mobiles but not toilets.

India's Agro Estate base development model survived for 10000 years with preservation of natural resources for future generations. It is a model of inclusive and sustainable growth. A estate is inhabited by farmers, farm workers and artisans of 18 occupations. Farmers grow food and supply to all in the village and the artisans work for the community to meet their day to day requirement of goods and services.

Industrial Development model (production process) of development born 250 years ago put large population under foreign power of exploitation. It has emptied natural resources without their rejuvenation and disturbed ecological balance put the entire mankind in danger of pollution and mass destruction. Cities are increasing with poors and slums, the hell on earth. Air become toxic and water become polluted. Rivers are dying with chemicals and sewerage.

Un-intruptted Industrial revolution impacted on climate making the glob warmer. Glaciers are melting.  Perennial rivers turning into seasonal. Extreme weather events of heavy rains or no rains happening more and more. Frequency of unusual, unprecedented events of floods, cloud bursts, cyclones, etc increased.

Industrial model worked well till it was for Europe, small population was using power and resources of world and were enjoying. But things have changed in last 20-30 years. Countries China, India, etc generated large demands, and aspirations of good life. Therefore, Problems of resources are coming up.

US and Europe have walked on path of industrialisation, exploiting natural resources and polluting mother earth, planted a seed of destruction of mankind. The tree of death of humans is growing very fast in the name of development.

Green Revolution brought hybrid seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and consumed lot of water. It has fed us well but now entered into diminish return stage. It has resulted into loss of fertility of land, heavy use of chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides endangered health of humans and over exploration of ground water created a scarcity of resources for future generations. 86% water used by agriculture and produces add chemical overload in our foods.

Does it mean that India also follow the same model and join the killers army?

India is chasing development through industrialisation and urbanisation; extracting natural resources 1.5 times more than actual balance, running with 50% overdraft, and not been able to rejuvenate.

Economic and social development have raised issues of access to critical resources, mainly, water, energy and food. 70% of oils are imported, that will go up to 90% by 2030 if current trends continue. 60% GAS also to be imported. Coal imported 25-30% at present, will rise to 60-75% by 2030 if India generates 1L MW power through thermal base plants. 75% of 33 critical (non fuel inputs)mines and minerals used in India are heavily imported.

India crossing Hindu Growth rate of 2.5%, grew @6-7% in last decade, eying for double digit growth in current decade. Its population is going up and up, will reach to 1.75B in 2050, the highest in the world. If if economy grew with present pace, it will multiply 10 times if the present value.

The children malnourished today, will become demographic liabilities if not fed well. Education and skills are important issues to be addressed qualitatively to encase the demographic dividend.

Good quality of life demands pacca house, lights, tap water, latrine, drainage, school, health centre, employment to earn and recreational facilities to enjoy. If we provide these in villages, entire run for comforts will stop.

Do our people need chemically loaded/junk foods and expensive indoor care or better food and hygiene with primary health care?

Do we need potable fresh drinking water or old bacterial bottled water?

Do our people need Cars, bikes or better public transport? Do our people need urban English medium school or better teachers in villages?

Car intensity in US is 800 and, in Europe 600-700 per thousand population. But in India, it is 30-40 per 1000 population. If with this intensity, our roads are crowded and cities are polluted, what will happen if we reach to the level of US. 10% people in India takes away road space of 90% and polluting air. The roads, fly over built for them, don't leave space for bus, walk and cycle. Do we need cars/bikes or better public transport?

Where the water, energy and food will come from? The internal security, external security, economic security, energy security, ecology security and strategic communication; all of them are interconnected.

Therefore strategic communication is essential to persuade people/consumers through channels so that people can reflect back to government.  People and government should know, why certain policies are successful or not successful.

There is need for 'Big Shift', to move away from water, fertilisers and pesticides intensive agriculture to less intensive methods of agriculture.

Energy generation needs more water. Thermal power plants use 70-80% of water used by industries. Nuclear power plants also require large quantity of water. Can't we made our houses of roof top solar panels so that lighting of house and streets can be taken care of. That will save billions in terms of electricity lines, substations, generation and supply.

Can't we make drip irrigation compulsory where ground waters are going down?

Can't we go for animal husbandry in a big way having milching cow in each house to permanent solution of malnutrition ???

Can't we prohibit people and industries to not to pollute our rivers and water bodies?

Manufacturing is 15% of GDP, if excel will require more water and energy. Can't we promote informal sector / cottage industries and their markets?

Can't we generate second green revolution producing more through less use of water, fertilizers and pesticides?

The way basic structure of Constitution of India can't be changed, can't we think of a common development agenda of the country that no party in power can change?

Do we need healthy people or a obese and weak lot searching supports and carrying medicine to survive for whole life? Do we need durable or disposable?

Can't we raise loud and up in world society and lead the world in the new path of development through inclusive growth with sustaining resources?

Can't we?

Punamchand
27/11/14
Mussoorie
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Thursday, December 25, 2014

What happens after death?

What happens after death?

It is a mystery yet to be resolved satisfactorily.

Religions tried to give answers but who will come back and confirm it after death?

I have seen three persons departing the world in my presence, my grand mother (88Y, 29/2/72), my father (80Y, 12/4/2001) and my mother (78Y 23/5/2001).

All three went into coma before the departure. My grand mother was unconscious for more than 48 hrs. The sound of inhalation and exhalation of breathe was the only presence of her life. We were all standing and sitting around her and waiting for some recovery. Suddenly on 3rd day evening around 9PM, a smile came on her face, her right hand moved little bit, my eyes glittered to see Dadi coming back, but in a fraction of a second, she left the world. The smile and right hand movement before departure puzzled me through out my life.

My father was hospitalized after angina pain, went into coma after sedation injections given by the Doctors of VS Hospital, Ahmedabad on 11th night and 12th morning. We were helplessly waiting for his coming in consciousness. Dr. Salim was reading book and the only reply was, wait till the effect of sedation drugs get over. The expected time was 1.30 PM. But he was not getting out of coma. Senior doctors were busy in OT and our worries started increasing. At around 3 PM, my father did posture of wearing dhoti (like he used to wear after bath) and went into coma. Within few minutes at 3.15 PM, a smile came on his face and a shiver passed through my body, the same smile I saw on the face of my departing grand mother. Same thing happened. He left us in seconds.

