Sunday, January 29, 2017

What is the purpose of Human Life?

What is the purpose of human life?

All will say, the purpose of life is to live a better quality of life of happiness. And for that, each individual has to study, build capacity, earn money, develop family and live a quality life till death.

But the spiritual teachers tell us something different. They do agree that the purpose of life is to bring happiness in life. But the means are different.

All the religions on earth say that God/Allah/Parmatma is everywhere, atra tatra sarvatra. Without duality, the universes are full with Parmatma, the eternal power of existence. Waves grow and fall but the Sea remains there unchanged.

Parmatma is a common factor in all of us. The creatures, the five tatvas (ether, air, fire, water, earth), the universes, the galaxies, the starts, the planets, the darkness, the lights, etc, are the manifestation of Parmatma in visible form. Manifestation of Parmatma (the Purusha) and his power (the Prakriti); manifestation of Shiva and Shakti; ardhnarisvara, the composite form of androgyny, the synthesis of masculine and feminine energies of the universe. The union is the root and womb of all creation. It is the Womb, Hiranya Garbha, the nigoda, the Supreme Abode, in which the drama of creation is played.

As human, we also are the presentation of Shiva and Shakti, the Purusha and Prakriti, both. The mixture of jada (matter-non self) and chetan (the self). The Chetan is called Atma and the Jada is called the Body. As living entity we present the union of Atma and Body both. To know thyself, to know the Atma is the main purpose of life.

What happens when we go to sleep? The Atma rests in the cosmos and the body remains. When we wake up, the body rests in Atma and the Atma presents. Life in us is the presentation of Atma, life, light; and death is the presentation of matter, the jada, the body, the darkness. Death is an extended form of sleep in which the Atma won't display in that body again.

In fact, there is no duality in the world. Chetan and Jada are the presentation of the same universal power. Life and death are same, the presentation of the same event differently. Light and darkness are same, the presentation of the same energy differently. Shiva and Shakti are the same.

It is the purpose of life to know, to understand the Atma and the body. How Atma rests in body and how body rests in Atma. And Atma is Sachchidananda (sat, chit, ananda - eternal, live, blissful), neither born nor die, once known, make us free from the bondage and fear of death and misery. Happiness is there, it is just unfurled. Light is there, it is just the window opened.

The main purpose of human life is to know the thyself.

ॐ सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः ।
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु मा कश्चिद्दुःखभाग्भवेत् ।
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

Ohm, May all become happy, May all be free from Illness. May all see what is Auspicious, may no one suffer. Ohm Peace, Peace, Peace.

29 January 2017

NB: presentation of dialogues with Dhawalchand

Saturday, January 28, 2017

How Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first PM of India

How Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first PM of India?

Do you know, before became first democratically elected Prime Minster of India on 15 April 1952 under the Constitution of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had to take oath of office four times?

First, he was administered the oath of office (loyalty to the Crown) as a Vice President of Viceroy's Executive Council of Interim Government of United India to assist transition of India and Pakistan from British rule, from the newly elected Constituent Assembly (under Cabinet Mission Plan of May 1946) by the Viceroy Lord Wavell on 2 September 1946, at 11:00 am at the Viceroy's House (Viceregal Lodge) in Delhi under the Indian Council Act 1861. His portfolio was External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations

Second, he was administered the oath of office and secrecy as Prime Minister of Dominion of India (elected by the Constituent Assembly) by the first Governor General of Lord Mountbatten (appointed by the Constituent Assembly) on August 15, 1947 at Viceregal Lodge, Delhi, under the India Independence Act 1947.

Third, he was administered the oath of office and secrecy as Prime Minister of Republic India (elected by the Provisional Parliament of India - Constituent Assembly was converted into PP) by the President Dr. Rajendra Prasad, in Rastrapati Bhavan, New Delhi on January 26, 1950, under the newly formed Constitution of India.

And fourth he was administered oath of office and secrecy took as the first democratically elected Prime Minister of India (elected by the Loksabha - winning General Elections) by the President Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 15 April 1952.

He took oath of office twice again in 1957 and 1962, winning General Elections. He is called the "Architect of Modern India", lead the nation for 18 years (1946-1964) till his death on 27 May 1964.

