Sunday, December 25, 2016

Merry Christmas 2016

Merry Christmas 2016

Nobody knows the exact date of his birth. But his followers estimated the date analysing the references of cosmic significance. It was the coldest night of that winter. Night, because the shepherds saw a 'Bright Star' moving towards one direction. They walked along with the Star and when the Star stopped moving, they also stopped. They were in front of a manger in Bethlehem, where Virgin Mary of Nazareth, the wife of Joseph, traveled for census, gave birth to a child and laid him in a manger. The angels proclaim him a saviour and shepherds come to adore him following a Star. Joseph followed advice of the angel, take Mary and named the child Jesus as he was born to save his people from their sins. The family then returned to Nazareth. But when the King Herod massacred all males under two years old in order to kill Jesus, the King of the Jews, his family fled to Egypt and later settled in Nazareth when the threat of death ended. Like Lord Krishna, he was born in the night and was moved to another place due to the life threat from the ruler.

One world of Adam of 'Death' ended and the new world of Christ of 'Life' born. The year was estimated from the rule of Herod the Great on Bethlehem. People from 3rd century, celebrating nativity feast on 25th December. 

When he was 12 years old people found him in the Temple listening to the teachers and asking questions so that all who heard him were amazed. Living in "Father's House", he grew in wisdom living with his parents. Thereafter no authentic details are recorded for his life between 12-30. When he became 30 years old, there are five major milestones recorded: Baptism, Transfiguration, Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension. 

When he was about 30 years old (AD 26), he begins his public ministry of 3.5 years; with his baptism by John the Baptist near the river Jordan, spent 40 days being tempted in the wilderness,  had started preaching in various towns and villages, selected His first followers, performed His first miracle at Cana in Galilee, and traveled to Capernaum north of the Sea of Galilee, proclamation of Jesus the Christ by Peter, followed his transfiguration witnessed by three disciples, predicts his death and enter into Jerusalem, take Last Supper with his disciples, one of his disciples betrayed him for thirty pieces of silver, as predicted by him Peter disowned him thrice before the rooster crowed next morning, was arrested, tried and crucified on Good Friday of Spring by the Romans (AD 30 or 33). A tragic crucifixion of an innocent. He sacrificed his for the sins of others. 

His seven sentences (Last Words) of passion made while he was on cross are the doctrine of salvation and atonement. These are: 

  1. Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do. (Forgiveness)
  2. Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise. (Salvation)
  3. Woman, behold your son. Son, behold your mother. (Relationship)
  4. My God, My God, why have you forsaken me? (Abandonment)
  5. I thirst. (Distressed)
  6. It is finished. (Triumph)
  7. Father, into your hands I commit my spirit. (Reunion) 

On the third day on Easter Sunday, he rose again from the death (resurrection). He appeared to many people for forty days before ascended to heaven (ascension).

Christmas is a festival of joy to celebrate birth of Jesus Christ, to chant Hymn and sing songs composed on nativity, portraying humility of his birth. It is called the "Song of the Angels" given that it was uttered by the angels in the Annunciation to the Shepherds. Christian people all over the world celebrate this week (24-31) in memory of the birth of their Massiah. Jesus was their Lord and Master who was to be served with all their hearts and who would one day judge their actions throughout their lives. For millions of Christians on Earth believe in his promise "I am with you always, even unto the end of the world".

His image of humble at birth and sacrificed at death is lighting the path of lives of millions of Christians all over the world. He has conquered their hearts by love. 

Merry Christmas.

25 December 2016

Thursday, December 22, 2016



Last Monday, my Deputy Secretary came with a smiling face and told me that he is living in Gandhinagar for many years. But was feeling extremely happy visiting Vegetable Market of Sec-21 on Sunday when he paid only ₹10 and received two big balls of cauliflower. The vegetables are very cheap nowadays.

I asked him few questions.

Are you really happy buying vegetables at cheap rates?

Yes Sir, very very happy. He replied.

Have you received 7th pay commission? What is your total emoluments?

Yes Sir, the total is ₹92000/month. He explained.

If some day Government decide to pay you only 10% of your salary, will you feel happy?

No no Sir. It is my right to claim full salary. I joined Sachivalaya as a Clerk and reach to this height serving for many years. Why should I lose my money?

Then, why the farmers lose money who have spend money on inputs and spend time and labour on cultivating the vegetables? If they have to sell vegetables @ ₹2/kg cauliflower, ₹2/kg cabbage, ₹2/kg bottle guard, ₹3/kg potatos, ₹3/kg tomatoes, ₹1/kg brinjal, what will be the earning of a family. And these are the rates on retail markets on roads, what will they get in the Ahmedabad APMC? Look at the wholesale rates below:

KG rates (maximum) : Potato (₹15), Sweet Potato (₹25), Ratalu (₹25), Brinjal (₹5), Valor (₹15), mutter (₹6.5), Tuvar (₹7), Cabbage (₹8), Cauliflower (₹10), Tomato (₹12), bottle guard (₹6), onion (₹15), carrot (₹22), green leafy vegetables (₹10), green chilies (₹10), etc.

KG rates (minimum) : Potato (₹2), Sweet Potato (₹16), Ratalu (₹17), Brinjal (₹2), Valor (₹6), mutter (₹6), Tuvar (₹3),  Cabbage (₹4), Cauliflower (₹5), Tomato (₹5), bottle guard (₹2), onion (₹6), carrot (₹12), green leafy vegetables (₹6), green chilies (₹4), etc

What do you do? The three of four noting hands submits files in which you sign and push it upward and charge daily wage of ₹3800/working day. You are doing brain work but they (the farmers) are feeding the millions of stomach everyday, if gets only a penny of their hard work, how could we feel happy?

Gandhi said, "a plea for spinning wheel is a plea for recognising dignity of labour".

One should develop a habit to look the issue 360 degrees. All Indians should earn a respectful income so that they can maintain the dignity of life, eat well and take care of the health, education and other needs of their families.

Jai Hind

22 December 2016

Sunday, December 18, 2016

Inequality is the mother of jealousy

Inequality is the mother of jealousy 

"You can be the Moon and still be jealous of the Stars". -Gary Allan

There are six enemies (shadripu) (arishadverga) described in human personality: 
Kama (lust, intense wanting for an object, power, knowledge, addiction), Krodha (anger), Lobh (greed, excessive desire to possess more that what one needs or deserves), Moha (emotional attachment), Mada (pride, ego), and Matsarya (jealousy). All are the prisoners of these six enemies, and their lives are governed by the destiny. They are the dacoits residing within and rob the previous gem of spiritual wisdom and self awareness knowledge. Various sanskaras and vasanas are brought out into activity from the submerged level of the chitta/deep within.

Do you know a story of a jealous man? My father used to tell us.

There was a man living in a village, always jealous of his neighbour. His neighbour was a hardworking man following good virtues of life. They were living a very happy life. The jealous man was lazy and spend his time in looking for faults in others but make no time to correct his own. One day, he asked his neighbour the reason of their happiness. Blessings of God, he replied very politely. The jealous man then went to the forest and to do Tapa to please the God. One day, the God was pleased, gave him darshana, knew the reason of his Tapa and gave him three boons with a condition that whatever he demands, his neighbour will get the double. The man returned home happily and next morning tried his first boon. He desired for a tubewell in his farm. He got a tubewell in the farm but his neighbour also got two tubewells. Second morning, he desired for a beautiful house. He got a beautiful house but his neighbour also got two beautiful houses. Instead of feeling happy with his better life with a tubewell in the farm and a beautiful house, he was worried about the benefits his neighbour was getting out of his boons. Now the third and last boon was available. His negative thoughts took over his mind. That night, he couldn't sleep and passed it in thinking. In the morning, he desired for a negative boon for him, to take away his one eye. His intention was to make his neighbour a blind!

Many people on earth are like him. They are not happy with what they have, but live in sorrow of what they don't have. Bhav nu shukh nahin, abhav nu dukh. Why? Because of Jealousy. Jealousy is an emotion, a typical experience in human relationships, expressed for the people known to us and are progressing better than us. A jealous person throws a stone in Peace Lake of his mind and creates the ripples that travel around and disturb the peace of mind of others. Jealousy is the seed for all our fights and pains in the world. It is disturbing the peace of the mankind and one day will be the reason for the destruction of the human world. 

Why can't we live in harmony. Why can't we walk on right path? Why can't we learn good virtues of successful life from others and make our life successful? Why we lose trust? Because many times, we see success of the people following wrong path. But what we see as success may not be the success but a pain for them, taking away their happiness of life and peace of mind. Their life is not our message.

DDDIT, an institution in Nadiad is giving a letter to all it's graduate students, when they pass out. It writes: "We should not compare ourself with others. We are individuals and we have different lives. Instead we should compare our present with our past to check whether we are progressing or not." If we accept the advice, all of us will feel happy because our present is better than our past. With better quality of life, we have a better life then our past generation. 

Jealousy is a disease and Love is a healthy condition of mind. Love people and remove hatredness. 

Be Confident Be Happy.

18 December 2016

NB: Never hate people who are jealous of you, but respect their jealousy. They are people who think that you are better than them.

