Monday, December 26, 2022



अद्भुत है यह सफ़र। सब ने बताया कि कुछ है इसलिए कुछ कर्म चाहिए। साधन चतुष्टयः, विवेक वैराग्य, षट्संपत्ति (शम, दम, उपरति, तितिक्षा, श्रद्धा, समाधान) और मुमुक्षता। संसारी संसारी कर्म करेगा और साधक साधना कर्म। 

लेकिन साधक को यह कर्म करके पहुँचना कहाँ है? जहां वह आज भी है। 

यह कैसा आश्चर्य? जहां है वहाँ जाने कैसा कर्म? मानने का कर्म। कैसे मानोगे कि हम ही ब्रह्म है। हम ही शिव है। 

मैं ज़िले में था तब एक विस्तार के कुछ लोग रात में जा रही गाड़ियों को रास्ते में कील ठोककर रोकते थे, और प्रवासी को उतारकर, मारकर लूटते थे। कुछ लोग बिना मार खाये सबकुछ दे देना चाहते थे फिर भी लूटेरे मारते थे ज़रूर। किसी ने पूछा कि भाई यह अपना सबकुछ वैसे ही दे रहे है फिर उन्हें पीड़ा काहे को देते हो? जवाब मिला, हम मुफ़्त का नहीं खाते। परिश्रम करके ही खाते है।  इसलिए मारने का परिश्रम नहीं छोड़ सकते। 

कुछ ऐसी ही बात हो रही है। बिना परिश्रम हम भी मानेंगे नहीं और इसलिए पापड़ बेलेंगे ज़रूर। अज्ञान की पट्टी जो हटानी है। जो बंधा है (मन) उसे मुक्त जो कराना है। हमारे मन को यक़ीन कराना है कि वह तुम्हीं हो। लेकिन जब तक ‘मैं’ विशेष खड़ा तब तक उस निर्विशेष का नज़ारा कहाँ?

स्वामी रामसुखदासजी ने मुझे आगाह किया था। उन्होंने कहा था “मैंने ७२ साल गँवायें इसकी व्याख्या और विवेचन करने पर यह नही माना कि सब कह रहे हैं कि यह गंगा है तो बस मानकर उसमें डूबकी लगा दूँ। बस व्याख्या करता रहा, गंगा है तो क्यों गंगा कहते है, कैसे उद्गम हुआ, कैसे पवित्र करेगी, इत्यादि। बस मानना था और उसके निर्मल जल को अनुभूत करना था। आप ऐसा मत करना।”

हम सब ब्रह्म/शिव है तो अब और इसी घड़ी है। अगर नहीं है तो फिर नहीं होना है। पापड़ बेलते बेलते इसी पड़ाव पर आना है। अगर आ गये तो इसी घड़ी हो गया। जो मुक्त है उस शिव को बंधन नहीं और इसलिए मुक्ति भी नहीं। और जो बंधा है शरीर और मन वह मुक्त होगा अपने बंधनों से ज्ञानगंगा के सहारे। 

चलते रहो या रूक जाओ।बात तो यहीं पर अटकनी है कि हम ही ब्रह्म है और हम ही शिव है। 


२६ दिसंबर २०२२

Friday, December 23, 2022

What and how one trade matters

 What and how one trade matters

Being a keen observer of the social fabric of India, I have observed the two communities very closely from my childhood, one the vegetable vendors Devipujaks (OBC) and another the Goldsmith Baniyas the traders of precious metals. Both are trading; buying goods, adding profit margin and selling. But the former live  below the poverty line or little above it as lower middle class life while the later are rich and getting richer. Their standard of living including their outlook, clothes, language, attitudes, habitats, clearly marked them in two groups of haven’t and haves. 

The vegetable vendors trade vegetables and manage their household and social expenditures from a small profit of the retail trade of different vegetables. The capital investment is negligible and the business risk is zero as whatever they buy, sell the same day. As the profit is in few hundred rupees per day, they remain at the same standard of living or may go down below poverty if vices like alcohol occupies the adult males. They have the same skill what the goldsmiths have but the item for trading they have selected is perishable and cheap though it is essential commodity for human life. There profit is in pence. As there are many sellers therefore the consumers taking advantage of the competition and the perishable nature of the goods bargain a lot and pulls down the profit margin of the vendors. The concept of cheating is absent in this world. There used to complaints regarding weight but electronic balance has removed them. 

Let’s come to the goldsmith market, the place of smart trading and smart play. The game of pricing, weighing, making and making charges make the customer a loser always. But happier he smiles and the market shines. 

Cadium costs ₹1/gram, copper costs ₹0.8/gram and silver costs ₹64/gram while the Gold (916) costs ₹4860/gram. Imagine the effect of the mixing of silver or copper in the Gold and the welding of the ornaments by cadium and priced at the rate of Gold! 

As our new generation wants everything new in design, let’s take an example of replacing of gold ornaments with the new ornaments. 

A person went with 100 grams of old ornaments of 916 mark (91.6% gold) to sell and buy the new ornaments of the same weight from a goldsmith’s shop. The goldsmith will first weighs the old ornaments and considering it let’s presume 916, will cut 8.4% weight from the total weight to compensate the impurity in the ornaments. Thereafter, he will calculate his buying price @₹48600 and get the amount of buying ₹4.45 lakh (91.6x4860). Did you catch the play? Wait. 

The customer now has selected the new ornaments of 100 gms and asked the goldsmith to make the bill. 

The goldsmith makes the bill as following.

1) Gold ornament price 916: 100x48600=4.86 lakh 

2) Making Charge (₹600 to 1500, let’s take average of ₹1050/gm): 105000

3) GST on Gold (3%): ₹14580

4) GST on making charges (5%): ₹5250

Total: ₹ 6,10,830. 

Minus ₹ 4,50,176


Net payment ₹1,65,614

The consumer got back the same quantity of gold in new design by paying a round figure ₹ 1.65 lakh as the shopkeeper won’t take that ₹614 for maintaining good relationship. The pain of paying extra ₹1.65 lakh vanishes in a cup of tea or cold drink and saving of ₹614! 

As the transactions of gold are done in cash mostly, therefore, the customer may not insist for the bill to save GST of ₹19830. The goldsmith if playing with the bill books, may and may not pay GST if charged, or pay for some, skip for some. Let’s exclude the GST part and see the profit/gain of a goldsmith. 

The gross profit was ₹1.65 lakh. Of which he has paid ₹38,400 as making charges to the goldsmith worker who has charged ₹400/gm for the weight @96%. We may consider 20% of the profit for the rental of the shop and manpower and other recurring costs, still his gain comes to around ₹1 lakh from that one transaction of exchanging 91.6 gram gold. It is also likely that he may hold the old ornaments and make them new by touching and polishing and sell them by adding making charges etc, to the new customers who are searching for the old designs. Think about his profit margin of selling gold ornaments without exchange and think about the sale of fashion items with much higher making charges. He can be happier with the visits of few customers a day. There are Pandits who are promoting their sales by declaring auspicious days and time to buy precious metal as well as making muhurtas of marriages and other social events. It is not चाँदी चाँदी but सोना सोना of the trading business. The goldsmith will make his showroom more attractive and will open new showrooms with branding his trademark. 

Did you get the smart play of the goldsmith in the story? 

Let’s analyse. He deducted 8.4% weight from the total weight of 100 grams of the old ornaments as impurity value. Therefore the remaining 91.6 grams was the pure gold. But he has calculated the price @4860/gm, the price of the 916 gold, not the pure gold. He was supposed to calculate the value @₹5306. There is clear profit of ₹446/gm. He pays making charges @₹400/gm, but charge ₹600-1500 from the customers, making it another profit of ₹200-1100/gm. In present case he has earned ₹650/gram from the making charges. When he sells, he sells 916 gold ornaments, he is charging rightly at ₹4860/gm but the mixing of 8.4% costing @₹1-64/gm also get priced @₹4860/gm. 

One has to look at the capital investment in the business and a skill to convince the customers to buy their products. But the model is so rich that one can start with lakh and turn into crore. Who could prevent them from becoming richer? It’s high profit margin model of trading advantageous to the goldsmith. The goldsmith community is making good profit but you have hardly heard of a customer who has cracked their calculations, argued out and got it in his favour by paying right price. 

In Silver, it is further worst as the mixing of silver with zinc and cadium is in the ratio of 45:55 (आटे से नमक ज्यादा) but it is sold charging the price @ 916. 45% is sold at the rate of 91.6%. Other calculations of the making charges and other costs the same like gold narrated above. 

It’s a business where buying is profitable and selling is of course profitable. चित भी मेरी, पट भी मेरी, अंटा मेरे बाप। They tax the endearment of ornaments of the customers and acquire wealth. 

You are meeting the vegetable vendor daily and the goldsmith occasionally. 

Whom do we support? The vegetable vendors or the goldsmiths?

With whom do we bargain? 

With the vegetable vendor or the goldsmith? 

We like to argue with the vegetable vendor the most. 😁


18 December 2022

समाधि। Samadhi


Samadhi is interpreted differently by different schools of thoughts. Vedanta and Yoga have different views on Sanadhi. Adwaita Vedanti may say the Atma is the Samadhi. The knowledge which burns all desires that is Samadhi. I am Brahman (अहं ब्रह्मास्मि) is Samadhi. समाधि संविद उत्पत्तिः परजीवैकताम् प्रति। The knowledge that leads to oneness of Jiva and Brahman is called Samadhi.  

After listening the sermons of Sage Astavakra, King Janak expresses his understandings through verses and conclude that:


एवम् एवा अहम् आस्थितः। 

I am abiding in myself (स्वरूप) (ATMA/Brahman/Shiva). 

The problem is in the superimposition over the “I”, the Atma-चैतन्य. One is therefore hast to first work on the identification of the problem before going for the solution. Let’s take few examples. If we are hungry, hunger is our problem that can be solved by eating food. If we are thirsty, drinking water solves it. If feeling heat, on the AC, if feeling cold on the heater and solve the problem. If tired or get exhausted physically, take rest. If illness has come, take medicines. These problems can’t be solved/cured by chanting Bgajanas or reading scriptures. Other remedies won’t help in solving physical problems. Similarly if mind is disturbed meditation is the solution. One should be very clear on one’s problem and accordingly select the means to solve it. This is called साधन-साध्य विवेक। 

So where is that ‘I’ in which I am to abide myself? 

Am I a body or the body is mine? I as a body has location (relative), has birth, diseases, senility and death. Therefore, I am as a body abide by the देश and काल both. 

Am I a mind? That is pushing me in the notion of हेय (to be given up) and उपादेय (to be taken up). What and do people give up? I won’t drink tea or coffee. I shall fast once in a week or in a pious month. I shall not eat sweets. I shall not eat ghee. I shall put down my papers from the job. I shall join or leave the NGO. I shall leave my family and live in Ashram or on forest. What do I give up? I give up the superimposition not the Atma. I as Atma can’t be given up.

The mind initially runs after material world outside to gain happiness by using all the senses of शब्द स्पर्श रूप रस गंध. But when it realises that nothing is working and the thirst of happiness remains as it is, it starts reading scriptures and follows instructions, chants mantras, does mala-japa, performa yagya, visits religious places, listens satsanga, attends Shibirs, and when all says that go inside deep into your heart, it starts meditation in search for the happiness. But he is unaware, who is meditating? Is the meditator real or unreal? Like outside search, the mind couldn’t get any clue from inside too and get tired or frustrated. How could it reaches to the self which is beyond the five senses and the intellect? With mind out or in ‘I’ can’t be caught. 

What and how do one takes up (उपादेय)? Study, get a job or business, buy a car, purchase a house, get married, hv children, get promotion, title, prestige, perks, etc. All these can be acquired but the I, Atma can’t be acquired, ‘I’ can’t be given up. 

Like the superimposition of the संसार from external world to be dropped, one day the superimposition of the आध्यात्म (जप तप etc) have to be dropped because Atma is neither in or out. It is there as it is, omnipresent, omniscient. 

There is nothing to take up and nothing to give up for Atma to attain the freedom and happiness.  Freedom is his form. ‘I’, the Brahman, the Atma, the Shiva abide in my own self. By cutting off all other identities as body, speech, mind, etc, the I realise its true self-the चैतन्य, सर्वात्म. In fact, the superimposition of body, mind over the ‘I’ is the bondage and to remove these false identity of body, speech, mind, etc, the real ‘I’ shines out instantly which is नित्योदित hv neither born nor die. It’s the destination where even a step of movement is not required but many walk throughout their life or lives but not reached. 