He unfurled the tricolour flag with 'Charkha' as President of INC, for "Complete Independence" on the bank of Ravi in Lahore at midnight on 31 December 1930 and hoisted the tricolour Indian National flag with 'Chakra' on 15 August 1947 above Lahori Gate of the Red Fort, Delhi. Lord Mountbatten wrote when a mysterious sudden appearance of the rainbow “... the three colours Saffron, White and Green on the flag of the new Dominion resembled so much the hues of the Rainbow”.

A public pledge taken on 26 January 1930 to celebrate it as India's Independence Day, became our Republic Day since 26 January 1950. A journey from 'Charkha to Chakra' is developing the Nation with unity in diversity.

Jai Hind🇮🇳

28 January 2017

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Pramukh Swami Marg in Ahmedabad

Pramukh Swami Marg in Ahmedabad 

Newly created River drive road at Sabarmati riverfront in Ahmedabad has been formally named after late Shri Pujya Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the Spiritual Guru of BAPS in a historic public event organised at river front Ahmedabad on 21 January 2017. It was attended by more than 20,000 devotees and well wishers. It is to note that Pramukh Swami Maharaj blessed Sabarmati river by doing pujan of the waters of the Narmada river on August 28, 2002. He had also blessed the Riverfront Project in 2004 on its commencement.

Towards the beginning of the event, a ritual was performed to immerse the ashes of Pramukh Swami into river Sabarmati. To do pujan of Thakorji, a prayer, Jai Sadguru Swami (composed by Swami Muktanand) was sung. There is a line in the prayer, Purushottam pragatnu je darshan karase, kaal karam thi chhutti, kutumb sahit tarase (with the darshana of the Purushottam manifest, a person attains salvation with his family). Pujya Mahant Swami is the present Sadguru of the BAPS. When this line comes, all the Haribhaktas look at their Sadguru as Purushottam manifest with a desire of freedom fro the misery of life. I was doing aarti besides Mahant Swami and was curious. When all the Haribhaktas find purushottam manifest in their Sadguru Mahant Swami, where does Mahant Swami find his Purushottam manifest. He was doing aarti in front of the small metal idol of Thakorji. But to my utmost surprise when this line (Purushottam pragatnu ..) came, he lifted the aarti plate and his face up and started doing aarti of the people standing in front of him and around him. For him, the humans, the ether, the wind, the nature, the creatures, the universe manifested is the "Purushottam manifest", I believe. 

During the name ceremony of the river from road, Sadhu Brahmaviharidas has explained the meaning of Pramukh Swami Marg. It is not only the name of the road but the message to walk on the path on which Swamiji walked. 

In a concluding remarks of the function, Pujya Mahant Swami explained the qualities of Pramukh Swami Maharaj. Pramukh Swami Maharaj was an apostle of peace and an embodiment of peace. Peace exuded from him, wherever he was. Those who come on this path may get the same peace as well, he blessed. Another quality of Pramukh Swami was to keep all united. He knew the solutions, still he will ask five persons so that they can also learn. He had never thought of coming in the front or asked for any importance. He walked carrying all with him together. He preached that our happiness is in the happiness of others. Nobody should be hurt by our act. "We pray that whoever comes here experiences peace and happiness in their life”, he blessed.

There is a practice all over the world to name roads, buildings, bridges after the special people who have inspired, lead the people on right path. However, people remember the name of the roads as geography and forget the historical path. Hope, we inspire and walk the right path.

25 January 2017

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Is Ramayana a myth?

Is Ramayana a myth?

Researchers have found out that all 182 plants (including flowers, trees, fruits) mentioned in the Ramayan have been found to be true. The epic is dated 500-100 BC, but the same flora and fauna exist in the same places as written in the epic, even today.

The first Ramayana was composed by Sage Valmiki. All of us know the story of 'Valia Lutara', how a robber Ratnakar, moved by a word of Sage Narada, recited 'Mara' (kill-death) mantra for several years and the mantra became Rama (life). The question on principle of Karma is still valid because those who enjoy the fruits of our wrong doing are not going to share the responsibility and punishment derived out of the karmas. The doer of the wrong karma will only be punished.

It is interesting to note that Narada declared him Brahmin, though he was born in a lower caste. It is a proof that the castes were interchangeable depending upon the act of individual, those days. Four Varnas are four Karmas, it has nothing to with a birth of an individual. The Sun makes the colour of the skin (varna) as per the act of an individual (how much time he spends and does labour under the Sun). He was contemporary of Lord Rama. Rama was born in Treta, but the epic Ramayana is dated from 500-100 BC.

