Sunday, December 25, 2016

Merry Christmas 2016

Merry Christmas 2016

Nobody knows the exact date of his birth. But his followers estimated the date analysing the references of cosmic significance. It was the coldest night of that winter. Night, because the shepherds saw a 'Bright Star' moving towards one direction. They walked along with the Star and when the Star stopped moving, they also stopped. They were in front of a manger in Bethlehem, where Virgin Mary of Nazareth, the wife of Joseph, traveled for census, gave birth to a child and laid him in a manger. The angels proclaim him a saviour and shepherds come to adore him following a Star. Joseph followed advice of the angel, take Mary and named the child Jesus as he was born to save his people from their sins. The family then returned to Nazareth. But when the King Herod massacred all males under two years old in order to kill Jesus, the King of the Jews, his family fled to Egypt and later settled in Nazareth when the threat of death ended. Like Lord Krishna, he was born in the night and was moved to another place due to the life threat from the ruler.

One world of Adam of 'Death' ended and the new world of Christ of 'Life' born. The year was estimated from the rule of Herod the Great on Bethlehem. People from 3rd century, celebrating nativity feast on 25th December. 

When he was 12 years old people found him in the Temple listening to the teachers and asking questions so that all who heard him were amazed. Living in "Father's House", he grew in wisdom living with his parents. Thereafter no authentic details are recorded for his life between 12-30. When he became 30 years old, there are five major milestones recorded: Baptism, Transfiguration, Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension. 

When he was about 30 years old (AD 26), he begins his public ministry of 3.5 years; with his baptism by John the Baptist near the river Jordan, spent 40 days being tempted in the wilderness,  had started preaching in various towns and villages, selected His first followers, performed His first miracle at Cana in Galilee, and traveled to Capernaum north of the Sea of Galilee, proclamation of Jesus the Christ by Peter, followed his transfiguration witnessed by three disciples, predicts his death and enter into Jerusalem, take Last Supper with his disciples, one of his disciples betrayed him for thirty pieces of silver, as predicted by him Peter disowned him thrice before the rooster crowed next morning, was arrested, tried and crucified on Good Friday of Spring by the Romans (AD 30 or 33). A tragic crucifixion of an innocent. He sacrificed his for the sins of others. 

His seven sentences (Last Words) of passion made while he was on cross are the doctrine of salvation and atonement. These are: 

  1. Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do. (Forgiveness)
  2. Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise. (Salvation)
  3. Woman, behold your son. Son, behold your mother. (Relationship)
  4. My God, My God, why have you forsaken me? (Abandonment)
  5. I thirst. (Distressed)
  6. It is finished. (Triumph)
  7. Father, into your hands I commit my spirit. (Reunion) 

On the third day on Easter Sunday, he rose again from the death (resurrection). He appeared to many people for forty days before ascended to heaven (ascension).

Christmas is a festival of joy to celebrate birth of Jesus Christ, to chant Hymn and sing songs composed on nativity, portraying humility of his birth. It is called the "Song of the Angels" given that it was uttered by the angels in the Annunciation to the Shepherds. Christian people all over the world celebrate this week (24-31) in memory of the birth of their Massiah. Jesus was their Lord and Master who was to be served with all their hearts and who would one day judge their actions throughout their lives. For millions of Christians on Earth believe in his promise "I am with you always, even unto the end of the world".

His image of humble at birth and sacrificed at death is lighting the path of lives of millions of Christians all over the world. He has conquered their hearts by love. 

Merry Christmas.

Punamchand
25 December 2016

Sunday, December 18, 2016

Inequality is the mother of jealousy

Inequality is the mother of jealousy 

"You can be the Moon and still be jealous of the Stars". -Gary Allan

There are six enemies (shadripu) (arishadverga) described in human personality: 
Kama (lust, intense wanting for an object, power, knowledge, addiction), Krodha (anger), Lobh (greed, excessive desire to possess more that what one needs or deserves), Moha (emotional attachment), Mada (pride, ego), and Matsarya (jealousy). All are the prisoners of these six enemies, and their lives are governed by the destiny. They are the dacoits residing within and rob the previous gem of spiritual wisdom and self awareness knowledge. Various sanskaras and vasanas are brought out into activity from the submerged level of the chitta/deep within.

Do you know a story of a jealous man? My father used to tell us.

There was a man living in a village, always jealous of his neighbour. His neighbour was a hardworking man following good virtues of life. They were living a very happy life. The jealous man was lazy and spend his time in looking for faults in others but make no time to correct his own. One day, he asked his neighbour the reason of their happiness. Blessings of God, he replied very politely. The jealous man then went to the forest and to do Tapa to please the God. One day, the God was pleased, gave him darshana, knew the reason of his Tapa and gave him three boons with a condition that whatever he demands, his neighbour will get the double. The man returned home happily and next morning tried his first boon. He desired for a tubewell in his farm. He got a tubewell in the farm but his neighbour also got two tubewells. Second morning, he desired for a beautiful house. He got a beautiful house but his neighbour also got two beautiful houses. Instead of feeling happy with his better life with a tubewell in the farm and a beautiful house, he was worried about the benefits his neighbour was getting out of his boons. Now the third and last boon was available. His negative thoughts took over his mind. That night, he couldn't sleep and passed it in thinking. In the morning, he desired for a negative boon for him, to take away his one eye. His intention was to make his neighbour a blind!

Many people on earth are like him. They are not happy with what they have, but live in sorrow of what they don't have. Bhav nu shukh nahin, abhav nu dukh. Why? Because of Jealousy. Jealousy is an emotion, a typical experience in human relationships, expressed for the people known to us and are progressing better than us. A jealous person throws a stone in Peace Lake of his mind and creates the ripples that travel around and disturb the peace of mind of others. Jealousy is the seed for all our fights and pains in the world. It is disturbing the peace of the mankind and one day will be the reason for the destruction of the human world. 