22 December 2022

जीव और शिव।

 जीव और शिव। 

जीव भूमिका पर यह जीवन तन मन का जोड़ है। मन रथी बना है और तन उसका रथ। दशरथ के पाँच ज्ञानेन्द्रियाँ और पाँच कर्मेन्द्रियाँ रूपी घोड़े है। इच्छा रूपी हवा से खींचता हुआ यह रथ अपने मनोराज की भूमि पर दौड़ता रहता है। रथ है इसलिए नया होगा तब खूब दौड़ेगा लेकिन जैसे उसका जोश उतरेगा वह कमजोर पड़ेगा और धीरे-धीरे मौत की छाया मे अदृश्य होगा। अगर शरीर रथ की अवस्था के साथ उसके मन ने समतुला नहीं बनाई तब तो शरीर को अधिक कष्ट होगा। मन की गति से वह भाग नहीं पायेगा और जल्दी ध्वस्त होगा। इसलिए हमारे यहाँ आयु को आश्रम में बाँटा गया है। शरीर की आयु के साथ मन को भी पुख़्तता विकसित करनी है। २५ साल तक पढ़ाई लिखाई तालीम लेगा। २५-५० अर्थ काम धर्म में रत रहेगा। ५०-७५ निवृत्त होकर शरीर प्रवृत्ति कम कर मार्गदर्शक की भूमिका निभायेगा और ७५-१०० शांत संतुष्ट होकर विश्रांति में जीवन पूर्ण करेगा। इस प्रकार शरीर के साथ मन को भी आयु पकड़नी है अन्यथा पूरानी गाड़ी को ड्राइवर ज़ोर लगाकर एक्सलेरेटर मारा करेगा तो गाड़ी को जल्दी ही रूक जाना है। 

शिव चैतन्य भूमिका में न तो मैं शरीर हूँ न ही मन। शरीर रूपी रथ को मन रूपी लगाम से विवेक दृष्टि से चलाते चलाते अपने आप में ही स्थित रह कर अपने शांत, निश्चल, चैतन्य, शाश्वत, नित्योदित, स्वयंप्रकाश, निराकार, निरंजन, कूटस्थ, सर्वात्मक स्वरूप को पहचान कर उसी में स्थित रहना है। उसके बाद न कोई त्याग है न कोई ग्रहण। न कोई बंधन है न कोई मुक्ति। न कोई सुख है न दुःख। न कोई जन्म है न मृत्यु। न कोई कर्म है न कोई कर्म फल।साक्षी चैतन्य होकर तन और मन के खेल को बस देखते रहना है। नाटक का प्रेक्षक रंगमंच पर खेल रहे पात्रों को देखता रहेगा। वही तो है उस खेल के हर रूप में। आत्म देव ही तो बना है सब रूप। मैं, परिवार, मित्र, शत्रु, जगत, वस्तु, पदार्थ, इत्यादि, सब मेरे ही रूप, फिर किसका राग होगा और किसका द्वेष ? किस पर आसक्त रहूँ और किस पर अनासक्त? हो रहा सब संस्मरण या संसरण से अधिक कुछ नहीं। एक बार सब रूप में अरूप को पहचान लिया, सब आकारों का निराकार पहचाना गया, फिर खेल का विरोध या फ़रियाद चली जाएगी। पहचान लेगा कि जो जीता वह भी मैं और जो हारा वह भी मैं। जो सफल हुआ वह भी मैं और जो विफल गया वह भी मैं।अपने आप में स्थित होकर शांत होगा। जब जगत जागता (इच्छाओं के पीछे भागता होगा) तब वह सो जायेगा (शून्य चित्त), वस्तुओं के पीछे नहीं भागेगा। और जब जगत सोयेगा (अज्ञान की नींद) तब वह जागेगा (स्वात्मा स्वस्थ)। वह ब्रह्म में चरनेवाला ब्रह्मचारी होगा। उसी एक अटल में ही तो समस्त विश्व मंडल, सृष्टि उत्पन्न, स्थित और विसर्जित हो रहे है। 

मन दौड़ेगा बाहर या अंदर पर कितनी देर? आख़िर थकेगा, देखेगा न बाहर दौड़के कुछ मिल रहा है न अंदर झांककर। छोड़ देगा सब और दिगंबर हो जाएगा। तब जाकर उसका विसर्जन होगा उस समष्टि चैतन्य में। वहाँ से फिर उस मन (इच्छा) को न कोई जन्म लेना हे न मृत्यु का अनुभव। बिंदु विसर्जित होते ही सिंधुत्व पा लिया। जीवत्व गया और शिवत्व जो था वही प्रकट हो गया। 

अद्वैत अमरत्व-शिवत्व सबको प्राप्त ही है। बस पता नहीं। 

शरीर की आयु लंबी करनी है तो मन को उसकी गति स्थिति के साथ समतुल्य करो और अमृत को पाना है पहचानो निज स्वरूप को। मूर्छित अवस्था से जागना है। बस नींद को हटाना है। इतना सा बस। 


२३ दिसंबर २०२२

Saturday, December 17, 2022


अष्ट मातृका। 

(Eight Mother Goddesses) 

नवरात्र शक्ति पर्व है। शक्ति आराधना और विद्या का पर्व है। यह सृष्टि का सृजन बीग-बेंग से हुआ ऐसा वैज्ञानिक कहते हैं और हम उसे अनाहत ध्वनि ओम की कृति मानते है। दोनों ही स्थिति में ध्वनि शब्द प्रमुख हुआ। जैसे बिजली बड़े वोल्टेज से घटती हुई कम वोल्टेज से डिजीटल दुनिया चलाती हैं वैसे बीग बेंग की  ध्वनि सूक्ष्म होते होते वर्ण शब्द पद की हमारी दुनिया को सुशोभित कर रही है। शक्ति का ही सारा खेल है। 

यह सृष्टि का रचयिता है जो शक्ति रूप से प्रकट विश्व रूप लिए खड़ा है। कईं नाम होंगे, पर इस देश में रचयिता को शिव और शक्ति को पराशक्ति के नाम से जाना जाता है। पराशक्ति दादीमाँ है। वह वामेश्वरी रूप से अष्ट मातृका के रूप में प्रकट हैः ब्राह्मी, माहेश्वरी, कौमारी, वैष्णवी, वाराही, इन्द्राणी, चामुण्डा, महालक्ष्मी। अष्ट नवरात्र (eight divine forms, master faculties of the manifested universe) यही शक्ति की आराधना है। 

अष्ट मातृका पुनः आठ आठ वर्गों में ६४ योगिनी का रूप ले लेती है। जो कि तंत्र साधना का स्रोत है। ८*८=६४ प्रभावी नंबर बन जाता है। इसलिए अष्टकोण का हिन्दू, बौद्ध और जैन तंत्रों में बड़ा महत्व है। ज्योतिर्लिंग मंदिरों के गर्भगृह अष्टकोण से अंकित है। यज्ञ कुंड अष्टकोणीय होते है। शिवाजी की मोहर (seal) अष्टकोणीय (octagonal) थी। भारतीय नौसेना का नया निशान अष्टकोणीय है। लिथुआनिया से भारत तक इसका प्रभाव था। रशियन मात्रयोक्सा भी अष्ट गुड़िया के रूप आज भी प्रस्तुत है। एक माता और बाक़ी उसके बच्चे। जन्म नंबर ८ भी विशिष्ट है। 

अनाहत नाद की यही ध्वनि वर्णमाला का रूप लिए है जो अष्ट मातृका के रूप में वर्णमाला में प्रकट है। वर्णमाला में स्वर और व्यंजन होते है। स्वर ह्रस्व (अ, इ, उ, ऋ), दीर्घ (आ, ई, ऊ, ए, ऐ, ओ, औ) और संयुक्त (ए, ऐ, ओ, औ, ऋ) है और व्यंजन क-च-ट-त-प और अवर्गीय समूह में विभाजित है। 

ध्वनि मुख के जिस भाग से निकलती है उसी के आधार पर व्यंजनों को अनुक्रम से कंठिय (क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ड़), तालव्य (च छ ज झ ञ), मूर्द्धन्य (ट ठ ड ढ ण), दंतव्य (त थ द ध न), ओष्ठ्य (प फ ब भ म), मिश्र वर्गीय (य र ल व, श ष स ह), 3 संयुक्त व्यंजन – क्ष त्र ज्ञ. 3 अतिरिक्त व्यंजन – श्र ड़ ढ़ बनते है। 

३९ व्यंजन और १२ स्वर (अ,आ,इ,ई,उ,ऊ,ऋ,ए,ऐ,ओ,औ, अः) मिलकर ५१ का यह शक्ति मातृका समूह हिन्दुस्तान के मनुष्यों की बौद्धिक क्षमता और शक्ति की नींव है। 

शक्ति के तीन चरण है। पर (non dual) परापर (non dual cum dual) अपर (dual)। पराशक्ति वामेश्वरी रूप से खेचरी, गोचरी, दिग्चरी और भूचरी रूप से यह पर, परापर, अपर सृष्टि में प्रवृत्त है। चतुर्शक्ति (खेचरी, गोचरी, दिग्चरी और भूचरी) के दो प्रारूप है जो हमारी कामना और बुद्धि के प्रोग्रामिंग के आधार पर चलती है। 

मंत्र विज्ञान यही ध्वनिओं को एकत्रित कर चार्ज की हुई शक्ति है जिसके प्रभाव से मनुष्य अपर (dual) से पर (non dual) की और घोर (darkness) से अघोर (light of consciousness) की यात्रा कर सकता है। बंधन से मुक्ति की यात्रा। चयन अपना है। उत्थान या पतन? पशु बने रहना या पशुपति बनना? 

भाषा और शब्द की पसंद और अपनी मनः स्थिति का संयोजन हमारा भविष्य तय करती है। इसलिए हमारी भाषा को संस्कृत नाम दिया जो पशु मानव को संस्कृत कर पशुपति बनाने का सामर्थ्य रखती है। शब्द से शुरू करें और शब्दातीत पर ठहरें। 

पसंद अपनी अपनी। 


३० सितंबर २०२२

God Consciousness

 God consciousness 

The first priority of any individual is to hv better quality of life without discrimination on the bases of caste or creed. Liberty, equality and justice are more important than the unknown unseen Brahma or Void. 

Even Osho hasn’t discarded the theory of God but suggested to become religious so that one can find him out from within. 

ATMA-Soul-Jeeva-God etc are different interpretations of the existence. Man is surprised with the surroundings and the unique life system on earth and therefore in the journey of uncoding the mystery, discovered something which has been penned down as scriptures. However the reality can’t be written but to experience only. Physics has gone upto 200 particles within the nucleus of the atom but overlooked the observer who is penetrating in the nucleus. 

Spirituality is not an exercise to find out some big master sitting at somewhere up in the sky but to realise the true form of one’s own nature, the existence. One may name him anything after realisation. It is more of an individual experience. How the consciousness blocked within the body mass expands to infinite (reality) is the experience of the Chaitanya. And interestingly, it is only ONE for all, whether you call him Universe/s or God, the Shakti (manifestation) or Shiva (the light).


2nd October 2022

Happy Dussehra

 Happy Dussehra 

यह एक विज्ञान सम्मत सत्य है कि सृष्टि की सारी रचनायें, सूक्ष्मतम परमाणु से लेकर विशालकाय आकाशीय पिंड तक का सृजन, ऊर्जा और उसके स्पंदन के विलास से ही हुआ  है। ऊर्जा ही सृजन की मूल है इसलिए तर्कतः उसकी अधिष्ठात्री देवी ने ही सम्पूर्ण ब्रह्मांड को सृजित  किया  है ऐसा माना गया है। ऊर्जा  स्वयं में निर्जीव है इसलिए उसकी अधिष्ठात्री देवी माँ जगदम्बा उसे स्पंदित, संचालित और नियंत्रित करती हैं। ऊर्जा और उसके स्पंदन के संबंध में भौतिक विज्ञान में जो भी सिद्धांत और नियम हैं, वे सब शून्य से अचानक  प्रकट नहीं हो गये, उनका निरूपण भी ऊर्जा की अधिष्ठात्री चेतना के द्वारा ही किया गया है। 

परमाणुओं से लेकर पिंडों तक में "बुद्धि रूपेण संस्थिता" होकर वे ही उन्हें निरूपित नियमों की मर्यादा के अनुसार व्यवहार करने का अनुशासन देती हैं। 

दशहरा पर्व में हम इसी देवी की पूजा महिषासुरमर्दिनी माँ दुर्गा के रूप में करते हैं। ऊर्जा / शक्ति की अधिष्ठात्री देवी माँ महिषासुरमर्दिनी हमारे अन्तः की पाशविक (महिष) और आसुरी (+ असुर) प्रवृतियों के मर्दन  के लिए हमें शक्ति दें, यही कामना है । 

दशहरा की सबको शुभकामनायें  । 🙏


5 October 2022

तेरे अंजाम पे रोना आया।

 तेरे अंजाम पे रोना आया। 

अजीब है यह दुनिया, संसारी की मौत पर रोती है और संत के मृत्यु पर शांत रहती है या उत्सव मनाती है। 

दो अर्थ कर सकते है। 

एक तो जो सर्व सामान्य व्यवहार है। अपने  रिश्तेदार के चले जाने का दुःख आँसू बन कर बहता है। संत तों विरागी है और पूरी ज़िंदगी समता का बोध दिया है इसलिए उनके जाने का ग़म कैसा? 