The story of Ramayana (maryada Purushottam, how to become a perfect human being) was first told to Valmiki by Narada. Do you remember the first sloka of Ramayana?

मां निषाद प्रतिष्ठां त्वमगमः शाश्वतीः समाः।
यत्क्रौंचमिथुनादेकम् अवधीः काममोहितम्॥'
(You will find no rest for the long years of Eternity for you killed a bird in love and unsuspecting)

Valmiki went to the Tamasa stream of river Ganga, where he saw a crane couple mating. Suddenly, hit by an arrow of a hunter the male bird died. Filled with sorrow, he became angry, and with melted heart he cried out the first sloka.. ma nishad... The story told by Narada was in his mind, he composed the epic. It came out of his imagination. It is said that it was composed before it happened. However, it is mentioned that Rama once met him during the exile and Valmiki gave shelter to Sita in his ashram when Rama banished her. Lava and Kusha, the twins sons of Sita were born in his ashram.

If a writer or composer is writing an epic/book, he has to have the knowledge of the topography and geography of the area. The statement “Unless he was thorough about the topography, geography and ecology of the region, he could not have provided such sharp and precise observation of the time, place and location,” is right. It suggests that Valmiki either travelled all through the areas of event, met people, listen the events and composed the epic or he was knowing the geography and topography of the entire area well before composing the epic, use the story and composed. Was it a story of the King of Ayodhya, Rama, or a spiritual message explained through a story (Panchatantra, Hitopdesh) in imagination can be debated even today. Or it was an epic that has been composed to guide/teach the society a lesson to understand the role of father, Son, brother, king, friend, enemy, etc. Ramayana is a way of Hindu life, living for centuries. Ramatva is Hindutva.

24 January 2017

Saturday, January 21, 2017

The World is a Drama of Three Qualities

The World is a Drama of Three Qualities

There is One God (Purusha) but it has been presented through Trimurti (three forms, three powers) Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver) and Mahesh/Shiva (destroyer) in Hinduism. The universe is nothing but a drama created by the Almighty through the matter arises from the substrate called Prakriti (Nature). From Prakriti three primary qualities (gunas) emerge: Tamas (darkness, inactivity, ignorance), Rajas (activity, attachment) and  Satva (being ness, intelligence, peace). All three gunas are present in all objects and all beings but vary in relative amounts. 

Brahma represents Satva, Vishnu Rajas and Mahesh Tamas. The power of three Devas are named three goddesses, Maha Sarasvati, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Kali; they also represent the three gunas; Satva, Rajas and Tamas respectively. In Puranas: Ramayana, the three brothers Ravana, Kumbhkaran and Vibhishana were representing three gunas; Rajas, Tamas and Satva respectively. In Mahabharata, three brothers Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidur were representing three gunas; Tamas, Rajas and Sarva respectively.

The creatures' bodies carry three biological energies: pitta, vata and cough. Pitta represents Satva, Vata Rajas and Cough the Tamas. The balance of three is the health and imbalances is the disease.

The humans in Hinduism have been divided into three groups as per the dominance of their gunas/qualities. Satva dominated group was called Brahmanas, had been assigned Gyan karma (knowledge sharing); Rajas dominated group was called Kshatriyas, had been assigned Raja karma regulating and protecting the interests of the society; Tamas dominated group was called Shudras, had been assigned the work of service to the society, and mixed of all were called the Vaishyas generating resources and wealth to support all the four groups.

In Vedic time, the grouping was done based on karmas; but in later Vedic era, it was followed by birth; and now post independence, once again moving (very slowly) as per the karmas. Those who are in teaching and spreading knowledge are the Brahmanas, those who are regulating and protecting common goods of the society (regulators, govt, uniform services, etc) are the Kshatriyas, those who are in service to the  society (all services) are the Shudras and those who are generating wealth and resources (farmers, artisans, workers, traders, industrialists, etc) are the Vaishyas.

In fact each individual is the mixture of all. When he is teaching or spreading knowledge in his family/society he is Brahman; when he is regulating and protecting his family/society he is Kshatriya; when he is serving his family/society he is Shudra; and when he is earning income or generate resources for the family/society he is Vaishya. However, each individual carry a basic dominance of one of the three gunas and accordingly his likes and dislikes will be developed and he will perform the act better in the area of his guna dominance.