Why can't we live in harmony. Why can't we walk on right path? Why can't we learn good virtues of successful life from others and make our life successful? Why we lose trust? Because many times, we see success of the people following wrong path. But what we see as success may not be the success but a pain for them, taking away their happiness of life and peace of mind. Their life is not our message.

DDDIT, an institution in Nadiad is giving a letter to all it's graduate students, when they pass out. It writes: "We should not compare ourself with others. We are individuals and we have different lives. Instead we should compare our present with our past to check whether we are progressing or not." If we accept the advice, all of us will feel happy because our present is better than our past. With better quality of life, we have a better life then our past generation. 

Jealousy is a disease and Love is a healthy condition of mind. Love people and remove hatredness. 

Be Confident Be Happy.

Punamchand
18 December 2016

NB: Never hate people who are jealous of you, but respect their jealousy. They are people who think that you are better than them.

Friday, December 2, 2016

Proton Beam Therapy for Cancer Treatment

Proton Beam Therapy for Cancer Treatment 

Cancer is one of the challenging diseases for the human world. Tobacco and other habits were considered the major causes for the disease, but when it occurs without reason to many individuals, people try to find alternative answers. Amongst women, rural urban divide was found in cancer cases. Breast cancer cases found common amongst urban women (who avoid breath feeding to their children) and ovarian cancer cases found common amongst the rural women due to poor unhygienic living style. We are yet to reach out for toilet in each house, the bathroom will take may be another decade. 

What is cancer? It was presumed that it is an uncontrolled growth of some cells of the body, those have been moved out of the command and control system and go on multiplying till they burst. The tumour developed obstruct the life energy and kills the person. As you know, our body is made of cells. Each cell has a life cycle of birth, life and death. New cells replace the old once. 24x7, the cycle of generation, operation and destruction goes on, till we finally end our life in death. 

But in Cancer, some cells become immortal, don't die. The cycle of new cells generation continues and the previous lot if don't die, what will happen? The tumour is formed with the increase in the quantum of cells around that area. This is Cancer. 

Chemo radiation (X-Rays-photons) therapy has been used to treat cancer. It directs photons and electrons at tumours with the intent of eradicating the neoplastic tissue while preserving adjacent normal tissue. But radiation induced damage to the healthy tissue. The Therapy is generally used to kill the cancer cells at the spot as well as those spread out in other parts of the body. But while doing so, the radiation kills many healthy tissues. If the tumour burst during the treatment, cancer spreads into the body and the relapse becomes incurable. 

Now, the oncologists have developed a proton therapy, also called proton beam therapy, is a radiation treatment that uses proton rather than x-rays. At high energy, it can destroy the cancer cell. It's a pointed treatment in which the Proton radiation directly work on the tumour kill only the cancer cells and save the healthy cells. The treatment allows for excellent dose distribution, with the added benefit of no exit dose. These characteristics make this form of radiotherapy an excellent choice for the treatment of tumours located next to critical structures such as spinal cord, eyes, and brain, as well as for paediatric malignancies. However, the treatment has a limitation, as it works on tumours, therefore, the treatment is not useful in blood and other types of cancer.

The Proton Beam Therapy machine is very expensive, may be costing ₹400 CR. In India only Apollo Hospital has placed an order and it will get the delivery probably in 2018. But it is a new ray of hope for the patient living with cancer.

ऊँ सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः । 
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु मा कश्चिद् दुःखभाग्भवेत ।

Punamchand
2 December 2016

Sunday, November 27, 2016

ॐ सूर्याय नमः

ॐ सूर्याय नमः

How sweet it looks when we say that electricity tariff for electricity consumption is ₹3.20/unit for first 50 units, ₹3.90/unit for next 150 units and ₹4.90/unit for remaining unit. For 500 odd units consumption in two months, the average unit cost will come around ₹4/unit. But when you pay the bill, you pay ₹6.30/unit.

There is FPPPA (fuel and power purchase adjustment cost) ₹0.90/unit; the Regulatory Charges ₹0.18/unit; the Fixed Charges ₹0.22/unit (for load consumption), Govt tax @ 20%, and the fixed meter rent.

With the modern inventions on renewable energy, the Solar and Wind energy are getting cheaper. If we manage our roof top with solar panels well, the dependency of the electricity company can go away. Though Govt has offered subsidy but with the profit margin of the Solar Electricity manager, the CAPEX may not be attractive or affordable for the common men at present.

The knowledge and literacy is not limiting us in only the skill of reading and writing. We are in Digital phase and aiming for cashless economy, we should acquire technology literacy. If more and more people are evolved than the CAPEX can further go down and get us free electricity from our Great Father, the Sun.

Save money, save electricity and capture free electricity from the Sun if you wish to become free from different jargons of electricity bill, charging your pocket. Meantime, don't forget to move to LED to save the units of consumption, the fixed and other charges😊

ॐ सूर्याय नमः

Punamchand
27 November 2016

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Wish to become a Memorial Diamond after the death?

Wish to become Memorial Diamond after the death?

Everything in the universe is energy and light, the vibration and electromagnetism. Energy can't be destroyed, it changes. There is a belief in many communities all over the world that when we die, we become 'Star'. When our dear ones die, we look them up in the stars of the sky. We feel that they are watching down over us and shower their blessings. Stars and human are made of Carbon. Both have a life cycle of birth, life and death. Both turns into ashes to ashes and dust to dust. There are references in religious books regarding human like starts. People in limelight are referred as Stars.

When someone dies, the spark of the life light may go up and settle in the Star, but do you know, the ashes of his/her body can be turned into a diamond, the earth star?

Real diamonds are created by nature over thousands of years. It's a mineral consists of 99.9% carbon. As the real diamonds are very expensive and are in limited supply, synthetic diamonds are taking over the market. They share their chemical, physical as well as optical features with natural diamonds. There are Chinese companies making synthetic diamonds, look the same like real, failing the human eyes to judge. There are special machines to check. Beware, when you buy diamonds.