संसारी का स्थूल शरीर मरता है। सूक्ष्म शरीर दूसरा स्थूल लेकर प्रकट हो जाता है। इसलिए वास्तव में वह मरा ही नहीं। संत के स्थूल सूक्ष्म और कारण तीनों शरीर नष्ट हो जाते हैं और वह सुप्रीम चिति में विसर्जित हो जाते है।इसलिए उसकी वापसी की कोई संभावना ही नहीं। 

अब किसके लिए रोना चाहिए? 

जो आधा अधूरा मरा उसके लिए या जो पूर्ण रूप से मरा (मुक्त हुआ) उसके लिए? 

इसके भी दो अर्थ कर सकते है। 

जो मरा ही नहीं उस संसारी के लिए क्या रोना? वह तो वापस एक नया रूप लेकर प्रकट हो जायेगा। पर जो पूर्ण मरा, सब शरीरों से मुक्त हुआ, जिसकी बत्ती से और कईं मुक्त हुए और हो सकते थे उसके जाने का घाटा हुआ इसलिए उसके जाने का दुःख होना और रोना आना चाहिए। 

दूसरा अर्थ यह भी ले सकते हैं कि जिस संसारी को जीवनभर मौक़ा मिला अपनी मुक्ति की राह पर चलने का लेकिन उसने वह मौक़ा गँवा दिया, बंधा ही रहा पाश में, पशु ही रहा। उसके व्यर्थ गँवाये जीवन पर रोना ही चाहिए। लेकिन जो विदेह मुक्त हुआ, जिसने अपने मनुष्य होने का जीवन सार्थक कर सुप्रीम चेतना में विलय पाया, उसने अपने आपको धन्य कर दिया, उसकी उस लक्ष्य सिद्धि का उत्सव मनाना चाहिए। 

क्या करेंगे?

दूसरों की मौत पर रोयेंगे?

या खुद ऐसे चले की अपने जाने के बाद हमें खो देने के लिए लोग ग़म भी करें और हमारी लक्ष्य प्राप्ति का उत्सव भी मनाये। 

पसंद अपनी अपनी। 😊🙏🌷


११ अक्टूबर २०२२

Svetaketu and Tstvamasi

 Svetaketu and Tatvamasi

There is a story of Svetaketu in Chandogya Upanishad. He was a son of Sage Uddalaka (Aruni). He returned home after studying Vedas and scriptures and was a meritorious scholar. He had a great pride of his knowledge. His father saw the son in that state and asked him a simple question. Dear Son, you have come full of knowledge and information but do you know the knower of the knowledge? Your consciousness is full of knowledge and information of the scriptures what is that consciousness? Do you know, who you are? 

Svetaketu was stunned with the question and explained that it was not there in his study. 

Uddalak thereafter explained the concept of Brahman as तत् त्वं असि (तत्वमसि: thou art that). 

He gave three examples: earth, seed of banian tree and salted water. The way one knows all the earthen vessels by knowing the earth, one may know the base element (चैतन्य) of all creations. The way a baniyan tree comes out of the seed the universe came out of the pure consciousness. The way salt is experience in each drop of salted water similarly the consciousness is present in everything. The father explained the knowledge to his son nine times till it was righty absorbed (ह्रदयंगम). 

It’s a journey from ignorance to knowledge, knowledge of the self, the truth. 

One may read, understand, experience but shall not leave the focus from the knower, the experiencer. One day the  limited self, the experiencer will rest into the infinite ‘pure consciousness’. 

We are that pure consciousness, all time, always, whether we know it or not. 


13 October 2022

Revadi of Musabhai

 Revadi of Musabhai 

Elections in this year has coined a new term of Indian politics, ‘Revadi’. It was a Sindhi sweet made of sugar and sesame seeds and was made very popular in Ahmedabad by the refugees post independence. We as children used to get a pai to buy Revadi as mid day meal. Elderly persons who couldn’t afford to distribute almond and cashew but wished to gain popularity and public acceptance used to distribute Revadi. Later Revadi became popular buy to distribute amongst the children and as prasad in temples too. There is a Ravadi Bazaar near the Railway Station in Ahmedabad. 

There is another proverb in Gujarati, મુસાભાઈ ને વા ને પાણી (water and air from Musabhai). 

The political parties hv come out with great ideas of free bees and are manifesting as if they are going to give them from private funding. They do build party fund through power support and use it for winning elections but smartly present themselves as the servants of the society, dedicated their life in the love of the nation. The public treasury which they use is made of public money of which they are the trustees. Late HM Joshi (IAS Retd.) quoted from some text that money in the hands of a public servant is like a hive full of honey put in the mouth of a bear. 

As per Gandhian principle of trusteeship, an individual will not be free to hold or use his wealth for selfish satisfaction in disregard to the interests of society. But this is public wealth, where the responsibility is more, still we may find Musabhai in public administration. 

To understand this term ‘Musabhai’, please read the story below which I had posted in February 2018👇

મુસાભાઈ ના વા ને પાણી

(Water and air from Musabhai)

It is a very famous proverb in Gujarati. When I was Deputy Secretary in Revenue Department in 1990s, the FA of the department was Musabhai Patel. We used to interact with him very often. I didn’t hv clear idea of the proverb but when my inner voice pushed me forward forcefully, I asked the meaning of it from Musabhai himself. He laughed but explained. 

There was poor man named Musabhai, living in a village. He used to attend all the invitations of community meal organised by different individuals of his community. One day, some persons insisted on Musabhai to invite the community for meal at his place. He was poor and was not in a position to afford the expenditure of the community meal but couldn’t resist the pressure, therefore, said yes, and invited the community for meal at his residence. 

He started collecting utensils from the community itself for cooking and serving the food. He collected doubled the utensils of his requirement, sold off the half the utensils collected in the market and purchased the ration etc, from the market using that money. 

As per the custom, the host has to say few words before the meal. Musabhai stood up and politely said, “નાત નાતનું જમે, મુસાભાઈ ના વા ને પાણી” (the community eats it’s own meal, Musabhai has served only water and air which was free of cost.

Have you seen Musabhai/s in Public Administration? Lol😂 


24 February 2018

Self realisation

 Self realisation (know thyself)

Self consciousness is generally understood as an awareness of oneself. and expressed in English by the words “I”, “me”, and “my”, terms that each of us uses to refer to ourselves as such. We call it “मैं” ‘मेरा’ in Hindi and अहं, मम् Sanskrit, The word अहं derived from the first and the last alphabets अ and ह with the unionised म् (सामरस्य). 

Human body is a bundle of five bodies (अन्नमय, प्राणमय, मनोमय, विज्ञानमय, आनंदमय कोष). It is made of the material of the universe with the hardware of five basic elements (आकाश, वायु, तेज, जल, पृथ्वी) and its quality (तन्मात्रा) (शब्द, स्पर्श, रूप, रस, गंध) with the organs of enjoyment or suffering, popularly known as five sensory organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin) and five exit (action) senses (mouth/speaking, hands/grasping, feet/walking, genitals/procreating, and rectum/excreting). 

The software to experience pleasure or pain is also inbuilt in the system with mind, intellect and ego (मन, बुद्धि, अहंकार). And the power comes from the universal infinite consciousness (चिति-शिव) which has been solidified as limited individual consciousness (चित-जीव) (as per required voltage) and playing as different creatures and forms on the platform of different Bhuvanas including our earth.

In normal human life we focus more of the hardware, the sensory organs and feel pleasure or pain from the experiences of the outer world. But in the process of self realisation, we focus on the software part of mind, intellect and ego and evaluate who is feeling pleasure or pain and why, and accordingly try to upgrade or neutralise the intellect understanding from the past sanskaras so that the pain or suffering reduces. The intellect takes on the form of that which is thought. 

But as we progress upward, we come into the area of I, I am, I exist, the individual sense of existence, the ego, the limited or caged consciousness. As we move up, we realise the wave effect of the ocean but still in the state of wave (ray of light-चित). Further up is the state of Ocean state (चिति) and thereafter the state of Chaitanyata (Shiva-परम). 

A descending journey of चिति to चित, or call it परमात्मा to आत्मा, turns into ascending journey of a Atma to Parmatma. 

Our intellect guided by relevant scriptures and or Guru (outer or inner) is our paddle to cross the river. But once we reach to the destination, the bank of the river, we shall leave the paddle.  It is otherwise left because everything dissolve in that final state of self realisation, अनस्मित (never sets), नित्योदित (always rising), अनुत्तर (can’t be described, only realised- the highest state). 

Thereafter, we see ourselves as everybody, everywhere in all forms and formats, accepting them all as part of our own being, जीवन्मुक्त. 

Know Thyself.


19 October 2022

Search of the bliss

 आनंद की खोज। 

तीन दिन पहले एक अनूठी शादी के सत्कार समारोह में जाना हुआ। शाम ढल चुकी थी, मौसम ख़ुशनुमा था और पेट में चुहे दौड़ रहे थे। शादी अनूठी इसलिए थी क्योंकि दुल्हा ६५ साल का विधुर था और दुल्हन ५४ साल की एक प्राध्यापिका। दुल्हा बिल्डर होने से अमीर था और दुल्हन डाक्टरेट की हुई सरस्वती उपासक। लक्ष्मी और सरस्वती का मेल हुआ था। हमने युगल को अभिनंदन दिया और युगल के साथ एक फ़ोटो भी खींचवाई। परंतु अंतःनजर तो खाने की ओर जा रही थी। दुल्हन ने शिष्टाचार भी किया की डिनर लेकर जाइए। मिष्टान्ने इतेरे जनाः। 

हम पहुँच गये सीधे सूप काउन्टर पर। गरमा गरम सूप की चुस्की लेते आनंद आ रहा था। स्टार्टर तो जैसे रखे जाते, वेटर उठा लेते थे। इसलिए जैसे क्रिकेट का कैच लपक लेने फ़ील्डर चौकन्ना हो ऐसे लोग रखते ही झपट लेते थे। आख़िर हमारा नंबर भी लग गया और हमने पनीर और ब्रेड का सूप के साथ आस्वादन लिया। 

अहमदाबाद के मेनू में आजकल मोमो ने जगह बना ली है। तीन प्रकार के टोपींग के साथ गरमा गरम मोमो ने मुँह को रसों से और मन को आनंद से भर दिया।उतने में नज़र पड़ी चाट पर। सेव, पकोड़ी पर खट्टी इमली की मीठी चटनी के साथ दहीं मिलाकर किया छिड़काव डीस और मन दोनों को चटपटा कर रहा था। एक डीस चाट की भी झपट ली। लेकिन अब भूख समाप्त हो रही थी। पेट के थैले की जगह भर चुकी थी। कुछ डेज़र्ट के लिए जगह बनानी थी। फिर भी सोचा एक नज़र मेन कोर्स पर कर ली जाए। तीन प्रकार की मिठाई (हल्वा, कोकोनट रबड़ी और मिट्ठी रोटी), दो सब्ज़ियाँ, दाल चावल, रोटी तंदूरी कुल्चा, पापड़, सलाड, इत्यादि व्यंजनों से काउन्टर लगे हुए थे। लेकिन आइटम देखने और गिनने मात्र से आँख और पैर थकने लगे। मन ही मन सोच रहा था कि कुछ मिनिट पहले जो भोजन अति आनंदप्रद लग रहा था अब आनंद जैसे बुझ ही गया है। अगर पुरानी रस्म होती और कोई रिश्तेदार या नाती आकर बल से मुँह में ठूँस देता तो बजाय हंसी गाली निकल पड़ती। आईसक्रीम पर तो नज़र भी नहीं डाली। सिर्फ़ एक चूरन की जगह थी जो थोड़ा मुखवास डालकर डीनर ख़त्म किया और लौट आए। 

हमारा जीवन भी कुछ यूँ ही इस डीनर जैसा है। जब तक नहीं मिला प्यास बनी रहती है। और जब मिल गया, थोड़ा कुछ भोग लिया फिर व्यक्ति, पदार्थों से मन ऊब जाता है।

सबको एक ही खोज है, आनंद की। लेकिन बाहर जिसमें आनंद देखा वह आख़िर दुःख में परिवर्तित हो जाता है। आनंद भीतर है और खोज बाहर। कैसे मिलेगा?  इसलिए भीतर यात्रा ज़रूरी है। भीतर आनंद का दरिया भरा पड़ा है। अमृत का सरोवर है। एक बार चख लिया, आनंद चिरंजीव हो जाएगा। फिर भीतर बाहर सब एक हो जाएगा। आनंद अंदर भी होगा और बाहर भी। अतः स्थिति बाह्य व्याप्ति। 

भीतर दाखिल हो। 


१९ अक्टूबर २०२२

India celebrates Astronomy

 India celebrates Astronomy 

It’s true that Vikram Samvat (57 BC) and Saka Samvat (78 AD) are named after King Vikramaditya and Saka King Shalivahan (Gautami Putra Shatkarni), the previous starts on Kartik Shukla 1 and the later on Chaitra Shukla 1. It is linked with their victory over some other powerful King of that time. 