Friday, December 2, 2016

Proton Beam Therapy for Cancer Treatment

Proton Beam Therapy for Cancer Treatment 

Cancer is one of the challenging diseases for the human world. Tobacco and other habits were considered the major causes for the disease, but when it occurs without reason to many individuals, people try to find alternative answers. Amongst women, rural urban divide was found in cancer cases. Breast cancer cases found common amongst urban women (who avoid breath feeding to their children) and ovarian cancer cases found common amongst the rural women due to poor unhygienic living style. We are yet to reach out for toilet in each house, the bathroom will take may be another decade. 

What is cancer? It was presumed that it is an uncontrolled growth of some cells of the body, those have been moved out of the command and control system and go on multiplying till they burst. The tumour developed obstruct the life energy and kills the person. As you know, our body is made of cells. Each cell has a life cycle of birth, life and death. New cells replace the old once. 24x7, the cycle of generation, operation and destruction goes on, till we finally end our life in death. 

But in Cancer, some cells become immortal, don't die. The cycle of new cells generation continues and the previous lot if don't die, what will happen? The tumour is formed with the increase in the quantum of cells around that area. This is Cancer. 

Chemo radiation (X-Rays-photons) therapy has been used to treat cancer. It directs photons and electrons at tumours with the intent of eradicating the neoplastic tissue while preserving adjacent normal tissue. But radiation induced damage to the healthy tissue. The Therapy is generally used to kill the cancer cells at the spot as well as those spread out in other parts of the body. But while doing so, the radiation kills many healthy tissues. If the tumour burst during the treatment, cancer spreads into the body and the relapse becomes incurable. 

Now, the oncologists have developed a proton therapy, also called proton beam therapy, is a radiation treatment that uses proton rather than x-rays. At high energy, it can destroy the cancer cell. It's a pointed treatment in which the Proton radiation directly work on the tumour kill only the cancer cells and save the healthy cells. The treatment allows for excellent dose distribution, with the added benefit of no exit dose. These characteristics make this form of radiotherapy an excellent choice for the treatment of tumours located next to critical structures such as spinal cord, eyes, and brain, as well as for paediatric malignancies. However, the treatment has a limitation, as it works on tumours, therefore, the treatment is not useful in blood and other types of cancer.

The Proton Beam Therapy machine is very expensive, may be costing ₹400 CR. In India only Apollo Hospital has placed an order and it will get the delivery probably in 2018. But it is a new ray of hope for the patient living with cancer.

ऊँ सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः । 
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु मा कश्चिद् दुःखभाग्भवेत ।

2 December 2016

Sunday, November 27, 2016

ॐ सूर्याय नमः

ॐ सूर्याय नमः

How sweet it looks when we say that electricity tariff for electricity consumption is ₹3.20/unit for first 50 units, ₹3.90/unit for next 150 units and ₹4.90/unit for remaining unit. For 500 odd units consumption in two months, the average unit cost will come around ₹4/unit. But when you pay the bill, you pay ₹6.30/unit.

There is FPPPA (fuel and power purchase adjustment cost) ₹0.90/unit; the Regulatory Charges ₹0.18/unit; the Fixed Charges ₹0.22/unit (for load consumption), Govt tax @ 20%, and the fixed meter rent.

With the modern inventions on renewable energy, the Solar and Wind energy are getting cheaper. If we manage our roof top with solar panels well, the dependency of the electricity company can go away. Though Govt has offered subsidy but with the profit margin of the Solar Electricity manager, the CAPEX may not be attractive or affordable for the common men at present.

The knowledge and literacy is not limiting us in only the skill of reading and writing. We are in Digital phase and aiming for cashless economy, we should acquire technology literacy. If more and more people are evolved than the CAPEX can further go down and get us free electricity from our Great Father, the Sun.

Save money, save electricity and capture free electricity from the Sun if you wish to become free from different jargons of electricity bill, charging your pocket. Meantime, don't forget to move to LED to save the units of consumption, the fixed and other charges😊

ॐ सूर्याय नमः

27 November 2016

Sunday, November 20, 2016

Demonetisation, an Economy Booster

Demonetisation, an Economy Booster

Now Banks are flooded with deposits. Their interest liabilities have gone up suddenly. Even if demonetisation receives 10 lakh crore, bank has to pay ₹ 40,000 CR as interest per annum. Banks will try to improve the Credit Deposit ratio, so that they land more and make more profit. The deposit interest rates and credit interest rates have to come down. Banks won't reject applications sponsored for common men's needs, which they generally used to do. However, banks have to be careful about the borrower like Malya.

IT Department will be able to increase the income of the govt as everything will come on books of accounts. If govt become rich, the tax liability over the citizens will come down. GST on some items may be less in future. Goods and services are likely to be cheaper. Prices may go down by 30% in some sectors, i.e. real estate, etc. Common men can dream for a house once again. It will go up again when the demand will be higher than the supply. Gold price must go down to the level of ₹2000/gm.

For a short while, the act may reduce the economic activities and employment, but as soon as the money flows into the economy, it will pick up the speed of development.

The fake currency will be out of the economy. The activities supported by the black money will stop. As all currency will come on board, people though face IT proceedings, but can venture new projects with their white money in the banks. They can borrow more through the banks. Banking sector is going to be revolutionised with this move.

As of now it is win win for both the Government and the people at large in the country. Let us use demonetisation as an opportunity for the development of the country. It is going to be an Economy Booster.

20 November 2016

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Wish to become a Memorial Diamond after the death?

Wish to become Memorial Diamond after the death?

Everything in the universe is energy and light, the vibration and electromagnetism. Energy can't be destroyed, it changes. There is a belief in many communities all over the world that when we die, we become 'Star'. When our dear ones die, we look them up in the stars of the sky. We feel that they are watching down over us and shower their blessings. Stars and human are made of Carbon. Both have a life cycle of birth, life and death. Both turns into ashes to ashes and dust to dust. There are references in religious books regarding human like starts. People in limelight are referred as Stars.

When someone dies, the spark of the life light may go up and settle in the Star, but do you know, the ashes of his/her body can be turned into a diamond, the earth star?

Real diamonds are created by nature over thousands of years. It's a mineral consists of 99.9% carbon. As the real diamonds are very expensive and are in limited supply, synthetic diamonds are taking over the market. They share their chemical, physical as well as optical features with natural diamonds. There are Chinese companies making synthetic diamonds, look the same like real, failing the human eyes to judge. There are special machines to check. Beware, when you buy diamonds.

Hindus have rituals of cremating the dead bodies and then flowing the ashes into the water of the river/rivers. But imagine, the same ashes, instead of flowing into the river, turn into a diamond, and presented you as a diamond ring or a pendant, how do you react? Can you imagine, to make a synthetic diamond from the ashes of father/mother/spouse/siblings and hold it over the ring or pendant and feel their connection with you permanently? Your dear one remains with you as burial memorial diamond forever. The family instead of carrying the photos of ancestors, can store the diamonds in memories. People who burry the dead bodies can save the space of burial grounds.

Now with the modern techniques of making synthetic diamonds, it becomes possible to make burial diamond. Diamond is a Carbon and the human ashes are also a Carbon element.

There is a company Algordanza in Swiss, making synthetic memorial diamonds from human ashes. In order to create a Memorial Diamond, they simulate the natural environment in which a diamond grows over hundreds of years inside of the earth. Human body consists of 20% carbon. During cremation, majority of carbon escapes as carbon dioxide. 1-5% of Carbon remains in the ashes. The laboratory isolate this Carbon and use it as the foundation for making the memorial diamond. The Carbon from the remains converts into graphite under the high pressure and high temperature. And this graphite become the foundation for the subsequent diamond transformation inside the high pressure (60,000 bar) high temperature (1200 – 1400° C) machines. A diamond starter crystal within the growth cell triggers the growth of memorial diamond. The diamond crystals slowly crystalize on the surface of starter crystal. Once the desired size of memorial diamond is made after a process of  few weeks, the starter crystal the removed from the surface of the synthetic rough diamond. The Carbon atoms arranged in a three dimensional grid gives strength and hardness to the diamond. Then it is hand cut sand polished by the experienced experts. It takes two weeks to make a ring and cost around $ 3-13,00,000, depending upon the size of the memorial diamond.

Do you wish to become a Memorial Diamond? Or wish to carry the dear once with you after their death in form of memorial diamonds? You may approach the Swiss company. If the demand increases, more companies will come into the market and the cost of memorial diamond will come down.

If aiming Starlight of the Sky, shine with the acts (not acting) like a Star. Lol.

16 November 2016

Monday, November 7, 2016

Besan Gujarati

Besan Gujarati

Beso in Gujarati and Basa in Marathi is an invitation to a guest or a friend to sit down. The word basti/vasti has derived from the human settlements. Once an offer of beso, means it is an invitation of a cup of tea with a snack. Snacks made from Besan (gram flour). Gujarati people are very fond of snacks. It is called 'na-sto'; say no but have it. All breaks are their munch time. There are many varieties of Gujarati snacks/nasto : Ganthia, sev, fafda, fafdi, khaman, dhokda, khandvi, handvo, bhajia, jalebi, chavanu, sev-mamara, fulvadi, samosa, etc. And each of these items has many sub varieties, carrying different tastes.