Democracy has given right and freedom to each individual to select his karmas. Therefore, each individual can select the path of his life and can grow in the karmas of his liking. All three gunas are always present in all humans with ability to consciously alter the levels (increase/decrease) of the gunas in our bodies and minds. A guna can be increased or decreased through the interaction and influence of external objects, lifestyle practices and thoughts. It is therefore, open field for all to become Brahman, Kshtriya, Shudra or Vaishya. Days have gone, where people identify their pride with the birth caste, feel superior and try to humiliate or suppress the lower section of the society. It is open for all by birth to select the path of life, whether the act of Brahmanas, act of Kshatriyas, act of Shudras or act of Vaishyas, or mixture of them all. All should follow the principles of equality, fraternity, liberty and justice. Ornaments may be different in design but all is Gold. Pots may look different in size and shape but all is earth. Similarly, all are equal, the same, created from the same material/energy called the God. 

गुणानेतानतीत्य त्रीन्देही देहसमुद्भवान् |
जन्ममृत्युजरादु:खैर्विमुक्तोऽमृतमश्रुते || (Bhagvad Gita 14.20)

By transcending the three modes of material nature associated with the body, one becomes free from birth, death, old age, distresses and enjoy the nectar (happiness) of life. 

सर्वं ब्रह्ममयं I Sarvam Brahmamayam.

शुभं भवतु कल्याणं ||

21 January 2017

Thursday, January 19, 2017

Rama nama a life mantra

Rama nama a life mantra

When somebody dies, what happens? A person was walking, talking, suddenly goes off. What happened? The light bulb went off. Light has gone out. રામ રમી ગયા. Hindus say, રામ બોલો ભાઈ રામ.

Who was lighting this life? The God, in form of electricity. Do you know, where is the power station? How it generates the electricity which keep our building (the body) lighted 24x7. It is the Electrical System (cardiac conduction system) that prompts the heart's muscle to contract. With each contraction, blood is pumped throughout the body. The process begins in the upper chambers of the heart (atria), which pump blood into the lower chambers (ventricles). Each beat, diastole and systole gives us light of life.

Cardiologists in the world will explain the electricity that runs the heart through SA node, AV node, His-Purkinje system. The Sinoatrial (SA) node, located in the right atrium of heart, is a natural pacemaker, responsible for the heartbeat, generate electrical impulses throughout the heart. The Atrioventricular (AV) node, located on the interatrial septum close to the tricuspid valve, electrically connects the right atrium and right ventricle. The His-Purkinje system, located along the walls of heart's ventricles. With each heartbeat, the electrical signals move from SA node to AV node and then to the bundle of His.
From the bundle of His, the signal fibres divide into left and right bundle branches through the Purkinje fibres. These fibres connect directly to the cells in the walls of your heart's left and right ventricles. If everything in order, we live healthy and happy life. But any disorder in the electrical cycle, beats disturbed, the pumping disturbed and the life disturbed. 

Heart is an involuntary muscle, contracts automatically, even in the absence of any neurological input. Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system control the heart rate, therefore, emotions do disturb the heart health as Heart is the source of all emotions. Negative emotions can suppress the immune system, increase stress levels, cause the heart to beat faster, blood pressure to rise, and even change the heart's electrical stability, all of which can lead to heart disease and stroke. Similarly, an emotional excess of joy can also scatter the spirit. One has to find the balance as per the ageing of the heart. But it is difficult as the weak heart creates more emotional disturbances. 

Since childhood, I hear bhajans, and mostly they tell us, મારા રામ રુદીયાની માંય રે, મારા સદ્ગુરૂ રુદીયાની માંય રે, હું કઠે ઢૂંઢવા ન જાઉં રે (My Rama lives in my heart, my Sadguru lives in my heart, I shouldn't go anywhere to search Him). 

Why Rama is linked with our heart? When Rama (the Soul) goes away, Dashrath (body with 10 properties - 5 gyanendriyas and 5 karmendriyas) died. Hinduism found the answer for the health of the heart in Rama nama as medicine. It is that Ramanama (  ઁ) (half moon and bindi-anuswar of ॐ) gives peacefulness to the heart to run it in rhythm  with rhythmic power supply. Hanuman (immortal), Kabir, Tulsidas, Gandhi, etc were the great Ram Bhaktas. 

Rama was a mantra practiced before Lord Rama was born. It is the music of human heart, once listened, you will fall in love with Him. Rama is the life energy, the light of our house (body). Rama nama maintains balance of heart during emotional disturbances.