However, we are in face celebrating geographical events in India whether it is Uttarayan, Lohri, Shivratri, Holi, Gudi Padavo, Vishu, Dakshinayan, Navaratri, Diwali, etc. 

The path of the earth around the Sun is ellipse and the earth orbits around the Sun at variable velocity therefore the orbital velocity varies each day. The speed of Earth’s orbit about the Sun not being constant and the speed of the Moon’s orbit about the Earth not being constant either.

Earth averages its orbital velocity at four points in a year; two of them are Solstice points (Uttarayana and Dakshinayans; (shortest and longest day respectively) and two are Equinox (Sun is exactly above the Equator and day and night are of equal length) (Gudi Padvo and Diwali-New Year). Kerala celebrates its New Year Vishu (equal) on 14th April, while commonly we celebrate 22nd March as Equinox day, the Saka New Year Day on Chaitra Shukla 1. 

Chaitra 1 and Kartik 1 are are equinox points. Chatra 1 is vernal equinox (start of spring) while Kartik 1 is autumnal equinox (start of autumn), the loops on the orbital path of the earth around the Sun. The upper loop is the Earths northern path and the lower loop is the Earths southern path. This is the point where we celebrate two different days to start the first day of the year. In either of the case we are celebrating ‘ EQUALITY’ (Equinox) 😁

In Christianity, they celebrate them as Easter and Christmas respectively. 

Being a luni-solar calendar, we follow something both the Moon and the Sun are doing, therefore, the autumn equinox falls on 22nd September but Diwali is celebrated after finishing harvesting, therefore on second new moon after the equinox, that comes in October or November every year. 

We have made all the events and celebrations interesting by connecting them with some mythological stories to involve all sections of the society in the celebration. However, ancient world was smarter, celebrating astronomy while we are celebrating divisions of humans based on religions. 

All days are not celebrations. The point at which Earth has its minimum velocity – that’s about February 20 – that’s the day of Siva (Shava) Rathri (dead night), the Earth is dead slow on this day, therefore, it’s a night of sacrifice and not celebration.

Enjoy the life on earth full of mysteries. 👏


27 October 2022



“तीन धर्म है पश्चिम के यहूदी, ईसाइयत, इसलाम, जिनका पूनर्जन्म के सिद्धांत पर नकारात्मक रूख रहा है। वे कहते है कि यह सच नहीं है। यह एक नकारात्मक विश्वास है। इन तीनों धर्मों के समानांतर—हिंदू, बौद्ध और जैन, तीन धर्म है जिनका सकारात्मक दृष्टिकोण है। वे कहते है, पुनर्जन्म एक वास्तविकता है। किंतु वह भी एक विश्वास है; एक सकारात्मक विश्वास। उसमें भी बौद्ध धर्म स्पष्ट रूप से आत्मा, परमात्मा, पुनर्जन्म की बात नहीं करता। 

पुनर्जन्म की जब भी बात आती है, ऐसा लगता है। सब पतली गली पकड़ किनारे हो जाते है। या तो तर्क से समझाने की कोशिश करेंगे या तो शास्त्र को दिखाकर। परंतु यकीनन जैसे अपना अपरोक्ष अनुभव है वह पुनर्जन्म की धारा को पकड़ नहीं पाता है। 

पुनर्जन्म नहीं होता, यह मानना तो एकदम सरल है, परंतु वह भी रूह को ज़िन्दा रखते है अपने कर्मो का हिसाब देने। स्वर्ग या नर्क मिलने के बाद रूह का क्या हुआ कोई नहीं बताता। 

हिन्दुओं ने एक बीच का रास्ता रखा है, बिना न्याय के इंतज़ार में बैठे रहने की बजाय कर्मो के फल स्वरूप चक्कर काटते रहने का, जब तक स्वर्ग नर्क या मुक्ति न मिले। स्वर्ग नर्क भी सीमित होता है, फिर चक्कर। जब तक मुक्ति नहीं मिलती तब तक रूह घूमती रहती है। 

ऊर्जा का स्वरूप रूपांतरण होना है। पंच तत्व तो मिल जायेंगे अपने अपने स्रोत में पर जो ज्ञान सत्ता या भान सत्ता हम आपमें बनी रही है क्या वह जैसे दीया बुझा, बुझ जाती है? या फिर अपनी एक अलग पहचान लिए क़यामत तक सो जाती है या दूसरे जन्म लेकर भटकती रहती है, यह प्रश्न का समाधान नहीं हुआ। जिसने भी दिया या तो सबूत नहीं दिया या तो वहाँ जाकर चुप हो गया अथवा डायवर्ट कर गया। 

अगर फिर पैदा होना ही नहीं फिर प्रधानमंत्री बने या चपरासी, अमीर पैदा हुए चाहे गरीब क्या फ़र्क़ पड़ता है। बस वक्त ही तो गुज़ारना है। चाहे सोने के बर्तन में खाये या चाहे अल्युमीनियम। 

कर्म का सिद्धांत कुछ को depressed करता है लेकिन बहुमत को जीवन के प्रति सक्रिय रखता है। जहां पुनर्जन्म नहीं है वहाँ भी स्वर्ग और नर्क की व्यवस्था दिखाकर बात खड़ी ही रखी है। 

मनुष्य का मन ही है जो उसे बांधे रखा है। चाहे इस तरफ़ या उस तरफ़। एक वर्ग ज़रूर बन रहा है जो वर्तमान गुणवत्ता युक्त जीवन के प्रति कर्तव्यनिष्ठ है।

जब सब शिव हो गया फिर कौनसा भेद और कौनसा चक्कर। भेद में रहे तो गये चक्कर में और अभेद हुए तो सिर्फ़ एक। उस एक पर ही ठहरना है। यहाँ कोई दूजा नहीं। 


२८ अक्टूबर २०२२

Chhath Pooja

 Happy Chhath Puja

Bihari are no more living in abodes (vihara) but are movers all over the country and abroad. They had spread Buddhism in India and in Asian continent and are performing Chhath Puja of Sun worshipping for centuries. Wherever they live, they create Bihar. 

Sharada, the season of diseases ended and Hemant (Pre-winter) begins. Those crossed the Sharad have survived from diseases are happier and therefore it’s a thanks giving worshipping to the Sun God and Goddess षष्ठी (छठ) for securing safety of children and adults. The goddess is also worshipped to get a boon to have male child. 

Hindus all over the world understand षष्ठी, the sixth day of the new born. The Vidhata (goddess destiny) writes the fate of the child that day. When infant mortality rate was very high in India, many children probably were not seeing the seventh day of their life, and therefore, the practice of worshipping super natural power came in practice. The षष्ठी पूजा on the sixth night of the new born is therefore performed for the saved children and they are given name after this ritual. Probably to avoid the hardships of life, the same ritual has been extended to be performed uniformly for the well being of the children and family members on the 6th day of Kartik Shukla month of Hindu calendar every year. 

All worship the rising Sun but Biharis worship rising as well as the setting Sun. We call river as mother and Sun as father, therefore, giving अर्घ्य of water (mother) to Sun (father) on this day is a symbolic worshipping of life giving force, the Sun light and water. 

If we understand the logic behind the Indian festivals, we all can participate and enjoy the festivity. There is some meaning attached to each event either linked with our life or the life line. 

Happy Chhath Puja to all. May Goddess षष्ठी showers her blessings over all. 


30 October 2022

6, Kartik Shukla, 2079



When we became independent (dominion) in 1947 and republic in 1950, the estimated the average annual income of an Indian to be Rs. 260 (or $55), with many earning well below that amount. The government faced low levels of literacy among its population, soon to be estimated at 18.33% with 23.54% for men and 7.62% for women in the 1951 Census of India. 

Today, our per capita income is ₹1.5 lakh, zoomed 576 times in rupee value but zoomed 34 times from $55 to $1850 in USD value. 

The literacy rate now is 77% with 84.4% male literacy and 71.5% female literacy. 

Considering the number of 66 million literate in 1951, today we are a country of 1 billion literate. Our schools have educated more than 2 billion individuals in these 75 years. 

Isn’t it interesting? 

Stay with India 🇮🇳🌷


1 November 2022

Tractors in India

 Tractors in India

India is world’s largest manufacturer of tractors with 50% of word output. It’s world’s largest tractor market.

The entry of tractor in India is linked with the partition of India. Who were farming the lands of Punjab? The Muslim landless workers were the major force. Some families with small holding used to do farm activities themselves but farmers with big holdings were supported by Muslim workers. When people came to know that India was going to be divided and a new country for Muslims was coming up as Pakistan and the push factor started from west Punjab, the Muslims from east Punjab also started leaving. There was a push from east Punjab too. Atrocities and killings of innocents were there from both the sides of Punjab. 

Once the major workforce had gone, how did the farmers managed agriculture? They started for the search of some mechanical support. Somebody initiated import of tractor as world war surplus tractors and bulldozers were available. Tractors used to came in parts and assembled at home. The socialist oriented five-year plans of the 1950s and 1960s aggressively promoted rural mechanisation via joint ventures and tie-ups between local industrialists and international tractor manufacturers. On 24 April 1959 Eicher came out with the first locally assembled tractor from its Faridabad factory and in a period from 1965 to 1974 became the first fully manufactured (100% indigenisation) tractor in India. HMT started tractor production in 1972. Local tractor production in India initialised by five manufacturers – Eicher, Mahindra and Mahindra, Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited (TAFE), Gujarat Tractors, and Escorts. Today, Mahindra & Mahindra in No.1 company selling highest tractors in the world. Mahindra, Swaraj, Sonalika, Massey Power Trac, John Dere, Eicher Indo Farm, Escorts, Preet, Sonslika, Kuboto, Force etc, more than 27 brands are popular in India. Mahindra, Massey Ferguson and Sonalika contribut 70% of the market share. 

The Tractor Market is Segmented by Engine Power (Less than 30 HP, 31-50 HP, 51-80 HP, and Above 80 HP), Drive Type (Two-wheel Drive and Four-wheel Drive), and Application (Row Crop Tractors, Orchard Tractors, and Other Applications). One has a choice. 

India is a country of 90 million farmers. Tractor density in India is approximately 16 tractors for 1000 hectares of land. The India tractor market size is expected to reach 910.8 thousand units by 2028 from 614.5 thousand units in 2021.

Mechanisation of agriculture has ease the farmers but has reduced the oxen population in India. However, cattle population is increasing and milk production has gone up to 200 MMT, the largest producer (21%) in the world. UP produces the highest but Anand (AMUL) is the milk capital of India. India has simultaneously grown to become world largest beef exporter (20%) and one of the largest producer (5th). Per capita consumption of beef may be less but considering the size of population it consumes a lot about 50% of its production.

We do talk about white revolution but avoid discussions on pink due to religious sentiments. Entry of Tractors in India promoted green revolution and has changed the shape of rural economy. 