Gandhia in Saurashtra and Bhajia in Gujarat are the most popular dishes. Gujarati meal has more carbohydrate and fat but less protein. Therefore, their snacks are mostly made from gram flour that meet with the deficiencies of protein diet. But there is one more reason, interesting too. Gujarati life style is smart, less physical activity and more of resting. Their long time sitting habits make their bowels movement slow. Besan items provide the push that solve their problem of constipation! If you want to tease a Saurastrian, give him a food without besan and butter milk. His day will pass in uneasiness, fighting with amebiasis and constipation.

Fried items are considered health hazard but Gujarati can't avoid their tasty fried items. Many old men in Saurashtra have proved that eating Ganthia Jalebi everyday don't break the lifeline. 

Meetings are interactive but meeting without eating doesn't deliver fruitful result. It is a Gujarati way of making business and building relation through besan. To keep the tongue sweet, we add jaggery/sugar in our hot vegetables, but keep the snacks away from the heavy load. However, if no sweetness is added in the food item, it can't be called a Gujarati dish. 

Don't say no to a Gujarati when he says 'beso'. You will enjoy the Gujarati taste of Besan at the home of every Gujarati. And there are hundreds of street venders to serve the need of the shop keepers and office bearers.

Population of Gujarat is 62 million, but more than 10 million Gujaratis are living in many countries of the world. Wherever they live, they make it Gujarat, their mark of sweetness. "Besan Gujarati, ghana Pardeshi". Lol

7 November 2016

Saturday, November 5, 2016

Life beyond Death (PEA)

Life beyond Death (PEA)

In old age, the death is approaching with signs of slowed breathing, weakened heart rate and a change in colour of the body due to fall in blood pressure. When some one dies; the process of shutting down of the organs starts: pulse stops, heart stops beating, breath stops. But it is not death. There are two stages of death. Clinical death and Biological death. In clinical death, the heart stops beating, but the brain is alive. Body as a whole may be dead but certain parts within are alive. The brain cell starts to die about 4-6 minutes later from the loss of oxygen and the biological death occurs. Doctors may be able to delay biological death of VIP patients by cooling the body (to slow down metabolic rate) for extension of window of resuscitation. There are customs in many communities to wait for a day or a night before the cremation of the body. There are examples, where dead resuscitated.

Now doctors have started explaining PEA. Even in clinical death when the heart is stopped/arrested and not producing pulse, there is life. It is called Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA). Doctors apply CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) to maintain cardiac output to preserve brain function until further measures are taken. 

Death has a distinct smell. One may smell it within an hour. The living bacteria in the bowels start decomposition of the body, that generate the death odour. Therefore, Hindu tradition of cremation in the fire is the best method of disposal of the dead bodies. They use cow dung and do washing, cleaning of the place to keep it free from bacteria. The custom of bathing etc, for the people who carried the dead body, linked with maintaining very high standards of personal hygiene to maintain good health of the living.

It has not been proven, but it is believes that hearing is the last of the senses lost before death. Therefore, when death seems imminent, the family members express their love and support through talk. There is a tradition to read religious book at the time of departure. After the death, the family and relatives do talk to the dead body as if it is listening.

It is also believed that the life flashing before the eyes of the dying person. People return from cardiac arrest do talk about seeing light, or their tour beyond the body. There is something more beyond the organs. Hinduism believes that consciousness continues even after death. The physical body is dead but subtle body is alive. It can't express but can see, hear and feel. It takes rebirth till moksha.

Death is a mystery for the humans. His search for the life beyond death is still on. Many customs and rituals for disposal of dead bodies have been followed all over the world for centuries. There are religious directions. Some bury, some cremate, some flow the dead bodies into the holy rivers, some hang them in the well for the  vultures to eat. For special people, pyramids, tombs, samadhi temples are built over their ashes/remains to hold their memories. 

There are two stages of death: clinical and biological. But these are deaths of a body. The driver of the body, the Atma, the Spirit never dies. It may wait till the kayamat, or may take rounds of rebirth till finally merged into the Almighty, the Brahman, the Universal Consciousness.

5 November 2016

Friday, October 28, 2016

Diwali Parva 2016

Diwali Parva 2016

Diwali is a festival of billion plus Hindus living all over the world. After the harvesting of good crops, the people express their gratitudes to the deities through prayers and offerings. It's a "Shakti Parva of upasana" (worshiping the power of the Almighty), in which three major goddesses Maha Sarasvati, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Kali are worshipped. Maha Sarasvati is the Goddess of knowledge and wisdom. One has to acquire the knowledge and wisdom first to prosper. Maha Lakshmi is the Goddess of Wealth. Wealth comes from the skill, acquired with the help of Sarasvati. Wealth is generated from work. Maha Kali (Parvati) is the Goddess of regeneration, recycling the waste. Remove the waste and preserve the best. They are name of the three powers of the God: generation, operation and destruction; creation, maintenance and regeneration.

Diwali Festival starts with Vak Baras (shukla dwadashi), a day of worshipping Goddess Maha Sarasvati, the Goddess of Knowledge. Second day is called Dhan Teras (shukla trayidashi), a day to worship Maha Lakshmi. People worship their wealth and the means of wealth. The third day is kali chaudas (kali chaturdashi), a night to worship Goddess Kali to destroy the evil forces. It is a night for tantra mantra upasana and many sadhaks do acquire black magic from the universe. Then comes the night of Dipavali, the night of lights. The day and night to celebrate with joy. Joy of the year sparkles through crackers. Family, relatives and friends meet and greet; forgive and forget; reunite and rejuvenate; to bring more happiness, more prosperity in the life for all.

Next day of the Diwali, Gujarati people celebrate their New Year. New year of new beginning. It is followed by Bhai Bij (bhaiya duj), the day when sister welcomes her brothers at home. Tritia and Chaturthi are rest days and then comes the Labh Panchami, the first day to start the work in the new year. Labh means benefit - profit. So no loss to count, only to aim at benefit. Benefits to earn for the betterment of life, for self and for the community; for family and for the Country; for us and for the universe.

Wishing you all

Happy Vak Baras

Happy Dhan Teras

Sadhana Chaturdashi

Happy Diwali

Happy and Prosperous New Year Vikram Samvat 2073

Enjoy the festival of light, the Dipavali.
Light up with joy and with knowledge.

28 October 2016, Dhan Teras

Monday, October 24, 2016

It was not that easy

It was not that easy

After the loss of battle of Placy by Siraj-Ud-Daula in 1757, the outsourced British East India Company entered into the rule of India. Within 100 years, they were able to capture major part of the Country. But after the mutiny of 1857, direct rule of Government of England was established over India. Organised freedom struggle was started by INC but it got momentum by involvement of common people after the entry of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915. Gandhi lead the freedom struggle from 1918 to 1947. Starting with Champaran and Kheda (1918) agitation and supporting Khulaphat (1919) movement he came in lead role. But accepting Lacknow Pact of separate electoral votes for Muslim was a Himalayan Blunder. Jalianvala Bag massacre (1919) woke up the country against British atrocities. By introducing swadeshi and khadi, Gandhi launched nation wide freedom struggle of "Non Cooperation" in 1920 using non violence method of passive resistance. He was jailed. In 1930, he lead Dandi March, Salt Satyagraha and "Civil Disobedience Movement". Following Round Table Conferences, British allowed Indian voice in Provincial and National Governments under the Act of 1935. Gandhi remained busy is social issues of untouchability and women rights. But involving India in WW-II without the consent of INC opened the way for "Quit India" movement of "Do or Die" in 1942. The movement was crushed. Gandhi, Nehru and Sardar were put behind the bar and Jinnah (never been jailed) had an opportunity to establish his influence over the British and the Muslims. Cabinet mission plan (1946) for Indian unity failed. Jinnah's "Direct Action Day" (Great Calcutta Killings) call on 16 August 1946 for separate Muslim home land made India wild, put the country on fire of widespread riots and masslaughter of Hindus and Muslims. 

British won the WW-II but lost the lives and wealth. They could have continued for further more years, but Hindu Muslims riots, Naval Mutiny, and poor economy compelled them to quit India. They tried to keep the Country united under Cabinet mission plan but couldn't find compromise formula between INC and Muslim League and finally divided India in 1947. Hindu majority and Muslim majority countries were established but at the cost of masslaughter of thousands of people.

British population in India was 125,945 (84,000 officers and army) in 1861; 238,409 in 1891; 165,485 in 1921. A lakh of British were ruling India of 13-36 crore for two centuries. But after formation of Provincial Governments in 1935 and with the start of WW-II in 1939, they down sized the British establishment in India. When they left, they were less than 100,000. The country where they lived for 190 years, suddenly became unsafe for them. They had worked out alternative plan for the safe departure from India. They had identified Salaya port of Jamnagar to quit India by a sea route in case of emergency. For safe passage to the British ship in water, they had approached the Jam Saheb of Jamnagar. However, it was later not required. 

Most of the Princely States were against freedom struggle. They were with the British Vice Roy as their powers and perks were more safe in the hands of the British. They knew, once the local governments established, they have to quit. Therefore, they somehow managed to get the third option of independence under Indian Independence Act 1947. But they failed to exercise it. Gandhi Sena didn't allow that to happen. Gandhi thoughts, actions and movements woke the Indian mass up. They didn't want less than the independence. Ultimately, with the firmness and wisdom of Sardar Patel and his team, compelled them sign the "Instrument of Accession", and made them the part of the Indian Union. They and their families were the greatest loser in the freedom of India. One third of India (560 States) were under the rule of the Princely States, under the suzerainty (indirect rule) of British, became free from the Kings rule of centuries. Two third of India was already freed from Kings rule of centuries by the British. Both left the power and we won the democracy, the rule of the people of India. 