What was it? Why did they smile before departure? Was it a meeting with God or light or a remembrance of sweet memory? They were unwell. Is it true that departing souls are getting free from pain and sorrow and become light weight and feeling like flying in sky? There are research but death is an unresolved mystery. What happens to the person/driver living in the physical body? Was it just a fuse off ? or a change of cloth/body/form for new journey? 

On mother side, another story puzzled me.

My mother's Grandfather Swami Bechardas (Gambhu, Kanpir Gaadi, Bahucharaji taluko of Mehsana) predicted his death (Samaadhi) by calling his family, villagers and some disciples, 6 months prior to his death. 

He told them that with a first drum bit of temple aarti in the evening, all lamps in Kanpir temple will light, fresh water come in the well (in front of the temple), his left eye will close and he will leave the world in sitting posture of Sukhasana Sammadhi. The same happened after 6 months on 20/1/1939 (Vikram Samvat 1995, Posh Vad Amaas) . 

One miracle was recorded in his name too. He performed "Paat Pooja" (on 20/1/39 night), did bhajan kirtan in village Pilvay (Vijapur taluka of Mehsana) that night after his death. After the path, he left them at 4 AM to go to village Kukarwada and told them go to Gambhu carrying 4 Ravas (blocks) of Jaggery. When the villagers of Pilvay reached Gambhu with jaggery blocks, they were surprised and shocked by knowing Guru's death. 

How could he performed Paat Pooja in Pilvay that night after his death? My mother was 16 years old that time, lived all the time with her grandfather was a direct witness of the event for me.

I am still in puzzle on those mysteries.

What happens after death?

Punamchand
24 December 2014

Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Leadership Models

Many models of leaderships emerged to lead people during freedom fight of India. All leaders followed different models. Looking at the major 4 models: Gandhi chose a model of mass agitation, Nehru chose a diplomatic way, Subhash chose a military way, Sardar chose a hold over organisation and Jinnah chose a cunning way of religion. 

"But Gandhi was unique amongst all. He was sounded like a Saint but was a Politician. He was master of raising money, master of propaganda and master of choosing men who will help him". - Historian Prof Leonard Gordon.

For him means were as important as ends. If you have goal and you use corrupt or violent mean, you contaminate the goal. His principal dispute with Subhash was on this major issue as Subhash propagated use of violence against British.

Politicians in present era do copy Gandhi Model of mastering in raising party funds, mastering in propaganda, mastering in choosing men to help them, but fail in keeping purity of means to achieve their goal. 

Now Courts are entering into the area of party fund considering foreign money coming to party is a matter of 'Public Interest'.

Election Commission of India though kept financial ceiling for election expenditure kept many windows open for excessive spending of money to capture power. 

Punamchand 
27 November 2013

Long Live India

Was India slave under British Rule or was it slave under the rule of Kings of India?

Was India more free under British rule compare to India of Kings?

Were people more exploited under British rule v/v exploited by the Kings of India and money landers?

Were people had more freedom of expression under British rule v/v freedom during rule of Kings of India?

Who exploited more? Britishers or Indian kings? Which was more? The wealth driven away by Britishers or the wealth in the custody of Kings of India in India and abroad?

Who addressed the issues of governance, welfare (health, education, infrastructure development, rule of law, equality, freedom, etc) more? Britishers or Kings of India?

How a trading company named East India Company became power company over India? Practically, it became a Security Outsourced Agency, given right to collect its revenue/charges directly from people. The incomes were going mostly in payment of Indian soldiers and establishment. Obviously, being rulers, their policies ruined Indian trade and industries to safe guard economic interest of England. But while doing that, it gave us big infrastructure, one umbrella of rule and knowledge of freedom and liberty.

In fact, India came under direct British rule w.e.f. 2/8/1858 by transfer of control of GOI from East India Company to Crown of England. When we became independent, 1/3 of India (12 of 36 crore people of India) was under the rule of Princely States. The freedom movement started against East

India Company during 1857 mutiny gathered a momentum through reformists and newly educated Indians lead into a long freedom fight and finally freed us from British rule on 26/1/1950.

Was it possible to have Powerful India in present form without the presence of Britishers on this land for 2 centuries?

Our import is higher than export during post independence time? Does it mean that our wealth is still going away in foreign hands? Are oil, electronics, technology, weapons, gold become our necessity or exploitation by foreign agencies?

Who so ever or all of them, contributed in forming present day Powerful India to be thanked because without them it was a dream to have a big country with equality, freedom and development of all with a public rule under Constitution of India.

Sare Jahan se achchha Hindustan hamara.

Long live India.

Happy New Year Vikram Samvat 2070.

Punamchand
4 Nov 2013

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

why freedom on 15.8.47

Was it so simple that 15/8 was a lucky date for Lord Mountbatten as on this day of 1945, Japanese surrendered to him in the World War II; therefore Lord Mountbatten declared 15/8/47 as India's Independence Day?

He came to India on 12/2/47 and left on 21/6/48. With his stay of 16 months in office in India he became a change agent, changing the History and Geography of India. He came with a mandate of transferring powers to Indians by June 1948. He was given extra freedom of decision making of his choice to resolve turmoil in India. He and his assist (Chief of the Staff) Lord

Ismay assessed the situation and came to a conclusion that the situation in India was dire, heading for civil war; India was a ship on fire in mid ocean with ammunition in her hold. Finally, he succeeded in dividing India into India & Pakistan through Hobson's Choice, 'take it or leave it'.

On other side, our leaders were tired off long freedom fight. Ganghi (78), Sardar (72) and Jinnah (71) were ageing old. Nehru tested the fruits of power. Britishers were in search of safety and respectful departure with diplomatic divide to keep India less powerful on world map.