11 November 2022

Purity of Blood in Buddhist Era

 Purity of Blood in Buddhist Era 

It was making of India from Indo-Iranian tribes

The Vratya (Bihar) Saka and Persians tribes did not follow Vedic Brahminical order and Manu’s laws. They also opposed the marriages between Vratya and Brahminical Kshatriya tribes. 

There is a Buddhist story of humiliation of King Prasenjit and Viddhubha of Kosala (Videha) when they went to Vaishali to either marry Shakya Princess or to visit the King of Vaishali Mahanama. Prasenjit was rebuffed by the Shakya assembly but was offered a Shakya slave girl from their harem, fathered by Mahanama. She became queen of the Videha kingdom and bore Prasenjit a son named Viddhubha. 

Vidudabha with the complicity of ministers conspire to overthrow his father Prasenjit who went to seek help from King of Maghadha Ajatshatru his son-in-law and nephew at the same time but Prasenjit died on his way.

Mahanama, the king of Vaishali was a debauch and rumored to have also fathered Ambapali and made her courtesan. Viddhubha was sixteen years old when he became a king of Videha and decided to visit Sakyan Princes and Princesses along with his Grandfather King Mahanama of Vaishali. He was given hospitality deserving of a king by the Shakya clan of Vaishali. All Younger Sakyan Princes were sent away to other villages during his visit, so they don’t have to pay respect to Viddhubha born out of a slave girl or another repeated demand of marriage in the Shakaya family does not take place like it did in the life of his father. 

After a few days of hospitality, Viddhubha and his entourage left leaving a maid to help clean up. She overheard the insulting remark from the Vaishalian helper regarding Viddhubha’s mother (a slave girl). Viddhubha’s mother who was a Sakyan slave girl was kept secret from Viddhubha and the revelation caused great discomfort and humiliation. When Viddhubha grasped what had transpired and felt isolated, he attacked the Shakya clan of Vaisali on basis of this insult and defamation to the king and destroyed them while sparing only Mahanama his grandfather, and his mother for lying to his dead father. 

This highlights the rivalry and hostility between two Kshatriya clans and their emphasis on the need to keep “purity of blood”.

Casteism in India is an ancient disease. 


12 November 2022


 आत्मा अमर है अनात्मा मिथ्या। 

आत्मा, शुद्ध चैतन्य का न जन्म है न मृत्यु। न उसे देश, काल, वस्तु का बंधन है; न अपूर्णता। एक, शुद्ध, पूर्ण, अचल,  निराकार, कूटस्थ, चिद्रुप, नित्योदित, है। उसका होना ही होना है। 

बंधन, मुक्ति, मोक्ष, निर्वाण, आवागमन, अनात्मा की वार्ता है। उसे मन कहो, अंतःकरण कहो या शीशा। अपने संस्कारों की असर में वह रस्सी को साँप बना बैठा है। खुद ही जाल बुनता है, नई जालों की कल्पना करता रहता है, खुद ही जाल में फँसता है और फिर उस जाल से मुक्ति के लिए भटकता रहता है। उसे अपना रूप देखने शीशा दिया गया है लेकिन शीशे पर अशुद्धि जमी है, शीशा अस्थिर है और वह अपनी पहचान से वाक़िफ़ नहीं, इसलिए षडरीपु की चाल में चलता रहता है। अपनी मृगतृष्णा को तृप्त करने कपड़े की भाँति शरीर बदलता रहता है। 

प्रश्न है कि अमर की पहचान करनी है कि मिथ्या की जाल को और बुनना है? 

अगर अमर की पहचान कर लीं, तब तो अमरत्व, एकत्व, असंगत्व, पूर्णत्व प्राप्त ही है। फिर अनात्मा की कैसी परवा? 

यह विश्व है, क्योंकि चैतन्य है। रस्सी है इसलिए साँप की भ्रांति है। यह विश्व सतत बदलता हुआ नज़र आता है, परंतु जो गया वह चित्र, पल फिर नहीं लौटता। इसलिए यह सत्य दिखते हुए भी असत्य है और इसलिए मिथ्या। जो सत्य है वह तो हूँ मैं, अटल, निश्चल, शांत, शुद्ध। यह उठती और बैठती तरंगें, यह बनते और बिगड़ते बुदबुदे, मैं ही हूँ। मैं चाहे दरियाँ बनु या तरंग, मेरा मुझसे कैसा बंधन और कैसी मुक्ति? 

अमर हूँ। अमर हूँ। अमर। एकं नित्यं विमलं अचलं। 

क्या करेंगे? 

किसे पकड़ेंगे? 

अमर या अनात्मा? 

सत्य या मिथ्या? 

चुटकी बजाके। 😊


७ दिसंबर २०२२


 ध्यान साधना। 

साधना में अक्सर ध्यान पर ज़ोर दिया जाता है इसलिए किसी शांत जगह पर बैठ आँख बंद कर ध्यान करना सब से ज़्यादा प्रचलित है। ज़्यादातर ध्यानी साधक बंद आँख से नींद में चले जाते है, और फिर गहरी नींद की निर्विक्षिप्त स्थिति पर ही अटके रहते है। वैसा तो अनुभव गहरी निंद से उठकर हर सबेरे होता ही है। 

ध्यान का अर्थ है चित्त की एकाग्रता। किसी एक विचार पर मनन और निदिध्यासन कर अपनी सोच, जीवन चर्या, व्यवहार, दृष्टि बिंदु में परिवर्तन लाना। 

है तो बात बस एक पहचान की, ‘I’ की पहचान। लेकिन दो भूमिका पर हंमेशा उलझन बनी रहती है। दो ‘I’ को समझना ज़रूरी है। एक नीचे के स्तर की ‘I’ जो कि मन (mind) है और दूसरी उपर के स्तर की ‘I’ जो की आत्मा (pure consciousness) है। 

बंधन कहाँ है? जहां तनाव है। तनाव मन की भूमिका पर है जिसमें इच्छा, राग, द्वेष, लालच, विरोध, क्रोध, काम, इत्यादि मनोदशा झुलतीं रहती है। जो निचले स्तर पर है। जब कि मुक्ति है स्वरूप स्थापना की है। उपर के स्तर की ‘I’ में स्थित होने की। इसलिए पूर्ण वास्तविकता (आत्मा) और सापेक्ष वास्तविकता (मन) के बीच के संघर्ष को समझ लेना ज़रूरी है। जैसे जाग्रत के दुल्हे की स्वप्न की दुल्हन से शादी नहीं हो सकती वैसे दोनों का मेल नहीं होना है। दोनों को अलग करके समझना है। जब तक अपनी पहचान शरीर और अंतःकरण (मन इत्यादि) तक सीमित है तब तक बंधन है। सीमित पहचान की वजह से उसे जीव कहा गया है। परंतु जैसे ही पहचान आत्मा बन जाती है तब सब उलझन समाप्त हो जाती है। मोक्ष या मुक्ति पानी नहीं है, बंधनरूप अनात्मा के बहाव से बाहर हो जाना है। साक्षी हो जाना है। आत्म स्थिति में कोई बंधन नहीं। यदा चित्तम् तदा बंधन। यदा चित्तम् न, न बंधनम्। 

ध्यान आत्मा में स्थिति पाने के लिए है; जो कि उठते, बैठते, जागते, सोते हंमेश बना रहना चाहिए। मन के स्तर से उपर उठने के लिए कर्मयोग, फिर निष्काम कर्मयोग या कर्म समर्पित योग, गुण विकास की उपासना, फिर ज्ञान श्रवण, मनन और निदिध्यासन से उस बोध को बैठाना और बार बार उसे प्रयोग में लाते हुए अभ्यास से आगे बढ़ना ध्यान है। 

ऋषियों ने ध्यान के लिए दृष्टांत दिये है। जैसे आत्मा को आकाश की उपाधि देकर घटाकाश उससे भिन्न नहीं है यह समझाया है। आगे जाकर जब आकाशरूप में स्थित हुए तो सब घट उसी आकाश में बैठे नज़र आएँगे। आकाशवत् अनंतोहम्। फिर किसका त्याग और किसका स्वीकार? 

आत्मा को समुद्र की उपाधि देकर जीव-मन को तरंग या नाव की उपाधि दी गई है। तरंग उठते बैठते है, नावें चलती रहती है पर समुद्र निश्चल रहता है। जब समुद्ररूप स्थित हुए फिर कौनसी नाव और कौनसे तरंग की फ़िक्र करोगे।

अनंत, निरंजन, असक्त, अस्पृह, शांत, चिन्मात्र मुझ में क्या हेय (त्याग) और क्या उपादेय (प्राप्त)? सीप में रजत की भाँति शरीर और मन को जादुई भ्रम माना गया है। रजत नहीं, सीप यानि आत्मा का ध्यान होना है। 

किसी कोने में आँख बंद कर बैठ जाना या प्रतिकूल स्थिति से दूर भाग अनुकूलन में जीवन का वक्त गुज़ारना साधना नहीं है। परंतु हर दिन जीवन जैसा है उसी में रहकर जीना है, और हर घटना विचार पर मनन कर मन आत्मा का विवेक कर आत्म स्थिति प्राप्ति का अभ्यास बनाये रखना ही ध्यान साधना है। 

मन है तब तक बंधन है। अमना मुक्त है।

आकाश, समुद्र, सूर्य, सीप इत्यादि उदाहरण है समझ ने के लिए। उसमें और आत्मा में फर्क यह है कि आत्मा चैतन्य है। आगे जाकर सब एक, अद्वैत हो जाना है। परंतु मन के सीमित दायरे से उपर उठकर लघु “मैं” से निकलकर गुरू “मैं” की आत्मिक दृष्टि का विकास कर बंधन से मुक्त होना ही साधना ध्यान का परम हेतु है। 

शुभम् भवतु। 


१० दिसंबर २०२२

A Pen sharper than the Sword

 A Pen Sharper than the Sword

Muhammad Akbar (1657-1706) was the 4th son of Aurangzeb (Muhiuddin) and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum, a Persian lady and a daughter of Mirza Badi-uz-Zaman Safavi Mughal Governor of Gujarat. His mother died when he was only one month old. He was brought up by his eldest sister Zebun Nissa (not married) and was the best loved son of his father. Akbar was wedded in 1672 to a granddaughter of Dara Shikoh who was elder brother of Aurangzeb and had been killed at Aurangzeb’s behest. 

Maharaja Jashwant Singh was the ruler of Jodhpur State and a vassal of Mughal emperor who died in December 1678 when his two wives were pregnant. Aurangzeb annexed the State to secure the succession of any male infant born to the pregnant widows. Ajit Singh was born to one of the widows and the Rajput of Jodhpur aligned with Mewar started attacking the Mughal posts. Aurangzeb’s army under his three sons made all round attacks from all sides of Arvalli hills but two of them were defeated by Rajputs. Akbar tried to bribe Rajput Sardars but instead Rajputs reminded Akbar about the tolerant policies of his great grandfather Emperor Akbar and incited him to rebel against his father. Akbar wrote to his father regarding two calamities on Hindus, exaction of jizya in the towns and operation in the countryside and declared himself the Emperor of India on 1st January 1681. Aurangzeb was stationed at Aurangabad to control Marathas and South after the death of Shivaji in 1980 and Akbar his son was rebellion against him with the support of Rajputs. Shambhaji the son of Shivaji was to the side of Akbar as both were friends developed their friendship when Shambhaji was kept in captive of Mughal to maintain check over Shivaji. Akbar with Rathores of Marwar (Jodhpur) and Sisodia of Mewar became a threat to Aurangzeb. 

Aurangzeb became diplomat and wrote two letters. First letter was written to Tahawwur Khan, the Mughal Sardar with Akbar promising pardon and threatening to submit to save his family from dishonour. He came to his master but was killed at the entrance of the tent on Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb wrote another letter to his son Akbar in such a way that it could be interpreted by the Rajputs differently. He congratulated his son for bringing the Rajput guerillas out in the open where they could be crushed by father and son together. Rajputs suspected the letter false and therefore went to Akbar’s camp for clarification but when they saw that Tahawwur Khan had disappeared and therefore suspecting the worst they dispersed in the night. In the morning, Akbar was left with few of his confidants went to Rathore leader Durga Das who took him to Sambhaji for support to place Akbar to the throne of Delhi. Akbar stayed with Sambhaji but Sambhaji was engaged in war with the neighburs of his kingdom, therefore he sent Akbar to Persia in 1686. Aurangzeb put all his attention in removal of Sambhaji and his forces were succeeded in capturing Sambhaji from a temple premise in Sangameshwar in February 1689 and was insulted and executed brutally in March 1689. 