In 1950s, on Independence Day the children of Princely States studying in the schools were not standing up when the National Anthem was sung because they lost their powers and positions in freedom of India. A ruler of yesterday becomes a common man today. The olds in the family had a very hard time. Suddenly the kingdom vanished. Servants disappeared. The Royal families were given annual Privy Purse to integrate with India in 1947 and than merging with India by losing ruling rights in 1949. They surrendered their sovereignty and as a quid pro quo they were granted handsome Privy Purses (₹5000 - ₹ 2,000,000, as revenue share) and other privileges (gun salute, antiquity of dynasty, etc). But that was also discontinued by Mrs Gandhi in 1971, by 26th amendment of the Constitution. The bill was introduced in 1969 but lost by one vote in Rajya Sabha. It was proposed again in 1971 and passed. The official recognition of titles was abolished. All citizens become equal.

It was not easy for anyone of the Stakeholders. The British to Quit India, the Princely States to surrender sovereignty, the people to get freedom. Finally the people won. Gandhi won. Salute India. Salute the freedom fighters. 

24 October 2016

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Poverty, an outcome of unorganised life

Poverty, an outcome of unorganised life

One thing is common between Religion and Poverty. Both are acquired by birth. One may not change the religion so often as it is culturised by the parents. But what about poverty? Can't the children of poor come out of poverty? They can, but the path of progress is a path of disciplined life. One has to live in an organised way, study well, build the employability, understand the opportunities well and place him/her to the economic cycle well to earn smart money. 

But in reality what is the picture of the localities of the rich pockets and the poor pockets? Totally contrast. The attitude, body language, appearance, zeal, enthusiasm, language, dress, punctuality, life style, discipline, cleanliness, one can go on listing the items that differentiate the people of these two groups for their successes and failures. However, the purity of means and acts are not listed as the means of richness carry some adverse qualities. (I have not included the adversity of the caste system which keeps one section of the society away from the net of opportunities)

Why the land price and house price is so high for the rich pockets and low for the poor pockets? Living style of the pockets increase or decrease the value of their land, house and locality. In poor pockets, people live in dirts. Their individual hygiene and social hygiene are poor. Instead of adding value to their body, mind, house and locality; they live in such a way that the value of all go down. Many drink alcohol but the poor pocket alcoholism is bringing hell to their families. Who will prefer such neighbours? The unclean surrounding bring more diseases to them. Their attitude, language and quarrels keep them away from the fruits of good life. They are unable to prioritise their spending. They earn less and spend more on alcohol, addictions, doctors, customs and rituals. The calorie value of their food is very law. As a result their productivity is low. 

In one of the visits of east Ahmedabad, a member lady of SMC told her story of shifting her house from one chawl to another chawl. Her family earns ₹8000/month, and they were paying ₹1500/month for a rental house. But the culture of the chawl was not good. To save her children from that bad culture, she moved to another chawl, where they pay house rent at ₹3000/month. She wishes to live in further better locality, but she can't afford the rent and other living costs.

Can't they move out of poverty? Governments have introduced many social services schemes. Individuals are trying, but as a group, no visible and forceful activities are seen. Can't they start with the cleanliness of the surroundings? Can't they leave alcohol and gutka? Can't they improve their language and politeness? Can't they understand the pathways of success? Can't they stop blaming the government and the others for the life they live? Can't they blame first to themselves as the reason of their poverty? Can't they introspect themselves for not using the opportunities of education and capacity building offered to them? 

Demand of rights is important but performing duties is more important. Person in crisis has to work more than the person living in happy life. 

There is a need to bring change from the doorstep, with the introspection of the self. Who will do that? They have to boot up. After all the rich pockets have been generated out of the poor pockets.

"Be the change you wish to see in the world". - Gandhi.

20 October 2016

Wednesday, October 19, 2016



A visitor was explaining a story of a lady in Ahmedabad. She had made a purchase of ₹1.5 lakh from his shop, but was carrying ₹100,000 in pocket. She requested the counter boy to collect the difference from her home. The boy telephoned the shop owner and after knowing her credentials of frequent buyings from the shop allowed the boy to collect the money from her home. The boy, following the lady went to her home. The lady went inside but her husband and her son were waiting for her at the entry gate. When the boy explained his purpose of visit of collecting ₹50,000, both the males explained the shopaholic condition of the lady. Everyday she picks up cash from the cupboard and go for shopping. She doesn't know what she bought yesterday or day before. Just buying and dumping the bags in the house. Her husband has to keep some money in her cupboard everyday. Otherwise, she would disturb the peace of the family. The family had lost their bank balance and were tired of her psychic behaviour. Both the males requested the shop boy to carry the bags of the goods she has purchased and return as much as money he can from the paid amount of ₹100,000.

This is a psychological disorder called shopaholic, an addiction to shopping. It is also called CBD (compulsive buying disorder), an uncontrollable, irresistible urge to buy excessive and expensive goods. Some people make credit cards available to their wives but if she is oniomania, the guy has to destroy the credit cards to avoid bankruptcy.

Modern world is a world of consumer lead GDP. People stimulate their desires, earn and spend. Those invested in 1980s in land become billionaires in 2016. Some empty pockets investor entrepreneurs borrowed money from the lender at 24-36% interest rates and invested in lands in 1985-86 became billionaires. The lenders level went down and the users of their currency have gone up. The value of money went down under the inflation, but the prices of land shot up 1000 times!  One guy bought a land in Surat worth of ₹80,000 in 1988, today the value of the land is ₹800 million. A man purchased 125,000 Sqm land with some sheds by paying ₹30 million (that too from the borrowing) in Mumbai in 1986, today the land value is of ₹7 billion. When we were preparing for IAS, they were buying lands through borrowing!!!

The Surat diamond traders have grew up through the bank finance. Those continued in diamond business grew well but those invested profit of the diamond business into the lands become very rich. No higher education, no rocket science, no harakiri, just they took one decision at one fine moment to purchase land and their life style changed. They live in billions. What do they do? They may spend money on food, house, cars, home appliances, interiors, hotels, travels, functions, ceremonies, charity, donations, etc. Suddenly a society or an area picks up the value as status symbol. Coal mines becomes diamond mines. And the prices just go on increasing under the rule of high demand and low supply. The female family members of such families have nothing much to do except to do shopping in the malls or to do online shopping. Shopping becomes a status symbol for some families. But there is a risk involved. Some people may become shopaholic. Till they family is in a condition to put the currency daily in the cupboard of the shopaholic, the family peace can be maintained, but the day they drain out, the trouble starts. The life become miserable.

With the growth of economy, many people earn more than they need. If they save in Banks, there are Malyas to use the bank money. Some of them spend more beyond the need of good quality of life. They or their family members become shopaholic to some extent, may be in the range of 10-100%. It is good for the society as a whole that the currency move from the rich pockets to the poor pockets. If all do savings and nobody spends, then how the economic activities are generated, how the employment opportunities are created and how the better quality of life to be provided to the people at large. 

Modern age is making the farmers also smart. They sale the high value lands in millions and buy new and more land in thousands little away and hold it for sometime. Again the thousands become millions and they move further. The GDP is going up with the spread of people in urban conglomerates. 

Ancient Sanskrit proverb of Charvak was Rinam kritva ghritam pibet, yavan jivet sukham jivet. (Live in happiness so long you have a life and enjoy all comforts and luxury of life (like eating butter) even if you have to take a loan). But it is changed in modern growth context. Yavan jivet sukham jivet, rinam kritva bhoomi krinite. (Live the life in happiness, borrow the money and buy lands, the butter of life will flow automatically). Lol

But beware of the shopaholic tendency of your spouse? Your Credit Cards may turn into debits. Butter may be replaced with quarrels. Lol

19 October 2016

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder

Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder

It was my first visit to Kenya. It's a country of black people, divided into 42 tribes. From a stranger, everybody look the same. As brown skin we have our own set of standards to identify beauty amongst the humans. The whites have their own set of standards. But when all carry almost the same look, it is difficult for the outsider to remember the faces as well as to differentiate through their look.

I didn't resist my curiosity and asked a direct question to a young man standing in the lobby of the hotel. When all the girls look the same, how do you select your girl friend or a spouse amongst them? He laughed at the question. Then slowly explained his viewpoints. Each individual has different perceptions for the beauty. Some may be looking at the height, some at the skin and some at the muscles, some prefer slim body and some go for body mass. Some like the talkative and extrovert girls, and some prefer the silents. The criteria can't be the same for all men. But it is just a liking at first sight. You look at her, like her and that's it. Thereafter, you don't bother about anything. Just a click of the mind with the heart. He concluded. Within few minutes he became friendly, therefore, I asked him a personal question. What is your criteria? A tall, brown skin lady may be the best. He replied. He must have developed his taste high while watching the visitors of the hotel.