If your heart is disturbed, remember Rama is not happy with you. You have to do good to others to make the Rama (life energy) happy. Otherwise, one day, He will leave the body in darkness of the death. Instead people say, રામ બોલો ભાઈ રામ, let us chant Ramnama overselves to make the life happier and healthier. Our body is the "Temple of Rama", in which Rama lives.

Hanuman became immortal with the mantra "Rama". After Ravan Vadh and completion of Vanvasa of 14 years, Lord Rama became king of Ayodhya. In the coronation ceremony, many have been given gifts. Sita gifted a beautiful diamond necklace to Hanuman. Hanuman took the necklace, carefully examined each and every diamond, pulled them apart, and threw them away as he couldn't find Rama in any one of them. When asked if Lord Rama was in Hanuman himself, he tore his chest apart to reveal his heart. The on-lookers, saw the image of both Rama and Sita appearing on his heart. Rama is in his heart. Each individual is the Hanuman has a capacity to kill 10 evils (Ravana) prohibiting the ways of salvation with the Bhakti of Rama.

The wealth carry no worth as there is no Rama. Look at the eyes of the all creatures. You will see the lights of Rama in their eyes. सर्वं खल्विदं ब्रह्म' (sarvam khalvidam brahma, teaches that 'All this is indeed Brahman'

Rama (the Soul) lives in our heart. Rama the Soul and his Bhakti Sita united together gives the peace and prosperity of life.

Ram Siyaram, Jai Jai Ram Siyaram.

🙏Jai Shree Ram🙏

19 January 2017

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Hindu Scriptures and Archeoastronomy

Hindu Scriptures and Archaeoastronomy

It is interesting to read an article of Shri Subhash Kak on Contribution Of Hindu Scriptures To Archaeoastronomy

He has argued well to place the Brahmans in 2000-1000 BC and concluded that Vedic and Harappan periods were identical (2600-1900 BC), deferring with the chronology proposed by Max Muller regarding Rigveda to 1200-1000 BC, the other Vedic texts to 1000-800 BC and the Brahmanas to 800-600 BC.

However, the sources (archeological-literature), age (bronze- iron), the culture (urban-rural), language (picture language/undesiphered-Sanskrit), animals (elephants, buffalos - horses, cows), weapons (primitive-advanced), worship (nature-Devas), death ritual (burials-cremation), look (short, black- tall, fare), etc, many differences have been recorded between Indus Valley civilisation and Vedic Civilisation.

Indus Valley civilisation, for sure, the civilisation of the original inhabitants of India (on the bank of river Sindhu and adjacent areas) and the Vedic civilisation may have been grown from their bordering places (probably the west) and then spread over the country towards east and south east. There are common hymns in Rigveda and in Avesta. There are similarities of Gods of Romans and Gods of Vedas. There are similarities in astronomy of Greeks and astronomy of Vedic age.

The horned God in Vajrasana surrounded by a tiger, an elephant, a rhinoceros, and a buffalo found on a Harappan seal is the only trace of religion of Indus Valley civilisation, which may be named Pashupatinath Lord Shiva or the Lord of Death, the Yama. It was the merger of Harappan religion and Vedic religion into the new Hinduism of the post Vedic period.

If Indus-Vedic period placed in the same period, then both must have developed on different lands for the same period. If considered the same land and place the Vedic period farther as argued, then Indus Valley civilisation to be dated prior to that.

It is interesting to note that, 75,000 years ago after Toba (Indonesia) Super Volcanic Eruption, following by global volcanic winter, Homosapien population in the world had gone down to 1000-10,000. In 10000 BC, it was approximately 2 million, rose to 45 million in 3000 BC; at that time, how best were the brains, who had just look at the world around; observed the stars, planets, seasons and their cycles and described the secrets of the Nature and God cleverly!!!

17 January 2017

Thursday, January 12, 2017

Nobel Dialogue in Mahatma Mandir (VG 2017)

Nobel Dialogue in Mahatma Mandir Gandhinagar (VG 2017)

In the first session of the topic "Basic and Applied Research", the Nobel Laureates in Panel were Ada Yonath (Israel), David Gross (US), Hartmut Michel (Germany), Serge Haroche (France), William Morner (US). Kumar Vijayraghvan was the moderator. The moderator introduced the subject

Ada Yonath was smarter. She remarked, what counts is quality of research, excellent research, good is not enough. Curiosity driven research can achieve heights. Understanding the process is very important to bring out new knowledge, new understanding. Her discovery of antibiotics was an outcome of 20 years continued research. A simple question of genetic code translation was complex and difficult to understand it's process. Nature is cleverer than us. Even the bacterias are cleverer than us. They were on Earth before us and will remain after us. In stream of survival, they can multiply generations, change genomes, develop resistance to antibiotics and find out the ways for their long survival.