Hindus have rituals of cremating the dead bodies and then flowing the ashes into the water of the river/rivers. But imagine, the same ashes, instead of flowing into the river, turn into a diamond, and presented you as a diamond ring or a pendant, how do you react? Can you imagine, to make a synthetic diamond from the ashes of father/mother/spouse/siblings and hold it over the ring or pendant and feel their connection with you permanently? Your dear one remains with you as burial memorial diamond forever. The family instead of carrying the photos of ancestors, can store the diamonds in memories. People who burry the dead bodies can save the space of burial grounds.

Now with the modern techniques of making synthetic diamonds, it becomes possible to make burial diamond. Diamond is a Carbon and the human ashes are also a Carbon element.

There is a company Algordanza in Swiss, making synthetic memorial diamonds from human ashes. In order to create a Memorial Diamond, they simulate the natural environment in which a diamond grows over hundreds of years inside of the earth. Human body consists of 20% carbon. During cremation, majority of carbon escapes as carbon dioxide. 1-5% of Carbon remains in the ashes. The laboratory isolate this Carbon and use it as the foundation for making the memorial diamond. The Carbon from the remains converts into graphite under the high pressure and high temperature. And this graphite become the foundation for the subsequent diamond transformation inside the high pressure (60,000 bar) high temperature (1200 – 1400° C) machines. A diamond starter crystal within the growth cell triggers the growth of memorial diamond. The diamond crystals slowly crystalize on the surface of starter crystal. Once the desired size of memorial diamond is made after a process of  few weeks, the starter crystal the removed from the surface of the synthetic rough diamond. The Carbon atoms arranged in a three dimensional grid gives strength and hardness to the diamond. Then it is hand cut sand polished by the experienced experts. It takes two weeks to make a ring and cost around $ 3-13,00,000, depending upon the size of the memorial diamond.

Do you wish to become a Memorial Diamond? Or wish to carry the dear once with you after their death in form of memorial diamonds? You may approach the Swiss company. If the demand increases, more companies will come into the market and the cost of memorial diamond will come down.

If aiming Starlight of the Sky, shine with the acts (not acting) like a Star. Lol.

Punamchand
16 November 2016

Monday, November 7, 2016

Besan Gujarati

Besan Gujarati

Beso in Gujarati and Basa in Marathi is an invitation to a guest or a friend to sit down. The word basti/vasti has derived from the human settlements. Once an offer of beso, means it is an invitation of a cup of tea with a snack. Snacks made from Besan (gram flour). Gujarati people are very fond of snacks. It is called 'na-sto'; say no but have it. All breaks are their munch time. There are many varieties of Gujarati snacks/nasto : Ganthia, sev, fafda, fafdi, khaman, dhokda, khandvi, handvo, bhajia, jalebi, chavanu, sev-mamara, fulvadi, samosa, etc. And each of these items has many sub varieties, carrying different tastes.

Gandhia in Saurashtra and Bhajia in Gujarat are the most popular dishes. Gujarati meal has more carbohydrate and fat but less protein. Therefore, their snacks are mostly made from gram flour that meet with the deficiencies of protein diet. But there is one more reason, interesting too. Gujarati life style is smart, less physical activity and more of resting. Their long time sitting habits make their bowels movement slow. Besan items provide the push that solve their problem of constipation! If you want to tease a Saurastrian, give him a food without besan and butter milk. His day will pass in uneasiness, fighting with amebiasis and constipation.

Fried items are considered health hazard but Gujarati can't avoid their tasty fried items. Many old men in Saurashtra have proved that eating Ganthia Jalebi everyday don't break the lifeline. 

Meetings are interactive but meeting without eating doesn't deliver fruitful result. It is a Gujarati way of making business and building relation through besan. To keep the tongue sweet, we add jaggery/sugar in our hot vegetables, but keep the snacks away from the heavy load. However, if no sweetness is added in the food item, it can't be called a Gujarati dish. 

Don't say no to a Gujarati when he says 'beso'. You will enjoy the Gujarati taste of Besan at the home of every Gujarati. And there are hundreds of street venders to serve the need of the shop keepers and office bearers.

Population of Gujarat is 62 million, but more than 10 million Gujaratis are living in many countries of the world. Wherever they live, they make it Gujarat, their mark of sweetness. "Besan Gujarati, ghana Pardeshi". Lol

Punamchand
7 November 2016

Saturday, November 5, 2016

Life beyond Death (PEA)

Life beyond Death (PEA)

In old age, the death is approaching with signs of slowed breathing, weakened heart rate and a change in colour of the body due to fall in blood pressure. When some one dies; the process of shutting down of the organs starts: pulse stops, heart stops beating, breath stops. But it is not death. There are two stages of death. Clinical death and Biological death. In clinical death, the heart stops beating, but the brain is alive. Body as a whole may be dead but certain parts within are alive. The brain cell starts to die about 4-6 minutes later from the loss of oxygen and the biological death occurs. Doctors may be able to delay biological death of VIP patients by cooling the body (to slow down metabolic rate) for extension of window of resuscitation. There are customs in many communities to wait for a day or a night before the cremation of the body. There are examples, where dead resuscitated.

Now doctors have started explaining PEA. Even in clinical death when the heart is stopped/arrested and not producing pulse, there is life. It is called Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA). Doctors apply CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) to maintain cardiac output to preserve brain function until further measures are taken. 

Death has a distinct smell. One may smell it within an hour. The living bacteria in the bowels start decomposition of the body, that generate the death odour. Therefore, Hindu tradition of cremation in the fire is the best method of disposal of the dead bodies. They use cow dung and do washing, cleaning of the place to keep it free from bacteria. The custom of bathing etc, for the people who carried the dead body, linked with maintaining very high standards of personal hygiene to maintain good health of the living.

