Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Sanjeevani Flowers Sanjeevani Leaves

Sanjeevani Flowers and Sanjeevani Leaves

Hydroxichloroquine has emerged as Sanjeevani Butti for the patients of Covid19. And those consumed the Sanjeevani in part are passing through the immunity test against the attacks of daitya Corona.

This is Chaitra Krishna Paksha in Gujarati Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar, as the first day of the month starts after Amavasya. In North India, it is Baishakh, as the first day of the month starts after full moon day. Punjab has celebrated Baishakhi yesterday and Tamilnadu and West Bengal are celebrating their New Year Day as Happy Puthandu and Happy Bihu respectively. The Sun is exalted in Aries.

Building immunity of humans is the demand of the hour. The immunity building drink is generally taken during the Shukta days of Chaitra, but this year, the season is late by a fortnight, therefore, the flowering over Neem was not there. Now the flowers are available in plenty. Soak the neem flowers in a glass of water in the night and get your day started with this immunity drink in the morning. Neem flowers is “Sanjeevani Flowers” grant you great immunity to fight out all fivers and viral diseases.

In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says, ”Of all trees I am the Peepal Tree (asvatthah)” (10.26). This is the Spring and Peepal tree blossom with the new soft and shining leaves after abscission. Pray/request the tree and pick up some fresh tender leaves for the purpose of making a medicine. Dry them off in the heat of Sun but under the shed, and make powder of it. Take one teaspoon full powder twice in a day (morning and evening).. It’s a great medicine for heart, removes the blocks. To avoid stent or bypass, this a great pass, one should walk down in this month. Peepal leaves are Sanjeevani Leaves, saves lives.

Enjoy the season. Build immunity by drinking Neem Flower and remove blocks (including mental😊) by taking Peepal Leaves powder.

Happy Puthandu.
Happy Bihu.

शुभम् भवतु।

Punamchand
14 April 2020

NB: Use of Peepal leaves was taught to me by a famous Vaidhya Panchabhai Damaniya of Una (Gujarat).

Monday, April 13, 2020

Baisakhi 1919

Baishakhi 1919

13 April 1919, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day, processions were banned but 15000 people were gathered in the Bagh to protest against Rowlatt Act. Colonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer went with Shikh, Gurkha, Rajput, Baloch troops and ordered them to fire to strike terror throughout Punjab. 1650 rounds were fired killing 379 and wounded 1100. Some people died in crushing and some by jumping into the well. It happened at 18.30, the curfew was operational after 20.00 hours, therefore, some injured died in the night without moving to the hospital.

Dyer was transferred, barred from further employment in India, retired from army, isolated he was paralysed and died of cerebral haemorrhage in 1927. Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood in protest against inhuman cruelty. Mahatma Gandhi launched Non Cooperation Movement. It was a severe blow to Indian faith in British.

Irish, Sir Michael Francis O’Dwyer, ICS was the Lieutenant General of Punjab. He was not at the spot but had approved the action of General Dyer and subsequently imposed Martial Law in Punjab. He was assassinated by Udham Singh on 13 March 1940 in Caxton Hall, Westminster, London when he attending a meeting of East India Association. It was in revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Shaheed Udham Singh was present at the spot on 13 April 1919 took a pledge to take revenge of the massacre. He was under surveillance of British Police but escaped to London, took a job of an engineer and waited for the opportunity. It was not clear, whether he was confused with the Surname O’Dyer and O’Dawyer and killed O’Dawyer  instead of O’Dyer. O’Dyer was died in 1927. Udham Singh was from a humble background but he was active revolutionary of Ghadar Party. He was executed.

Baishakh (Vaishakh) Sakranti, when Sun transits to its exalted house of Aries, and when Punjab welcomes good harvesting of wheat crop and celebrating Baisakhi in remembrance of Great Guru Gobind Singh for his casteless Singh Army of Khalsa and India mourns for the innocents died in Jallianwala Bagh tragedy that became the turning point of Indian Freedom movement.

Salutes to all the great sons of Mother India.

Punamchand
13 April 2020

Dhoop for Viral Fivers

Dhoop for Viral Fivers (विषम ज्वर)

Hindu religion is not a religion of superstitions but a religion of scientific living of long life. When modern chemical medicines were not invented, our Vaidhyas were protecting lives of millions and curing the diseases with the help of herbs, yagya, dhoop and incense sticks.

Any Virus visits us, it comes to stay permanently. It won’t go away by our hiding but strikes whenever it gets suitable environment to spread. Falgun and Chaitra months in India are the months of such viral attacks and therefore to protect humans, doing dhoop in every house was the custom.

Some of the viruses and insects could be kept away by smell-fragrance or by sound waves. Therefore, there is a practice of ringing bell and doing dhoop dipan aarti at public places like temple, etc, to protect the visitors from the communicable diseases. At home, daily dhoop is a common practice in all Hindu houses. Aromatherapy is one of the best ways to purify our living spaces.

Don’t you believe that the dhoop removes insects and viruses? Why don’t you try and test?

Charak Samhita has given a recipe of dhoop to treat all fivers and viral diseases. Take guggul, mustard, barley, neem leaves, harad and cow ghee in equal proportion and make dhoop powder. Take one spoonful of dhoop and spray over the fire of wood or cow dung cake in a bowl or a plate and move in all the rooms and corner and waranda of the house. The mosquitoes and insects will start running away, and you will be guarded under that aerial aroma protection wall.

God is not deaf but don’t forget to ring the bell when you visit the temple. It’s a ritual to create sound waves to kill the bacterias around. Hope now onwards, you will ensure daily dhoop in the house and will enjoy the sound of bell and Aarti instruments more.😊

Punamchand
13 April 2020

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Babur of Andijan, making of a Padshah-3


Babur of Andijan, making of a Padshah-3

Battle of Panipat

They reached Panipat on 12 April 1526. He had two bad experiences of losing battles with offensive attacks, therefore, considering the size of the troops of Ibrahim Lodi, he followed the strategy of defence cum offensive art of using his smaller troops to win the battle. Cannons (gun powder technology) invented by French, were decisive in Ottoman victory over the Safavid Empire in the battle of Chaldean in 1514. Progressive Babur incorporated artillery and ottoman artillery tactics into his army under the guidance of Ottoman gun master Ustad Ali Quli. 

He fortified his army: The town and suburb of Panipat was to their right. He secured his right flank against the city, while digging a trench covered with tree branches to secure his left flanks. In the centre, he placed 700 carts tied together with ropes. Between every two carts, there were breastworks for his matchlock men. Behind the row of carts, he deployed cannons. Front was loaded by guns and turas; infantry was placed in the rear of the guns and turas; on the left drew ditches and made defences of the boughs of trees; at the distance of every bowshot, a space was left large enough for a 100-150 men to issue forth.They stayed in Panipat for a week. Many of the troops were in great terror and alarm as they had 2-3 months long journey. 

On 19th night 4000 men were sent on a night attack but enemy was alert, therefore, they returned without loss. On 20th night, they had false alarm, followed by call to arms and uproar. 

On morning of 21st April 1526, Ibrahim attacked Babur. Babur troops braced on their helmets and armour and mounted. Right division was led by Humayun, left was commanded by Muhammad Sultan Mirza, right of the centre by Chain Faimar Sultan, left centre by Khalifa, advance was by Khosrou and on the flank of the right division Babur installed himself. 

Ibrahim army of 100000 men and 1000 elephants never made a halt and advanced right upon Babur’s force at a quick pace. When they came closer, they stood for a while but couldn’t halt and, because of narrow approach to Babur’s army, they were unable to advance with the same speed. Babur sent orders to extreme right and left divisions to wheel round the enemy’s flank with possible speed and instantly to attack them in the rear. The right and left divisions were ordered to charge the enemy. They accordingly wheeled on the rear of the enemy and began to make discharge of arrows on them. The battle was likewise obstinate on the right. Babur ordered Muhmadi to advance in the front of the centre and engage, discharged guns many times in front of the line. Mustafa on the left of the centre, managed his artillery with great effect. The right and left divisions, the centre and flankers having surrounded the enemy and taken them in rear, were now engaged in hot conflict and busy pouring in discharges of arrows on them. Ibrahim’s troops made one or two poor charges but were pushed back to their centre. 

Babur’s guns proved decisive. The sound of cannon frightened Ibrahim’s elephants, causing them to trample his own men. Confusion ensued, that the enemy unable to advance, found no road by which they could flee. The battle lasted till mid day, when the enemy were completely broken and routed. Sultan Ibrahim Lodi was killed with his 6000 troops around. He sent Humayun to Agra to take over possession of the treasury and sworn himself as the Emperor of Hindustan in Delhi, founded the ‘gunpowder empire’ of Mughal Dynasty. Babur had engaged in arms a strange nation and conquered, whose language they didn’t understand and who didn’t understand their.

Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun, attained throne of Delhi upon the death of his father Sikandar Lodi in 1517. Lodi dynasty was holding throne of Delhi since 1451 after the fall of Sayyid Dynasty (subservient of Timur’s son Shah Rukh). Ibrahim replaced his father’s experienced, old and senior commanders with younger and loyal to him and faced number of rebellions.. At battle of Panipat, he had 100000 men and 1000 elephants. But his troops were engaged to serve for hire. He was young man without experience, was negligent in all movements. He marched without order, retired or halted without plan and engaged in battle without foresight. Mighty army of 100,000 men and 1000 elephants of Ibrahim, in the space of half a day, laid in the dust by army of 12,000 men of Babur with defensive fortification of army, use of artillery and with strategic moves. Babur was a better general, stronger to war, strategy, equipment, bold fight and encounter.

Timur panicked the elephants of Tughluq by fire on camels’ back and Babur panicked Lodi’s elephants by artillery and secured easy victory. Indian elephants were weapons of wars since Mauryan Empire. Seleucus lost the war with Chandragupta in 305-303 BC and made peace treaty by marrying his daughter to Chandragupta Maurya in lieu of 500 war elephants for aiming victory over Europe. Elephants the instruments of victory since ancient time became the burden of defeats for Tughluq, Lodhi and Rajputs. 

Babur installed himself in the Lodi citadel of Delhi and Agra and declared himself Emperor of Hindustan. As tribute, 186 carat Kohinoor diamond was presented to Humayun by Gwalior family. Babur with better generalship and treachery of Hindu Sardar Silhadi of Malwa, defeated Rajput confederacy under Rana Sanga in the battle of Khandva in 1527 and captured Malwa in 1528. But his heart was in Kabul. His plan was to give Hindustan to Hindal (taker of Hind), Badakhshan to Humayun and he to command the continent from Kabul. But India was his destined last home.