David Gross was very gross in his remarks, explaining how a curiosity of Homosepian to understand the working of nature brought evolution. Politicians and people may demand applied inventions, but great inventions come out of curiosity driven research. The structures of atoms brought revolution in understanding. He said, nature is smarter than us, as she pose new questions before us. Nature poses no boundaries of physics, chemistry, biology. Ideas and methods of one field can be used in another field. 

Hermut Michel told to create new knowledge from the curiosity. He was explaining biomedical research of genome and proteins actions in 23000 genes, to understand the tissue then to understand the disease, and how to change the receptor of the cell. He explained how the research of hydrocarbons damaging the ozone layer became useful in stopping its production. Life on Earth exists due to ozone layer. Now a new challenge of climate change. In 90 years, temperature in India will increase by 5 degree Celsius. People and politicians have to respond to this challenge. 

Serge Horoche explained how knowledge of quantum physics brought revolution in technology of 20th century. Nobody predicted this revolution in 19th century because there as no knowledge of quantum physics. Photon has changed the world of electronics. In 17th century Galileo's invention of magnification of telescopes opened ways for astronomy. Now in 21st century, the goal is to observe extra planets orbiting around the stars and find out from one of them where life exists like earth. Applied science develops the tools therefore, there should be balance between both, the basic and the applied science. 

William Michel explained how a curiosity driven idea of storing data in molecules went down to the level of one molecule in 1989, followed by doing different things with molecules to create high resolution, measure information, etc, brought out innovations in the area of computer science. Not only fundamental and applied science can work together but the ideas can be applied through multiple ways by using the knowledge of different branches of physics, chemistry, engineering, etc.

David Gross spoke on India that it is one of the most populous country with one of the largest economy and have great scientific power. The present PM has set ambitious goal. Due to it's size and potential, India must take a lead. In last decade it did well but delay in funding severely affected some projects. India has to rise above China. 

On question of how to pick up idea or chose a project, William answered to learn the basics first. What is the thing that has been left out? Do something close to impossible and enjoy the work. Learn about new methods, creative and work under the guidance of a senior person.

On the question of economy before science, putting cart before the horse, David Gross explained how India was richer than China 30 years ago, richer than South Korea 59 years ago. Both grew up rapidly, doubled their GDP, increase their investments in science and research. Explaining the percentage of labour force working in science, USA: 80/10000, China 20/10000, and a India only 4/10000. By 2050, India will become bigger economy than US, therefore, need for investments on inventions. 

Ada explained how Israel is smaller than Delhi, but smarter than China and South Korea. Respect to knowledge is very high in their society. She said, don't ask advice, shine out what inspire you, work that you enjoy and look what is burning in yourself. 

On question of robotics, it was explained how robot is a major problem in US. They expressed worry on manual jobs, no more economically viable in the economy of 21st century. 

Serge remarked that many politicians don't know what science is? People are using scientific instruments and also suspicious about them. New world is a world of digital society, digital economy. Facebook, Google, etc, will capture more and more people to fetch more money. To get more and more economic benefits they will bring pressure in the system of digital world. People are scared and fearful about the artificial intelligence.

On question of failure, Ada remarked that her research was like climbing Everest, but when she reached Everest, there was Everest behind Everest. When fail; stop, rethink and revolutionise.  Learn from the failure to overcome from the failure. When idea fails, it is a great moment to learn, why it failed? Serge was very polite in saying that Nobel recognised one person but they work in a team. He advised to avoid bad effect of failure and think why failed? What mistakes? Sometimes failure bring out unexpected discovery. 

The Second Session on Local Research - Global Challenges was addressed by Nobel Laureates: Harold Varmus (US), Randy Schekman (US), Richard Roberts (England), and Venki Ramkrishnan (American Indian). It was moderated by Goran Hanson.

In the opening remarks, it was explained how India has overcome the challenge of infectious diseases. India to learn from the Developed world and the Developed World from India. 