Jinnah was suffering from a Cronic Cariating Pulmonary Tuberculosis. It was diagnosed by his physician Dr. J.A.L Patel, in June 1946. Jinnah who lost face because of failure of Muslim League

Government in Bengal to save lives of thousands in the famine of 1943, suddenly gain strength in 1944 with 19 days (9-27 September 44) visit of Gandhi to his house in Mumbai for negotiating freedom solutions. This has put Jinnah back on scene with an equal partner on the table of negotiations. He grabbed the opportunity and executed Direct Action Day on 16/8/46, put India on a fire of communal violence and heading for Civil War.

It is said that if Lord Mountbatten, Gandhi, Nehru, or Sardar had been known in April 1947 of secret of Jinnah disease, the division threatening India might have been avoided. Records say that the secret was so well kept that even the British Secret Service (BSS) were entirely unaware of it. It is impossible to accept that Mountbatten and BSS were unaware of his illness. The treatment drug for tuberculosis, streptomycin was not available freely. it cannot go unnoticed by any of the whites. A tuberculosis patient can be recognised with his uneasiness in any of the meetings lasting an hour.

The way Jinnah was covering his thin body with three piece suit, Mountbatten, Nehru and Sardar could have looked at him from the angle of his illness.

After April 1947 consultation amongst the parties and finalising 3rd June Plan of Partition, the declaration of 15/8/47 as date for independence of India-Pakistan in a press conference of 4/7/47 while replying a journalist, Mountbatten surprised all. It was just only 73 days remained. Drawing borders between two countries and dividing properties on 80:20 in just 73 days was a herculean task.

The date was not discussed at all with Congress. But he might have discussed it in private with Jinnah as Jinnah was on death sentence of tuberculosis. Jinnah knew that his end is nearby.

Ramadan was starting on 19/7/47. 15/8/47 was Friday, the last Friday of Ramadan. Jinnah (and Britishers) wanted to give a gift to his Muslims a Nation Pakistan (Land of Pure) taken away from Indian freedom fighters on religious divide. With his non compromising nature, continuous persuasion of goal, support of Muslim community and Britishers he succeeded in getting Pakistan.

But his dream was not realised fully due to diplomatic intervention by Nehru and Sardar. Jinnah wanted Pakistan with undivided Punjab, undivided Bengal, whole of Kashmir and a highway road link between West and East Pakistan. In fact he was claiming a bigger nation Pakistan with Muslims in majority and Hindus in minority and leaving India with Hindus majority and Muslims minority to maintain balance of power in the subcontinent.

Nehru tried to keep Mountbatten on his side by using Lady Mountbatten as a bridge between him and Mountbatten with his Platonic Love Diplomacy. Simultaneously, with good behaviour and offering Governor General post of Independent India, Nehru and Sardar won the confidence of Mountbatten.

This can be seen in some of the actions: division of Bengal and Punjab; accession of Princely States to India; Radcliffe drawing a border line keeping Gurudaspur in India giving a land approach to Srinagar-Kashmir (the land route was used for sending tanks and infantry to Srinagar in 1947 war); Lord Mountbatten, Lord Ismay and VPK Menon's visits to Srinagar; Gandhi's 2 days visit (stayed in Raja's palace) to Raja Harisingh in end of July 1947 followed by change of PM of Kashmir (Ram Chander Kak was replaced by Janak Singh, JS was replaced by Mehr Chand Mahajan), etc. can be noted in favour of the argument. However, it is also to note that Nehru the PM was not permitted by the GG Mountbatten to visit Kashmir.

Lord Mountbatten tried to satisfy all the parties (British, Congress, Muslim League) and resolve maximum possible problems of the subcontinent. He fullfilled the dream of Congress for India's

Independence (though divided), dream of Jinnah for Pakistan and also wish of Britishers to keep the two new nations under check so that they may not be a threat to supremacy of White Power over the world.

He returned England with winning confidence of Indians and giving a Ramadan Gift of Pakistan to Jinnah and his Muslims. Freedom came in the month of Ramadan, a blessed month for Muslims, during which the gates of heaven are open. The Last Friday of Ramadan (Jum'a-tul-widda) fall with India, a day of charity and wishing for others. Freedom at Midnight on 14-15 August was achieved on a Laylatul -Qad'r (Night of Power), a night (one of the last 10 nights of Ramadan) which is better than a thousand month. And Pakistan, because of it demand for creation of Pakistan 24 hours prior to India, left Pakistan with last Thursday, 27 Ramadan 1366 AH.

Punamchand
13 November 2013

who gained the most

Gandhi, Nehru and Sardar Patel spent approximately 7, 9 and 5 years in prison respectively, during the freedom struggle following a path of "Passive Resistance and Non Violence".

Nehru wrote, "The years I have spent in prison, sitting alone, wrapped in my thoughts, how many seasons I have seen gone by ... How many moons I have watched wax and wane ....How many yesterdays of my youth lie buried here, and sometimes I see the ghosts of these dead yesterdays rise up, bringing poignant memories, whispering to me ! Was it worthwhile?"

Jinnah spent zero days in prison followed "Constitutional Approach" to politics except direct action day (16/8/46) followed by wide spread communal riots in the country.

Who gained the most? The former got India and the latter Pakistan. Both used the popular support for achieving their goals but finally ended up in division of territories and people based on religion.

Some interpreted it as a fight between two sects of Muslims: the followers of Darashikoh (religious liberal, coexistence) and Aurangzeb (conservative, religious intolerance), the two sons of Emperor Shahjahan. The former continued in India and the latter left with Pakistan!

What is important; gain of territory or gain of peaceful coexistence? Who become the ultimate winner? Army controlled Pakistan or Democratic India?

We salute our leaders of freedom struggle for giving us "Independent India" with their wisdoms and sacrifices.

Punamchand
3 December 2013

what happened to those who demanded partition of India

What happened to those who demanded Partition of India?