Now the counter view was necessary to conclude. Easter was found in the lobby. What is the meaning of your name, Easter? I have asked. Queen, she replied. Whose queen are you? I asked the second question. My husband, obviously. She replied promptly. She and her husband are working. They have a son. Both of them earn 100,000 Kshiling/a month. The living cost is very high in the city, therefore, they are unable to buy a house of their own and live in the rental house. As I was progressing to the talk, few of our group mates arrived and I had to conclude my talk. The question remained unanswered. How could a girl find her boy from the blacks, with similar look, more or less the same height-body and moving around with shaved heads!!!

No merits or drawbacks to be discussed. Just to conclude that beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder. Look at, like at first sight. That's it. Lol

18 October 2016

Monday, October 17, 2016

Galo, the wonder drug of Ayurveda

Galo, the wonder drug of Ayurveda

Galo, the (Tinospora cordifolia) is one of the wonder drugs of Ayurveda. It is a creeper available in forest and harvested mostly in Summer month of May. It generally grow on Neem and Mango trees with arial roots. It's bark are creamy white or grey and the leaves are heart shaped. Generally, the Galo stem of Neem tree is used as medicine. It is a health tonic that removes the poisons and toxins from the body. The juice from the fresh plant is diuretic but the roots and dry stems are used in treatment of chronic diarrhoea and chronic dysentery. It is indian quinine used in fever. It is used by type2 diabetics. It is a nectar (amrita), a divine property, therefore some people who didn't wish to grow old, take it regularly. It's a rasayana, used for balancing three doshas: vata, pitta and cough. It improves HB, therefore given to cure anemia. It is recommended for liver disorder, diabetes millitus, gout and rheumatic arthritis. It has antipyretic, anti analgesic and anti inflammatory properties. It stimulates the functions of the cells, therefore, given to jaundice and tuberculosis patients.

'Galo Satva' (extract) is the most effective drug of galo. One can get only 4 gm of satva from 4 kg galo stems. The method is simple but labourious. One has to wonder around Neem trees, climbing them up and collect the galo stems from the trees. Then the stems will be cut into pieces of one inch size and grinned in the mixture. Thereafter, it will be washed with hands in the bucket of water. The pieces of the stems will come up on the top, but go on washing till the extract of the stem settles down. Over the night, the extract will settle down at the bottom of the bucket. Remove the water and collect the extract settle in the bottom. It's sticky and will turn into powder after drying up. One may take 4 mg (a capsule full) of the extract with honey, preferably in the morning and start the day of energy.

Wish to remain young? Want to rejuvenate? Tired of acidity? Want to stimulate cells? Start the day with Galo Satva, the wonder drug, the nectar of Ayurveda.

17 October 2016

Sunday, October 16, 2016

Shri Vajubhai Special

Shri Vajubhai Special

I met Shri Vajubhai on 12 October 2016 at Circuit House Annexe Ahmedabad. He was as usual, talkative and in cheerful mood. You look very healthy at this age (80th year), I asked. "Diseases go to the people who use brain. I use legs and hands, therefore, remain in good health." He replied promptly. He started narrating their days of struggles in political life. He went to Sabarmati jail twice. 25 days during Navnirman agitation and 11.5 months under MISA during emergency. Jail was like a picnic spot for him. As detenues, they had less restrictions and lot of time to do the activities of free time.

In the first instance of Nabnirman agitation in 1974, he was arrested under Chimanbhai Patel's rule. Popatlal Vyas was one of the detenues. Vajubhai used to tease him, 'lilo Popat marcha khay, kalo Popat hapta khay' (green parrot eats chilly, black parrot eats money). The chapati was very hard and the sabji was too hot. The editor of Jansatta Ramanbhai was also detained. He was unable to break the chapati and eat the hot vegetables. Vajubhai guided him to soak the chapati in water first, then into sabji and then to eat. When he complained the taste of sabji very hot (lot of red chillies), he jokingly told him that he would feel the hotness twice. Once while eating and second time in the morning when he attends the natural call!

He used his jail experience of 25 days of Narnirman in managing food and facilities during MISA detention in 1976. The Jailer and the Doctor were known to him. Whosoever come to meet the detenues, he used to manage the snacks, ganthia, khakhra, farsan, jalebi, khaman, dhokla, jaggery, varieties of pickles, etc, for the inmates. The Doctor used to prescribe extra milk referring acidity to the detenues. They had enough milk to drink and sometime used to make Sarbat by adding rose essence. It was a relaxed life: Lux soap to bath, milk to drink and ganthia-achar to eat in breakfast. Some of them were getting tiffins from home. Their day used to start with dhakka tea, lux bath, good breakfast, followed by sports, yoga, gossips, discussions, speeches, tiffin lunch and dinner, etc. The only problem was in the bed. The cots were made of wood. All the joints of the cot were full of bugs and the air full of mosquitos. Both were ready to attack them in nights. With lot of food to eat, lot of people to chat and lot of bugs and mosquitoes to fight, he put on 9 kg (56 to 65) wight in 11.5 months of jail.

When he was young, the Rajkot Court Judge used to order punishment till arising the Court (TRC), but he used to request to make it for two days so that the fear of jail go away! They had passed through a very tough time in opposition when people used to boycott them, didn't offer even drinking water during village visit. They had to manage water from the aquifers. In one of the instances, the aquifer was urinated by the naughty guys. They had to find another aquifer and continue their struggle to rise in public life.

Shri Narendrabhai knew his nature. Before starting any serious talk in a group, he will tell Vajubhai to keep silence for a while, and say, let us talk serious. Shri Chimanbhai Shukla had briefed him about Vajubhai's nature of sidetracking the issue.

After presenting 16 budgets in Gujarat Assembly as Finance Minister and holding position of Speaker of the Assembly, he is now away from politics and heading the State of Karnataka as Governor. On the very first day of his job, he cleared all pending 38 files. Nothing remains pending with him beyond a day except the legal or constitutional issues. He has established discipline over his staff. He allows them leaves etc, but ensure the punctuality and discipline while on job. He has closed down the exit gate behind the Raj Bhavan and make the entry and exit from the single gate. He has advised the Secretaries to remove the extra chairs from all the offices and tables so that the employees can focus more on their work and talk less.

The assembly seat he held, Rajkot (West) is very lucky. It has given two Chief Ministers and one Governor. After became a CM, Shri Narendrabhai Modi became MLA from this seat (Vajubhai vacated the seat for him). When Shri Narendrabhai moved to Maninagar seat, Vajubhai again became MLA from this seat and became FM, Speaker and the Governor. And the seat vacated by Vajubhai was won by Shri Vijaybhai Rupani, who become the Chief Minister of the State. Rajkot West turned into the luckiest seat of Gujarat Assembly. Or the seat which Vajubhai leaves, become the Centre of Power. Vajubhai, an unique personality of Gujarat politics will be remembered for many years for his outgoing cheerful nature.

Long live Shri Vajubhai.

16 October 2016

Saturday, October 15, 2016

9/11, Junagadh Independence

9/11 Junagadh Independence

We became independent from British Rule on 15 August 1947. There were two India; British India and India of Princely States (under British suzerainty). The disputed British India (Punjab and Bengal Provinces) was divided by single majority vote of religious majority areas assembly votes. Sindh joined Pakistan through the resolution of the assembly. Northwest Frontier Province and Sylhet of Bengal went for referendum and joined Pakistan. Frontier Gandhi, Khan Abdul Gafar Khan wanted independent/autonomous Pakhtunistan but that couldn't been materialised as the sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Fatimaji played a big role through campaign in winning the referendum of the area in favour of Pakistan. Sylhet of Bengal went to East Pakistan (Bangladesh) by referendum of 7 July. Baluchistan (princely states of Kalat, Lasbela, Kharan and Makran) was acceded to Pakistan through instrument of accession. Kalat was recognised as Independent Sovereign State on 11 August 1947, but later merged into Pakistan in March 1948 under the gun. The Khan (ruler) of Kalat wanted Standstill status and later autonomy (except defence, currency, foreign relations and finance) of his province including his fiduciary states, but failed. It was acceded in March 1948 and merged into West Pakistan in 1955 through a resolution of the Baluchistan Assembly.

Other British Colonies of Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives remained unaffected with the partition of India.

The 552 Princely States (of which 222 from Saurastra) had three choices to exercise under the '3 June Plan' (Mountbatten Plan): either to join the new Dominion of India, or to join newly formed Pakistan or to remain Independent. But some of the Princely States were in dilemma or were on wrong track. Kashmir, Junagadh and Hyderabad were the major three.

Junagadh was under the rule of Babi Nawab, Muhammad Mahobatkhan III (1911-1947). The Nawab acceded Junagadh to the Dominion of Pakistan through the "Instrument of Accession" on 15 September 1947 as per the provision of the Indian Independence Act of 1947 and the GOI Act 1935. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the Governor General of Pakistan accepted the Instrument of Accession of Junagadh to Pakistan on 16 September 1947. It was a wrong decision condemned by many, for a Hindu majority State to accede to Pakistan, against the "two nations partition theory" of Jinnah based on religion. The land borders of Junagadh was surrounded by India and it was connected with Pakistan only through the Arabian Sea. People revolted and rejected the decision of the Nawab.

Meantime, 51 Girasdars of Babariavad and the Sheikh of Mangrol signed the document of their accession to India on 3/9/47 and 23/9/47 respectively. Junagadh State send their army to these area, therefore, Government of India army, captured Sardargarh (3/10/47), Bantva(3/10), Manavadar (23/10), Mangrol(1/11) Babariavad (1/11), and the management was appointed.