His son Humayun 22y age fell ill in Sambal and was brought to Agra in 1530. His disease not yielding the treatment. Babur was depressed to see his son seriously ill and dying. Babur resolves to practice the rite of intercession and self surrender to save his life. He was urged rather to devote the great diamond kohinoor to pious use, refused the substitution of the jewel for his own life, performed the rite. For four days he circumambulated the bed of his son repeatedly, praying to Allah, begging to be taken to eternal world in his son’s place. His prayers were answered. 

22 year Humayun recovered and 47 year Babur fell ill and was bed ridden and died in December 1530 at Agra, leaving Hindustan for his heirs for three centuries. His body was buried first near Agra but later his remains were buried to his beloved Kabul at Bagh-e-Babur in 1543. Mughal Empire he had established ruled India for 332 years, till it was formally succeeded by British rule in 1858. The Emperor of Hindustan was replaced by the British Royal Queen in 1877. 

It is a surprising fact of the history that they were Uzbeks but they declared themselves Mughal. Why did they hide their identity as Uzbek? It’s a mystery.. Was Uzbeks a bad identity those days or was it hazardous in carrying out the affairs in Hindustan? There were 92 tribes in Uzbekistan but 12 were major. Timur was from Barlas tribe. He was known as Timur Koragoniy. Koragoniy means son in law of Chingiz. Chingiz was Mughal, therefore, Buburs successors, mainly Akbar popularised their identity as Mughal, Mughalia Saltnat.

With his limited stay and limited observations, he wrote about Hindustan, a country of Pagans (non-believers-kafir). He observed that the officers of revenue merchants and war place were all Hindus. They had names according to their families. The tradesman has received his trade from his forefathers, who for generations have all practiced the same trade. He found Hindustan, a country of few pleasures, where people were not handsome, no comprehension of mind, no politeness of manner, no ingenuity or mechanical invention in planning or executing their handicraft works, no skill or knowledge in design or architecture, no good houses, no good flesh, no grapes, no musk melons, no good fruits, no ice or cold water, no good food or bread in their bazars, no baths or colleges, no candles, no torches, not a candle stick. He noticed that high mode of calculation: hundred, thousand, lak, crore, arb, kerb, nil, padam, sang, was a proof of the abundance of wealth in Hindustan. He has recorded the methods of reckoning as to measures. He gave descriptions about the social, cultural Hindustan with its flora and fauna. 

He avoided drinking alcohol till he reached the age 30. But in Kabul, he began drinking. Many times, he preferred majjum to alcohol. He wrote: ‘everyone regrets drinking and swears an oath, I swore oath and regret that’. It’s a statement repeated/chanted by many alcoholics!

Babur was an educated, curious observer and nature lover man, had penned down his observations and events in his diary-autobiography Baburnama. He was believer of God, believed that, if a sword shook the earth from her place, not a vein would it cut till God wills. He had good deal of confidence in his feet, made him rough and tough during the wandering in Transoxiana.  He was a keen observer, strategist and had worked on micro details of the geography and the route plan of all his expeditions to Hindustan. He had pride of his clan therefore had recorded details of all members of Mirza families and friends with their names and their role. His diary covers diverse topics on astronomy, geography, military matters, weapons and battles, plants and animals, flora and fauna, poetry, music, paintings, monuments, tours, etc. He had described his life events, the people whom he came in contact and the history and geography of the areas where he lived in. 

Mughal/Uzbek culture had impacted Hindustani culture with music, atticates, food, crafts, paintings, flowers-gardens, and language. Their national dish Plov becomes our Pulao-Biryani. Somsa is our Samosa of mid day brunch. Plov, Somsa, Kabab, etc, mixed with our curry became favourite Mughlai cuisine of the subcontinent. Their tastes of melons, grapes were added into our tastes. Kashmir is more influenced with carpet weaving, embroidery and handicrafts trades as they carry skills of Bukhara. There are hundreds of common words in Uzbek and Hindustani languages. Dost, Dosti, Muhhabat, Mehman, Aziz, Janab, Kitab, Khushbo, Dukan, Bazar, Aasman, Bagh-Bagicha, Samosa, Pulao, Kabab, Rehmat, etc, are the gifts of Uzbek language to us. We welcome guest as God (अतिथि देवो भव।).. They welcome guests, ‘mekhmon otangdan ulug’ (a guest is more honoured than your father). Indian architecture of Mughal era, Humayun Tomb, Tajmahal, etc, were built following architecture of Registan and Gur e Amir of Samarkand. Uzbeks in general were literates because of the network of Madrasahs in Uzbekistan. How much literacy it had increased in India during the rule of three centuries, may be an issue of further study. Did they literate the converts? Babur’s grandson Akbar took some initiatives. 

Babur as founder of Mughal Empire, had secured permanent place in the history of medieval India, and left a lesson that, losers, if learn from the past, they can be successful like him in achieving their goals. 

Punamchand 
3 November 2019

My encounter with H1N1

My encounter with H1N1

After an exciting trip of Himalayan Mountains of North Sikkim, we were returning home happily on 6 January 2019. A Bengali young man, an urban planner was my co-passenger had a high grade viral fever. Unfortunate but compulsion of travel with him from Bagdogra to Delhi as the flight was full. We left him at Bagdogra, but was carrying a fear of catching up his infection. Air conditioned Airports are potential places of the spread of air borne diseases. 

On Monday, I resumed office cheerfully, conducted weekly meeting, attended function of flagging off of 33 new ambulances to the 108 fleet by the CM and DyCM, cleared files of the week and met visitors. That night went normal. Tuesday morning started as routine but had three important meetings of the GMSCL. As the day progressed, I felt body ache, was losing interest in the meeting and somehow hurriedly concluded the last meeting and returned home.. I was caught up in fever. It was cold winter night. My back was paining the worst. I writhed and passed the night in pains. I skipped the CoS and Cabinet of the Wednesday but I had to go to office in the afternoon because there was a pre-fixed meeting with a Japanese delegation. Post lunch, there was a meeting with the CM. In the condition of high grade fever and body ache I managed to pass the day attending meetings but when returned home couldn’t stand, straight went into the bed without changing the clothes.. As per family protocol, I breathe in some steam twice in a day. Wednesday night, literally, I cried out the pain. On Thursday, a doctor from Civil Hospital was called. He did general checking prescribed one antibiotic and a paracetamol tablets. For clearing doubts of pneumonia, X-ray was taken but it was clear. It was concluded a viral fever. Under the moral pressure of the doctor I took one tablet of antibiotic and one paracetamol. The night went in pain and uneasiness. I wished to cough out but couldn’t. The chest was jammed. 

Friday early morning, I tried to resume meditation. After few minutes, as if I (not as human identity) moved to another world in a sound of aum released by a jhalar and was about to be pushed forward, the brain in fear, pushed the physical body down from the sofa to the bed. The head was completely wet by sweating, and with lose motion and vomiting, the fever went away. 

The doctor came in the morning and did the routine check up: oxygen saturation, pulse, BP, etc. However, the crepitation coming from the lower zone of both the lungs was puzzling him. The X-Ray was clear, no fever, but to rule out doubts, they took throat swabs and sent for the testing of H1N1. It was the 4th day of the illness. He advised to continue with single antibiotic doze that I had consumed only two. By the evening, the report came H1N1 positive. 

The Civil Hospital, the GMC, teams visited immediately and started the treatment of Oseltamivir Capsules of 75 mg on Friday evening. As I am ACS of the Department, they doubled the dose Oseltamivir! I was advised to move to the isolation ward of the Civil Hospital but I preferred to stay at home in a quarantined room. Family members and children were now kept away. Masks were applied. Necessary instructions of do’s and don’ts were given. 

The whole crucial period of damaging of the lungs in 72 hours was already crossed. The body fought against the disease on it’s strength, suffered severe pain but overcome the crisis. Oseltamivir came very late could take pride of killing the dead army of the H1N1 and our team is following up the protocol. 

Weak I was bedridden and the media lines started on the screen on Friday evening, made my illness viral across the Gujarati global world. Messages, calls from friends and well wishers multiplied. Many relatives visited our place. As these were weekends of Makarsakranti, there was no maid support, but my daughter in law Kinjal and my wife Lakshmi managed them well. Lakshmi proved extra courageous because she stayed closest to me and was serving and helping me in those severe painful 72 hours. She had fever on Monday and dry coughing all these days but she firmly rested with her herbal option and took care of me without fear of any cross infection. She was tested H1N1 negative on Sunday.

I recovered but crepitation persisted. It took more than a fortnight to comeback to normal. I skipped the VG-2019 inauguration function but managed to attend the Seminar on Health Care and Pharma. 

Now H1N1 (Swaine flu) is a seasonal flu spread across the country and can encounter anyone but olds, pregnant ladies, children, patients with comorbidities have to take extra care to come out of the disease which a danger to life. The viral load if not treated timely goes down into the lungs and turns into pneumonia. The lungs bag full of infection can’t inhale oxygen and if the ventilator support and suction if not managed accurately the patient may die. We thank all the well wishers who sided with us in that bad time of illness. 

ACS Health and Family Welfare Department caught up in H1N1 was a catchy news lines for the media. 😂 

Punamchand
10 February 2019

New Uzbekistan has opened up

New Uzbekistan has opened up

Uzbekistan, a Central Asian country is  known for its mosques, mausoleums and sites linked to the Silk Road, the ancient trade route between China and Mediterranean. Samarkand, a major city on the route contains landmark Islamic architecture, a precursor to the Indian architecture of Mughal Empire. Bukhara is famous for 712 archeological sites most the world heritage sites and the popular silk carpets.