British, few in numbers, ruled over Hindustan with "Divide and Rule" policy. Congress lead the freedom struggle demanding from Dominion Status to "Quit India", the complete freedom.

Jinnah (Muslim League) took a stand of "Divide and Quit".

Finally what happened ? On the eve of the sunset of British Empire, 0.5 to 1 million people were massacred, 1.5 million people were uprooted and compelled to migrate. Their migration during monsoon and floods, initial days hardships of life living in relief camps, settlement in forests and on waste lands; took them decades to come up to the level from where they were uprooted. Many did gain in the process; the landless labourers became land holders.

Unity compromise formula between Hindu and Muslim signed by Lok Manya Tilak and Muhmmad Ali Jinnah as Lucknow Pact in 1916 being president of Congress and Muslim League respectively, accepted the principles of separate electorate and quantum of representation for Muslims. Jinnah was a member of Congress too as membership of multi organisations was not an important issue those days. Jinnah left Congress in 1920 when his proposal of use of "constitutional means for self government" was overpowered by Gandhi's " satyagraha, non cooperation movement". A great surprise of the history that Gandhi favoured Khilafat (religious) movement and Jinnah opposed It.

Meanwhile, Jinnah was busy with his 24 years younger to him wife Ratan(Mariam) (d/o Sir Dinshaw Patit), and a daughter Dina, born on 15/8/19; spent more than a decade practicing Law mostly in England.

There were many who were in demand of separate State for Muslims but the major can be listed as Muhmmad Iqbal, Chaudhary Rehmat Ali, Husain Saheed Suhrawardy, Liakat Ali Khan and the Chief Muhmmad Ali Jinnah.

Sir Muhammad (Allama) Iqbal (Kashmiri), Poet of the East, Muslim Philosopher, politician; and writer of song "सारेजहाँसेअच्छा, हिन्दुस्ताॅं हमारा" in 1905 when he was 28 years old; a grandson of a Kashmiri Pandit; became an advocate of separate Muslim State in Northwest India for Muslims to protect their culture and customs. He was major force convincing Jinnah to return India from exile in London and to take over charge of ML. Allama Iqbal, after giving great literature to the world and to Muslims, died on 21/4/1938 at 60 Y age, therefore, cannot be held responsible for massacre and uprooting of people in 1947. Government of Pakistan declared him "National Poet" and named many universities, buildings, roads, parks, etc., after him. He preferred Dari (Persian) to Urdu in his poetry.

Chaudhary Rehmat Ali (Gujjar Punjabi), an author of famous pamphlet of 28/1/1933, "Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever?"; the advocate of Separate Muslim State for Northwest Muslims and was a founder of name Pakstan [Punjab, Afghan Province (NWFP), Kashmir, Sindh and Balochistan). He offered names Banglistan for Bangal Muslims and Osmanistan for Muslims in South India. He lived most of his life in England. He returned to Pakistan in April 1948 and voiced his dissatisfaction with creation of smaller Pakistan. He was ordered to leave the country by the then PM, Liaquat Ali Khan. His belongings were confiscated, and he left empty handed for England in October 1948, and died on 12/2/1951, at Cambridge, UK.

Husain Saheed Suhrawardy (Bengoli), started his political career in Swaraj Party with Chitranjan Das landed in Muslim League in 1930. He mooted United Bengal proposal with Sharat Chandra Bose. Prime Minister of Bengal in British India, the major implementer of "Direct Action Day, 16/8/46", and was responsible for communal riots killing thousands Hindus in Bengal, was one of the culprits putting the nation on "civil war status", that finally compelled Congress to agree on partition of India. He became the fifth PM of Pakistan in 1956 and in one year before resignation, successfully achieved objectives of: promulgation of Constitution, rebuilding military with the help of USA, pro west foreign policy, establishment of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission to address power supply crisis in West Pakistan. His economic policy suspending National Finance Commission Programme and extending more help to East Pakistan finally ended with his resignation, losing confidence of the parliament. He died in Lebanon in 1963 due to cardiac arrest.

Liaquat Ali Khan (Punjabi), one of the founding fathers of Pakistan, the left hand of Jinnah was a major player of the partition. When Nehru offered five berths to Muslim League in the interim government of British India Empire, presuming that ML may not join, Liaquat Ali Khan joined the Government along with four other ML representatives. He being the Finance Minister became a major road blocker of government's smooth functioning. It was because of him locking the functions of the government, VP Menon and the ICS officers in Delhi were able to convince Sardar Patel and Nehru to accept the proposal of partition. After formation of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan became the first PM of Pakistan, and said to have uttering bad words for Jinnah in his last days. Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated at a political rally at "Company Garden" in Ravalpindi on 16/10/1951. The hired Afghan assassin was shot on the spot by the police and the motive of assassination was never been fully revealed.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Gujarati), the winner of the partition game, a grandson of a Gujarati Hindu Lohana, married a Parasi, had a habit of smoking cigars, drinking wine, eating pork (all against Islam code of conduct) and mixing his Shia and Sunni faith in Islam was accepted as a Leader of the movement demanding separate nation based on Islam Religion ! The reasons might be Jinnah's capabilities of game fixing with British and arguing with Congress on partition. He hit winning goal (bloodshed) against the strong team of Congress with the most popular Goal Keeper Mahatma Gandhi. Jinnah was suffering from tuberculosis. He wished to live in Mumbai, but partition placed him in Karachi and was moved to Quetta in his last days. When his health was completely deteriorated in Quetta due to tuberculosis, lungs cancer and pneumonia, he was shifted to Karachi by air on stretcher wearing 3 pieces suit on 11/9/48. His Limousine car was waiting at Karachi airport, but he was on stretcher therefore, transferred to ambulance. The ambulance broke down on road to city was replaced after an hour. It took two hours to reach to the Government House Karachi from the airport. 71 years old Jinnah died at 10.20 PM, same day. His life started from Karachi on 25/12/1876, ended in Karachi on 11/9/1948.