In Mumbai, the Kathiyavadi people declared economic boycott of Junagadh State and Mr. Shamaldas Gandhi (the nephew of Mahatma Gandhi, editor Vande Mataram) and others formed 'Junagadh Samiti' on 15 September 1947. After Mumbai visit of Mr. VP Menon and Jam Saheb, it was decided to establish Aarzee Hukumat, similar like Azaad Hind Fauz of Subhash Chandra Bose. On 23 September 1947, in Janmabhoomi Office at Junagadh, 10 members committee was formed to establish Aarzee Hukumat (rule of people). Gandhiji, on 24 September 1947, from the Prayer meeting in Delhi said, "How could Pakistan be made in Junagadh? The adjoining riyasats are Hindu and the majority population of Junagadh State is Hindu. Still, Pakistan entered into Junagadh, that is very dangerous. But this is happening at many places in India. Pakistan from Junagadh must go." The words of Gandhiji injected energy into the people.

On 25 September 1947, in a big public meeting of 30,000 at Madhav Bag, Mumbai, Kanaiyalal Munshi declared the establishment of Aarzee Hukumat in Junagadh. Mr. Shamaldas Gandhi (nephew of Mahatma Gandhi, the editor of Vande Mataram and the landlord of Kutiyana) was elected as 'Sirnashin' (head) of the Aarzee Hukumat. Bhavanishankar Oza from Una, Durlabhbhai Khetani of Tori, Manilal Doshi of Amarapur, Narendrabhai Nathvani of Keshod, Suragbhai Varu of Babariavad and late Pushpaben Mehta were appointed as Ministers.

On 26 September, Gandhiji said at his prayer meeting: “He had been an opponent of all warfare but if there was no other way of securing justice from Pakistan, if Pakistan persistently refused to see its proved error and continued to minimise it, Indian Union Government would have to go to war against it.”

On 28 September 1947, the Aarzee Hukumat team arrived at Rajkot and captured Sardar Bag (present Circuit House) of Junagadh Nawab on 30 September 1947 and started running the Government from Sardar Bag. To stop goods and to impose economic ban over Junagadh, Pushpaben Mehta and Balkrishna Dave organised boycott committees at Kolkata, Mumbai, Malabar, Kochin ports. Government of India stopped coal to Junagadh. The daily income of the State decreased from ₹30,000/day to ₹5000/day. Many people stopped paying tax. The Nawab requested loan from Morabi and Porbandar. Morabi State agreed to give ₹50 lakh as loan to Nawab provided Junagadh accede to India. Pakistan didn't extend any help.

Lok Sena known as Mukti Fauz and Police Dal were formed. 4000 Soldiers were trained by Ratubhai Adani and Makrand Desai. Rasikbhai Parikh arranged for the vehicles. Malde Rana and Mahant Vijaydasji lead the Mers to protect the people of Junagadh.

On 24 October 1947, on Dashhera festival day, the Nawab escaped to Karachi Pakistan from Keshod Airport along with his advisers, Dr. Zaverilal Vasavada, Dr. Dinubhai Vasavada, the staff and the Dogs; leaving behind 9 wives. He then, didn't return. Later his wives went to Pakistan.

On 24 October, 1947 Pakistan raiders invaded Kashmir. Maharaja Hari Shingh left Shrinagar for Jammu on 25 October 1947 and signed the instrument of accession to India on 26 October 1947. In a letter sent to Maharaja Hari Singh on 27 October 1947, the then Governor General of India, Lord Mountbatten accepted the accession with a remark, “it is my Government's wish that as soon as law and order have been restored in Jammu and Kashmir and her soil cleared of the invader the question of the State's accession should be settled by a reference to the people.” Indian troops were airlifted to Kashmir on 27 October 1947 to push back the invaders.

It was timing of destiny that the Nawab of Junagadh flee to Karachi on 24 October, the raiders invaded Kashmir on 24 October and the Maharaja of Kashmir left Srinagar on 25 October 1947.

On 24 October 1947, in Junagadh, a remote village Amrapur declared its independence. Before the Eid, 11 villages were merged into India. On 1st November, Navagadh freed and Mangrol joined India. As a result, on 1st November 1947, Indian troops marched across Junagadh.

On 4th November, the Diwan of Junagadh, Shahnawaz Bhutto sent a report to the Nawab in Karachi. The Nawab telegrammed him, "To save the lives of the people of Junagadh, surrender to Indian union". The Diwan then went to Ms. Neelam Buch, Regional Commissioner of Rajkot. On 8 November, after the meeting with Captain Harvey Johns, some Muslim and other community leaders, the Diwan surrendered Junagadh to the Government of India. And on 9 November, the Diwan left for Karachi from Keshod. Captain Harvey Johns, along with the Commissioner Neelam Buch met Shamaldas Gandhi and signed a letter to occupy the State of Junagadh.

On 9 November at 6 PM at Majevadi Gate, the Regional Commissioner Neelam buch declared a general notice: " As per the order of the Government of India and the request of the Junagadh Council and the people of Junagadh, it is herewith declared that to control the situation of the State of Junagadh, I NM Buch O.B.E.I.C.S as the Regional Commissioner Western India and Gujarat State region take full authority and control of the State of Junagadh".

On 9 November (Vagh Baras, Diwali Parva) Junagagh acceded to India. On 11 November, India defended the accession of Junagadh. On 11 November, Mr. Tarachand Shah was appointed as Administrator of Junagadh and later Mr. SW Shivshankar, ICS was appointed as an Administrator of Junagadh with four Administrative Officers (Dolarray Mankad for Kutiyana, Madhavlal Parikh for Keshod, Jaishankar Jani for Una and Shambhuprasad Desai for Patan-Talala). On 13 November (Hindu New Year Day), Sardar Patel addressed the public gathering at Bahidein College, Junagadh. Later to support and advice the Administrator, Govt of India appointed a Council of 3 persons (Shamaldas Gandhi, Pushpaben Mehta and Dayashankar Dave) on 1 June 1948 and allotted them the portfolios. It was dissolved in 1949. Mr. Banesinhji Jhala was appointed as the first Collector of the district took over charge on 10 October 1949.

On Kashmir front, on 26 December, the Inner Cabinet of GoI decided that if Uri falls, the Indian troop will enter into Pakistan to obliterate the nerve centres of the raiders. On 28 December, VP Menon and Sardar Patel flown to Jammu and on 30 December 1947, Nehru referred the Kashmir issue to the UN. It was observed that if Nehru had not made the move Pakistan would have – making India a defendant rather than a plaintiff.

In Delhi, Gandhiji went on fast for communal peace in Delhi (12-18 January). With Cabinet decision to release ₹ 550 million dues to Pakistan on 15 January and the Peace committee signature on "Peace Pledge" on 18 January, Gandhiji broke his fast. But was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on way to evening prayer at 5.13 pm on 30 January 1948.

To take public opinion, referendum was conducted in Junagadh on 20 February 1948 and the results were declared on 1 March 1848. The ballot boxes were red for India and green for Pakistan. 190,779 people voted in favour of India and only 91 voted in favour of Pakistan. Junagadh was merged into India as a district.

The Government of Pakistan allotted a house (left by a rich Hindu during partition) and some land to the Nawab in Karachi. The house on Fatima Jinnah road was styled as 'Junagadh House' in which the Nawab died on 7 November 1959, just 2 days before Junagadh's Independence Day. With his death, the title of Nawab of Junagadh died out formally.

What a coincidence of number 9! Junagadh had 999 villages, 9 Nawabs, 9 wives of the Nawab, 9 Diwans and it's freedom on 9 November!

Wishing Happy Independence Day to Junagadh 9/11 in advance.

15 October 2016

NB: The house of the Diwan of Junagadh become the house of the IAS officers, the Collector and the DDO.

Tuesday, October 11, 2016

What makes them Great? Happy Vijaya Dashami

What makes them Great?

In the Prayer meeting at Ahmedabad, Pujya Mahant Swami (BAPS) was narrating the great human values acquired by Shri Pramukh Swami Maharaj. When asked to him, what do you want to be? Sevak (Servant) he replied with a bullet speed. Today, BAPS is one of the biggest religious organisations of Hinduism in the world. But can you imagine, 66 years ago, when Pramukh Swamiji was 28 years old, what he did on the day when he was nominated as President of BAPS? He had cleaned the utensils of the guests who were served food on the occasion. Visiting 250,000 houses, reading and replying 700,000 letters, building 1100 temples across the world, making a young cadre of 1000 Sadhus, etc, are giant works he did with his Nirmani (non egoless) nature. But what I noticed the most in him was his Sambhav, the Samyak Darshana in all. 

Human society is a society of relations. Each one of us interact with other humans as per our relation, custom, work and need. Over the years the teachings, leaning and experience make us indifferent in terms of behaviour pattern to each individual. We maintain the intimacy, distance or aloofness with other humans as per our beliefs and understandings developed through experiences and teachings. It is mostly linked with selfishness of motive in most cases. It is called Chaturai/wisdom.

But when a person or a Saint maintains Sambhav, equal and positive treatment to all, imagine the status of his/her mind. Rich or poor, kind or cruel, pious or cheater, big or small, powerful or powerless, healthy or sick, young or old, etc, he/she will maintain Sambhav with them irrespective of their position. His/her love, sympathy and blessings will be the same for all. 