The trade and economic relation of India with Uzbekistan are older than silk route going back to Kushan era and before. The great scholar and polymath Abu Rahman Al Biruni was a native of Uzbekistan, travelled to India in 1017, and authored Indian culture Tarikh-al-Hind. Landlocked and bordering with five landlocked countries, and situated between the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, Uzbekistan and it’s culture has influence over Indian arts and culture because of its Uzbeks, who had ruled Hindustan for 322 years (1526-1857). Their son Zahiruddin Mirza Babur became the first Emperor of Hindustan in 1526. The last Emperor Sirazuddin Mirza Bahadur Shah Zafar (King of Delhi) was convicted for the charges of aiding and abetting the mutiny of the troops and assuming the sovereignty of Hindustan. His two sons and a grandson were shot by Hudson. He was exiled to Rangoon were he breathed his last in 1862. The title of Emperor of India was taken by the British Royal Family in 1877. Bahadur Shah Zafar had four wives, had many sons and daughters, therefore his heirs may exist today. One five years old Shahjada (grand son) was escaped with the Aaya to Kashmir and, his great grand son Zaynuddin at present is living in Tashkent, presenting himself as the legal heir of the Mughal.

Uzbekistan is known to the present generation of India for two important reasons, first, as a birth place of Babur the founder of Mughal Empire in India and second, because of sad demise of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri in Tashkent on 11 January 1966 after signing peace treaty with Pakistan. The building where he died doesn’t exist today.

Plov is the National dish of Uzbekistan is popular as Pulao-Biryani in India-Pakistan-Bangladesh. Their Somsa is our Samosa, favourite of all. Plov, Somsa, Kabab, etc, dishes mixed with our Kari, became the favourite Mughlai cuisine of the subcontinent. They brought food dishes, gardens, flowers and perfume culture to India. Their tastiest fruits succulent melons, watermelons, grapes, apricots are popular fruits of India too. Tourists buy grapes, black walnuts and roasted almonds in good quality. Kashmir is famous for embroidery and carpet weaving in India. But their arts and crafts were trained from Bukhara.

There are hundreds of common words in Uzbek and Hindi-Urdu languages. Dost, dosti, muhabbat, mehman, aziz, janab, kitab, khusbu, dukan, bazar, aasman, bagh, bagicha, samosa, pulao, kabab, rahmat, etc, are the gifts of the Uzbek language to us. Indian culture welcomes guest like God (atithi devo bhav:) and Uzbeks respects guests similarly, ‘mekhmon otangdan ulug (a guest is more honoured than your father). The hospitality and honour bestowed upon the guests is incredible. At Desterkhan of a house or a dinning table in a hotel, it will be covered with plates of salad, cakes, sweets, fruits, bread, soft drink, vodka and green tea and the delicious seven course meal. The meal starts with prayer and ends with prayer.

Democracy has changed the world with the power of ballot and “sab ka saath sab ka vishvas” is the new mantra of the new world of development. All humans are in search of better quality of life and their desires are forcing the rulers to excel in their performance to retain the power.

Declaring independence on 31st August 1990, New Republic of Uzbekistan is promoting reforms based on development. Removing barriers to trade and improving investment environment is a top priority of the government under the President Shavkat Mirziyoyev. Large scale reforms were launched and giving highest priority to the ease of doing business by liberalisation of economy, opening of borders and reduction of trade duties. The government promises no role back of concessions with retrospective effects. Tashkent, Samarkand and  Bukhara are the most popular tourists destinations attracting thousands of tourists of the world. After opening up the economy for the world, the flow of foreign tourists from Europe, America, Asia and CIS countries have increased very high.

It’s an industrial and agrarian country lead by
gas, electrical and mechanical industries and mental processing. It’s a mineral rich country with a potential stock of $11 trillion. It ranks 4th in Gold reserves, 7th in Uranium, 10th in copper and 11th in Gas extraction in the world. Cotton, grain, vegetables and fruits are their major crops. The share of Agriculture is GDP is 19%. Russia and Kazakhstan are their main outlet markets. It’s unemployment rate is 9.3%.

1425 kms West to East and 930 kms from North to South, the country of 448.9 thousand square km is inhabited by 33.2 million people. The urban population is 50.5%. It has twelve provinces. Tashkent is the capital and Sum is their currency.

Though the health infrastructure is weak but people are healthy with male life expectancy of 73.8 years and female 76.2 years. Aged people walk straight with strength. People are industrious and hardworking, therefore, their physical strength is very good. Tall people with big head and big faces have good eyesight, therefore, very few wear number glasses. Their diet is healthy and nutritive, therefore, neither the problem of malnourishment of children and women nor the problem of stunting and wasting of the children puzzle them much.

Life in Uzbekistan is easy. The salary of a clerk is $100/month but he can live with it. The staple food item Lapuska (bread) costs Sum 1200 ($1= Sum 9400). Farm labour and home maid ($200/month) are cheap. Infrastructure is excellent. Transport and electricity is cheap making the life of the common man easy. Talgo high speed rail is easier, cheaper and faster than travelling on road by a car.

Fair, industrious, strongly built People are music lover. Ashula folklore is popular. Music with Doira (dafli) and tamburs Dutar, Sato and Rubab, songs with sweet folklore voice and light and charming dance of beautiful women, presents the medieval days of Mughal Darbars in Delhi and Agra. It’s an open society where women don’t cover their face with burkha but do wear the headscarf. They love Hindi movies as one exclusive channel is assigned for the Hindi movies. They are very much attached with India because of their Uzbeks ruled over India. Due to common words, many students study Hindi. One interpreter girl is doing her PhD on the literature of Indian writer Premchand. A India Study Centre and Sharda University have been started in Andijan. They have lands, buildings and openness, therefore, are happy and welcome India with openness. Simple people consider Indians like their own.

Babur conquered India but his heart was in his motherland, was missing his sweet people and the sweet taste of its fruits of melons and grapes. He had regretted his victory over Hindustan while missing the homeland.

Getting interest in Uzbekistan? Just take a flight, it takes 3.5 hours journey with approximately $600 two ways airfare, and you are on land of archeological sites, delicious food and fruits and opportunities to explore business.

Punamchand
Tashkent
23 October 2019

Babur of Andijan, Making of a Padshah-2

Babur of Andijan, Making of a Padshah-2

Following the victory over Delhi by his great great grand father Timurbek in 14th century, Babur after establishing in Kabul, launched invasion over north-western India. Ever since he came into Kabul, it has been in his mind to move on Hindustan. He pictured countries held by the Turk as his own and was resolved to get them in his hands whether peacefully or by force.

There were four roads lead into Kabul from Hindustan side: one by Khyber mountains, another by way of Bangash, another by way of Naghr and another through Farmul. Hindu Kush could only be crossed during autumn when the snow is less and the water are low. Indus could be crossed by ferry.

He made five expeditions to Hindustan.

When Sun being in Aquarius, he rode out of Kabul for his first expedition to Hindustan in February 1505 took a Pekhi Malek Abu Saeed Kamari as a guide from Garam Chesmeh and crossed Khyber and Jan in March 1505. Jan (Gorkhatri) was a holy place of Jogis and Hindu who come from long distances to shave their heads and beards there. From Jamrud he wanted to cross Indus but Baqi Cheghanisni advised him to proceed through Kohat. He plundered Kohat which was under Gagiani Afghans and then moved towards Bangash. He went through the route of Bigram, Kohat, Hangu, Bangash, Til, and reached Bamu. He plunde the Afghans and was marching forward with the help of the guides, but when his brother Jahangir Mirza informed him about a conspiracy of Baqi Cheghaniani might be with his confidant Beks to leave him, Babur decided to return and after crossing Deh Yakub and Kamari rivers by boat reached Kabul in May 1505.

His second expedition started in September 1507 but he returned to Kabul by mid winter as Shadiq Khan retired from Qandhar. When Sun bring in Pieces, on 6th March 1506, Humayun was born in Kabul. He remained busy in Kabul (1508-1519) settling conflicts of Shia-Sunni. He conquered Samarkand and Bukhara in 1511 but was defeated by Ubaid as he moved out of the town without preparation.

In his third expedition in March 1519, Babur crossed Indus for the first time. He received news of birth of baby boy from Kabul. He named him Hind-al, taking of Hind. He sent Mulla Murshid with peace proposal to Ibrahim Lodi, and returned to Kabul thinking that if they were to go into Hindustan, it should be on a proper basis. He saw rhinoceros first time in Swati side of Kashmir and Hindukush mountains. Swat-Swati (white) river might be named after Goddess Saraswati. In Sanskrit and Kashmiri script of Kashmir, Sharada is another name of Goddess Saraswati. Swat therefore, might be the river Saraswati we are searching for. The area near Hindukush mountain was known as Kafiristan and was famous for grapes (shahibi) wine. Males preferred wine to water, tying leather bags around their necks and were drinking wine sip by sip from. Was it a Som Rasa made of grapes (somvallari creeper), described in Vedas? One may study the routes of Vedic India in the valleys of Kashmir to Hindukush mountains.

Tatar Khan, the father of Daulat Khan, was one of the six Sardars who, sallying out and becoming dominant in Hindustan, made Bahlul Lodi Padshah. He held the country north of Satluj and Sirhind, the revenue exceeded 3 crores. On Tatar Khan’s death, Sikandar Lodi as over lord, took those countries from Tatar Khan’s sons and gave Lahore only to Daulat Khan. Under Ibrahim’s rule, Ibrahim was annoyed with disobedience. When Ibrahim summoned Daulat Khan, he sent his son Dilawar Khan who received bad reception and scolding for their disobedience. He escaped and reported the matter to his father and both opted for the alliance with Babur. Accordingly, Dilawar Khan went to Kabul with his father’s message of help. Babur asked, why he, whose family had so long eaten the salt of Lodi, had so suddenly deserted them for himself. Dilawar answered that his family through 40 years had upheld the Lodi throne, but that Ibrahim maltreated Sikandar’s amirs, had killed 25 of them without cause, some by hanging, some burned alive, and there was no hope of safety in him. Therefore, he had been sent by many Amirs to Babur whom they were ready to obey and for whose coming they were on the anxious watch.

At the dawn of the day following the feast, Babur prayed in the garden for a sign of victory in Hindustan, asking that it should be a gift to himself of mango or betel, fruit of that land. It so happened that Daulat Khan had sent him, as a present, half ripened mangoes preserved in honey. When these were set before him, he accepted them as a sign, and from that time forth, made preparation for a move on Hindustan.