Nehru stated upon Jinnah's death, "How shall we judge him? I have been very angry with him often during the past years. But now there is no bitterness in my thought of him, only a great sadness for all that has been ... he succeeded in his quest and gained his objective, but at what a cost and with what a difference from what he had imagined."

Two Gujaratis Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (of Porbandar) and Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Muhammad Jinabhai Punjabhai Thakkar) (origin of Paneli, 50 Kms from Porbandar) met a tragic end of their life but became "Father of the Nation" for India and Pakistan respectively. Their photos are displayed in all government offices and many roads, buildings and programmes are named after them.

होनी होकर रही ।

Let three of us (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) live in harmony and rethink of "A Union of Hindustan" with free trade, common currency, cultural unity, allowing more marriages across, free movement of people, mutual trust and lowering defence budget. Thereafter no fight remains for Kashmir - Cricks - Picks.

Is this possible?

Punamchand
1 December 2013

sardar sarovar mini niagra

Sardar Sarovar Narmada Dam over flowing this year, since 10.15am, 18/7/13 is giving a mini Niagara feel to the tourists. A work order of construction given in 1987 getting fruits to its partner States. The scheme has passed through many challenges. But it was savior of the State providing drinking water to large number of villages (7800) and towns-cities (113). Its turbines are generating 1450 MW of electricity every day giving 57% to MP, 27% to Maharastra and 16% to Gujarat.

Many of you have contributed in the completion of this project. My salute to you. Now awaiting 30 hydraulic gates to be installed. Thereafter, it will take number 1 position in the State in terms of storage of water. And the view today will disappear.

Hurry up and visit the Overflow of Dam. A memory to deposit and an engineering wonders to praise.

Punamchand
5 August 2013

Samscrit

We must appreciate the promotion of Samskrit language by western countries. But we must also accept that nearly 5 million students in Gujarat and approximately 90 million students in India study Samskrit as one of the subjects in 5th to 9th Standard.

What we miss is to canvass the importance of Samskrit. We believe that education is useful to earn our livelihood. As a result, the students and parents are chasing score cards. The merit list idea to get specific school/branch has compelled them to do tuitions and mug for many days and nights. The burden has been increasing year after year and finally the students think of dropping something from the load. The soft target is Samskrit that offers limited earning opportunities.

On one side India is considered as IT hub of the world, but Samskrit, the potential language for developing Artificial Intelligence in Computer has not been focused. Other languages have limitation to express different emotions with different words but Samskrit can. It helps in capturing correct meaning behind the usage of a specific word. That helps the computer world to increase the speed of automation, language translation and making the computer to think like human in future.

Currently, Computer programming languages i.e., c, c++, java, etc., are translated into assembly language and further translated into binary code (voltage 0, 1) that is understood by computer hardware. There is a possibility of direct translation of Samskrit based developed language into binary code. Its grammar can be easily translated to a form understandable by a computer.

If Samskrit has strength to develop artificial intelligence in a machine (computer), think of its power to develop human intelligence. Our Dev People Brahmins were intelligent because they have developed and used Samskrit. It is now a dream to see large population in India to understand Samskrit. Those who study also don’t understand. They simply translate some words and sentences from Samskit to mother language. The number games of power, social inequality and economic interests of individuals have spoiled the chances of its elegant growth in India.

Let us promote it by using some words of greetings, etc., in our daily life. Shri Gopalaswami

Sir, Shri CL Meena, Shri DN Pande, Shri Bhagyeash Jha can write some easy sentences in this group to use them in our daily life.

शुभ रात्रि I

Punamchand
23/5/12

Private Hospitals

Hospitals are business units run by mostly non doctors. For doctors, patient is a customer. When one say business unit, profit/making money is a prime objective. Many are saved through hospitals but the vicious circles of tests, medicines, surgery, ventilators, etc suck money from the patients.

I had 2 bad experiences. My father died in 2001 in VS Hospital Ahmedabad due to negligancy of the doctors. He had angina pain and was kept under observation. But during night when he asked for a discharge to go home he was injected with sadistic drugs. When he wake up in the morning and asked for the discharge, the doze was repeated. My father went into coma and died same day in the afternoon at 3.15 pm. Injecting sadistic drugs to a heart patient whose pumping has gone down was a crime. If I didn't opt for hospital that day, he could have spent more years with us.

My mother following death of my father, became seriously ill. She was admitted in Shrey Hospital as ventilator facility was occupied at ICCU Civil Ahmedabad. She was conscious with ventilator support and recovering, but the doctor took it out for a while to experiment and she went into coma and couldn't return. We received her dead body and huge bill.

Private Hospitals have well planned exploitation package. Put the patient on ventilator support, conduct all types of tests every day or twice in a day, demand medicines worth Rs. 20-50000 a day, push out relatives when the nurse is injecting so that she uses mininum drugs and takes away rest in her 4 pockets shirt to deposit to the medical store within hospital for recycle, continue exploitation till emotional bonding of relatives have been exploited fully by spending all savings of life time and their capacity to borrow. Discharge the dead body with a huge bill.

Do asanas, yoga, walking, some exercises, eat suitable to body and live healthy as per the DNA model given at birth. No need to extend life beyond a point (unless genius brain like Stephen Hawking) as new body will be available once leave the old one, if desires not expired.

The lady in the story could have lived some more years till the tumour acted. All of us have tumours in our body at some locations, but one has to ignore till no life risks involved. If something has went wrong to the body by walking a wrong path, one has to just return from that life style and use the services of the doctor (auto repairing) set in the body by the God.

Shubham Bhavatu Kalyanam.

Punamchand
20 September 2013

plugging ruppee with other currencies

Demand supply rule governs the price of any goods and services including currencies. It seems that our country has entered into a trap of USD driven world trade. We need more and more USD to pay bills of our imports and the supply earned through exports doesn't meet the demand. Once trapped in the vicious cycle of balance of trades and payments, difficult to come out. The simple answer to reduce dependencies of foreign goods and services.