It has not been proven, but it is believes that hearing is the last of the senses lost before death. Therefore, when death seems imminent, the family members express their love and support through talk. There is a tradition to read religious book at the time of departure. After the death, the family and relatives do talk to the dead body as if it is listening.

It is also believed that the life flashing before the eyes of the dying person. People return from cardiac arrest do talk about seeing light, or their tour beyond the body. There is something more beyond the organs. Hinduism believes that consciousness continues even after death. The physical body is dead but subtle body is alive. It can't express but can see, hear and feel. It takes rebirth till moksha.

Death is a mystery for the humans. His search for the life beyond death is still on. Many customs and rituals for disposal of dead bodies have been followed all over the world for centuries. There are religious directions. Some bury, some cremate, some flow the dead bodies into the holy rivers, some hang them in the well for the  vultures to eat. For special people, pyramids, tombs, samadhi temples are built over their ashes/remains to hold their memories. 

There are two stages of death: clinical and biological. But these are deaths of a body. The driver of the body, the Atma, the Spirit never dies. It may wait till the kayamat, or may take rounds of rebirth till finally merged into the Almighty, the Brahman, the Universal Consciousness.

Punamchand
5 November 2016

Friday, October 28, 2016

Diwali Parva 2016

Diwali Parva 2016

Diwali is a festival of billion plus Hindus living all over the world. After the harvesting of good crops, the people express their gratitudes to the deities through prayers and offerings. It's a "Shakti Parva of upasana" (worshiping the power of the Almighty), in which three major goddesses Maha Sarasvati, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Kali are worshipped. Maha Sarasvati is the Goddess of knowledge and wisdom. One has to acquire the knowledge and wisdom first to prosper. Maha Lakshmi is the Goddess of Wealth. Wealth comes from the skill, acquired with the help of Sarasvati. Wealth is generated from work. Maha Kali (Parvati) is the Goddess of regeneration, recycling the waste. Remove the waste and preserve the best. They are name of the three powers of the God: generation, operation and destruction; creation, maintenance and regeneration.

Diwali Festival starts with Vak Baras (shukla dwadashi), a day of worshipping Goddess Maha Sarasvati, the Goddess of Knowledge. Second day is called Dhan Teras (shukla trayidashi), a day to worship Maha Lakshmi. People worship their wealth and the means of wealth. The third day is kali chaudas (kali chaturdashi), a night to worship Goddess Kali to destroy the evil forces. It is a night for tantra mantra upasana and many sadhaks do acquire black magic from the universe. Then comes the night of Dipavali, the night of lights. The day and night to celebrate with joy. Joy of the year sparkles through crackers. Family, relatives and friends meet and greet; forgive and forget; reunite and rejuvenate; to bring more happiness, more prosperity in the life for all.

Next day of the Diwali, Gujarati people celebrate their New Year. New year of new beginning. It is followed by Bhai Bij (bhaiya duj), the day when sister welcomes her brothers at home. Tritia and Chaturthi are rest days and then comes the Labh Panchami, the first day to start the work in the new year. Labh means benefit - profit. So no loss to count, only to aim at benefit. Benefits to earn for the betterment of life, for self and for the community; for family and for the Country; for us and for the universe.

Wishing you all

Happy Vak Baras

Happy Dhan Teras

Sadhana Chaturdashi

Happy Diwali

Happy and Prosperous New Year Vikram Samvat 2073

Enjoy the festival of light, the Dipavali.
Light up with joy and with knowledge.

Punamchand
28 October 2016, Dhan Teras

Monday, October 24, 2016

It was not that easy

It was not that easy

After the loss of battle of Placy by Siraj-Ud-Daula in 1757, the outsourced British East India Company entered into the rule of India. Within 100 years, they were able to capture major part of the Country. But after the mutiny of 1857, direct rule of Government of England was established over India. Organised freedom struggle was started by INC but it got momentum by involvement of common people after the entry of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915. Gandhi lead the freedom struggle from 1918 to 1947. Starting with Champaran and Kheda (1918) agitation and supporting Khulaphat (1919) movement he came in lead role. But accepting Lacknow Pact of separate electoral votes for Muslim was a Himalayan Blunder. Jalianvala Bag massacre (1919) woke up the country against British atrocities. By introducing swadeshi and khadi, Gandhi launched nation wide freedom struggle of "Non Cooperation" in 1920 using non violence method of passive resistance. He was jailed. In 1930, he lead Dandi March, Salt Satyagraha and "Civil Disobedience Movement". Following Round Table Conferences, British allowed Indian voice in Provincial and National Governments under the Act of 1935. Gandhi remained busy is social issues of untouchability and women rights. But involving India in WW-II without the consent of INC opened the way for "Quit India" movement of "Do or Die" in 1942. The movement was crushed. Gandhi, Nehru and Sardar were put behind the bar and Jinnah (never been jailed) had an opportunity to establish his influence over the British and the Muslims. Cabinet mission plan (1946) for Indian unity failed. Jinnah's "Direct Action Day" (Great Calcutta Killings) call on 16 August 1946 for separate Muslim home land made India wild, put the country on fire of widespread riots and masslaughter of Hindus and Muslims. 

British won the WW-II but lost the lives and wealth. They could have continued for further more years, but Hindu Muslims riots, Naval Mutiny, and poor economy compelled them to quit India. They tried to keep the Country united under Cabinet mission plan but couldn't find compromise formula between INC and Muslim League and finally divided India in 1947. Hindu majority and Muslim majority countries were established but at the cost of masslaughter of thousands of people.