Babur’s Fourth Expedition to Hindustan (1523-1524)

Babur took the route after fording Indus by the sub montane road through Kakar country, crossed Jhelum and Chenab and moved towards Lahore. Daulat Khan had fled for refuse to the colony of Baluchi as army of Ibrahim under Bihar Khan was after him. Babur defeated Bihar Khan with great slaughter, plundered Lahore and burned some of it’s Bazars. After staying for four days in Lahore, he moved to Dibalpur on 22nd January 1524, made a start for Sihrind but while looking at the hostility of Daulat Khan and Dilawar Khan non fulfilment of their engagement, placing danger in the rear of the eastward advance, he returned to Lahore, garrisoned Punjab and Lahore, places his men in Lahore, Dibalpur, Sialkot and Kalanur and returned to Kabul. Alam Khan was made Governor of Dibalpur. It took them four months (March-July 1524) to reach Kabul.

On return of Babur to Kabul, Daulat Khan took Sultanpur. He defeated Alam Khan (uncle of Ibrahim Lodi) in Dibalpur but couldn’t get back Sialkot and Lahore. Ibrahim Lodi sent army to re-conquer Punjab. Alam Khan fled to Kabul and promised Babur that he would take place of Ibrahim in Delhi and Babur would hold Lahore and all west of it with full suzerainty. Babur issued a royal letter for Lahore Begs to assist him and started working on his fifth the last expedition to Hindustan.

Babur’s Fifth expedition to Hindustan (1525-26)

He was 42 years old and became philosophical in his approach to life. He knew that death takes away life, therefore, focused on fame. He wrote, “with fame, even if I die, I am contented. Let fame be mine, since my body is death’s. When we are passed away and gone, God only surviver, unchangeable. Whosoever comes to the feast of life, must, before it is over, drink from the cup of death. He who arrives at the inn of mortality, must one day inevitably take his departure from the house of sorrow, the world. How much better is to it to die with honour than to live with infancy.”

When the Sun was in Sagittarius, he set out on his march to invade Hindustan on 17 December 1525. He crossed the hill of Yek-Kengch collected army and marched. At Barik-ab brothers of Nur joined bringing 20,000 shahrokhis in gold, in ashrefis and tenkis, sent by the Diwan of Lahore, Khwajeh Hussain. Greater part of it was sent to Balkh. At Bagh-e-wafa, Humayun joined him. For the delay, he had written a sharp letter to him and when he arrived spoke to him with considerable severity. Next day, they marched and halted at new garden between Sultanpur and  Khwajeh Rustam. He embarked on raft and ceded down the river and reached Kosh-Gumbez and joined camp. Next day he again embarked on a raft, halted at Kerik Arik, went to Germ Cheshmeh, moved to Yedeh-bir and joined the troops.

While camping, he with his closer group used to write and exchange verses good or bad for amusement. That night he made a unworthy verse and then his heart was stuck within regret. Babur had fever and was coughing up blood. He was cursing his tongue for composing satire, broke his pen and regretted before God for the tyrannised over his soul. He put self control kept himself away from such satirical vituperative and marched forward.

At Bekram, he appointed seven of his men as Superintendent to conduct embarkation at Nilab-Indus, to take down the name of every man in the army one by one and to inspect them. They camped for three days on the bank of river Indus, crosses it at Kech-ket, the Superintendents counted great and small, good and bad, servants and no servants, total 12000 persons. After passing river Behat, he sent two of his confidants to Lahore to enjoin troops with him at Sialkot or Perserur. The march reached the bank of river Chenab, then rode on towards Behlulpur and reached Sialkot on 29 December 1525. They were annoyed with the chief hardships created by Jets and Gujers, pouring down their buffalos and oxen in prodigious numbers from the hills and wilds to the road. He received news of defeat of Alam Khan by Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. Alam Khan, Dilawar Khan (son of Daulat Khan) and Haji Khan with 30-40000 men laid seige to Delhi but Ibrahim’s army made a night-early morning attack, set fire to tents and pavilions, shouting the war cry, dispersed the troops of Alam Khan. Alam Khan ran away.

From Sialkot, Babur moved to Perserur, found Ghazi Khan camp on the banks of Rabi towards Lahore. He sent party to get intelligence, but they ran away. Next day, they reached Kilanur where Ismael Khan, grandson of Daulat Khan joined. Daulat Khan was arrested with the two swords on his neck. Daulat Khan, Dilawar Khan and Ali Khan were made prisoners at Kitteh. Daulat Khan died in prison. They then reached Dun, the beautiful place with finest running water. Babur was eying over the movement of Ghazi Khan but no intelligence was received. He sent a detachment in pursuit of Ghazi Khan, and then placed his foot in the stir up of resolution, and hand on the reins of confidence in God and marched against Sultan Ibrahim.

They came to Rupur, it was extremely cold. They halted at Keril opposite to Sehrind. One Hindustani presented himself as an ambassador from Sultan Ibrahim but was without any royal letter. After two marches, they halted on the banks of the stream of Banur and Janur and received information that Sultan Ibrahim was advancing.

Babur reached Ambala on 25 February 1526. Humayun defeated Hamid Khan on 26 February. On 12 March, he received information that Ibrahim Ludi was advancing slowly by kos or two and halting for 2-3 days at each station. Babur camped at Sirsaweh. His men chased advanced party of Ibrahim and slaughtered them all the way to the limit of Ibrahim’s camp and created terror into the enemy. He then arranged whole army in order of battle and performed Vim. Under the custom of Vim, the whole army being mounted, the commander takes a bow or whips in his hand and guesses at the number of the army, and affirm that the army may be so many. Babur then fortified his force into right-left-centre-front-gun carriage, etc, designed and strategised in 5-6 days and held a general council.

Punamchand
19 October 2019

Babur of Andijan, making of a Padshah-1

Babur of Andijan, making of a Padshah-1

Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur Mirza was born in Andijan Uzbekistan, an important city on Great Silk Road bordering Kyrgyzstan in 1483. His father Umar Saikh Mirza II (son of Miran Shah and grand son of Timur) was a governor of Fergana valley in Uzbekistan. In Ramadan of 1494, when Umar was 38 years old, he died in freak accident in dovecote in Aksikent Fort, which was built at the edge of the building collapsed.

His eleven years old son Zahiruddin became the ruler of Fergana. He was popularly known as Babur (big-royal). His mother Qutlugh Nigar Khanum was a princess of the Chagatai Khanate and daughter of Yunus Khan of Moghulistan. They were from Timurid Dynasty of Turco-Mongol origin descended from Timurlane of Utarar tribe. They carry title Koragani (son-in-law) as Timurids were in laws of the line of Genghis Khan, the founder of Mongol Empire. They were descendants of Chagatai dynasty. Babur was the great great grandson of Timurlane. He was direct descendant of Genghis Khan through his mother and was descendant of Shujauddin Timur through his father. He was brave, energetic and physically extra fit worrier, made strategic moves to find his place in the history.

Teenage Babur was very ambitious. He knew the history of his ancestors and their rule over the subcontinent and had ambitions to recapture the lost area. He was Timurid and man of achievement. He aimed at filling Timuridbek.

His great great grand father Timur invaded India in 1398, defeated Sultan of Delhi Nasir ud-din Mahmud Shah Tughluq by creating panic amongst the elephants by the hay setting on fire which were loaded on camels’ backs. Stamped back the elephants made the victory of Timur easy. The richest city of the world Delhi was sacked and thousands of captives were killed. Timur left Delhi in destruction and in power vacuum. Timur died en route during his winter campaign against Ming China in 1404 at Farab on side of Syr Daria. Timur’s mausoleum of Gur Emir is located in Samarkand. In succession, his youngest son Shah Rukh took over the throne in 1409. With the permission of Shah Rukh, Khizr Khan the governor of Multan, later became the Sultan of Delhi in 1414 (Sayyid Dynasty). Shah Rukh’s son Ulugh Beg was notable for his work in astronomy related mathematics, such a trigonometry and spherical geometry.

In teenage, Babur aimed at the most famous Samarkand (2250 years old), as it for nearly 140 years was the capital of their dynasty. In 1497, he conquered Samarkand but fell ill. His speech was impeded and they drop water into mouth with cotton. After recovered from illness and he had received messages of rebellion from his mother and grandmother from Andijan to return, he left Samarkand (ruled 100 days) for Andijan in March 1497. But, in anxiety for Andijan, he has given Samarkand out of his hands, then heard he had lost Andijan. In ignorance, made to leave Samarkand and lost Andijan. Auzan Hasan took over Andijan in Ali-dost’s presence.

Babur went to Khujand, then mounted for Samarkand but couldn’t capture. Twice he tried to move out of Khujand the poor place, once for Andijan and once for Samarkand but failed and role out to Pashaghar. In June 1498, he had fever but receiving the message of Ali-dost to take over Andijan, he marched 3 days and 2 nights with his 240 men to recapture his farher’s country Andijan. He faced rebellion of his brother Jahangir Mirza. Peace was made, he took Andijan side and gave away Akshi side to Jahangir. Together they would march to Samarkand and once Babur was in possession of Samarkand, Andijan was to be given to Jahangir. At Andijan, Ali-dost, backed by Tambal started his humiliation.

He re-conquered Samarkand when he was 19 years old. He married to his cousin Ayisha Sultan Begim, from whom first child Fakari-n-nsa born but died in 40 days. Babur maddened and afflicted himself for a boy named Baburi in the camp bazar, described him, “o’thief of my heart”.

When Shihibani invaded Samarkand, he in astronomical calculation of eight stars positing between the two armies and after 13-14 days would moved to the bake of the enemy, he marched out of Samarkand and was defeated. He had surrendered Samarkand to Shahibani Khan in July 1501, took his mother and two women with leaving elder sister Khan-zada Begim into the hands of Shaibani Khan’s left Samarkand in the darkness of night. They lost way and wandered reached Khalila village before the dawn and then went to Dizak, then to Auratipa to Dikhkat and reached Tashkent searching a place for shelter. At Dikhkat where they stayed, the mother of the head man was 111 years old. Some relatives of her had gone with Timur Beg’s army to Hindustan. She had that in her mind and used to tell the tale. It sparked interest for Hindustan in the mind of Babur.

Shaibani Khan was after him, hearing he was coming up into Aura-tipa, they crossed Abu-burdan pass into Macha hill country. Wandering from mountain to mountain, homeless and house less, without country or abiding place, he had passed through bad days. In 1502-03, during his stay in Tashkent, he endured much poverty and humiliation. He had no country or no hope of one. Most of his retainers dispersed. Bare headed, bare foot, he was meeting relative. That uncertainty and want of house and home drove him at last to despair, said, “it would be better to take his head and go off than live in such misery; better to go my feet can carry me than be seen of men in such poverty and humiliation.” He writes, “Except my soul, no friend worth trust found I; Except my heart, no confident found I.”

