Monday, April 17, 2017

Bengoli Bureaucrats of Gujarat

Bengoli Bureaucrats of Gujarat

Referring my article on "Where does Gujarat fall, North or South?", Shri Shyamal Ghosh, IAS Rtd, has explained the migration of bureaucrats from east to west. In his words: "One time there were 4 Ghoshes and 3 Basus and several other Bongs like Gangopadhyaya, Samajpati, Chakravarty, Roychoudhury, Haldar and others in Gujarat cadre. The Collector Rajkot, who had to deal with several Ghoshes working as prant officers and a Basu as RAC. Love letters (reprimands) meant for one Ghosh inevitably went to the wrong Ghosh. Since almost all weekends all the Prant Officers landed up in Rajkot he was constrained to issue instructions that officers should not leave their HQs without prior approval of Collector. On top of it there also  were a couple of Bong IPS officers posted in Rajkot."

Nobody ignore the Bongs and the East! There is a special relationship between the East with the West. The Garaba of Manipur travel to Gujarat from the East through the Manipuri Girl Usha (daughter of Bana) married to Aniruddh, the grand son of Lord Krishna. 

The languages of the lands Bengoli and Gujarati belong to Indo-Aryan native have many similarities. Gujarati kem cho is kemana achena in Bengali. The languages of North India carry tatsam, tadbhav and deshaj words. Tatsam are the original words from Sanskrit, Tadbhav are the words derived from tatsam and the deshaj (deshi)  are the local words of unknown origin. Gujarati and Bengali languages carry many deshaj words. The 'che' used in Gujarati is commonly used in Bengali, Oriya, Nepali, etc, languages of the East. The "eesh" of Bengali and "laj" (lajja) of Gujarati are the same. Bengali word fatafati (teshada in Saurastra) has been enjoyed by Gujarati through fafdi. Jaa-taa of Bengoli is jaa-jaa of Gujarati. Pagol/al na mathakharap/b is common in both the languages. Bengali gandogol is golgol of Gujarati. Bengali bhalo is bhale of Gujarat. Khub is common in both for very.

Gujarat has developed Gujarati thali typically a mixer of North-South-East-West. It has sabji-roti from the North-West; and the Rice-daal from the East-South. Two people are very choosy about the quality of rice they eat: the Bengolis and the Gujaratis. Gujarati Daal is a Sambhar of South by replacing vegetables with jaggery. 

If you survey the Indian tourists traveling in India and all over the world, they are mainly Bengoli and Gujarati. Gujarati in couples and Bengoli with full families. Both have the sea nearby, therefore can't tolerate the cold much. The little winter is 'bhishun thanda' for both the communities. 

Individually, Bengoli and Gujarati are fearful people, won't take law in hand and disrupt the order. But in a group, they are fearless, can lead the agitation. Both have lead the freedom struggle of India. Bengoli from the British Presidency of Calcutta and Gujarati from the British Presidency of Bombay. The goal of Independence was common for both, but when it came to the means of freedom, Bengoli revolutionary Subhashbabu deferred with Gandhiji on the issue of non-violence and left INC. Gandhi led the freedom struggle with non-violence force of "Satyagrahis" but Subhashbabu led the struggle differently using military force (Indian National Army) from the East. Gandhi gave the slogan "Quit India" and Subhashbabu said: "Give me blood, I will give you freedom". But when the Muslim League called for a “Direct Action Day”, with Muhammad Ali Jinnah declaring that the League wanted “either a divided India or a destroyed India”, Bengal was on fire of communal violence. Gandhi's peace efforts winning them over by a public confession by Suhrawardy Khan accepting the blame of great Calcutta killing and felt ashamed for it, intoxicated them with joy on 15 August 2017, after a year of darkness. He was ready to die so that Indians may live peacefully. He brought peace in the streets of Calcutta where his son Harilal lost his morals. Lord Mountbatten paid him tribute as the "One Man Boundary Force". 

But there are differences too. Bengoli are fond of fish curry (macher jhol) and Gujarati are fond of Dal-Bhat. Jhol is common in both. When Bengoli enjoy Aloo posto, begun bhaja, cha and adda; Gujarati feel happy with aloo bhaji, began bhartu, cha and bhajiya-ganthia. Psychologically, Bengoli are inclined to arts and culture unlike Gujarati into money making. However, Bengoli are good businessmen too like Gujarati businessmen. Gujarati are capitalist more of entrepreneurs, prefer self employment; but Bengoli are socialist pro service people, carry some glimpses of British clan. Bengoli value knowledge high and recognise intellectuals; Gujarati value money high and recognise entrepreneurs.

Gujarat Cadre is proud of it's Bongs Bureaucrats: the Ghosas, Basus, Gangopadhyaya, Samajpati, Chakravarty, Roychoudhury, Haldar, etc, contributed for the making of Gujarat.

17 April 2017


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