Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Chandragupta Maurya and his dynasty was an uprising century for the backwards in India

Chandragupta Maurya and his dynasty was an uprising century for the Backwards in India

There is strength in saying that Chanakya was a myth and no true personality during the period of Chandragupta Maurya. There is no mention of Chanakya in the contemporary Greek works. Megasthenes who stayed in Chandragupta Maurya’s court for a decade and wrote Indica never mentioned Chankya anywhere. But other Indian cources portraits him as the godfather of Emperor Chandragupta.

Historians have agreed in majority that Chandragupta was neither Brahmin nor Kshatriya. He was from OBC caste, may be from Shepherds or Maurya community. He was extremely intelligent and could have carried out the administration lonehandedly. The area of Pataliputra was governed by Ganarajya system, where Kingship was control by the mandate (not voting but the voices) of the people. People were against Dhananda, therefore Chandragupta succeeded. The two religions Buddhism and Jainism were emerged from the area of the seat of power of India, Pataliputra, therefore, the Maharajs and Monks were trying to influence the King to accept their faith. In Chandragupta's case the Jains succeeded and in Ashoka's case the Buddha's because one of his wives (Devi, the mother of Mahendra and Sanghmitra) was a Buddhist. 

Look at the marriages of Chandragupta, Bindusara and Ashoka and his successors. They married to the girls other than Brahmin and Kshatriya kulas, or married to a girls from ordinary families. Bindusara didn't follow Jainism like his father Chandragupta but became Ajvikas marrying Subhadrangi the Ajvikas girl of low rank. Ajvikas were the heterodox, not Brahmins, during the Mauryan Empire. They were the wandering ascetics prayed Shiva and Vishnu. Bindusara' son Ashoka married to a Buddhist girl Devi and later married a Jain girl Tissarakha in 264 BCE after four years of taking over the throne of Pataliputra.

Spread of Buddhism to the world over was result of Ashoka's efforts. He sent ambassadors all over the world including Greece. His daughter Sanghmitra and son Mahendra went to Srilanka for the propagation of Buddhism. Sanghmitra became monk and spent rest of her life in Srilanka. Probably Ashoka was one of the few kings who did not impose his religion on his subjects. Actually throughout Southeastern Asia, the model of rulership embodied by Ashoka replaced the notion of divine kingship that had previously dominated. See all his edicts which are religion neutral but reflects essentially teaching of Buddha.

Brahmins might be against the rule of Mauryas, but were waiting for an opportunity when the power of the sword of the King distinguishes and their popularity goes down. 80 years after the death of Ashoka, the Mauryan Army Chief Pushyamitra (Brahmin) found out the opportunity and assassinated the King Brihadrath Maurya during the Army review meet. Once again, India came under the direct power of the Brahmins. 

Look at Chartapati Shivaji. He was OBC and won the kingdom of Raigarh with his gorilla warfare against the mighty Emperor Aurangzeb. But his ashta pradhanas (8 ministers) were Brahmins. On front end, the OBC held the power; but the real powers were vested with the elite Hindus/Hinduism.

For centuries, majority of India belong to OBC. Therefore, who organise them well as weapon, capture the power, either through bullets (sword) or ballots. But in all games, the supremacy of Hinduism (Brain) continues. 

This strategic management for centuries keeps the Hinduism alive and fresh, though it has been attacked by many, many a times. It absorbs the challenges. It doesn't confront but embrace the practice or belief of the challenger as one of it's own. When Buddha rose against Brahmanism, he was absorbed as 9th Avatara of Vishnu. Buddhism, Islam and Christianity posed great challenges of conversion of faith of unequal but Hinduism sustained. Chanakya may be a part of the strategy to write history so that people believe that it was not Chandragupta but Chankya's strategy won the throne. It was not Shivaji but Guru Ramdas preaching won the war against Muslims. Behind the success of any backward, the brain remains behind. One need a guide, a strategist, a mentor, a guru to walk on right path. The right path in India is called Hinduism. It is malleable porous fluid bends or allow other to pass but maintain it's sanctity/supremacy over others.

The way British made us English by way of education, Brahmins made us Hindu by way of religious teaching. Hindu is Jindu, never die, the immortal. 

28 March 2017


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