Harold Varmus explained that in India small segment is wealthy but the health of large section is poor. Better to assess the health of the population. He then explained how the vaccine of smallpox was inoculated from cowpox. Then came the challenge of Hepatitis B virus of strange pattern, the serum procedure etc, made the vaccine expensive. But India produced it at very low cost, exported to South Africa where the cases has gone down substantially. Hepatitis B virus is responsible for lever cancer. Cure of Cervical cancer developed through human patho virus amongst women is a challenge. It is difficult to develop vaccine of very high cost. Breast cancer cases are high in India, the method is treatment is expensive, India CA find out cost effective method.

Venki advise India to do vaccine research. He explained how a female scientist from India invented super cheap made in India rotavirus vaccine. Now the vaccine will be used by many countries to save young children from the disease of severe diarrhoea causing death of thousands. 

HIV vaccine is another big challenge. 30 years have been passed knowing the virus but couldn't invent the vaccine. Scientists know the structure of the virus but unable to find answer of the vaccine that works on all cell receptors. There are individuals don't infect by HIV because they are born without HIV receptors, but it is extremely difficult to change every cell of the body who recept the HIV. Removing HIV virus from the body is a tall order. 

Then they discussed about malaria vaccine, the control of plasmodium. The vaccine has been invented but yet to make better vaccine. It was advised that the strategy adopted by Srilanka in curing and controlling malaria can be adopted by India and other countries. 

Richard Roberts talked about food and nutrition. For hungry, food is important than medicine, but quality of food is more important. There is a need to increase micronutrients in the food by Genetically Modified Food. Some NGOs like Green Peace lead movement to stop Monsanto and GMO in US and Europe and now mislead the developing world by spreading misinformation. Now Pro GMO campaign started by the scientists to convince politicians that what they are hearing is not true. BT cotton become economically successful for the farmers and for the economy in India. Bangladesh has introduced BT Brinjal and Golden Rice, the modified rice variety that solves the problem of Vitamin A deficiency. Similarly nutrition value improvement can be taken up in many crops. The panel was in favour of the GMO. The opponents don't object they inject in their body but oppose the food. Saving food from the waste may not be sufficient to feed the incremental growth of population on earth. We need new innovations, technology to feed the people. India has a great potential. Infectious diseases reduced. Now to control use of tobacco, cure cancer and improve treatments of cardiovascular and lungs diseases. Drug use is two edges sword. For example it it better to control cardio vascular disease by improved diet, reducing cholesterol and BP control. Diabetes is still unclear because of it's genetic compound. Genetic and environment both may be the reasons. India has unique opportunity to take leap frog. It has moved to mobiles and jumping over the smart technology, shown power of information and mathematics, now time to promote life sciences and biology. 500 million people are below 21 years age, 20% of them 25m students enter into schools high schools every year. They need more instructions. How to train these number through affordable schools and universities throughout the country is a big challenge. Building a Golden India should be a goal. 400 AD, Chinese used to come to study education system of India. Now India has to look at it's past, present and transform the future of higher education. IIT holds less than 1% of the students. Research programmes in the institutes are less. The brains going abroad are not returning to India, losing future of India. Bring them back home. The salary structure of University needs improvement to hold scholarly students in India. Integrate Research and Education. 

Replying the question on Life Sciences future in India, they replied, India can study it's own population, work on TB vaccine development, study the diet that grow useful and harmful bacteria. Digitise identification of population, their diet and human behaviour. People should be medically trained to understand treatments. 

On a question of Arts to Sciences, how scientists get inspiration from the Arts, the answers were very interesting. Arts is a better way to present the problem through paintings etc. People getting into science enrich themselves with reading history, watching movies, documentaries, to make them understand the science. Passion brought into science by books of Arts. Cartoon can also motivate scientists. Arts changes the life. The Double Helix book by James D Watson and its diagrams became useful to many researchers. Creativity is a common element in Science and Arts both. 

How scientist choose to publish a book? It was replied to go for open access publication. Previously, science was held by public and private institutions, now open access disseminate scientific information for public viewing. 

It was good to listen and understand the minds of the Nobel Laureates. People will love to attend such events. Those missed, can read it through my mind, may be not enough to enjoy like those attended in person.