British population in India was 125,945 (84,000 officers and army) in 1861; 238,409 in 1891; 165,485 in 1921. A lakh of British were ruling India of 13-36 crore for two centuries. But after formation of Provincial Governments in 1935 and with the start of WW-II in 1939, they down sized the British establishment in India. When they left, they were less than 100,000. The country where they lived for 190 years, suddenly became unsafe for them. They had worked out alternative plan for the safe departure from India. They had identified Salaya port of Jamnagar to quit India by a sea route in case of emergency. For safe passage to the British ship in water, they had approached the Jam Saheb of Jamnagar. However, it was later not required. 

Most of the Princely States were against freedom struggle. They were with the British Vice Roy as their powers and perks were more safe in the hands of the British. They knew, once the local governments established, they have to quit. Therefore, they somehow managed to get the third option of independence under Indian Independence Act 1947. But they failed to exercise it. Gandhi Sena didn't allow that to happen. Gandhi thoughts, actions and movements woke the Indian mass up. They didn't want less than the independence. Ultimately, with the firmness and wisdom of Sardar Patel and his team, compelled them sign the "Instrument of Accession", and made them the part of the Indian Union. They and their families were the greatest loser in the freedom of India. One third of India (560 States) were under the rule of the Princely States, under the suzerainty (indirect rule) of British, became free from the Kings rule of centuries. Two third of India was already freed from Kings rule of centuries by the British. Both left the power and we won the democracy, the rule of the people of India. 

In 1950s, on Independence Day the children of Princely States studying in the schools were not standing up when the National Anthem was sung because they lost their powers and positions in freedom of India. A ruler of yesterday becomes a common man today. The olds in the family had a very hard time. Suddenly the kingdom vanished. Servants disappeared. The Royal families were given annual Privy Purse to integrate with India in 1947 and than merging with India by losing ruling rights in 1949. They surrendered their sovereignty and as a quid pro quo they were granted handsome Privy Purses (₹5000 - ₹ 2,000,000, as revenue share) and other privileges (gun salute, antiquity of dynasty, etc). But that was also discontinued by Mrs Gandhi in 1971, by 26th amendment of the Constitution. The bill was introduced in 1969 but lost by one vote in Rajya Sabha. It was proposed again in 1971 and passed. The official recognition of titles was abolished. All citizens become equal.

It was not easy for anyone of the Stakeholders. The British to Quit India, the Princely States to surrender sovereignty, the people to get freedom. Finally the people won. Gandhi won. Salute India. Salute the freedom fighters. 

Punamchand
24 October 2016

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Shopaholic

Shopaholic

A visitor was explaining a story of a lady in Ahmedabad. She had made a purchase of ₹1.5 lakh from his shop, but was carrying ₹100,000 in pocket. She requested the counter boy to collect the difference from her home. The boy telephoned the shop owner and after knowing her credentials of frequent buyings from the shop allowed the boy to collect the money from her home. The boy, following the lady went to her home. The lady went inside but her husband and her son were waiting for her at the entry gate. When the boy explained his purpose of visit of collecting ₹50,000, both the males explained the shopaholic condition of the lady. Everyday she picks up cash from the cupboard and go for shopping. She doesn't know what she bought yesterday or day before. Just buying and dumping the bags in the house. Her husband has to keep some money in her cupboard everyday. Otherwise, she would disturb the peace of the family. The family had lost their bank balance and were tired of her psychic behaviour. Both the males requested the shop boy to carry the bags of the goods she has purchased and return as much as money he can from the paid amount of ₹100,000.

This is a psychological disorder called shopaholic, an addiction to shopping. It is also called CBD (compulsive buying disorder), an uncontrollable, irresistible urge to buy excessive and expensive goods. Some people make credit cards available to their wives but if she is oniomania, the guy has to destroy the credit cards to avoid bankruptcy.

Modern world is a world of consumer lead GDP. People stimulate their desires, earn and spend. Those invested in 1980s in land become billionaires in 2016. Some empty pockets investor entrepreneurs borrowed money from the lender at 24-36% interest rates and invested in lands in 1985-86 became billionaires. The lenders level went down and the users of their currency have gone up. The value of money went down under the inflation, but the prices of land shot up 1000 times!  One guy bought a land in Surat worth of ₹80,000 in 1988, today the value of the land is ₹800 million. A man purchased 125,000 Sqm land with some sheds by paying ₹30 million (that too from the borrowing) in Mumbai in 1986, today the land value is of ₹7 billion. When we were preparing for IAS, they were buying lands through borrowing!!!

The Surat diamond traders have grew up through the bank finance. Those continued in diamond business grew well but those invested profit of the diamond business into the lands become very rich. No higher education, no rocket science, no harakiri, just they took one decision at one fine moment to purchase land and their life style changed. They live in billions. What do they do? They may spend money on food, house, cars, home appliances, interiors, hotels, travels, functions, ceremonies, charity, donations, etc. Suddenly a society or an area picks up the value as status symbol. Coal mines becomes diamond mines. And the prices just go on increasing under the rule of high demand and low supply. The female family members of such families have nothing much to do except to do shopping in the malls or to do online shopping. Shopping becomes a status symbol for some families. But there is a risk involved. Some people may become shopaholic. Till they family is in a condition to put the currency daily in the cupboard of the shopaholic, the family peace can be maintained, but the day they drain out, the trouble starts. The life become miserable.

With the growth of economy, many people earn more than they need. If they save in Banks, there are Malyas to use the bank money. Some of them spend more beyond the need of good quality of life. They or their family members become shopaholic to some extent, may be in the range of 10-100%. It is good for the society as a whole that the currency move from the rich pockets to the poor pockets. If all do savings and nobody spends, then how the economic activities are generated, how the employment opportunities are created and how the better quality of life to be provided to the people at large. 

Modern age is making the farmers also smart. They sale the high value lands in millions and buy new and more land in thousands little away and hold it for sometime. Again the thousands become millions and they move further. The GDP is going up with the spread of people in urban conglomerates. 