In Persia, Akbar was praying for the death of his father daily. When Aurangzeb heard about his prayer, he remarked, "Let us see who dies first. He or I!"

As it turned out, Akbar died at the twin of Mashhad in Persia on 31 March 1706, one year before his father's demise on 3rd March 1707.  His two children were brought up by Rajputs and were fluent in Rajasthani language. 

When sword fails, a letter of diplomacy can change the outcome. However, the weakened empire of Mughals couldn’t hold for long by the later Mughals as regional powers became stronger and finally was replaced by the British. 


11 December 2022


 सूक्ष्म प्रपंच। 

Remember in the process of Self Realisation, there is big shift of mind (thoughts, अंतःकरण) from the belief that the “world is permanent and I (individuality) am coming and going”; to a state of mind that “I (चैतन्य) am permanent and the world (दृश्यम् शरीरं, अवस्तु, नास्ति) is coming and going (उत्पत्ति, स्थिति, लय)”. 

It may be starting with the understanding that, one day the creation (world) started. But as the mind gets maturity of understanding the spiritual terms it moves on to the next level of understanding of creation as modification of प्रकृति in order of मह, अहंकार, मन (बुद्धि), पंचमहाभूत, etc. Further up, it understands that the creation is the modification of Brahman (ब्रह्म परिणाम). Thereafter, comes the state of Adwaita as creation is the manifestation of Brahman (विवर्त) without any modification. And lastly, there is no world, world is not created अजात. Snake in not born on the Rope. Rope is rope always. 

Dissolve snake into Rope. Dissolve all the pots into Clay. Dissolve all the ornaments into Gold. Dissolve all the waves into Water. Dissolve the cycle of creation into timeless Brahman. Dissolve ego into Brahman. 

Brahman alone is Truth.

आत्म सत्य अनुबोध। 


30 November 2022

The Brahman

 ब्रह्म कैसे ब्रह्मज्ञानी बनेगा? 

शिव कैसे शिवज्ञानी कैसे होगा? 

ज्ञान स्वरूप कैसे ज्ञानी हो सकता है? 

बंधन, मुक्ति, ज्ञानी, अज्ञानी, जीवन, मरण, जन्म पुनर्जन्म, इत्यादि सब अनात्म स्थिति का मंथन है। 

शुद्ध चैतन्य सद सर्वदा नित्योदित है जिस का न सर्जन और विसर्जन है। आप और हम वही तो है।🌷


१३ दिसंबर २०२२

From whom to get rid off?

 छूटकारा किससे चाहिए?

मन की स्वार्थ वृत्ति से? 

निष्काम कर्मयोग कीजिए। 

जगत और उसकी वस्तु मनुष्य के मोह से? 

भक्ति योग कीजिए। परमात्मा में मोह करिए। 

मन में उठ रहे विचार जंजालों से?

ध्यान का राजयोग कीजिए मन को स्थिर और शांत करने। 

पर शुद्ध चैतन्य में स्थित होने क्या करिएगा? 

बस स्वरूप की पहचान कर लें। 

प्रत्यभिज्ञा कर लें। 

चिदानंदरूपों शिवोहम् शिवोहम्। 

है उसे पाना नहीं है। पहचानना है।


१३ दिसंबर २०२२



What’s Sadhana and the experience? 

I was chatting with a friend on WhatsApp. He has forwarded me a message regarding ‘nothingness’ but is there as विश्वातीत and विश्वात्मक, निराकार and साकार respectively. And therefore, we worship साकार to reach to the निराकार। 

विश्वातीत शिवा and विश्वात्मक शक्ति (चिति); प्रकाश विमर्श is the central theme of Kashmir Shaiva Darshan (KSD). 

Solidified चित्त from the चिति is trying to return to the original form. Can it be reached? It is like merger of the wave (individuality) into the Ocean (example only for understanding). Otherwise for water, either wave or Ocean, the same.

He asked, then, whats the sadhana for that and to have that experience ( ? ).

The reply received from the heart was: 

“Once again it is a trap of the mind. Any desire in any form is the field of Prakriti. Why does one want to become special, separate from others? That is individuality. 

Each body is a display machine of the rays of the Almighty. It has been codified in different forms, therefore it acts as per the coding system. 

However the desire to know thyself, is also an outcome of that Prakriti or mind one can say, that is the starting point of dissolution of the individual self and to move out of the game of creation, sustenance and dissolution of that individualised self mind. 

Let it goes on till the grace of the Chiti/Almighty (Univeral Pure Consciousness) shower. 

When and where that will happen, that no body knows because it is देशातीत, कालातीत. 

Even the cycle of body continues, the Self is eternal whether he is in Jeeva form or Shiva form. Ocean is not absent in the wave and the wave is not out of the Ocean. 

Resting in self all the time, whether dealing with the संसार or within pure inner self may be the only awareness required to break the निग्रह. 

The जाग्रति of the जाग्रति on which the individualised self can work upon. Dream world is in the hand of mind. Therefore, if the mind of जाग्रत is customised, it will take care of the स्वप्न. And the deep sleep (सुषुप्ति) is nothing but the resting in the darkness where there is no body, no mind but the तुरीया is there. 

The thread of तुरीया is in all states (जाग्रत, स्वप्न, सुषुप्ति). It is the भींत्ति (screen) on which all the three states are felt displayed. 

तुरीयातीत is not a matter of our botheration because it’s a state of Shiva, will be His blessings (अनुग्रह) beyond इच्छा, ज्ञान, क्रिया। 

Neither Shiva (प्रकाश) is absent not Chiti (शक्ति/विमर्श) is absent at any moment nor their display. The recognition of the display in the individualised Self (mind/mirror) is the exercise of क्रिया (कर्मयोग), भक्ति (राजयोग) and ज्ञान (ज्ञानयोग) to clean up, stabilised and knowledge of display in that mirror. The rest, let leave for the Mother Goddess, आद्य शक्ति to take care. “



14 December 2022



Who is in ignorance?

The mind.

Who is in bondage?

The mind.

Who is feeling bondage and searching for liberation?

The mind. 

How to remove ignorance of mind?

By knowledge to know thyself. 

How to remove bondage? 

Bondage in the mind is removed by the knowledge in mind. 

How to get liberated? 

In reality we are free/liberated but the only barrier that we don’t know. By removal of the ignorance, removal of bondage in mind by knowledge of the Self (universal pure consciousness), we come to know that we are ever liberated. 

Observe, observe, observe…. One feels peaceful and not peaceful; one remembers spiritual, worldly or sensory pleasures and hv urge to repeat it; one feels disturbed and becomes normal; all these events and memories of life experiences are coming and going, some stay some vanish; where? Who is that identifying all these happenings, coming and going, staying, vanishing? 

We are that pure consciousness, the ‘ultimate reality’ which has been pointed out by the books and teachings of Vedanta. 

Recognise the Self. The mind is the problem and the Self (Universal Pure Consciousness/Awareness) is the solution. 

How could a liberated get liberated? 

We are liberated. We (mind) have to recognise that true reality by liberating the mind from ignorance and bondage. 

That is the only Sadhana. 

Do it or don’t. 


14 December 2022

Be awake

 जागते रहो। 

Religions and Philosophy 

Jews, Christianity and Islam believe in one life theory and placed the God as the Supreme judge who will pass the judgement for all on final judgment day, thereafter each one will go to heaven or hell depending upon their actions in that one life. From the death of the physical body to the placement in heaven and hell there is waiting time for each soul to stay in that body less condition. 

Hindu, Buddha, Jain, Sikh religions of India couldn’t find logic in such waiting period till the God awake for the final judgment day and therefore evolved a theory of birth rebirth cycle with a karma principle and heaven and hell through which an individual Jeeva travels till its liberation. 

Both the groups are following the theory of duality (द्वैत) in which there is Supreme Master and we are the players sent for passing the examination. (Buddha and Jains don’t accept theory of God). 

During my visit to Aurangabad few years ago, I met a religious Muslim old man near the Panchakki fountain (1695). He told me that as per the belief of Islam, the earth is an Examination Hall where we hv been sent to pass the exam of living a life of virtues. Those don’t, will be punished by the Almighty (अल्लाह) on the day of the final judgement (क़यामत). 

But Shaivism had explored the third option, further extension of Buddhas void and came out with a theory of Adwaita in which there is no duality but only one power present all the time. The existence itself is the Supreme master himself. The players look themselves separate and different to each other, but they are like the waves of an ocean where the water is the life either of the ocean or of the waves. 

KSD accepted both (द्वैताद्वैत) and kept a room for duality to begin with and ending in अद्वैत। After all, it’s a play, there is life line of the body and mind, therefore, one has to play one’s act fully putting 100%. The desire of liberation and search for the truth is also a part of the play script.😊

Our existence is eternal and whether बद्ध or मुक्तः we remain in the Ocean of Bliss. The बद्ध or मुक्त is the state of mind and a play on our चैतन्य screen. The screen of चैतन्य never vanishes. Therefore don’t worry much. It’s not a game to play by running away. We have to put our 100% in whatever role we are and enjoy the game with “full awareness of the pure consciousness”. 

जागते रहो। 


15 December 2022

Nityodita, swayam prakash, aparoksh

 नित्योदित स्वयंप्रकाश अपरोक्ष। 

How do we see the Sun while watching from a platform of the earth? We witness the beauty of sunrise in the morning, see it scorching and blazing in the forenoon and shining brightly before slipping over the horizon at sunset. But if we the observer have lifted us up in the sky, there is no sunrise, no sunset; neither a dawn nor a dusk. With the change of the platform of watching, the vision and our beliefs change. If our platform is the Sun itself where is the rise and set? If one becomes a sky/space, where is the limitedness?

As body we have limitations and therefore can’t change the platform so easily but as mind we are growing our understanding of the world and the universe with the help of many discoveries. However, none of the beliefs are permanent. The universe of Newton was changed by the vision of Einstein. Einstein’s vision of the universe has been expanded by the quantum physics. JWST is revealing the pictures and data of the early universe. Modern science has discovered many new platforms and therefore the knowledge of the universe is changing. Everyday, we have news on this ever changing and momentary universe.  For a common man it is a mystery. 

We upgrade or change our knowledge-information and accordingly change our beliefs. Our eyes and five senses are observing and reacting to the outer world. We as observer of the outer world have limit of our body (lifeline) and mind (thoughts and intellect). We see the world and think of the universe but somehow not looking at ourselves, at the observer, and therefore are unaware about our true nature, the eternal universal pure consciousness. 

A baby elephant tied to a fence post fails to break the fence or break the rope. Eventually it gives up the efforts and is stuck. The elephant grows up and becomes a big, adult elephant with gargantuan legs and a huge tusk and swirly trunk and it could easily walk away from the fence if it wanted to. But believing the fence to be some immovable thing, the adult elephant remains tied to it, falsely believing it can never get away. We are like this elephant tied with a rope (body) and tied with a fence (mind) and though have capacity to break both but are not coming forward but have accepted the life as it is as our fate. 

One has to lift up, raise the platform to realise the Truth. The real journey is not outside in the world or in the books or in WhatsApp university but inside us, inside our core, the heart centre. The external things may stimulate our desire to know the true self or guide us to reach to the centre. 

At present we have kept the mind (जड़) as a mirror and trying to see the Brahman or Shiva (चैतन्य) in it using our intellect. How’s that possible? Can a जड be a mirror to show the चैतन्य? All our efforts are therefore in wrong direction. The right path is to see the जगत (body, mind and visible world) in the mirror of the चैतन्य. चैतन्य is the light of all of these which are nothing but the manifestation of Brahman-Shiva-चैतन्य in different forms to make the play of creation, sustenance and dissolution possible. 

Are we ready to break the fence?

Are we ready to move up to a newer platform, the platform of pure consciousness, the चैतन्य? 

If yes, we shall return from the external world and its objects and enter deeper inside towards the core of the self, the heart centre, and realise the true self and thereafter look at the world with a new-third eye (vision). 

शिव शिव शिव शिव शिवा। 🙏


17 December 2022

Dwait adwait of Kashmir Shaiv Darshana

 द्वैताद्वैत of Kashmir Shaiv Darshana

When we say द्वैत (dual) means two, the God (Almighty) and the World (Creation) and say अद्वैत (non dual) means the God alone.