10 January 2017

Sunday, January 1, 2017

Salvation a desire of all humans

Salvation a desire of all humans

There is a Trimandir at Adalaj. Every year there is Parayan for a week from 24-31 December. Dada Bhagwan (late Shri Ambalal Muljibhai Patel) attained Kaivalya and explained the path of liberation in easy words. After the departure of Niruma (Dr Niruben Amin), Shri Deepakbhai Desai leads the Akram Vigyan movement, gives detail explanation about prakruti and Sahajta and Aatma. 

This year, to meet my curiosity, I have attended morning session of the Parayana on 31/12/16. There are more than 15,000 people who have come from all over india and world. Around 100 have come from Germany. There were followers from US, Brazil, Spain, Kenya and other countries. 

The method of Satsang was very simple. One Sadhak was reading line to line from the book, Aptvani (Satsang of Dada Bhagvan) and Deepakbhai was explaining the meaning. The Sadhakas have freedom to raise question anytime, therefore, some of them were asking questions in between and Deepakbhai was answering. At the end of the session some questions were taken from the audience and Deepakbhai gave answers to them. 

It was really surprising that foreigners were asking questions on the thought process of the mind and were trying to understand the words pudgal, file 1. file2, pratikraman, mishra chetan, shuddha chetan, etc, to reach to the goal of the stage of Suddhatma. 

Today the chapter was on drasta, darshan and kaivalya. It was explained that whatever we are doing with Buddhi following our mind and ego are the acts of Mishra Chetan, which carry the fruits of our karmas. Therefore, till we are in Mishra Chetan stage, we can't progress on the path of liberation. For that one has to raise a level up from Buddhi to Pragya, in which the Shuddh Chetan starts watching the Mishra Chetan and it's acts. Separating Chandu (the Jiva) and making him an object of watching (file 1) is the first step of the Sadhana of this path. The unwise (simple) can attain liberation faster that the wiseman because, the wise is living in the jail of his/her ego.

It was quite interesting that the common men are observing themselves and taking all corrective steps those are obstructing them reaching to the stage of Shuddhatma. Once, an individual is reached to the destination, then he/she has to leave the Pragya behind because it was a mean to attend the goal. The journey of Mishra Chetan Atma to Shuddhatma is the journey of Moksha (liberation). People have to walk very slowly on this path step by step. They don't worry about the tip of the mountain but walk carefully in the present moment, the step a head. They don't discard the question, but keep it pending so that while walking on the path of life, one day they get the answer themselves. Because when you start observing yourself as a separate entity 24x7, you come under the scanner of yourself. You have to pass your exams. 

Deepakbhai took some 8-10 questions and when closed the session, an old lady Shardaben Prajapati came in the front of the Dias and requested him for a permission to ask a question. Deepakbhai first said no, but when the lady insisted more, he allowed her to ask. She is from a potter community and in the business of making bricks. She asked, "when we fire the bricks, many insects burn and die and I feel very sad every time. We have burned many all these years. Now after killing so many Jeevas, can I attain Moksha? I want moksha but always worried about our karmas of burning insects." What an innocence!

Deepakbhai answered her yes, with an advice to pray God for forgiving her for the act she did as it was community compulsion. Pratikraman, introspecting oneself and praying God to forgive and to remain alert on next karma to avoid mistakes of the past is the path of Moksha, Salvation, Self realisation of Dada Bhagwan. It's called 'Akram Vigyan', a shortcut path of enlightenment.

They worship Tridevas: Simandhar Swami, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Simandhar Swami for them is a God living in human form on another Earth. As per Jain Sashan, we are living in the fifth Ara. The coming 6th Ara will be more painful. Therefore, those jeevas wishing to move out of the life of pain and cycle of birth and rebirth can walk on the path of Akram Vigyan and attain Moksha (liberation), the stage of a burned seed, that won't sprout again. 

There are two stages of liberation. In the first stage you experience a sense of freedom from unhappiness in this very life and experience the bliss of Self (Atma) from within; and in second stage when all karmas are completely exhausted, one becomes free from the cycle of birth and death, the ultimate liberation. Akram Vignan empowers one to remain unaffected in the midst of any situation, and thus experience the first stage of liberation. The knowledge of Self(Atma) is attained through gyan vidhi of two hours, thereafter, following five agyas with right understanding and firm conviction, he/she progresses on the path of liberation reaching the state of Shuddhatma. Purush with Purushartha leave the Samsara and merge into the blissful ocean of Self. 

Jai Sachchidanand.

1 January 2017
Powered by Blogger.