The major area took away our foreign currencies are oil and gold. The GOI has some how controlled the imports of Gold, pull it down substantially but failed in oil markets. We the citizens are also responsible. All of us including youths prefer personal vehicle driven by petrol/diesel. With increase in population, number of bicycles would have gone up but in the name of growth bikes and cars are increasing. Public transports are not meeting needs. The way country observed fast for a day for supplying ration to our soldiers during Indo-Pak war in 1965, time has come to observe Oil Fast by the population. If that is done with Nationalism spirit, the people of India can become Game Changer. But will it happen? The political parties in power hunger stage are not ready to guide people unanimously.

Many more reasons to the problems, where economist including PM are failing, we the people of India to rise and support government through a Code of Conduct of Oil Fasting immediately.

Punamchand
27/8/13

philine datia

Only 23 died in a Natural Calamity Philine cyclone covering a very big area and millions of people. But 115 killed and many injured in a manmade calamity at Ratangarh temple, Datia (MP) yesterday.

How long will it take to teach Dharma to the people of India? Poor guys living in hardships follow superstitions and bowed down at temple and lost their lives.

For centuries, we have not learn peaceful and discipline prayer to the God. Festivals of generating more life energy from within through spiritual methods have been replaced by superstitions.

We pray God to rest their Soul in peace.

Punamchand
14 October 2013

Mala means Hills and bar means border

Mala means Hills and bar means border; Malabar a region between Western Ghats and Arabian Sea is one of the most beautiful sites of Kerala the God’s own country. Kasargod, Kannur, Kozhikode, Waynad are the major districts of the North Malabar region.

Rubber, Coconut and Paddy are the main crops of the area. Textile, Beedi, hand-weaving, plywood and coir represent important industries and cashew, cinnamon and pepper are other important cash crops.

Houses are beautiful here constructed with laterite blocks and with nice designs and good workmanship. All are painted with different bright Asian Paints emulsion colours i.e., Pink, Blue, Green, Yellow etc. It is the first dream of a Malayali to have a nicely designed good looking house in a plot size of 250sqm to 1500 sqm.

Tamilnadu is the major source of their supplies of Vegetables, fruits, eggs, chicken, milk, rice, tender coconuts, flowers, etc.

They local products and supplies are: edible oil, milk, ghee, some rice, fish, limited vegetables, etc.

It is the Gulf money which makes them happier. They supply semi-skilled construction workers, nurses and some engineers to the country and abroad.

Theyyam is the ancient ritualistic art form of the area. In this form of art, a man will be fabricated as God’s symbol. The weird head-hoods, colourful attires and body painting and dazing performances are amazing. Each type has a distinguishing headgear and costume made out of natural materials like coconut leaves and bark.

Kalaripayattu is a very famous martial art which was originated from North Malabar . It is known as indigenous martial art of India .

One can enjoy body massaz with Ayurvedic oil costing Rs. 4000 for a week is worth spending to rejuvenate the dieing chariot.

Vishu (on 15/4/11 this year) is celebrated as New Year, which is parallel to first Tamil month Chithirai.

Rajrajeshwara is the ancient and famous Shiva temple located at Taliparamba in Kannur district. Ladies are allowed to enter into the temple in the evening when Lord Shiva is with Parvati. The God is also under the female commands!

Males have to wear un-stitched Dhoti and keep the body uncovered above waist to enter into the most of the temples here.

The famous Muthanga wild life (elephants)sanctuary is located in Wayanad district of Malabar.

There are many castes and many religious sects in Hindus. There are sub-groups in Muslims and Christians. All live in harmony baring their castes, creeds and religion.

There is less poverty here. People go to temple and pray God to make them rich but apply to the Government to make them BPL!

Don’t miss visiting Malabar, if get a chance to visit in a lifetime.

Punamchand
5/4/11, 2.30 pm. Kannur

Home Remedy

All the examples quoted here are right. Our kitchens are 'Cure Centres' within homes to give us long and healthy life. Let's pray that the new generation incharges of our kitchens will continue with that knowledge and experiments of Ayurveda.

I was told that 'ecosprin' is made from betel nut (supari)!

Half a cup Cabbage juice in the morning is very effective in curing intestinal problems, ie., colitis, etc.

ॐ सर्वेभवन्तुसुखिनः, सर्वेसन्तु  निरामयःI

सर्वे  भद्राणि  पश्यन्तु, मा कश्चिद दुखभाग भवेत्. II

Punamchand
22 January 2012

Gold and Inflation

Two leaders are on war of words on Gold Economics. Whether buying Gold causes Inflation or worsen Current Account Deficit (CAD), a question to be answered by the economists. But Gold does form part of Indian households and play major role in Indian politics. Finance Minister late Morarji Desai was criticised for imposing a "Gold Control Order". It was called "bad old days". Present President HE Pranav Mukerji, restrained himself from increasing duties on import of Gold when he was FM. The present FM increased the duty to reduce Gold import to control CAD. 

Gold is one of the most reliable hedges against inflation. Gold price went up to $ 1889 in 2011 has come down to $ 1252 today in the international market. But in India price of Gold reached around ₹30000 in 2011 and the same now. The depreciation of Gold price depreciated the ₹ and appreciated $ in last two years. Exporters have "सोना सोना" and importers have "रोना रोना". India inflation rate averaged 7.7% since 1969 to until date. For Government, it is changes in the "Wholesale Price Index (WPI)" for all commodities {Primary Articles (20.1%, Fuel and Power (14.9%), Manufactured Products (65%)}. Food articles accounts for 14.3% of Primary Articles. India don't follow method of "Current Price Index (CPI)" to measure inflation due to local constraints.

One of the major reasons of Inflation in India in last decade is inflow of money supply in the economy. 

Money supply (growing faster than the rate of economic growth) and circulation increased in the economy in last decade due to: 6th pay commission salary rises of "Babus", debt relief to farmers, Mnrega wages payment, USA recession and investments by NRIs, growth of industries and services, growth of informal sector, urbanisation, elections and its expenditures by all, money withdrawals from foreign banks and it's investments in India, etc. have caused inflation. It has reduced purchasing power per unit of money.