Dualism accept both the fields as reality and as separate from each other, therefore there is a concept of worshipped (Allah-Ishwar-God) and worshipper (Jeeva); master (Allah) and servant (दास, जीव). It’s the base of the साकार worshipping in Hinduism and निराकार worshiping in Islam and Christianity. They don’t accept the Jeeva in the form of Shiva. How could a servant thinks to become a master? If he is master, then why is he a servant? 

The Adwait (non dual) principle of Vedantis accept only the He, and the creation is considered as illusionary (माया). As the master (ब्रह्म) alone doesn’t act therefore Brahman + Maya made this visible world (creation). That is why the सृष्टि is called मायावी. To make the play real, the real identity has been kept hidden with the cover of अविद्या. But the effect is nothing but the cause. The moment one sees the cause liberation from वासना/desires occurs. The vision changes. One has to connect the worldly things with the cause. We know that our body is made of five basic elements. Only the packaging of individuals look different but they are not different from the cause. The ornaments are made from Gold and they are Gold only. The pots are made from the clay but clay only. Therefore connect them with the five elements and get free from the body concept. What is the cause of these five elements?They are the product of Maya (illysion). Brahman alone doesn’t create anything therefore he took a form of Ishwar (ब्रह्म + माया) and the creation begun. But ultimately the cause of Maya and Ishwar is the Brahman, therefore connect them with the cause, the Brahman and realise the Brahman, the Truth. The illusionary world exists therefore it is not negated as असत्य but called illusionary मायिक). As soon as one gets the vision through the Guru seeing the real, Gold as Gold, the mystery is cracked. The bondage turns into liberation. 

Kashmir Shaiva Darshan (KSD) is द्वेताद्वैत, द्वैत and अद्वैत, विश्वात्मक and विश्वोर्तीर्ण both simultaneously. The world is neither considered unreal nor illusionary but is the freedom of the cause Shiva (प्रकाश) (विश्वोर्तीर्ण) and the manifestation Shakti (चिति) विशेवरूपता simultaneously, in which Shiva is not absent. In form of विश्व, there is duality of Subject (the world) and the Master (Shiva and Shakti), therefore we are worshippers and He is worshipped. But the creation is not different from the ultimate reality, Lord Shiva/परम/संविद (pure consciousness) beyond 36 elements, therefore अद्वैत.

Buddhism has reached upto the void state, KSD may call it प्रलयाकल. Who knew the void is the question raised, where the चैतन्य wins. However, the विश्वोर्तीर्ण शिवा  may be that state where कुछ नहीं है might be the conclusion, but as soon as it vibrates, Shakti begins and sprout as Sadasiva, the Aum and the creation begins. The top scholars in Buddhism do explore that pick and they do hv तंत्र like KSD (परा, चित, प्राण कुंडलिनी) but for the common man it has kept the teachings simple as ‘art of living’, walking on the middle path following a life of virtues with सम्यक approach. We shall remember that KSD was probably born out of countering Buddhism in Kashmir. The teachings might be ancient but it was uncovered by Vasuguptaji to counter Buddhist monk in 9th century AD. 

Jains don’t believe in God but do believe in individual soul which has a journey of upliftment as Sadhu, Upadhyay, Acharya, Siddha, Arihant. Their नवकार मंत्र is a नमन to the growth of individual soul. However, the कैवल्य ends up in non dual state which KSD calls Shiva and the Vedantis call Brahman. In Jains Kaivalya is the state of liberation from where none has to return into the journey of cycle of life and death in different yonis of देव, नारकी, मनुष्य, तिर्यंच on the basis of Karma principle. They hv स्वर्ग, नर्क and eternal time cycle of this endless creation story. One has to follow the life of virtues with non-violence (ahimsa); non-attachment (aparigraha); not lying (satya); not stealing (asteya); and sexual restraint (brahmacharya), to scale once up into those five stages mentioned above.

If you are a ray, you hv travelling as a ray with a speed of 186000 miles per second and reflect by touching the objects. But for the Sun, where is the travel?

Be the Sun. I mean the Brahman, Param. 


16 December 2022

Sunday, September 25, 2022



The discovery of atomic structure has proved that this visible world is made of space only. The smallest particle atom does hv nucleus, neutron and protons in the centre and the electrons are orbiting around. Now quantum physics has discovered 200 sub particles within the invisible nucleus. The space is left with void, not the dead void but a vibration (स्पन्द), monolithic, the Shakti taking different forms and manifesting. The sub particles are the same in each creation, only their permutations and combinations vary to make different elements and compounds.  

Each creation of this universe carries the light of consciousness but in different state of consciousness. It is in घन सुषुप्ति in a stone, क्षीण सुषुप्ति in trees and plants, स्वप्न सुषुप्ति in birds, animals and large majority of humans and जाग्रत in few individuals. Therefore, one may not be in awareness of each moment of life but are always in awareness all the time. How can we focus on any of the acts of the senses without awareness? When we focus on listening or touching or seeing or tasting or smelling or doing all together, we are in awareness, we are the awareness, therefore we are able to do the act. As the objectives and experiences are changing each moments in the cycle of सृष्टि स्थिति संहार (लय), and each moment is in the simultaneous acts of प्रलयोदयौ the objective world looks moving in the space and because of event by event it is separated, therefore, we realise the time. In reality, there is no space, no time. Only the स्पन्द, the motionless vibration exist. The rest is the play, play of the particles and sub particles made of space, the drama of Shiva-Shakti through their concealment (निग्रह शक्ति, माया), the ज्ञान संकोच to make the play happen. 

Interestingly, the make of human carries all the qualities of consciousness of Shiva-Shakti and therefore we are also able to do the five fold actions (पंच विध कृत्य) in limited spectrum. We do create, sustain and dissolve each of our thought, event of five senses and simultaneously we conceal ourselves for some and are generous for some on the basis of our experience and culture of our present life. We hv inbuilt capacity to bless or curse. But the nature has made a rule, what we sow that only we can harvest. If we plant blessings we harvest blessings. By living in विशेष स्पन्द (individual, special) we limit ourselves and loses the vastness of the ocean. But in the state of सामान्य स्पन्द, we acquire the state of the Ocean, the Ocean of Consciousness, the state of infinite, and therefore, our fivefold actions expand, expand like Shiva, because we are the Shiva-Shakti in our true form. We are the director, actor, doer, perceiver, musician, scenes of happiness and sorrow, the music, the camera, the screen, the electricity, the theatre, the spectators, everything, the play of the motionless motion, the vibration (स्पन्द) beyond space and time, the awareness. 

Be aware of the awareness, the light of Consciousness, the absolute, the truth. 


24 September 2022

Monday, September 12, 2022

Sozani: needling through pure consciousness


Needling through pure consciousness 

Sozani or Sujani is a fine embroidery work of artisans of Kashmir, Kutch and Central Asian countries. It’s needle work in which the artisan count threads and pierce needle with colourful threads and create beautiful motifs on a cloth or a shawl. But in Kashmir, the word Sozani carry one more meaning, meant ‘a wise man’. Sheikh ul Allam (Sheikh Noor ud Din Noorani) a mystic poet of Kashmir wrote: सोजन इशारा सीतेन बोझान कोझान बोझान ना दम दुमा गाथ, meaning ‘the wise will understand by small hints, whereas fools will not understand even if we cry aloud’. 

चतुराई आध्यात्म में संसारी चतुराई दुखदाई है। To become one with the pure awareness, smartness of the world won’t be of any use. Intellect and clarity of mind do have a value and without ritbhara pragya, it is not easy to understand the Pure Self but it comes easily through pure heart and open mind. Ego is an unnecessary element. Discard it. We have been given ‘easeful state of being’ but it has been covered by three malas (impurities) therefore we have to remove the waste and earn it back through purity, sincerity and seeking. 

The Shiva and Shakti are playing as शिवौ or शक्ती; द्विवचन, शक्ति present in शिव and शिव present in शक्ति। सर्वम् सर्वात्म, everything is of the form and nature of consciousness. Chiti is solidified as Chitta but it is still shining with consciousness. We shall liquify our Chitta and attain oneness with the pure consciousness. 

There is only one meaning, there is only one form, the PURE AWARENESS. Everything is one with our awareness. Feel the life a play of our awareness and rest in it easefully. 

Didn’t you get? In the Unmesh of Shiva Shakti Nimesh, in the Nimesh of Shiva Shakti Unmesh; but awareness is common in both the states. The pure awareness, Purnahanta neither unmesha nor nimesha, instead both happen in it simultaneously. 

We have seen an Ocean of water. There is an Ocean and its waves. When waves rise from the Ocean and subsides in the Ocean, water is there in both the states. In fact, ‘water’ is the Ocean and ‘water’ is the wave. Water is manifested as ocean as well as wave. Similarly we are चैतन्य, the absolute pure awareness, the बोध in which unmesh and nimesh are happening. 

Becoming a body, mind, name, fame, etc, labels we won’t experience all pervasive unified consciousness. 

To start with identification of the ‘pure I’ the most important and the most difficult first step to come out of body identity. Till we wander around our identity as body, mind, intellect, ego, nothing will work. The smartness of Sansar is a big failure in spirituality. Purity of heart, sincerely and surrendering are essential elements to recognise the ‘pure I’, the ‘pure awareness’. 

As human we differentiate ourselves with other creatures. As male or female we differentiate with opposite sex. As Hindu-Musalman-Ishai, etc, we differentiate each other with religion. As Indian-Pakistani-American-Chinese, etc, we differentiate with nationality. As Gujarati-Marathi-Marwadi-Bengali-etc we differentiate with statehood. Where are we leaving our body? The identity of our family, education, degrees, job, status, wealth, intellectual abilities, everything is projected over the body and the ego but not over the ‘pure awareness’. Labels are the clouds over the great Sun. Remove them and be a दिगंबर। 

Do we need a proof of our existence? We just exist and don’t need somebody to give proof of our existence. We are full and the day we understand this, the realisation will happen.  

We are the present moment, the consciousness in which सृष्टि स्थिति संहार always keeps on happening but पूर्णोहम pure consciousness never leave. That (we) नित्योदित never rest. 

सदा सृष्टिविनोदाय सदा स्थितिसुखासने। 

सदा त्रिभुवनहारतृप्ताय स्वामिने नमः॥ 


12 September 2022

Thursday, September 1, 2022

Adornment of the face of Gandhiji

 Adornment of the face of Gandhiji 

Have you seen Gandhiji’s photo with a smiling face and marked the gap in the lower central incisors that became an adornment of his face. He received that gift from a friend as a return of his truthfulness. 

It was 1906 in South Africa when Gandhiji was 37 years old, an ordinance was issued by the Transvaal Government requiring all Indians-men, women, and all children to register themselves and obtain a personal certificate bearing name and thumb impression. This card was to be carried by all individuals at all times and must be shown on demand. Anyone failing to produce the certificate was liable to be fined, imprisoned, or deported. The police even had orders to enter private houses and check certificates. 

Gandhiji called it a ‘Black Act’, launched non violent Satyagraha and went to jail. However, they reached a compromise that if Indian would register of their own accord Smuts agreed to get the act repeated. Gandhiji called a meeting in Johannesburg and appealed for voluntary registration.  All agreed but Mir Alam who was a Pathan making and selling mattresses who became a friend of Gandhiji took part in Satyagraha of Gandhiji didn’t agree with this compromise and shouted at Gandhiji : “It was you who told us that finger-prints were required only from criminals. It was you who said must disobey the "Black Act". How does all that fit into your attitude today?”

On a scheduled day, when Gandhiji with his fellow Satyagrahis set out for the registration office, he was attacked with a heavy stick by Mir Alam and his men. Gandhi fell down unconscious. Mir Alam and his associates went on beating him until he was rescued by some friends. He lost his two lower incisors in that assault.  

When he gained consciousness the first sentence he uttered where is Mir Alam? 'Do not blame Mir Alam, for he did not understand.' 

Pathan was arrested and though Gandhiji wrote to the police authority  to release him without any action but the Britishers objected and sentenced him to six months custody.

As agreed upon Gandhiji got himself registered but General Smuts did not repeal the 'Black Act'. Gandhiji continued his agitation and gave a call in which a big bonfire was lit and more than two thousand certificates were burnt. A delegation made of Gandhiji and Seth Haji Habib went to England to represent but they returned entry handed. The mission failed. At this junction of life, Gandhi made a big decision, gave up his practice as a lawyer. He felt he could not go on earning his living by law when he was defying it.