For a Saint, every living being is equal. They identify each living being by their souls and since all souls are equal, they consider all living beings to be equal. The only difference being the quantity and quality of Karma attached to the soul. They look at the gold (Soul) whether it has come from the gold mine carrying impurities or a shiny yellow material. Therefore, they become a magnet of all. 
It is Samyak Darshan (truth Darshan) of Jin Shasan or a Samyak Dristi (Right View) of the eightfold path of Buddhism or a Sam Darshi (Vaishnav Jan of Narsinh Mehta). 
Let us develop such eyesight in us. 

Dash Hara is a Sanskrit word which means removal of ten bad qualities (Ravan) within us: These are Ahankara (Ego), Amanavta (Cruelty), Anyaaya (Injustice), Kama vasana (Lust), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (Greed), Mada (Over Pride), Matsara (Jealousy), Moha (Attachment), Swartha*(Selfishness). 'Vijaydashami' signifying victory over  these ten bad qualities, the Celebration of Victory of Rama the Soul over the Ravana the bad qualities. 

In Buddhism it is celebrated as "Dhammachakrapravartan Day". Great Ashoka and Dr Ambedkar embraced Buddhism on Dashhara day. It is also known as Ashoka Vijayadashmi Dashani. Till inequality and injustice prevails in the society, such events will record in the history. Let all become victorious in the battle of our fight against the evil forces.

Happy Vijaya Dashmi to all.

11 October 2016

NB: "हृदयहीन मस्तिष्क से रावण व कंस तैयार होते है जवकि हृदय और मस्तिष्क के समन्वय के परिणाम स्वरुप रामतत्व व कृष्णतत्व जन्म लेते है "दशहरा की शुभकामनाएँ" 

Sunday, October 9, 2016

7 October ✌️️

7 October ✌️️

15 years ago, TODAY, he joined as a Public Servant, made the post of CM as the post of Common Man. Facing all constraints and challenges, he converted all difficulties and disasters into opportunities and became the PM of the country with his Purusharth (self made) without the background of caste, community or silver spoon in the mouth. Circumstances always helped him. Opponents added into his popularity and strength. He maintained utmost discipline in his personal life style and in public appearances, and become the Public Icon and a role model of millions of people in the World. It was a journey of a Common Man to become a World Leader. Our salute to Shri Narendrabhai Modi🙏.

7 October 2016

October rains, Venus transit in Scorpio

October rains, Venus transit in Scorpio

This is a deficit year of rains for Gujarat. But farmers in general are happy as it rains periodically at the time of needs. But the most important spell of rain showered in the month of October. Generally, Gujarat has average 100 mm in June, 300 mm in July, 300 mm in August, 100 mm in September and 10-20mm in October. The withdrawal starts in the 3rd or 4th week of September and by the start of October, the season ends. This year, when the IMD declared the withdrawal of the monsoon, suddenly the system revived and Gujarat received 74 mm widespread rains SG, Saurashtra and Kutch in the first week of October 2016. (June 74, July 224, August 284, September 108, October 74)

From astronomical point of view, Venus, Moon and Jupiter transit in watery signs (Cancer, Scorpio and Pieces) are positive for the rainy season. And the transit of Saturn and Mars in these signs are negative.

When I analyse the season on 30 April 2016, it was predicted, "One combo (Saturn+Mars) is in watery sign and another combo (Jupiter+Rahu) in fiery sign and their position at quadrant to each other will keep many minds in worry and their hearts in drying. At One combo (Saturn+Mars) is in watery sign and another combo (Jupiter+Rahu) in fiery sign and their position at quadrant to each other will keep many minds in worry and their hearts in drying....Dry Saturn is not changing the watery sign Scorpio and hot Mars is again drying the water from it, indicate the scarcity of rains over the upper ends... However, when Moon or Venus is transiting in Scorpio, it will rains through cyclonic storm. That may ease the condition of the deficient areas...Venus transit from Cancer to Scorpio during the season will be beneficial. However, October showers may damage some crops ready for harvesting."

Retrograde Saturn and transit of Mars in Scorpio have created war fever over the borders. Direct Saturn on 13 August and Jupiter transit to Virgo on 14 August eased the scarcity condition but Mars exit from Scorpio on 18 September left us with the burns of Uri.

Earth's twin Venus, the closest planet in the inner circle and Mars the another nearer planet of the outer circle are very important planets for the natural events on Mother Earth. Venus just approaching the watery sign Scorpio on 13 October, Hurricane Mathew hits the Florida coast of America. Whether cyclonic storms or earthquakes, rotation and orbiting of Venus affects our life.

Do you know that, all the planets in the Solar System orbit the Sun in an anti-clockwise direction as viewed from above Earth's north pole. Most planets also rotate on their axes in an anti-clockwise direction, but Venus rotates clockwise in retrograde rotation. The anti-clockwise rotation of Earth and clockwise rotation of Venus may be one of the reasons of cyclonic storms and earth plats movements, apart from the force of thermal convection, where heat from the interior causes currents of hot rising magma and cooler sinking magma to flow, moving the plates of the crust along with them.

The ✨ Stars, the ☀️ Sun, the 🌎 planets of the Solar system affects our day to day life. 🌙 Moon controls our Minds and Venus controls our 💕 Hearts. Let us live in harmony and bring peace on Mother Earth following the advice of our ancestors, "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam", the world is ONE FAMILY. (Mahopnishad)
"ॐ सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः ।
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु मा कश्चिद्दुःखभाग्भवेत् ।
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥"

(May all become happy, may all be free from illness; may all see what is auspicious, may no one suffer. Om Peace, Peace, Peace)

Happy Durgastami

9 October 2016

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Kenya, the Country of Enormous Opportunities

Kenya, the Country of Enormous Opportunities

Kenya, the name of the country derived from Mount Krenyaga, meaning white (snowy) mountain, the second highest mountain after Kilimanjaro. White people couldn't pronounce Krenyaga, therefore called it Kenya.

The British Kenya Colony established in 1895, became independent on 12 December 1963, with a black majority Government of President Jomo Kenyatta. During the freedom struggle, his fourth wife delivered a baby boy on 20 October 1961, whom they named Uhuru, means Independence. He also named the Capital Park and the Highway, Uhuru. He remained as President till his death in 1978. It is a country of 581,309 sqkm; three times to the size of Gujarat and 1/5 size of India, has population of 45 million, less than Gujarat (60 million). It is an Agro economy based country mostly dependent on imports of 85% of it's goods of Industrial products. The GDP of the country is $63 billion ($143 billion PPP), and was ranked 145th in HDI in 2014.

Nairobi one of the most beautiful hill station and capital of Kenya is located on equator at an elevation of 1795 metre above sea level. It has tropical weather. It was HQ of Railway in 1898 to monitor construction of Mombasa to Kishumu rail line.

Kenya has Wild Life National Park at Massaimara (Rift Valley Drive from Nairobi) and Lake Victoria, shared by Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, the biggest in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake of the world. Kenya has bigger share of the lake.

Mombasa is the major port of Kenya that handles the major cargo of the East African countries. Mombasa (Manbasa in Arabic) and Mumbai may have similarity in their names, as the Portuguese sailed for trading from Mombasa to Mumbai. Portuguese used to call Mumbai as Bom (good) Bahiya (Dariya-Sea), British called it Bom (good) Bay (sea). Gujarati traders were sailing to the port of Mombasa for centuries and many Gujarati and Kenyan workers were working together at Mombasa port. While lifting or pulling the heavy weight together, the Gujarati used to say loudly, 'Har Har Ambey'. Now 'Harambee' is part of the symbol of their national emblem meaning working together in Unity. But Gujarati people were vegetarian and don't eat beef. However, Kenyan people eat beef, therefore they call cow as 'Noambe'! Swahili, their national language carry many Indian and Gujarati words. To welcome, they say 'Karibu' (karib-come closer). Our Simha (lion) is their Simba. They use the word Chay for tea and Chori for the theft. For saying OK they say Gujarati word 'bhale'. Our sabu (soap) is their sabuni. Water for them is 'peya' (like our pyaoo).

English is their official language and Swahili is the National language. People say that if you know English then you can't learn Swahili in 10 years but if you are English illiterate, you can pick up the Swahili in 3 months. Because once you start communicating in English, people here respond and you lose the opportunity to learn the local language.

It has three rainy seasons. If there is no rain for two months, they call it drought. April-June are the main rainy months. People do have problems of drinking water and irrigation. Maize and wheat are their major crops.

People in general are good, simple, friendly, carry smiling faces; and happy with Ugali (made from maize flour) with Sukuma (leaf vegetable) as staple food. Meat is costly (KSh 400-500/kg), therefore they eat non veg food on the weekends. Fruits and vegetables, particularly the potatoes are tasty. Tur daal and rice of Kenya carry special flavour. Most of the Agro products are organic. And our Chef in Indian Restaurant Chopati in Skyline Mall, Nairobi cooks the tastiest dishes of Indians recipes. As a result, Chopati is the most popular dine out place amongst the Indians.