Ancient Sanskrit proverb of Charvak was Rinam kritva ghritam pibet, yavan jivet sukham jivet. (Live in happiness so long you have a life and enjoy all comforts and luxury of life (like eating butter) even if you have to take a loan). But it is changed in modern growth context. Yavan jivet sukham jivet, rinam kritva bhoomi krinite. (Live the life in happiness, borrow the money and buy lands, the butter of life will flow automatically). Lol

But beware of the shopaholic tendency of your spouse? Your Credit Cards may turn into debits. Butter may be replaced with quarrels. Lol

Punamchand
19 October 2016

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder

Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder

It was my first visit to Kenya. It's a country of black people, divided into 42 tribes. From a stranger, everybody look the same. As brown skin we have our own set of standards to identify beauty amongst the humans. The whites have their own set of standards. But when all carry almost the same look, it is difficult for the outsider to remember the faces as well as to differentiate through their look.

I didn't resist my curiosity and asked a direct question to a young man standing in the lobby of the hotel. When all the girls look the same, how do you select your girl friend or a spouse amongst them? He laughed at the question. Then slowly explained his viewpoints. Each individual has different perceptions for the beauty. Some may be looking at the height, some at the skin and some at the muscles, some prefer slim body and some go for body mass. Some like the talkative and extrovert girls, and some prefer the silents. The criteria can't be the same for all men. But it is just a liking at first sight. You look at her, like her and that's it. Thereafter, you don't bother about anything. Just a click of the mind with the heart. He concluded. Within few minutes he became friendly, therefore, I asked him a personal question. What is your criteria? A tall, brown skin lady may be the best. He replied. He must have developed his taste high while watching the visitors of the hotel.

Now the counter view was necessary to conclude. Easter was found in the lobby. What is the meaning of your name, Easter? I have asked. Queen, she replied. Whose queen are you? I asked the second question. My husband, obviously. She replied promptly. She and her husband are working. They have a son. Both of them earn 100,000 Kshiling/a month. The living cost is very high in the city, therefore, they are unable to buy a house of their own and live in the rental house. As I was progressing to the talk, few of our group mates arrived and I had to conclude my talk. The question remained unanswered. How could a girl find her boy from the blacks, with similar look, more or less the same height-body and moving around with shaved heads!!!

No merits or drawbacks to be discussed. Just to conclude that beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder. Look at, like at first sight. That's it. Lol

Punamchand
18 October 2016
www.punamchand.com

Monday, October 17, 2016

Galo, the wonder drug of Ayurveda

Galo, the wonder drug of Ayurveda

Galo, the (Tinospora cordifolia) is one of the wonder drugs of Ayurveda. It is a creeper available in forest and harvested mostly in Summer month of May. It generally grow on Neem and Mango trees with arial roots. It's bark are creamy white or grey and the leaves are heart shaped. Generally, the Galo stem of Neem tree is used as medicine. It is a health tonic that removes the poisons and toxins from the body. The juice from the fresh plant is diuretic but the roots and dry stems are used in treatment of chronic diarrhoea and chronic dysentery. It is indian quinine used in fever. It is used by type2 diabetics. It is a nectar (amrita), a divine property, therefore some people who didn't wish to grow old, take it regularly. It's a rasayana, used for balancing three doshas: vata, pitta and cough. It improves HB, therefore given to cure anemia. It is recommended for liver disorder, diabetes millitus, gout and rheumatic arthritis. It has antipyretic, anti analgesic and anti inflammatory properties. It stimulates the functions of the cells, therefore, given to jaundice and tuberculosis patients.

'Galo Satva' (extract) is the most effective drug of galo. One can get only 4 gm of satva from 4 kg galo stems. The method is simple but labourious. One has to wonder around Neem trees, climbing them up and collect the galo stems from the trees. Then the stems will be cut into pieces of one inch size and grinned in the mixture. Thereafter, it will be washed with hands in the bucket of water. The pieces of the stems will come up on the top, but go on washing till the extract of the stem settles down. Over the night, the extract will settle down at the bottom of the bucket. Remove the water and collect the extract settle in the bottom. It's sticky and will turn into powder after drying up. One may take 4 mg (a capsule full) of the extract with honey, preferably in the morning and start the day of energy.

Wish to remain young? Want to rejuvenate? Tired of acidity? Want to stimulate cells? Start the day with Galo Satva, the wonder drug, the nectar of Ayurveda.

Punamchand
17 October 2016

Tuesday, October 11, 2016

What makes them Great? Happy Vijaya Dashami

What makes them Great?

In the Prayer meeting at Ahmedabad, Pujya Mahant Swami (BAPS) was narrating the great human values acquired by Shri Pramukh Swami Maharaj. When asked to him, what do you want to be? Sevak (Servant) he replied with a bullet speed. Today, BAPS is one of the biggest religious organisations of Hinduism in the world. But can you imagine, 66 years ago, when Pramukh Swamiji was 28 years old, what he did on the day when he was nominated as President of BAPS? He had cleaned the utensils of the guests who were served food on the occasion. Visiting 250,000 houses, reading and replying 700,000 letters, building 1100 temples across the world, making a young cadre of 1000 Sadhus, etc, are giant works he did with his Nirmani (non egoless) nature. But what I noticed the most in him was his Sambhav, the Samyak Darshana in all. 

Human society is a society of relations. Each one of us interact with other humans as per our relation, custom, work and need. Over the years the teachings, leaning and experience make us indifferent in terms of behaviour pattern to each individual. We maintain the intimacy, distance or aloofness with other humans as per our beliefs and understandings developed through experiences and teachings. It is mostly linked with selfishness of motive in most cases. It is called Chaturai/wisdom.

But when a person or a Saint maintains Sambhav, equal and positive treatment to all, imagine the status of his/her mind. Rich or poor, kind or cruel, pious or cheater, big or small, powerful or powerless, healthy or sick, young or old, etc, he/she will maintain Sambhav with them irrespective of their position. His/her love, sympathy and blessings will be the same for all. 

