Thursday, September 22, 2016

South Africa is in transition phase of Empowerment

South Africa is in Transition Phase of Empowerment

They become free from the racism with the release of Mr. Nelson Mandela from the prison, African Nation Congress won the elections and he became the President of the Country. He declared the country of South Africa free from racism, the country of all, of blacks, of whites, of coloureds. He forgave them all who did wrong with the blacks. The country since then is under the rule of ANC. It is a country, may be 1/3 of the size of India and 6 times size to the State of Gujarat with a population of 55 million, smaller than Gujarat. 80% are Blacks, 8% whites, 3% Indians and rest the ethnics, the natives of South Africa. Even the blacks are also belong to the different parts of the African Continent. In whites, there are mainly Dutch and British. The Dutch ruled here for over 160 years and had families with local people, therefore the coloured generation is also there. There are Germans and other Europeans mostly the Protestants were moved to this land when the Catholics were killing them in mass in 14-15th century. Many moved through the ships those days. They have worked very hard for 500 years to build the Nation and it's infrastructure. The language African is mostly derived from the Dutch language. The blacks came as Slaves/Workers from the neighbouring countries, but as usual like Indian Castes System, and the system the British followed in India, they followed the theory of apartism, in which the whites had developed separate set of places for their living, separate set of places for recreation and entertainment, separate mobility services, separate health and education facilities, etc. Blacks were left out as slaves, workers and were called Bantus. Even today, the racism has gone, but their colonies are separate. Whites, coloureds are going to private hospitals and private schools and the blacks are dependent on government services of health, education and housing.

It is very rich in mines and minerals as they contribute 26% of the GDP of the Nation. If has been governed well in past by the Dutch and British, therefore carry a world class great infrastructure. But at present, unemployment (26%) is their biggest problem. The youths are not illiterate but unskilled, unemployable as they drop out from schools and those study further carry degrees of social sciences. Their life styles are irregular, therefore AIDS, Cancer and knee problems (over weight) are their major concern for health.

There is lot of infighting amongst the ANC people, therefore their political attacks over the President and the counter attacks are the news lines everyday. 8 of the 9 provinces are under the rule of the ANC. But the one, the attraction of the tourists, Cape Town Province is under the rule of the Democratic Alliance, mostly under the commands of the White population. Most of the country white population live in this Province.

The political powers are with the Blacks but the economic powers are with the Whites. The Blacks have been given the seat of government power, the office buildings, the staff, the cars, the authorities, but the economy of the country is ruled by the Whites. Most of the companies, corporates, banks, insurance companies, export-import companies, manufacturers of goods and services; the economic commands are in the hand of the whites. They are placed well in the key positions of the government from where they guide the blacks as Blacks are in learning stage of the administration, governance and policy making.

The whites commands the economy, concentrate more on high end profit area and are enjoying quality of life. Large population of the country the blacks are dependent of Government subsidies and support for health, education and housing. And government resources are the income from the businesses of the whites, therefore, they have to allow the whites to run the economy.

India has centuries old relations with the country. Our land was separated from the eastern border of the South Africa some million years ago, but the two Oceans, Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean are connecting the two lands with water. The warm water of Indian Ocean and the warm hearts of Indian have build the relationship with Africa for centuries. Many sailors from the west coast of India were traveling to the African Continent for centuries. Columbus failed to discover India but Vasco Da Gama could reach India in 1497 following a Gujarati trader, the owner of ship 'Chandan'.  Vasco da Gama had recorded in his diary that upon his arrival at Zanzibar in Africa he saw a docked ship three times bigger than his own. He took an African interpreter to meet the owner of that ship Chandan, a Gujarati trader who used to bring pine wood and teak from India along with spices and take back diamonds to Cochin.

South Africa is the land which gave us the Mahatma, Mahatma Gandhi. Abdulla Cousins, the traders of Porbandar origin in South Africa had commercial dispute, went to the civil court and one of the brothers was in need of a Gujarati lawyer who can read the account books written in Gujarati and explain them to the British Lawyer in English. After became a Barrister from England (two trial), and failed in settling down in Rajkot and Mumbai as lawyer, he, unemployed Mohandas grab the opportunity to travel to South Africa as a legal counsel to Dada Abdulla, reached Durban on 24 May 1893 by SS Safari. While traveling by train to Pretoria, Gandhiji experienced his first taste of racial discrimination, was thrown out of the train at Pietermaritzburg Railway Station. After completing his work of Dada Abdulla, he decided to return to India in 1894. But in his farewell dinner somebody shared him a news about a bill proposed to disfranchise Indians. The farewell dinner was converted into a meeting, drafted a petition and Gandhi decided to extend his stay and to meet with the expense as a befitted barrister to earn living expense £300/month, he registered himself as a lawyer in the Supreme Court of Natal. Simultaneously, he organised Natal Congress in 1894. He visited India in 1896 and gave a press statement about racist practices in South Africa. Therefore, he was attacked physically by the inflamed mob at the dock in 1896, from which Gandhi initiated his weapon of 'self restrain' to fight with the opponents. In Boer war of 1899, he organised Indian Ambulance Cops to support the injured soldiers in the war. After staying for a year in India in 1901, he returned to SA in 1902, started his experiments of self restraints in 1903, celibacy in 1906, organised Phoenix Farm, Inanda, near Durban, and organised his first  'satyagraha' against the black act of compulsory registration of Asians in 1906. It was a centre for formation of Gandhi, communal settlement of Satyagrahis and the HQ of his first news paper 'Indian Opinion'. He launched three Satyagrahas in South Africa and was jailed thrice for a short durations (2 months, 3 months, few days) and each time was released on compromise. At the end, General Smuts had no more heart to fight him. He became the inspiration to many. He returned to India, traveled the country and after the death of Lokmanya Tilak, filled up the gap of leadership in Indian National Congress and lead the nation for freedom fight against British Rule for 27 years (1920-47) and won the freedom of India.

Today, his name is diminishing in South Africa. The Phoenix Farm is owned by a company which has earmarked an acre of land in Gandhi's memory, where, PM Mr. Modi has planted spelling of Peeper and Bark tree during his recent visit in July 2016. The Tolstoy farm has been occupied by the community. The house he lived in, went into fire sometimes ago, lost its importance. The British Government of South Africa avoided promoting him in South Africa so that his Gandhi thoughts of equality don't spread across the country.

Recently, 3 months after the President of India gifted a statue of Gandhi to the University of Ghana, a group of professors and students have started a petition to bring it down. The opposition centres around their belief that Gandhi was "inherently racist" for his depiction of native black Africans as "kaffir" (considered a racial slur in Africa) in his early writings, when he was fighting for the rights of Indians in South Africa.

Johannesburg is the financial capital of the country. But the day ends after 6pm as safety is the main concern for the tourists. The crime rate is high but surprisingly Johannesburg people compare their rate of crimes with the rate of crimes in Cape Town!

The country has sound infrastructure, the growth rate is 0.3%, is happy with the growth rate of 1.3% in the last quarter, but will take some more years to establish itself as sound economy of the East Africa. It's human resource need more skills, more technical education to improve their employability.

From our side, our salute to the Nation, which had given us our father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. And has also got his Mahatma under the influence of non violence weapon of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Nation of South Africa, Mahatma Nelson Mandela.

Salaam South Africa.

16 September 2016
Johannesburg, SA.


Post a Comment

Powered by Blogger.