People in villages live in simple and small houses, made by the women using wood sticks, mud and grass. Some people now build houses using tin sheets roofs. Cows are very important in the life of Kenyan families. With Ugali, Cows are their bread and butter. They slaughter cows (noambe) after the end of their productive life. But bulls numbers are restricted. Their buffalos are wild. Some tried to made them domestic but failed. Many people rear Sheep and Goats too. Donkeys (ponda) are used for carts. If a male doesn't have 10-30 cows or 100-300 sheep or equal money in pocket as dowry to the bride's parents, he can't get a girl of Kenya. Even if one tries love marriage and run away with the girl without paying the dowry, he will not get dowry when he marries his daughter in the society. For son, he has to pay the dowry. It has more girls than boys in marriage age group, therefore, some people keep more wives and carry a family of many children. But the husband is like a mobile van, rotating day wise or week wise amongst the wives, living at different places.

But in cities, living cost is too high. The rent, the house, the land (1 acre/ KSh 50-500m), the goods and services, etc, are very costly, therefore the couple have to go for the job. Per capita average salary of a common working man in city may be around KSh 15,000/month. A lobby attendant in a star hotel may receive KSh 50,000/month.

There are three types of land titles: owned by individuals, owned by communities and owned by the government. Government owns the majority of lands. Community lands are governed by community laws. And government lands are always given on 99 years transferable lease.

Goods are very expensive here, may be five times costlier than India, because 85% of the goods are imported. Government has imposed heavy import duty but it has made the cost more expensive as the local industries are in the initial stage of development. In India, if you make ₹2 out of ₹1 in commerce and industry, in Kenya you can make KSh 6 out of KSh 1. One to ja Six. Better than the Ramlakhan movie song, eji, oji, ... 1 to ja ka 4!

As the aspiration of good life is very high and the goods are expensive in cities, few youths take a short cut of robberies. The foreigners don't feel safe in Nairobi. It is very risky to walk on footpath after the dark. Robbers can attack at traffic junctions. It has tropical weather where no fans and ACs required at home. But security concerns keep the Cars AC on. The compound walls of the houses in the city are very high, and many have barbed wire above it with electric current. The gates are heavy. Hotel gates are like jail gates, have double closers, the gate as well as the crossing. Each visitor has to get down of the car and pass through X-ray and security check at the wicket gate.

For Gujarati, it is second home. Halari (people from Jamnagar) are the main habitant Gujaratis in Kenya. For them their is similarity in word Kanaiyo and Kenya. They have been prospered a lot.

Shri Narendra Raval (Guru), a Brahmin boy was in service of a Saint Harikrishna Maharaj of Bhuj Temple in Gujarat. With metric education he came  to Nairobi in his teenage as a pujari of a temple in 1978. He came in contact with the traders and manufacturers of iron and steel, started his own venture, and now became an Industrial giant, with $0.5 billion turnover a year, flourished in Iron and Cement Industries Sectors under the banner of Devki Group of Industries. He owns two helicopters to travel to his factories. He has house in London.

Shri Ashokbhai Shah, a BCom graduate from MS University, Vadodara, came following his brother with zero capital became one of the biggest entrepreneurs in Nairobi. The President has assigned him a government security guard for 24x7. He started his business of computer in 1998, moved to plastic recycling, built wealth, moved to Dubai but lost all in recession, returned to Nairobi, rebuilt the wealth and now become a real estate developer. He is aiming 1000% profit in his new venture Infinity Industrial Park. 35% space has already been booked and rest will get investors as soon as the project is launched. He has borrowed the idea of Industrial Park from Gujarat and is investing his profit in Gujarat around Vadodara. Their Abacas Pharma is market leader in pharmaceutical business in East Africa. His partner Shri Rajesh Mehta, a PR man making friends in Government, is busy in establishing a Cement Plant in partnership with Sanghi Cement!

Dr Manu Chandaria, the Lion, is another success story.

There are many success stories of Halari Gujarati; Jayendra Malde, Nitin Malde, Sudhakar Pathak (Karibu Travels), Kamal Gupta, etc. In 120,000 Indian population in Kenya, 70% are Gujarati. Their employees, home servants and security are Kenyans. Very good and loyal people, don't look at the females of the family with bad eyes.

Indians maintain very good repo and relations with the President, Ministers and the bureaucracy. Administration is positive for Indians but rejects many PR applications, e.g., the Chefs without diploma/degree of the field or a certification from the Government authority of the country of origin will not get PR.

Gujarati people live in Nairobi in the area named Park Lane. There are other Indians living too. They have their malls, dispensary, schools etc. They prefer British school. Education in Maths and Science is poor. The East Africa Swaminarayan Satsang temple, the first temple outside India in Africa continent was established in Nairobi in 1945. BAPS Swaminarayan had build another beautiful temple in Nairobi in 1999 using Jesslmer Yellow sandstone with a beautiful interior made from intricately carved wood.

To win the trust of the local people, Gujarati traders, industrialists, religious and social organisations spend good money on charity, on health camps, etc. Hindu Council of Kenya is working for the Social services and Cultural promotion. We had been to Hotel Safari to see the local tribal Zulu dance. The hotel was famous for serving meat of many animals. Now the President has imposed a ban on killing and selling or serving meat of the wild animals, therefore, the Chinese and other tourists can enjoy the tastes of Chicken, Ostrich, mutton and beef only. Some of us couldn't tolerate the smell of the roasted meats (barbecue), didn't enjoy the Zulu dance much. The Council is ready to do cultural promotion of these groups with India.

Security of life and properties are the big concerns for Indians. To save the life from killing or serious injuries while traveling, Gujarati people carry extra 50,000 - 100,000 Kshillings in their socks, so that one may pay and get relieved. Recently, month and half ago, a Gujarati trader was murdered in front of his house gate in Mombasa. He was returning from his office carrying KSh 15 million. Two guys were chasing him. As soon as he opened his house gate, the robbers opened fire, the security man of the house ran away, and till he handover the money with him to the robbers, they fired 3 bullets and killed him on the spot. It is risky to travel alone, risky to stop at the traffic signals in nights. In another incident, a boy returned from a mall and entering into his car was assaulted. They broke his shoulder and took away his cell phones and money in the pocket.

Medical services are very expensive. Indore patients have to pay KSh 100,000/day even the disease can be cured by medicines. They grant late discharge to exploit the patients. Agakhan Foundation and MB Shah Hospitals are there but demand for medical tourism to India is very high. There were complaints about the doctors in Ahmedabad regarding their heavy charges of treatment and expensive tests, rolling them around many windows. There was a complaint against Dentist Dr Mayur Shah, who charged ₹750,000 for root canal and building caps of 7 teeth (20 years guarantee) of a Gujarati old lady of Kenya. The caps came out after 7 years. When the son of the mother approached the doctor, he didn't respond.

The present President Uhuru Kenyatta is a son of the first President of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta. Kenya has 41 ethnic tribes, of which the major five groups are: Kikuyu (22%), Luhya (14%), Luo (13%), Kalenjin (12%) and Kamba (11%). Christians 70%, Muslims 15% and others 15%. The President belong to the Kikuyu tribe. He is very popular and has initiated many development works of infrastructure development of the country. He has injected development hunger into the minds of the Kenyans The project of supplying power to all the schools of Kenya is in progress. 60% work is over. They have hydro and geo thermal electricity power generation stations. They use eucalyptus tree as poles to lay the electricity transmission lines to all over the country. It is economical. Recently, the rail and road contracts are won by the Chinese companies and the irrigation projects were granted to Israel. Indian companies lost the business in competitive bidding.

It is Presidential type of Government system like US, where the President is elected directly by the voters and the ministers and the PM are appointed by the President. President is the Commander in Chief of the Arm forces. There are Senators and Members of Parliament. As per the old Constitution, they had eight Provinces, like our States. Now they have introduced new Constitution from 2013 and replaced the provinces by 47 Counties. Each County is headed by the Governor, elected by the people through direct voting. As usual in democracy, they too have problems of elections expenditure to influence voters and there are allegations of mal-practices in elections. In last Presidential elections, it was said that Mr. Raila Odinga (former PM) of the Orange Party, the loser of the election had secured 46% votes and Mr. Uhuru Kenyatta of Jubilee Party had secured only 30% votes, was trailing behind, and suddenly the electronic system of the counting was shutdown. Then, after a day or two, manual counting of votes was conducted and Mr. Uhuru Kenyatta was declared elected. The opposition charged that the winners kept the extra ballot boxes ready with votes inside in favour of Mr. Uhuru and added them with the polled boxes of the Strong Room. The matter was reviewed by the Supreme Court and it had upheld the manual counting and the results. After all, the elected President is the Commander in Chief of the Army. The question is still in the air, how could the votes polled in some polling stations can be higher than the population of those polling stations. Kenya is getting ready for the next Presidential Election in 2017. The ruling Jubilee Party will face the opposition, the Orange Party of Mr. Raila and its alliances. The President is popular and hoping to win the second term and the oppositions are yet to finalise their candidate to face Mr. Uhuru.

Kenya is an interesting destination for the tourists and for the entrepreneurs. Which place on earth is without problem? Some gains some losses. It has potential of growth, good margin of profit, therefore, those who can't compete within Indians market can eye over Kenya. After all entrepreneur means risk taker (with money of others!). Kenya is a beautiful Country of Simple but Smiling People. May be a destination of some more Gujaratis.

Har Har-ambee!

16 September 2016
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