He tried to compromise with his brother Jahangir, sent his ermine cap for Jahangir and large broad sword (made by Nuyan Kukuldash) for Tambal. In an encounter, his thigh was injured with arrow and Tambal chopped the sword at his head that large wound was made on his head, though not a thread of the cap was cut. He turned rein and crossed Khak-an caral.

1503-4, he spent a year in hill country of Sukh and Hushiar in great misery. He was not only homeless and poor but shut in by enemies. Wandering barefooted, his feet were unable to differentiate stone or rock. Not yet, 22, he left Sukh intended to go to Hussain Mirza in Khurasan but he changed that plan for one taking him to Kabul where a Timurid might claim to dispossess the Afghans then holding it since the death of his uncle Aulugh Beg Mirza Kabuli. He in his 23rd year, applied the razor to his face when half at a place near Hisar while going to Kabul. As Tambal at Ferghana and Shahibaq Khan at Samarkand were after him and didn’t allow him to conquer his native, without fight or effort he obtained Kabul and Ghazni in October 1504.

To stabilise his rule, he created terror amongst Afghans by group slaughtering. He observed that when Afghans are powerless to resist, they go before their foe with grass between their teeth, this being as much as to say, “I am your cow”. His mother died in Kabul on 4th June 1505. He had recorded earthquakes with high magnitude on 5th July 1505, 33 tremors on first day and 2-3 quakes per day for a month.

He conquered Bukhara and Samarkand in October 1511 (10 months after reaching Kabul) and re-enter the town after 9 years, but lost to Ubaid as he went out to challenge him unprepared and without reinforcement. He had to return to Kabul. He in Kabul, Badakhshan and Balkh augmented by various Mirzas in exile, in whose need of employment, he was in need of wider territory, therefore, he decided to embark Hindustan.

Punamchand
Andijan
19 October 2019

Samarkand

Samarkand

Located on the ancient Grand Silk Road, Samarkand is one of the oldest (2500 Y) cities of the world. Kand-khand means pradesh-area and Mar means dessert, therefore, it was called Markanda in Greek. Sa mean semi, Sa-mar means semi desert area, therefore, it became Samarkand. The caravans passing through the route used to stay over night here, as there were many Sarais to serve them food, drink and to provide accommodations, therefore could be called Safar-kand, stoppage of the tour. Sama means Jama, where people assemble, sama bandhana is important for musical discourse, the place where caravans stopping and people were enjoining their food, drink, music, dance and stay, therefore, Samarkand. Similarly Tash means stones, the land of stones is called Tashkent.

Samarkand was first conquered by Cyrus the great (Achaemenid Empire), and was under the Sogdiana (the Turan-Turkmenistan of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) Ksharaps. It was annexed by Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great in 328 BC. The area was the second homeland of Aryans of Ahura Mazda.  It was under Kushan (Bactria Greece origin) rule of Parthian tribe and was following Mahayan Buddhism. Kushan Empire was the centre point of the major civilisations. It was capital of Timurids for 140 years. One of the theories routs Chandra Gupta Maurya in Kshatraps, commanding areas around Taxila before his march to Pataliputra.

When East was growing in Arts and Culture following principles of Buddhism, Western Asia was growing under Mesopotamia civilisation, China with his art, handicrafts, silk and education, was searching for the markets, therefore, the Silk Road trade route was developed connecting East-Southeast-South Asia with Persia, Arabia, East Afrika and Southern Europe. Great Wall of China was extended for the trade protection. The silk route became a travel route of their economic, cultural, educational (astronomy), religious (Buddhism) and political interactions. It was a symbol of their peace, prosperity and growth. It became famous with silk carpet weaving of Bukhara. However, disease like plaque were spread along the road. But later invaders used the route for looting.

Samarkand was under Iranian and Turki rulers was conquered by Genghis Khan Mongol in 1220 AD and thereafter, it became a major centre for Islamic studies. It became capital of Timur in 14th century and remained as capital of Beks for 140 years before Babur conquered it for a short time.

There was a river flowing through the city but when it was dried up, the Registan (desert) Square was developed fo public proclamations and executions. Three Madrasahs (west-Ulughbek, centre-Tilya Kori-gold covered and east-Sher-Dor) were framed with Islamic architecture. Sher-lion is suggestive of big and royal. On the face of Sher-Dor madrassa, two tigers mosaics with rising Sun and the two deers mosaic in the centre create an Persian-Zoroastria-Hindu influence, as otherwise depiction of living beings is banned in Islam. Timur returned from India carrying building and stone and tilework workers with him, and they were used in making the Madrasahs. The light and sound show travels you through the historical journey of Samarkand.

Gur Emir Mausoleum is a landmark monument of the city is a burial place of Amir Timur, his spiritual mentor Mir Said Baraka, his sons Shah Rukh and Miran Shah and grand sons Muhammad Sultan and Ulughbek. The mausoleum is a fine example of medieval architectural craftsmanship of Turko-Persian art, a precursor and model for later Mughal architecture tombs in India, i.e., Humayun’s Tomb and Taj Mahal. The gilding work, mosaic of light and dark blue glazed tiles and paintings have enriched the mausoleum.

There is legend after the opening of the tombs by Russian authorities in 1941 to check the remains. Two days after the opening of the Timur’s tomb, Nazi Germany invaded Russia without declaring war 22 June 1941. Some people thought it was a curse of Timur. The remains were sent to Moscow for study but later were returned to Samarkand and were buried with full honour. That had enthused the Muslim soldiers who fought well and made the victory of battle of Stalingrad, the turning point of WW-II.

Bibi Khanym Mosque, one of the largest mosques of medieval period is a poetic presentation of architecture. There is a legend or a rumour that it was built by Timur’s famous wife Bibi-Khanym in honour of Timur’s trip to India. The architect fell in love with the queen and was delaying the construction. When the queen insisted for timely completion of the mosque before Timur’s arrival, the architect, mad in love, proposed to kiss her. In response the queen offered him her slave of his choice, stating example of painted eggs in different colours, looking different from outside but all are the same inside. The architect in reply brought two glasses, one he filled with water and another with white wine and replied the queen that both in appearance are the same but he doesn’t feel anything with water but wine gives him burn like the love. The queen allowed him to kiss and the architect completed the construction. But his hot kiss left a trace on her tender cheek. Timur was delighted with the beautiful gift but noticed the mark on tender cheek of his beautiful wife and when came to know the reason, ordered to bury the architect under the mausoleum.

In the north east part of the city, Shahi Zinda necropolis is the burial place of Kusamibn ibn Abbas, the cousin of Prophet Muhammad. It is known for its richest tile work. There is Ulughbek Observatory built is 1420, was destroyed in 1449 and was rediscovered in 1908.

The monuments of Samarkand couldn’t get place in the list of world heritage sites because of their renovation and restoration like replacements.

Tourists enjoy here the tastes of sweet fruits Grapes, Apple, Naspati (pear); tasty vegetables Pumpkin, potato, sweet potato, and delicious meal of plov (pulau), somsa (samosa), kebab, etc, with a flavour of Bukhara cuisine. And there are shops of Bukhara Silk Carpets and handicrafts. And if you go to Abdullah in Hujom Street a smiling smart General Manager will surely sell his silk carpet to you with high price but with better discount!

If get a chance to visit, don’t miss this old city located on the ancient Silk Road to appreciate the economic, cultural and political journey of Central Asia.

Rahmat.

Punamchand
Samarkand
20 October 2019

Rishabh

Rishabh

When Spring Equinox (entry of Sun in Northern Hemisphere) day was in the zodiac backdrop of Mrigtrishna Nakshatra (Orion) in zodiac sign Taurus (bull, vrishabh) around 4000 BC, healthy White Bull was the symbol of religious-trade-authoritative identity; used for game, bull fights, and sacrifice for rituals.

The founder of Jainism is not the 24th Tirthankar Mahavir Swami. There were 23 Tirthankars before him. The 23rd Tirthankar Parsvanatha was born 250 years prior to Mahavira. The 22nd Tirthankar, Neminatha (Aristanemi) was the cousin of Lord Krishna. The founder of Jainism, the first Tirthankar Adinath-Rishabhnath lived probably in Orion era or before. He was spiritual leader and a social reformer, taught 72 arts to men and 64 to women.

Rishabhnath of Jainism and Shiva of Hindus might be the contemporaries or one and the same. Bull is the symbol of Adinath and Nandi (bull) is the vehicle of Mahadev. Many practices of tantra-matra were common amongst the Nathas of Shaivism and Digambara of Jainism. Except Mahavira, all the 23 Tirthankars were called Nath.

God Reseph of Sumerian culture, the worship of Reseph in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the Rushabh of Indus-Saraswati civilisation, the Nandi of Lord Shiva and the Rishabh of Rishabhnath were the ancient religious common practices of prevedic Orion era. The black stone (the right hand of the invisible God visible symbolically) installed at the eastern corner of Kaaba in Mecca and a yellow pole nearby where the prophet was standing for worshipping, may be carrying the same distance what the Linga and the Nandi have in a Shiva temple.

Rig vedic hymns and Puranas refers Rishabh as lord of lords. His mother and daughter the Cow is the merciful creature, serving the humans to acquire healthy, immune and long life.

ॐ श्री वृषभ देवाय नम: 😊

Punamchand
8 November 2019

Sufi Saint Kaki the first Uzbek came to India

Sufi Saint Kaki was the first Uzbek came to India (between 1211-1235) before Babur (1526)

After extinguishing fire of the east, Gandhi returned to Delhi on 30 September 1947. For security reason, he was stationed at Birla Bhavan. His heart was in Pakistan and he was not happy with the migration of the population both the sides. He desired to go to Pakistan to bring back the people who migrated to Pakistan after the partition. But the communal fire in Delhi didn’t allow him to move. How could Gandhi move forward when the people of Delhi were in trouble and the city was flooding with refugees? He went on his last fast of life until death for the peace in Delhi on 13 January 1948. With the assurance of the leaders of all the religions and major organisations he broke the fast on 18 January 1948. He took a visit of a Kaki Shrine in Mehrauli on annual Urs day on 29 January, a day prior to his assassination. The mosque was damaged during the riots and people living around were displaced. Repairing the mosque and returning the homes to the displaced was one of Gandhiji’s demands of agreement with the leaders while breaking the fast on 18 January 1948. It was the mosque and Shrine of Sufi Saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiyār Kaki.