Gandhiji lost his front two teeth (lower incisors) and the gap became an adornment to his face presenting his credentials to his truthfulness without hatred. 


1 August 2022


 दर्शन दर्शन दर्शन। 

सारा हिन्दुस्तान मंदिर जाता है। 


मंदिर के गर्भगृह में रहे भगवान के दर्शन करने। 

कीर्तन करता है। किसलिए?

अपने इष्ट के दर्शन के लिए। 

क्यूँ करता है? कोई मुक्ति के लिए, कोई भक्ति के लिए कोई संसार से कुछ पाने के लिए। 

कौन है भगवान? कौन है इष्ट? पता नहीं। परंपरा से मा-बाप, भाई बंधु ने बताया वह। बस दर्शन करना है। 

देश में सांख्य, योग, न्याय, मिंमासक, बौद्ध, जैन, आजविक, नाथ, शैव, शाक्त, वैष्णव, आगम-निगम, वग़ैरह ६२-६३ प्रकार के दर्शन रहे। 


क्या दिखाना चाहते है?

भगवान का, सर्जनहार का दर्शन। 

लेकिन जब पता लगाते लगाते समझ गये कि सब कुछ एक ही सत्ता के विविध रूप है तब खुद को भी देखना शुरू कर दिया और आत्म दर्शन शुरू हो गया। 

जाग्रत में चक्षु देखते है जाग्रत मन से। स्वप्न में चर्म चक्षु नहीं होते तब मन अपनी आँखें बनाकर अपनी बनाई सृष्टि को देख भी लेता है और अनुभूत कर लेता है। पर सुषुप्ति की गहरी नींद की खबर कौन देता है? उसका पता लगाते लगाते सुषुप्ति के दृष्टा को भी समझ लिया। 

लेकिन यह तीनों अवस्था के दृष्टा की दृष्टि कौन है जो तीनों को देखने की शक्ति दे रही है? जब उस पर ध्यान गया और होनेपन का दरिया हाथ लग गया। बुद्धि के पार भी वह ही वह। सर्जन में मौजूद और विसर्जन के बाद भी। अनुत्तर हो गया। 

बुलबुला बन देखा तब दरिया का पता नहीं चला। लेकिन जैसे ही दरिया बन देखा तो अनंत बुलबुले मेरा ही रूप है यह साक्षात्कार हुआ। 

क्या हुआ? 

दरिया बदल गया? 

बुलबुला बदल गया? 

कुछ भी तो नहीं बदला? 

जो जैसे था वैसा ही है। जैसे चल रहा था वैसा ही चल रहा है। हर रोज़ सुबह होती है, शाम ढलती है। फिर नई सुबह, घट रहा है। कट रहा है। 

फिर बदला क्या? 

बस बुलबुले की दृष्टि बदल गई। कूपमंडूक बाहर आ गया और दरिया की विशालता में मग्न हो गया। दर्शन बदल गया। प्रज्ञाचक्षु लग गये। ज्ञानचक्षु आ गये। ज्ञान की अंजन शलाका से गुरु ने ज्ञान का सूरमा लगा दिया। 

दर्शन बदल गया। 

दर्शन हो गया। 

अपने ही गर्भगृह हृदय में दर्शन करो। 

दर्शन करो। अपना ही दर्शन करो। आप ही अपनी वेशभूषा बदल कर खो गये हो, सब रूप हो गये हो। कोई बुलबुला छोटा हो कोई बड़ा लेकिन पानी और दरिया सब में एक। 

जागो और अपने ही दर्पण में अपना दीदार कर लो। आप भीतर पहचान लोगे तो बाहर भी आप ही नज़र आओगे। फिर अंदर बाहर भेद कुछ भी नहीं। 

खेल करना हो तब द्वैत हो जाना और अखेल में अद्वैत। पूर्ण स्वातंत्र्य। 

दर्शन, दर्शन, दर्शन। 

दर्शन करो। 

शक्ति दर्शन। 

शिव दर्शन। 

सामरस्य दर्शन। 

दर्शन दर्शन दर्शन। 


९ अगस्त 2022

Intellects of the present world

Intellects of the modern world 

I met one Optholmologist Dr Nimesh Patel, in MJ Institute of Ophthalmology (GoG). He is one of the best in Ahmedabad to check and write eye power prescription. The skill he has developed through experience made him authority to the subject and he becomes an asset for the human society as hundreds of eye patients are benefited by him. There is another Dr. Vipul Prajapati who is Opthalmic Surgeon and has earned a very good name at young age in cataract surgery. 

The eye lens get clouded with age. Replacement of the natural lens with the artificial lens is the only answer to correct blurry or cloudy vision. But for that you need a surgeon with good hand and art. Because the tiny incision he makes in the cornea, insert a probe and with the procedure of phacomulsification (ultrasound) break up the natural lens and suction out the figments without damaging the lens capsule (bag of only 4 microns) and rest the artificial lens in it is an art. If the cornea is damaged the vision is blocked. If the capsule is damaged one can’t fix the artificial lens. The damage will be permanent. It is therefore, the eye surgery of only 15 minutes without blood loss or stitches needs a fine surgeon. 

There are thousands of such individuals who are working for the welfare and betterment of life of mankind. These are intellects of humanity and their life is precious. 

Brahmins as a Varna in ancient India were engaged in intellectual work of education, research and treatment and professions were inherited by birth, therefore, they as a community they had enjoyed the immunity and prestige for centuries. But today modern India and the world carry thousand of intellects from all castes and creeds, working for the betterment of mankind. Let’s salute to them and pray for their long and healthy life so that they serve the mankind to their best. 

Spiritually, those who have realised the Self by merger in the existence are Brahmin. ब्रह्म जानाति इति ब्राह्मणः। 


19 August 2022

Costliest groin of Farruksiyar

 The costliest groin (area of hip between stomach and thigh) of an emperor 

Shah Jahan wished that his eldest son Dara Shikoh to succeed him but Aurangzeb killed Dara and became the emperor. He ruled for around 50 years and wished that his son from Persian wife Azam Shah succeeds him but he was killed by his elder half brother Shah Alam, and crowned himself as Bahadur Shah I in 1707. After his death in 1712 his son Jahandar became the emperor after killing his brother Azim ush Shan in succession war. He was killed by his nephew Farruksiyar the son of Azim ush Shan and became emperor in 1713. 

Ajit Singh Rathore was the ruler of Marwar was Mughal Governor of Gujarat. He was transferred to Thatta (Sind) by Farrukhsiyar. Ajit Singh refused the order and revolted but later surrendered and gave his daughter Indira Kanwar as a bride to the Mughal Emperor in 1714.

The Mughal Emperor Farruksiyar was suffering from a painful groin therefore his marriage with Indira was delayed. A delegation of English East India Company from Calcutta came to meet the emperor in August 1715. It had one Scottish Surgeon William Hamilton as a member. He treated the groin of the emperor and relieved him from the pain. Again in October, the emperor suffered similar problem near anus which was also treated by the surgeon. As a result, he could marry Indira Kanwar in December 1715. The Mughal Emperor was so happy with the treatment and wedding that he generously rewarded Hamilton with an elephant, a horse, five thousand rupees in money, two diamond rings, a jewelled aigrette, a set of gold buttons, and models of all his instruments in gold. But the most important gift received was by the English East India Company in 1717, the right to carry duty free trade in Bengal. Rights to import export without paying tax. They were given rights to issue passes and dastaks for the free movement of their goods, right to purchase 38 villages surrounding Calcutta and fortification of Calcutta settlements. 

1719 was a very bad year for Mughals. Ajit Singh made an alliance with Sayyid Brothers and besieged Red Fort entered into the palace, caught Farrukhsiyar from the harem, tortured and blinded him with needle and chose one of the princes Rafi Ud Darjat as the new emperor in February 1719. But within three months he was murdered or died of tuberculosis in June 1719. He was succeeded by his brother Rafi ud daula as Shah Jahan II but he also died of tuberculosis in September 1719. His successor Jahangir II could stay on the throne for only 28 days. Finally Muhammad Shah, the son of the fourth son of Bahadur Shah I became the emperor. He became famous as Muhammad Shah Rangila. He was emperor for 29 years (1719-1748). During his rule Nadir Shah plundered Delhi and looted all the wealth of Mughals including Kohinoor and Peacock Throne. Ahmad Shah Abdali started his attacks and plundered north India that has further weaken the Mughal authority. 

King Ajit Singh of Marwar continued his operations of damaging the Mughal establishment but at last he was assassinated by his own sons Abhay Singh and Bhakt Singh in 1724 to save the kingdom of Marwar from Mughal invasions. 

Shah Jahan drained royal treasury in building monuments, Aurangzeb’s Deccan campaign became a financial disaster, the succession wars of later Mughals further ruined the resources, provincial governors became independent but disunited, Nadir Shah took away 200 years treasure built by great Mughals, Ahmad Shah Abdali plundered north India. The collapse of the empire was inevitable. 

But with the Farman of duty free trade granted by Mughal Emperor Farrukhsiyar the EEIC made enormous profit therefore began to interfere in local politics of Indian ruler by bribing the weak links. Their active involvement and victory in battle of Plassey and Buxar made the foundation of establishing British rule in Bengal in middle of 18th century and later with slice by slice victories over Marathas, Nizam of Hyderabad, Tipu of Mysore, Sikh of Punjab, and sacking of Nawab of Oudh they spread into whole of India and ruled it for 200 years. 

In 1615, an English doctor treated the fever of Noor Jehan and got the trading permission from Emperor Jahangir. In 1715, a Scottish Surgeon treated groin of Farruksiyar and got the permission of duty free trade. By 1815, India was largely under the command of the British. Fever to Noor Jehan was costlier but that groin of Farruksiyar was the costliest. 


31 August 2022

Raja Baja Bandar

 Raja Vaja ne Vandara

Grand Dhairya, Lakshmi and I were on morning walk in the Suryajyot Lake Garden near our house in Gandhinagar. There was a monkey family of 20 plus playing at one corner of the garden. The infants were jumping from one branch to another of the trees or running around on the ground while the adults were watching them as well as the humans around. It was a good scene to watch the joyful infants jumping and running around when the Sun was rising and birds were singing in the pleasant morning. 

The infants of monkeys are otherwise smarter compared to human babies in the initial 16 months. But as soon as the human infant becomes toddler with the change of hyoid bone position it takes over the race. 

Gandhinagar is facing problem of monkey menace as the population of langoors is increasing. One can’t grow mango, drumstick and papaya. They will come at regular intervals and damage the plants. No chance to grow vegetables in open. 

While walking in the garden, my wife asked me to explain the Gujarati proverb “Raja Vaja and Vandara”. Why the King has been compared with the harmonium and the monkey? 

The harmonium is one of the most popular music instruments. It is a pump organ has 39 keys. It makes sound by blowing airthrough reeds, which are tuned to different pitches to make musical notes. Often noticed that whenever a musical programme starts either the microphone create weird sound or the harmonium sting disturbs the music. If the key of the harmonium is loose and one of the strings lost its position the music is gone. None can predict thereafter the fate of the programme. The harmony of the programme once disturbed by the harmonium none can repair it. 

Monkeys are also unpredictable in their behaviour. Monkeys are highly social omnivores, organized in clans as large as several hundred individuals headed by an old male. Like us, monkeys form strong friendships and bitter rivalries. They fight for each other and take care of one another. And the leader of a monkey troop, when deposed, will even exhibit signs of depression. When we watch their behaviour we get the sense that their emotional lives may share something in common with our own.

There is verse in Sanskrit:

मर्कटस्य सूरापानं मध्ये वृश्चिकदंशनम्। 

तन्मध्ये भूतसंचारो यद्वा तद्वा भविष्यति ॥

When a monkey is drunk, stung by a scorpion and possessed by ghosts anything can happen. None can predict the outcome of such situation. 

What if it is provided with an ambience where it can splurge on all of its whims and fancies? On top of that, it is provided with the means to fulfill them without any hurdles anywhere! Nobody to ask nor to question! What will be the outcome? Just as the verse satirically says, 'totally unpredictable'. Some of the Kings in history were falling in this category. Power hysteria in history.

This is a metaphor of the unstable human mind. The lust is the liquor intoxicated by attachment, jealousy of others is a scorpion cutting each time with the poison of hatred and the demon of the ego rides over above all. The human turns monkey. 


राजा वाजा ने वांदरा। 

राजा बाजा और बंदरियाँ। 😁


1 September 2022

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