For "common men" of India, the "current price" increases of essential goods and services matter more than economics understandings. The price difference between wholesale and retail is too big. The growers/producers don't get suitable price from the wholesale buyers and the common men pay very high price to the end seller. The inflation has inflamed the "middle men" the highest.

The quality of life is getting improved in India with increase and improvement in housing, water supply, power supply, communications, transport, health care, education, roads, etc. But it has increased the cost of living simultaneously. People are paying more on cost of goods and services and Governments (Centre and State) taxes. While maintaining pace of growth, the Governments are taxing more for meeting two ends of revenue and expenditures, for fulfilling desires of the people with available resources after paying non plan expenditures. A household wants his two ends of income and expenditure to meet fulfilling his family requirement of food, health, housing, education, water, electricity, transport, mobile, customary expenditures. He demands employment opportunities and basic minimum infrastructure of water supply, power supply, education, health care, roads and transport.

Whosoever has convinced the people more, will win; either the ruling: "did well and will do well", OR the opposition: "present ruling failed but they do well if powered". Time will tell. Immediate answer on 8 December 2013.

Punamchand 
1 December 2013

Garibi Hatao

Garibi Hatao was a very popular slogan of 1971 Parliamentary Elections in India. It was the time when ___ % people of the country were living below poverty line.

Many central and state government tried number of programmes and scheme to try to eradicate poverty line. The Planning Commission tried to define the poverty line. Initially it was income based poverty line, later expenditure based poverty line. 

The survey was the key to determine the poverty line. In income based formula the key rest with the surveyed who will declare the income of the family. In expenditure based formula the key rest with the surveyer who will inquire about the items of expenditure and put a score value. 

The governments will pick up suitable cut of score line to declare population below poverty line depending upon their resources and political needs. Therefore, the percentage of BPL is under the control of the score statistics. 

A family can become APL with an Indira Awas if it is near to the cut of score line, whether it’s income has increased or not.With the advancement of technology and science, the quality of life of some people is increasing. Therefore the concept of BPL has gone up from filling up the belly to getting some basic needs and services. 

The AIS officers have been provided with a servant facility with an honorarium of Rs. 1000/month. 

Normally, a maid family lives in a servant quarter of the officer, do house work and get Rs. 1000/- a month as honorarium. It is difficult for the maid family to meet the two ends with this small money, therefore if not supported by other source of money; the family may live in BPL condition. The living condition of the family is worrisome of many maid servants. But simultaneously, wives of some of the officers do join the worry of the maids and try to resolve with their unique way. 

Let me quote one such example. There is maid servant named Fuliben in Sector-20. There are four members in her family; husband, wife and two children. She was a maid servant of one of our IAS officer of the group (now retired). She was doing house work. The wife of our IAS officer was worrying about the growth of the maid family. She felt that if the maid is industrious and use her spare time in some other income earning trades, her family will have better quality of life.

Flood Management in Gujarat

It is raining heavily since 21st night in Gujarat more particularly in South and Central Gujarat and now in Saurastra Kutch. With the help of modern communication support, equipments, trained and efficient manpower with close and constant monitoring; THE TEAM GUJARAT succeeded in dealing with floods. Surat, Bharuch, Vadodara, Rajkot and many towns and villages been saved. Barring few deaths no major lives lost. Administration not only took care of humans but animals too.

Quick and flexible decision support system and coordinated command system delivered the services.

Collectors, Commissioners, DDOs, SPs, Prants, Mamlatdars, Tdos, Panchayats, Chief Officers, Medical Teams, Power supply, water supply, Fire Brigades, Engineers, NDRF, SRPF, Army javans, people, swimmers, all concern were working as a coordinated team.

Some people must have dealt with the natural calamities in past but we are at advantage of infrastructure and technology support.

Team Gujarat on a win.

Punamchand
27 September 2013

Farmers of North Gujarat experienced following 20 changes in last 20 years

Farmers of North Gujarat experienced following 20 changes in last 20 years:

1.           Very good rainy years in last decade.

2.           Water in bore well was available at 250-400 ft has gone down to 700-1200 ft. 1 biga farm used to take 1-2 hour to irrigate, now takes 4 hrs.

3.           The electric motor HP rose from 25-35 hp to 50-62 hp. Water rates have gone up from Rs.25-30/hour to Rs. 75-90/hour. Electricity Bill has gone up from Rs. 16000/annum to 60000/annum per bore.

4.           Electricity supply hours reduced from 8-12 hrs to 8 hrs. Power supply cycle was fortnightly became weekly in last two years. 

5.           The cost of seeds has gone up 4-6 times.

6.           The cost of fertilizers has gone up 3.5-5 times.

7.           Dependency of seed on GUJCOMASOL shifted to Gujarat Seeds Corporation and certified seeds of many private companies.

8.           Per acre production of crops gone up in cotton with introduction of BT cotton. Some improvement in the productivity of cumin seeds.

9.           Farmers with irrigation facilities take 2-3 crops. Pattern not changed much.

10.      Farm workers wages have gone up from Rs. 20-30/day to Rs. 80-100/day. Farmers used to get minimum task completed from the workers. But, dependency has increased on workers’ will now. 

11.      Farm activities mechanized due to shortage of farm workers. Dependency on Bullocks reduced to 15%. Ox numbers reduced.

12.      Marketing facilities improved substantially with more market yards, more traders and easy access. Market yard due to good roads and transport facilities.

13.      Crop Price went up 4-5 times. It has gone substantially up in last two years. 

14.      Income of farmers has gone up with the rise in expenditure.

15.      Farmers around Narmada Canal and sub canals and other water harvesting structures have been benefited with irrigation facilities and lift irrigation.

16.      Agriculture Land prices have gone up 10-25 times.

17.      Net income of farmers gone up with additional income from other sources due to growth of services and industries. 

18.      Day hours extended due to Jyotigram domestic electricity supply. Working hours of farmers, households, and students increased. Education amongst the girls improved. 