Islam travelled to India through its warriors and the mystic Saints of Chishti silsila. Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (1173-1235) was one of them. He was the spiritual successor of Persian Saint Moinuddin Chishti (Ajmer). Fariduddin Ganjshaker and Nizamudin Auliya were the spiritual successor of Kaki. Qutub Minar of Delhi was dedicated after him. He was born in a small town Osh (Fergana valley) Uzbekistan in 1173, and came to India during the rule of Caliph recognised ruler of Delhi, Mamluk Slave Sultan Iltutmish (of Bukhara origin). Kaki was descendant of Prophet Muhammad, discerned through Husain Ibn Ali. He was known as Kaki due to miracle (karamat).

Due to poverty, his wife used to buy buns-bread (Kak) on credit from the nearby baker. But when the baker stopped giving on credit because of unsettled previous dues, Kaki advised his wife to take the Kak from the corner of their house whenever she requires it. When the lady stopped coming to buy Kak from the bakery, the baker inquired through his wife, why the lady is not coming to his shop but serving the Kak to the visitors. And when the lady disclosed the truth of Kaki’s miracle, the Kak stopped appearing from the corner. From that day, people called him Kaki.

He attended a Mehfil-e-Sama in November 1235, and after listening the verses of Poet Ahmad e Jam :”those who are slain by the dagger of surrender, receive every moment a new life from the unseen”, he went into the state of ecstasy and died four days later in 1235. He was cremated in Mehrauli. Repaired and rebuilt the Shrine of Saint Kaki is a centre of faith for many believers. However, women are not allowed to go near the tomb. They can see it from the windows. Offering flowers, lit insane and praying are the common practice of worship like Hindus. At one of the tombs in the campus, a lamp is kept lit. It is a venue of autumn festival, “phoolawalo ki sair. It was started in 1812 by Mumtaz Mahal, the wife of Mughal Emperor Akbar Shah II, offering chaddar to the shrine and flower pankha to the Yogmaya temple for the safe return of her son Mirza Jahangir, who was exiled to Allahabad by the British Resident in Red Fort, Sir Archibald Seton.

Another important Shrine place is at Chilla in Delhi, where Chishti Saint Nizamuddin Auliya (1138-1325), his disciple Amir Khusrow and Mirza Ghalib rest in the campus. Except the small area of the tombs, the area is thickly populated and is over crowded. Amir Khusrow preferred place of Guru to his material wealth. It is said that unless one visits the Auliya and then go to Ajmer, the pilgrimage is incomplete. Humayun tomb located nearby a world heritage site.

It is to note that in all the Muslim tombs, the dead bodies were placed south facing (head in north and legs in south). It is similar practice like Hindus, who ground the dead body and then put it on the pyre south facing. It follows the magnet ends of Mother Earth, the South Pole and the North Pole. In astrology, North is a Rahu point and South is a Ketu point. The ritual to place the dead body south facing is to facilitate the smooth journey of the spirit after the death.

Did you notice, our Vikram Yan was crashed while its journey towards the South Pole of Moon? The gravitational angle was missed. People in the ancient and medieval world were living life in harmony with the nature. The houses were built north-south and the temples-religious places were built east-west.

Mystic world has yet to uncover many mysteries.

Punamchand
2 December 2019

Peace comes through Treaty

Peace comes through Treaty

Mughals became very powerful under Emperor Akbar. But Mewar was a challenge for them. Babur did defeat Rana Sanga, but Mewar was not fully won. Akbar conquered Gujarat in 1573, built Buland Darwaja in Fatehpur Sikri in celebration of the victory, but for a stable route to Gujarat from Delhi, Mewar was important to bring under Mughal rule. He tried to make Maharana Pratap the Vasal of Mughal but Pratap didn’t submit. Akbar was using diplomatic means of marriage and awarding ranks to the princely states to acquire authority. He offered the rank of 5000 zat and 5000 sawar to Maharana Pratap but the Amer Prince Mansingh was holding the rank of 7000 zat and 7000 sawar, may be, therefore, Maharana Pratap didn’t accept the offer. He preferred independence to power. 7000 zat and 7000 sawar was one of the highest ranks of Mughal Empire awarded to the family members of the Emperor. Akbar did acquire control over Rajputana and celebrated the victory by laying foundation of new capital Fatehpur Sikri (city of victory) in 1569, but to win Mewar the battle was inevitable.

When Akbar was eying over Bengal, his general and nephew of Empress Jodhabai, Amer Prince Maharaja Mansingh I, headed Mughal forces and defeated Maharana Pratap in the battle of Haldighati in June 1576. After a brave and fierce fight of six hours, injured Maharana escaped to the hills.

It is to note at this junction of the history that, Emperor Akbar was forced to attend rebellion of Bengal (afghan), Bihar (khans), incursion in Punjab (his brother Hakim Mirza) and threat of Khanate of Bukhara King Uzbek Abdulla Khan Shaybanid over Kabul and Mughal Empire. Akbar seized Kabul in 1581 and physically moved to Lahore in 1585, made it capital and remained there for 13 years and returned to Agra after the death of Abdullah Khan in 1598. Therefore, Mughal pressure over Mewar was relaxed and in that space Maharana Pratap recovered western Mewar. He died of injuries sustained in hunting in 1597, aged 56. He became the symbol of Rajput valour and self sacrifice for principles for centuries.

His eldest son Amar Singh became the king of Mewar in 1597. Jahangir after his coronation in 1606, started attacks over Mewar. Losing men and finance while fighting battles, Maharana Amarsingh  surrendered to Mughal in 1615 by signing treaty with Shah Jahan (for Emperor Jahangir), accepting the Mughal rank of 5000 zat and 5000 sawar. He was exempted from personal presence to the Mughal court and allowed to not to enter into matrimonial relation with Mughal.

Finally, the treaty brought peace in Mewar.

Punamchand
8 December 2019

Chauth (1/4), the tax of Power

Chauth (1/4), the tax of Power

Chauth (one fourth) of the produce or revenue was levied as annual tax-lagan-tribute on the tillers by the landlords-Kings. When the crops were harvested, the daroga, faujdar, jamadar of the lords were coming to collect the share of the lords and were not leaving even the share from the fodder.

In the Agroestate country of India, Land revenue was the major source of income. As agriculture was dependent on monsoon crop, the failure of crop was the major calamity over the kings and the people. Therefore, all the rituals and celebrations pre and post monsoon were performed regularly in India. One fourth of the quality was so much weaved in the life of the common man that even while worshipping and offerings to the deity, chauth was placed before the Gods and Goddesses.

As the tradition was chauth prevalent in India for centuries, when the smaller kings became vassals under the bigger king, they used to pay annual tribute like chauth. Aurangzeb gave rights to collect chauth and Sardeshmukhi to Shivaji and subsequent Maratha rulers for maintaining a contingent of troops for the emperor. The Suba-Governor posted were the revenue collectors. After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, the Mughal Empire started diminishing and by 1757, their rule was nominal. Maratha under the Peshwas became powerful, extended their authority over northern and western India. However, there were princely states under the Vassals of Mughal, therefore, Maratha instead of taking over the throne of Delhi, preferred to sign Ahmedia Treaty with Mughal, took right to levy chauth on the lands which were under nominal Mughal rule. They levied additional 10% on the top of Chauth as Sardeshmukhi as extra tribute to the King. It was charged to provide armed security for the state. It had brought the Marathas under the direct conflict with the princely states, in turn they didn’t support Marathas, saw them falling in the third battle of Panipat against Ahmed Shah Abdalli.

Najibabdawlah the robila pashtun was in service to the Mughal as Mir Bakshi but was deserted by the Mughal Emperor under the order of Peshwa was the major cause of the battle of Panipat. Najib then joined Abdali. Leaving the major Maratha Army behind at Pune, the major purpose of sending troops to counter Abdalli was mainly for providing armed security to the Mughal Emperor and to acquire control over Delhi as he was paying Chauth to the Maratha Peshva, it seems. Maratha didn’t dethrone the Emperor after winning Delhi. Maratha then moved to Kunjpura killed Najabat Khan Pathan and conquered. But behind them was Abdali, they could neither return to Delhi nor moving forward, and were sieged at Panipat’.

It is a great surprise of the history that the Maratha Army headed by Sadashivrao travelled so long from Pune to Panipat via Delhi to take on Abdali at Panipat was carrying their families and children, as if it was a pilgrimage. They were blocked at Panipat and their food chain supply was also blocked. On the day of the battle, they had no food to eat and had started the day with a water made of jaggery. They fought bravely but lost. After winning the battle, Abdalli’s army slaughtered 40000 innocents Marathas women and children in the streets of Panipat and carried many of them as slaves.

Ruling was mainly to acquire power over the area and to collect revenue to maintain power. Muslim Sultans and Emperors were appointing Governors, Suberdars, Jagirdars, Talukdar, etc, and assigning them the Jagirs of villages and land. The Jagirdars had to pay prescribed money tribute and had to maintain fixed number of troops and horses that to send for battles whenever asked for. The armies in India were formed through assembly of Jagir troops. Bigger the alliance, bigger the power. For an example Zainabad Jagir created during the Sultan rule in 15th century in Gujarat was maintaining 12000 troops and 12000 horses and had participated in many battles.

Under the pressure of earning more revenue from the land, many uncultivated lands were brought under cultivation and many villages were established as Agro Estates. The revenue or the crop share (1/4th) collected from the people were spent on paying annual tribute, maintenance of the troops and horses, and paying salaries to the staff appointed for collection of revenue and maintenance of law and order in the jagir area.

Marathas and their alliance fought so bravely at battle of Panipat that no Afghan of Turk thereafter tried to conquer India. It created a room for the rise of Shikhs as buffer wall of India. British settled in Bengal then started their spread over other parts of India. The rise of Shikhs and British were the major outcomes of the third battle of panipat. With smart diplomacy, British managed wining wars against the Marathas and Shikhs and finally established the rule of British Crown over India.

The concept of Chauth (tax) charged to provide armed security was copied by Lord Wellesley and created a system of subsidiary alliance to bring princely states under the british control of the East India Company. When the states failed to pay the charges of the armed security provided by the EEC, it acquired the territorial rights, placed its administration to collect land revenue from the tillers and came in direct conflict with the people of India.