For a Saint, every living being is equal. They identify each living being by their souls and since all souls are equal, they consider all living beings to be equal. The only difference being the quantity and quality of Karma attached to the soul. They look at the gold (Soul) whether it has come from the gold mine carrying impurities or a shiny yellow material. Therefore, they become a magnet of all. 
It is Samyak Darshan (truth Darshan) of Jin Shasan or a Samyak Dristi (Right View) of the eightfold path of Buddhism or a Sam Darshi (Vaishnav Jan of Narsinh Mehta). 
Let us develop such eyesight in us. 

Dash Hara is a Sanskrit word which means removal of ten bad qualities (Ravan) within us: These are Ahankara (Ego), Amanavta (Cruelty), Anyaaya (Injustice), Kama vasana (Lust), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (Greed), Mada (Over Pride), Matsara (Jealousy), Moha (Attachment), Swartha*(Selfishness). 'Vijaydashami' signifying victory over  these ten bad qualities, the Celebration of Victory of Rama the Soul over the Ravana the bad qualities. 

In Buddhism it is celebrated as "Dhammachakrapravartan Day". Great Ashoka and Dr Ambedkar embraced Buddhism on Dashhara day. It is also known as Ashoka Vijayadashmi Dashani. Till inequality and injustice prevails in the society, such events will record in the history. Let all become victorious in the battle of our fight against the evil forces.

Happy Vijaya Dashmi to all.

Punamchand
11 October 2016

NB: "हृदयहीन मस्तिष्क से रावण व कंस तैयार होते है जवकि हृदय और मस्तिष्क के समन्वय के परिणाम स्वरुप रामतत्व व कृष्णतत्व जन्म लेते है "दशहरा की शुभकामनाएँ" 

Sunday, October 9, 2016

7 October ✌️️

7 October ✌️️

15 years ago, TODAY, he joined as a Public Servant, made the post of CM as the post of Common Man. Facing all constraints and challenges, he converted all difficulties and disasters into opportunities and became the PM of the country with his Purusharth (self made) without the background of caste, community or silver spoon in the mouth. Circumstances always helped him. Opponents added into his popularity and strength. He maintained utmost discipline in his personal life style and in public appearances, and become the Public Icon and a role model of millions of people in the World. It was a journey of a Common Man to become a World Leader. Our salute to Shri Narendrabhai Modi🙏.

Punamchand
7 October 2016

October rains, Venus transit in Scorpio

October rains, Venus transit in Scorpio

This is a deficit year of rains for Gujarat. But farmers in general are happy as it rains periodically at the time of needs. But the most important spell of rain showered in the month of October. Generally, Gujarat has average 100 mm in June, 300 mm in July, 300 mm in August, 100 mm in September and 10-20mm in October. The withdrawal starts in the 3rd or 4th week of September and by the start of October, the season ends. This year, when the IMD declared the withdrawal of the monsoon, suddenly the system revived and Gujarat received 74 mm widespread rains SG, Saurashtra and Kutch in the first week of October 2016. (June 74, July 224, August 284, September 108, October 74)

From astronomical point of view, Venus, Moon and Jupiter transit in watery signs (Cancer, Scorpio and Pieces) are positive for the rainy season. And the transit of Saturn and Mars in these signs are negative.

When I analyse the season on 30 April 2016, it was predicted, "One combo (Saturn+Mars) is in watery sign and another combo (Jupiter+Rahu) in fiery sign and their position at quadrant to each other will keep many minds in worry and their hearts in drying. At One combo (Saturn+Mars) is in watery sign and another combo (Jupiter+Rahu) in fiery sign and their position at quadrant to each other will keep many minds in worry and their hearts in drying....Dry Saturn is not changing the watery sign Scorpio and hot Mars is again drying the water from it, indicate the scarcity of rains over the upper ends... However, when Moon or Venus is transiting in Scorpio, it will rains through cyclonic storm. That may ease the condition of the deficient areas...Venus transit from Cancer to Scorpio during the season will be beneficial. However, October showers may damage some crops ready for harvesting."

Retrograde Saturn and transit of Mars in Scorpio have created war fever over the borders. Direct Saturn on 13 August and Jupiter transit to Virgo on 14 August eased the scarcity condition but Mars exit from Scorpio on 18 September left us with the burns of Uri.

Earth's twin Venus, the closest planet in the inner circle and Mars the another nearer planet of the outer circle are very important planets for the natural events on Mother Earth. Venus just approaching the watery sign Scorpio on 13 October, Hurricane Mathew hits the Florida coast of America. Whether cyclonic storms or earthquakes, rotation and orbiting of Venus affects our life.

Do you know that, all the planets in the Solar System orbit the Sun in an anti-clockwise direction as viewed from above Earth's north pole. Most planets also rotate on their axes in an anti-clockwise direction, but Venus rotates clockwise in retrograde rotation. The anti-clockwise rotation of Earth and clockwise rotation of Venus may be one of the reasons of cyclonic storms and earth plats movements, apart from the force of thermal convection, where heat from the interior causes currents of hot rising magma and cooler sinking magma to flow, moving the plates of the crust along with them.