19.      Number of electrical appliances and other articles increased. Purchase power of the villagers gone up.

20.      Some renovated their houses with RCC roof. Some purchased house/flat in city/town. Quality of Life in NG has been improved.

Punamchand
7/5/2011

Bharat Ratna a big contrast

Sachin, the most popular player of the Country has been given Bharat Ratna. He dedicated it to his mother and the mothers of India (MOMs) who sacrifice things for their children. "I am humbled and honoured to be given the Bharat Ratna. The award belongs to the entire nation", Sachin remarked Dr. CNR Rao, prominent scientist of chemistry, awarded honorary doctorates from 60 universities world wide, has also been given Bharat Ratna. He remarked "why the hell these idiots these politicians have given so little to us."

Dear Bureaucrats, major budgetary allocations are done by you. Why do you give less to scientists? Please reply the query of Dr. Rao. Have you scanned the performance of R&D people in the governments, in terms of their emoluments, perks, facilities v/v their output? Those in GoI may please explain.

Sachin Ratna seems soft, like Moon, a Brand Ambassador of India; Chintamani Nagesa Ramchandra Ratna is fiery, like Mars, contributed more on Mars Orbit Mission (MOM) !

One spoke through heart, another through brain.

बहुरत्न वसुंधरा ।

Punamchand
18 November 2013

A myth about Gujarati food.

Dear All,

When one say Gujarati food, a feeling of sweet test emerges. People feel that it is common to use sugar or jaggery in all food items by all the Gujarati. But it is a myth. 

If one sees the population breakup of the State one can easily change the opinion. There are 286 castes in Gujarat. It has 15% ST, 7% SC, 10% Minorities, 52% OBC and approximately 2% Rajputs, 8% Patels, 2% Vaishnav-Jains, 3% Brahmins, 1% Soni, Kansara, Bhavsar, etc. 80% population is non vegetarian. They are not regular eater of non-veg food but they are not 100% vegetarian. Their food dominates with strong use of onion, garlic and red chilly. 

They don’t use sugar and jaggery in their daily food. Only one item common with all Gujarati is Tuver Dal. All people use jiggery in Arhar Dal. There is ayurvedic reason. Arhar dal is testy but creates gas trouble after eating. Jaggery or sweet item controls gas. Arhar dal has all six juices and is a balance food. No other dal carries jaggery.

Maharaj is a famous word for cooks in Gujarat. Hotels, dhabas and circuit/guest houses were generally run by Maharajs. The Maharajs and Gujarati Arhar Dal are the pioneer in creating the sweet image of the State. Gujarati dal is sweet; Gujarati tongue is sweet. Sweet is so dominant in the culture that Gujarati identifies salt as ‘Mithu’.

Jainism was born in Bihar but seeded in Gujarat during the rule of Samrat Chadragupta Maurya (320 BC-298 BC). It was spread during the rule of King Kumarpal (1143-1172 AD) a devoted disciple of the great Jain polymath Acharya Hemachandra. Jainism has great influence on Gujarati people to follow vegetarianism and non-violence which is now a Brand of Gujarat. Mahatma Gandhi was a Sansari Sadhu of Jain philosophy.

If you are suffering from gastric problem, do take sweet items!!!

Shubham bhavatu kalyanam. 

Punamchand

13/8/11

Sun

Dear All,

The following are the Lucky IAS officers in Gujarat Cadre; 21 out of 211 with exalted Sun in their horoscopes.


Let me wish them all, a Very Happy Birthday 2011 and a Very Happy Year 20011-12. They born between 14-15 Aril to 14-15 May.

The Sun was in fire sign Aries, and in exaltation. Aries is the first and powerful fiery sign. Its lord Mars and exalted Sun make the position strong and dominant.


As Sun represents the Government and power, they all will work near the power centre with power postings. They will expand their territories, demonstrate enthusiasm and courage. Some of them will reach to the highest post of the administration.


The Jupiter is changing the sign and entering into Aries on 8/5/2011. The period from May to October will give them further rise with awards, publicity, posting and spiritual development. However the effect may vary with the planetary positions in their birth chart.  



Name
Birthday
Batch
RR/SCS
1.        
Ms. Ramya Mohan Muthadath
14/4
2007
RR
2.        
Shri JD Bhad
17/4
1998
SCS
3.        
Shri HK Das
18/4
1980
RR
4.        
Shri Guruprasad Mahapatra
22/4
1986
RR
5.        
Shri Arvind Agrawal
23/4
1984
RR
6.        
Shri Swaroop P.
25/4
2003
RR
7.        
Shri Rajesh Kishor
28/4
1980
RR
8.        
Shri Ashwini Kumar
28/4
1996
RR
9.        
Shri Jagdip Narayan Singh
2/5
1983
RR
10.    
Shri Ravi Shanakar
3/5
2007
RR
11.    
Shri T Natrajan
5/5
1996
RR
12.    
Shri MV Pargi
5/5
1998
SCS
13.    
Shri CM Balat
5/5
1999
SCS
14.    
Shri Pankaj Kumar
6/5
1986
RR
15.    
Shri Rajiv Kumar Gupta
6/5
1986
RR
16.    
Shri JG Hingarajia
10/5
2000
SCS
17.    
Shri  S. Jagatheesa Pandian
11/5
1981
RR
18.    
Shri CL Meena
11/5
1984
RR
19.    
Shri Ashim Khurana
13/5
1983
RR
20.    
Shri PK Gadhavi
13/5
1994
SCS
21.    
Shri PL Darbar
13/5
1995
SCS

Those who born between 14-15/8 to 14-15/9 have good Sun in its own sign Leo, will also grow better in Government. But those who born between 14-15/10 to 14-15/11 may not reach to the top of the government. The Sun in Libra, debilitation sign, make them winner of hearts of many but never give final dominance on others. They are balanced and do care for others.

NB: Shri AB Vajpayee

(25/12/24) became PM with exalted Saturn and Shri LK Advani (8/11/27) missed it with debilitated Sun.

Shubham Bhavatu Kalyanam.

Punamchand
28/4/11

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