Gaekvad in Gujarat smartly placed many jagirdars under the direct control of British so that the burden of collection of revenue and paying to British was shifted on the shoulders of the Jagirdar. One such Jagir in Zinzuwada of Gujarat was paying ₹11093/annum to the British residents.

The British Laws that commanded India had opened the doors of freedom under the principles of natural justice and rule of law. Post independence, land reforms were implemented. First time in the history of India, Tillers became the owners of the land and were freed from the chauth they were paying to the rulers for centuries.

Is Karva Chauth a tax similarly levied on wives (subject) by the Gods to save their husbands (masters)?

Punamchand
15 December 2019

Tips for better Health

Tips for better health

Obesity is the major cause of ill health of many. One of the MPs had suffered chest pain in a public function was moved to UNM and was relieved by placing a stent in the artery of his heart. He was advised by the very popular authority of the country to follow the health tips to lose weight and live a healthy and long life. His tips was followed by some of the MPs who have improved their BMI in short time. Do you wish to know the tips?

The tips are very easy to implement, just you need health consciousness and to say NO during the day.

1) Start your day with a cup of green-black tea. Don’t eat anything with the tea.

2) Take lunch for 55 minutes from 10 AM to 10.55 AM. Eat for 55 minutes whatever you like (prefer less oily lunch) but close it with two glass of juice of bottle guard mixed with 25 leaves of Fudina, 25 leaves of Tulsi, and 10 black pepper. While eating lunch, keep a room for the bottle guard juice.

3) Take dinner for 55 minutes from 7 PM to 7.55 PM. Eat for 55 minutes whatever suits to your body (prefer light dinner)  but close it with two glass of juice of bottle guard mixed with 25 leaves of Fudina, 25 leaves of Tulsi, and 10 black pepper.

4) Nothing to eat between the scheduled mentioned above. You may need strong will power to say no during this off time.

5) Prefer vegetarian meals and avoid milk and milk products.

The logic is simple. When you eat something, the body digestive system get activated and start secreting juices and acids for 55 minutes. If you eat many times in a day, the digestive cycle of 55 minutes goes on working many times in a day and damage the body organs and intestinal walls, further weaken the digestive order. Running the system only twice in a day will allow the healing mechanism of the body to repair the damages and remove the toxins from the body.

The 14 hours break from 7.55 PM to 10 AM burns the extra fat from the body and improves your BMI.

If you follow, you will feel lighter in weight, healthier in action and smarter in performance. Are you ready? You can start now.

शुभम् भवतु कल्याणम।

Punamchand
18 December 2019

Mamlatdar Mohanlal Shah

Mamlatdar (Tehsildar) Mohanlal Shah

When we joined service in mid eighties, there was a proverb of revenue administration, “કલેક્ટર કકળાટ કરે, મામલતદાર મૂંઝાય, સર્કલ બિચારો શું કરે, તલાટી કરે તે થાય”. Collector clamours, Mamlatdar confused, what can a Circle do, the Talati (Patvari) is supreme. Over these 35 years, the mode of governance changed. Regulatory mechanism has been replaced by the developmental and people friendly administration. Now, who clamours, who confuses and who decides, the players are changed. But when Britishers were ruling India, Mamlatdar and Collector were the powerful and supreme authorities.

Bardoli Satyagraha against the 30% rise of land revenue was lead and won by Vallabhbhai Patel successfully in 1928. Gandhi kept himself away. The women of Bardoli bestowed the title Sardar to Vallabhbhai Patel. The Satyagrah made Vallabhbhai Patel an important national leader thereafter. It was fought on the pattern of Kheda Satyagrah lead by Gandhi in 1918.

At National front, Jawaharlal Nehru succeeded his father Motilal Nehru as INC President in 1929. Purna Swaraj (total independence) resolution was passed at Lahore session of Congress on 19 December 1929 and public announcement was made to celebrate 26 January 1930 as Independence Day. It was followed by 34 days of famous 241 mile (384 km) long Dandi March of Gandhiji from Sabarmati Ashram Ahmedabad to Dandi in Navsari from 12 March to 6 April 1930. Pinch of salt lifted by Gandhi brought out millions of Indian out of home fighting Civil Disobedience Movement, resulted in the Gandhi-Irwin pact, round table conference, GoI Act 1935, and further more the dominion status of self rule and freedom after 17 years.

The farmers of Kheda were facing consecutive three years of drought 1928-30. Farmers were demanding tax exemption. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel advised the peasants of Matar and Mehmadabad taluka to refuse tax payment. Afraid of the agitation, Alfred Master the Collector of Kheda postponed the recovery of revenue for one year. Vallabhbhai wished to go for no tax campaign like Bardoli Satyagrah, but Gandhiji was worried about the violence and actions of the authority of confiscation of land, animals and properties of the peasants, therefore was in search of an alternative mode of agitation and had found out the easier but effective option of involving common people without fear of losing land or animals. It was to break the law of salt. Vallabhbhai Patel was in disagreement and had considered it a weak agitation, but the words of Gandhi were final. Smarter Gandhiji then entrusted the job of deciding the route of Salt March to Vallabhbhai, that he had transferred to Ravishankar Maharaj and Mohanlal Pandya. Both suggested Dandi.

After Gandhi’s announcement of breaking the law of salt, the Collector Kheda Alfred Master prepared the list of persons to be detained including Sardar Patel. The Collector Kheda announced prohibition of public address for a month. Unaware Vallabhbhai Patel when he was addressing the gathering at village Ras, the First Class Magistrate of Borsad served him a notice. SP Bilimoria arrested and brought him before the Collector Alfred Master, who after 90 minutes hearing, punished him with an imprisonment of 3 months and fine of ₹500 (or 3 weeks additional jail) on 7 March 1930. He was sent to Sabarmati jail. At the gate SP Bilimoria offered him Sigaret but knowing well the jail rules Patel left sigaret smoking forever. Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Pandit Madan Mohan Malavia objected the punishment to Vallabhbhai Patel and raised the issue of freedom of speech in the Central Legislative Assembly.

Sardar Patel remained in Sabarmati jail for 111 days from 7 March 1930 to 26 June 1930. When he was moved out of jail on 26 June, the entire nation was charged and changed under the Dandi victory of Gandhiji. Jawaharlal and his father Motilal were also arrested, therefore, Vallabhbhai worked as Working President of INC. Gandhiji was arrested on 4 May 1930, therefore, Vallabhbhai Patel was in lead role. But he was again arrested on 31 July 1930 from Mumbai and was placed in Yerwada jail with Gandhiji. Jawaharlal Nehru was also shifted to Yerwada jail.

Ras village of Borsad taluka was the major centre of agitation. When Gandhi’s Dandi March reached Ras on 19 March 1930, the peasants of Ras and other 13 villages resolved to refuse pay land revenue tax under the threat of losing land and properties. Borsad taluka started no tax agitation from May 10, that was supported by peasants of Kheda in a Sammelan on 31 May at Kheda. Collector Alfred Master and his Mamlatdar Mohanlal Shah were active in crushing the agitation. One Mohan (Gandhi) was leading the agitation and another Mohan (Mamlatdar) was crushing it! Mamlatdar Shah was moving with police force in vehicles, was beating the peasants and looting their ornaments. He established temporary detention centres and was arresting the leaders and placing them in them. It had created fear and terror amongst the villagers and by February, many of them migrated to Vadodara and were staying in refugee camps made of leaves and stems of trees. Their lands were confiscated and officers resigned were fired.

The Collector and the Mamlatdar then declared sale of agricultural land confiscated from the Patidars and offered them to the Baraiya and Patanvadia Koli of the taluka. On September 20, Mamlatdar Shah told the Kolis of Asodar village that he had come to return their land at ₹10 for 10 bighas which were taken away from them by the Patidars during the major drought year of 1899-1900. He promised them to give police protection. In December, he offered land, houses and position of Mukhi to them and declared himself the saviour of Baraiya and Patanvadia. Under his instigation, theft of standing crop and fire of houses of Patidara took place in 17 villages. But his divide and rule policy didn’t work longer. He tried to convinced the Baraiya that they were the original kings and owner of the land. But Congress leader Bhavanji Parmar called a meeting of Baraiyas of 17 villages and resolved that whosoever Baraiya purchases the land of Patidar would be boycotted socially. Therefore, except few, none came forward. All 51 villages of Borsad taluka joined the no tax movement and didn’t surrender against the divide and rule strategy of the Collector and the Mamlatdar. However, under the force, they could recover 40% of the land revenue from the taluka. When Revenue Minister Frank Hudson visited Borsad in December 1930, the refugees of Ras and Bochasan met him and represented the atrocities of the Mamlatdar. Mamlatdar Mohanlal Shah was transferred and Solomon Benjamin was made the Mamlatdar of Borsad. Collector Alfred was replaced by Perry in 1931.

Compromise was reached by Gandhi-Irwin pact but Mumbai Goverment didn’t agree to return the confiscated and sold land of patidars during the agitation. Arrested agitators were released from the jails but the compromise didn’t save Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru from capital punishment. It had opened the door of “self rule” Gandhi told. In 1931 Sardar Patel replaced Jawaharlal Nehru as President of INC. But his brother Viththalbhai Patel who resigned from the post of Chairman of the Central Legislative Assembly during the Civil Disobedience movement was annoyed as he aimed the chair. Finally, with the efforts of Sardar Patel, barring 72 acres, 1792 acres of confiscated land of Borsad taluka was returned to the peasants by 30 April 1931.

Malatdar of Borsad Mohanlal Shah under the British authority of the Collector Kheda Alfred Master, did challenge the public authority of Sardar Patel in 1930 in the name of Social Justice of offering confiscated land of Patidars to the Baraiya and Patanvadia Koli, was not confused but was clear in his goal of serving the British authority. Days have changed after independence, and the authority of Mamlatdar diminished but the importance of revenue administration continued. And therefore, in a service of 35 years in IAS, even though one can become Collector for 2-5 years, still the aspirants carry the craze for the post of Collector, the legacy of British Administration.

Punamchand
25 December 2019

Happy Makar Sakranti

Happy Makar Sakranti

India is celebrating Winter Solstice (Uttarayan) on 14 January and Punjab has celebrated it yesterday (13 January) as Lohri. The West celebrates it as Christmas, on 25 December. However over the years the winter solstice day (Uttarayan) is changed, and this year, it was on 22nd December 2019, the shortest day and longest night of the year. 14 January in fact is a Makar Sakranti (Sun transits to Capricorn) day. This year the Sun transits to Capricorn at 2.23 AM on 15 January.

At the December solstice, the Northern Hemisphere is leaning most away from the Sun for the year. Earth is positioned in its orbit so that the Sun stays below the north pole horizon. As seen from 23.5 degrees south of the equator, at the imaginary line encircling the globe known as the Tropic of Capricorn, the Sun shines directly overhead at noon. This is as far south as the Sun ever gets. All locations south of the equator have day lengths greater than 12 hours at the December solstice. Meanwhile, all locations north of the equator have day lengths less than 12 hours.

Winter Solstice is celebrated as the Victory of Sun over darkness. On Uttarayan day, Hindus perform Surya Namaskar and offer water to Sun chanting:

“ॐ ऐही सूर्यदेव सहस्त्रांशो तेजो राशि जगत्पते।अनुकम्पय मां भक्त्या गृहणार्ध्य दिवाकर:।।ॐ सूर्याय नम:, ॐ आदित्याय नम:, ॐ नमो भास्कराय नम:।अर्घ्य समर्पयामि।।”

Seasons greetings and Happy Makar Sakranti.

Punamchand
14 January 2020

Why attraction between male and female?

Why attraction between male and female?

It is natural. Hindu theory of creation describes the Creator’s male-female energy. The male is called Niranjana-unmanifested-pure and the female is called the Prakriti-nature-Mahamaya-manifested. The male and female on the earth are the mixture of these two energies. Male is made of the eight parts of Niranjana and two parts of Mahamaya; and the female if made of eight parts of Mahamaya and two parts of Niranjana.

How is the female made? The female physician body is made of the seven of the eight parts of Mahamaya. The eighth part was used in making the Ida-Moon-Nadi- left breath of the subtle body. The two parts of Niranjana are used, one in making the Pingala-Sun Nadi-right breath, and the second part was divided into two and placed one half in the eyes and one half in the genital. Therefore, the Niranjan-male present in the eyes, genital and right breath of the female plays over the male-Mahamaya.

How is the male made? The male is made of eight parts of Niranjana and two parts of Mahamaya. The seven parts of Niranjana are used in making the physical body of male. The eighth part of Niranjana is used for the Pingala-Sun-right nadi-breath. One parts of Mahamaya is used for making the Ida-Moon-left nadi, and the second was divided into two, one is placed in the eyes and another in the genital. Therefore, the Mahamaya-female present on the eyes, genital and left breath in male desires and plays over the Niranjana.

The breath of male and female while copulation plays important role in deciding the gender of the child. The Sun-Pingala-right breath of male and the Moon-Ida-left breathe of female make the male and vice versa.

As the Niranjana part is placed in the eyes of the female, therefore, eyes of female are more attractive than male. The male in fact is a female (Mahamaya) and female is a male (Niranjana) in the story of creation.

मातृकाभ्यो नम:

Punamchand
15 January 2020

Friendship

Friendship

During the recent visit of President Trump to Ahmedabad, H’ble PM of India in his concluding remarks described the strong bonding of friendship between India and America by referring a Sanskrit Subhashit तन्मित्रं यत्र विश्वास: He remarked, whether two people or two countries are concerned, it’s biggest basis is trust. Trust on each other. तन्मित्रं यत्र विश्वास: friendship is where trust is unshakable.

Here is the full Subhashit telling the role of a son, a father, a friend and a spouse.

ते पुत्रा ये पितुर्भक्ताः सः पिता यस्तु पोषकः।
तन्मित्रं यत्र विश्वासः सा भार्या या निवृतिः ॥

पुत्र वही है, जो पिता का भक्त है । पिता वही है,जो पोषक है, मित्र वही है, जो विश्वासपात्र हो । पत्नी वही है, जो हृदय को आनन्दित करे ।

Sanskrit Subhashits are wisdom lines of India that light the better way of life.

Punamchand
4 March 2020

Spring and Influenza

Spring and Influenza

Influenza other flu attacks is a seasonal disease of upper respiratory viral infection. Our body deposits cough during winter and it starts melting in the warmer temperature of spring. It’s a flowering season. The pollen in the atmosphere triggers allergic reactions.

Those who have better body immunity sustained against such attacks. But weak children and co-morbid old people and patients suffering with other illnesses if caught up in this season flu may end up with heavy viral load entering into the lungs and becomes fatal. Bronchos are carrying air to and from lungs. Once the pipes are infected and inflamed the problem starts. Infections then passed on to the lungs fill the air sacs with fluid or pus turns into pneumonia. It becomes life threatening to the children and old above 65.

Cough out everyday during tooth brushing is the best way to get rid of it. ओकारे दातून was a proverb to educate people in past. Therefore, start using Neem Datoon and start Oooooo..... with big sound so that the melted cough in the broncho moves out and the Suryavanshi family members wake up early. "ઓકારે દાતણ કરે, નરણા હરડે ખાય; ડાબા પડખે જે સુએ, તે ઘર વૈધ ન જાય."

Good morning 😊

Punamchand
12 March 2020

Men get periods

Men get periods

One Sadhu propagated in recent past that if a man eat a meal cooked by a woman in period, he will turn into ox and the female into bitch in their next birth. All know that woman’s period is a result of her reproductive cycle. It is a preparation for possible conception and release of blood from the uterine linings if conception doesn’t occur. It is a creation cycle which has given birth to all of us.

But do you know that the men also undergo the man-struation? Males are governed by the hormone testosterone. The level of hormone goes up and down during the day and during the month. In the morning it is high and in the evening it goes down. Similarly, it goes up during some pick days of the month and goes down thereafter. It governs our moods and activities, therefore, if you start observing the moods and changes in the body parts, you will realise that man is also passing through the periods, under the governance of testosterone. The only difference is that he doesn’t discharge blood but discharges anger.😊

Good morning.

Punamchand
12 March 2020

Neem nasal drops and neem flower drink

Neem Nasal Drops and Neem Flower drink

Due to cold or other thing, if you feel like your nasal track is chocked up due to balgam or mucus, you may use Neem oil or Shadbindu oil as Nasal drops twice daily. Bitter juice of neem, karela, etc, are good to cure cough or balgam blockages in the nasal and throat areas.

Chaitra month is a month to build immunity with the help of neem. It’s neem flowering season. The flowers may be used in cooking dishes like rice, rasam, lentil etc in South India. But in Gujarat we soak the flower in a glass of water for whole night and drink it first every morning for 10-15 days. This is a good medicine to keep the immune system recharged for a year.

Therefore start your day with a brush with neem datun, drink neem flower water and use neem oil as nasal drops twice in a day.

Punamchand
26 March 2020

Balance Prakriti for Good Health

Balance Prakriti for Good Health

Ayurveda is a Science of Longevity. Live human is a combination of body, mind and spirit. Human body is principally made of five elements of nature: earth, water, fire, air and space. The imbalance of the five elements turns into dosha, mainly Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The balance of these three doshas is considered the best state of health. Vata is constituted by space and air. Pitta is constituted by fire and water. Kapha is a constituted by water and earth. Vata regulates the energy and movement, Pitta regulates the digestion and metabolism and Kapha regulates the lubrication and cough. The balance of these three doshas gives balance of life and good healthy life.

Everyone of us have three doshas but one of them is primary, the other is secondary and the third is least prominent. You may be one of the seven Prakriti: vata, pitta, kapha, vata-pitta, pitta-kapha, vata-kapha, or tri-dosha. Bureaucrats are generally fall in the last category. Each of the categories have their own advantages and disadvantages.

Each individual carry the Prakriti from the DNA code, and remains the same throughout the life. However it may imbalance with the change of life style, physical, mental and emotional condition. Ideally, one shouldn’t change the food menu carried by the ancestors for generations.

Vata is the leader of the three live and energetic, responsible for breathing and beating of heart. Dry skin, dry hair and cough are problems of Vata imbalance. Consumption or spicy and astringent foods creates vata imbalance. Diet with salty, sweet and sour test and easily digestible food with mild spices, fruits and vegetables is recommended. May eat slightly fatty and oily food and drink warm milk at night.

Pitta is a fire, regulate body temperature and transform food into nutrients. Pitta man is leader with strong will. Anger and agitation, burning sensation, ulcer, inflammation, etc, are the problems of imbalance pitta. Excessive consumption of spicy, oily, fried, salty, fermented foods and alcohol are the reasons for pitta imbalance. Pitta balance can be restored with sweet food, sweet fruits, dairy products, most importantly by ghee. Meditation, massage and cooling agents can bring back the balance.

Kagha is responsible for anabolism, creating new cells and cells repairing. Gentle exercise and stimulating activities can bring back the balance. Excessive food consumption is the major reason of kapha dosha, therefore, low fat diet with bitter and pungent test is suggested. Raw vegetables, ripe fruits and coarse grains like oats, barley, millets, honey and strong spices including turmeric are useful. Kapha people may avoid fate, milk and rice or consume them occasionally.

The Nadi Vaidhyas after checking the nadi in the morning can tell you what Prakriti you are and identify the balance or imbalance of the doshas. What is more and what is less and how to bring them into balance, either by taking herbal medicines or changing the food habits.  Whatever Prakriti you have, you must eat your food in time with seasonal ingredients and balance in all necessary nutrients. This is necessary for maintain good health and well being.

Falgun and Chaitra are the months of Viral diseases. The cough deposited in winter is melting and if you catch up with some air born or communicable viral infection the viral load and cough can be a big health hazard. Influenza, Swine flu and Covid19 attack more in this environment of changing of season. Though have Prakriti of cough formation in this season have to be extra careful and can control is by home kitchen by eating bitter vegetables, coarse cereals and strong spices like black pepper, clove and turmeric. Take lemon juice with honey to improve immunity. Avoid dairy and cold products. Cough out maximum while the brushing the teeth every morning. Do salt water gargling three to five times in a day. Sip warm water every half hourly. Take steam (nashya) of water and ajvain twice in a day (inhale with mouth and nostril open so that it goes deep into the lungs).

Stay fit, stay healthy.

And don’t forget to light out and light 9 diyas/candles at 9 PM in your balcony on Sunday, tomorrow, 5th April 2020.

दीप जलाओ कोरोना भगाओ।

Punamchand
4 April 2020
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