The ✨ Stars, the ☀️ Sun, the 🌎 planets of the Solar system affects our day to day life. 🌙 Moon controls our Minds and Venus controls our 💕 Hearts. Let us live in harmony and bring peace on Mother Earth following the advice of our ancestors, "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam", the world is ONE FAMILY. (Mahopnishad)
"ॐ सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः ।
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु मा कश्चिद्दुःखभाग्भवेत् ।
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥"

(May all become happy, may all be free from illness; may all see what is auspicious, may no one suffer. Om Peace, Peace, Peace)

Happy Durgastami

Punamchand
9 October 2016

Thursday, September 22, 2016

South Africa is in transition phase of Empowerment

South Africa is in Transition Phase of Empowerment

They become free from the racism with the release of Mr. Nelson Mandela from the prison, African Nation Congress won the elections and he became the President of the Country. He declared the country of South Africa free from racism, the country of all, of blacks, of whites, of coloureds. He forgave them all who did wrong with the blacks. The country since then is under the rule of ANC. It is a country, may be 1/3 of the size of India and 6 times size to the State of Gujarat with a population of 55 million, smaller than Gujarat. 80% are Blacks, 8% whites, 3% Indians and rest the ethnics, the natives of South Africa. Even the blacks are also belong to the different parts of the African Continent. In whites, there are mainly Dutch and British. The Dutch ruled here for over 160 years and had families with local people, therefore the coloured generation is also there. There are Germans and other Europeans mostly the Protestants were moved to this land when the Catholics were killing them in mass in 14-15th century. Many moved through the ships those days. They have worked very hard for 500 years to build the Nation and it's infrastructure. The language African is mostly derived from the Dutch language. The blacks came as Slaves/Workers from the neighbouring countries, but as usual like Indian Castes System, and the system the British followed in India, they followed the theory of apartism, in which the whites had developed separate set of places for their living, separate set of places for recreation and entertainment, separate mobility services, separate health and education facilities, etc. Blacks were left out as slaves, workers and were called Bantus. Even today, the racism has gone, but their colonies are separate. Whites, coloureds are going to private hospitals and private schools and the blacks are dependent on government services of health, education and housing.

It is very rich in mines and minerals as they contribute 26% of the GDP of the Nation. If has been governed well in past by the Dutch and British, therefore carry a world class great infrastructure. But at present, unemployment (26%) is their biggest problem. The youths are not illiterate but unskilled, unemployable as they drop out from schools and those study further carry degrees of social sciences. Their life styles are irregular, therefore AIDS, Cancer and knee problems (over weight) are their major concern for health.

There is lot of infighting amongst the ANC people, therefore their political attacks over the President and the counter attacks are the news lines everyday. 8 of the 9 provinces are under the rule of the ANC. But the one, the attraction of the tourists, Cape Town Province is under the rule of the Democratic Alliance, mostly under the commands of the White population. Most of the country white population live in this Province.

The political powers are with the Blacks but the economic powers are with the Whites. The Blacks have been given the seat of government power, the office buildings, the staff, the cars, the authorities, but the economy of the country is ruled by the Whites. Most of the companies, corporates, banks, insurance companies, export-import companies, manufacturers of goods and services; the economic commands are in the hand of the whites. They are placed well in the key positions of the government from where they guide the blacks as Blacks are in learning stage of the administration, governance and policy making.

The whites commands the economy, concentrate more on high end profit area and are enjoying quality of life. Large population of the country the blacks are dependent of Government subsidies and support for health, education and housing. And government resources are the income from the businesses of the whites, therefore, they have to allow the whites to run the economy.

India has centuries old relations with the country. Our land was separated from the eastern border of the South Africa some million years ago, but the two Oceans, Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean are connecting the two lands with water. The warm water of Indian Ocean and the warm hearts of Indian have build the relationship with Africa for centuries. Many sailors from the west coast of India were traveling to the African Continent for centuries. Columbus failed to discover India but Vasco Da Gama could reach India in 1497 following a Gujarati trader, the owner of ship 'Chandan'.  Vasco da Gama had recorded in his diary that upon his arrival at Zanzibar in Africa he saw a docked ship three times bigger than his own. He took an African interpreter to meet the owner of that ship Chandan, a Gujarati trader who used to bring pine wood and teak from India along with spices and take back diamonds to Cochin.

South Africa is the land which gave us the Mahatma, Mahatma Gandhi. Abdulla Cousins, the traders of Porbandar origin in South Africa had commercial dispute, went to the civil court and one of the brothers was in need of a Gujarati lawyer who can read the account books written in Gujarati and explain them to the British Lawyer in English. After became a Barrister from England (two trial), and failed in settling down in Rajkot and Mumbai as lawyer, he, unemployed Mohandas grab the opportunity to travel to South Africa as a legal counsel to Dada Abdulla, reached Durban on 24 May 1893 by SS Safari. While traveling by train to Pretoria, Gandhiji experienced his first taste of racial discrimination, was thrown out of the train at Pietermaritzburg Railway Station. After completing his work of Dada Abdulla, he decided to return to India in 1894. But in his farewell dinner somebody shared him a news about a bill proposed to disfranchise Indians. The farewell dinner was converted into a meeting, drafted a petition and Gandhi decided to extend his stay and to meet with the expense as a befitted barrister to earn living expense £300/month, he registered himself as a lawyer in the Supreme Court of Natal. Simultaneously, he organised Natal Congress in 1894. He visited India in 1896 and gave a press statement about racist practices in South Africa. Therefore, he was attacked physically by the inflamed mob at the dock in 1896, from which Gandhi initiated his weapon of 'self restrain' to fight with the opponents. In Boer war of 1899, he organised Indian Ambulance Cops to support the injured soldiers in the war. After staying for a year in India in 1901, he returned to SA in 1902, started his experiments of self restraints in 1903, celibacy in 1906, organised Phoenix Farm, Inanda, near Durban, and organised his first  'satyagraha' against the black act of compulsory registration of Asians in 1906. It was a centre for formation of Gandhi, communal settlement of Satyagrahis and the HQ of his first news paper 'Indian Opinion'. He launched three Satyagrahas in South Africa and was jailed thrice for a short durations (2 months, 3 months, few days) and each time was released on compromise. At the end, General Smuts had no more heart to fight him. He became the inspiration to many. He returned to India, traveled the country and after the death of Lokmanya Tilak, filled up the gap of leadership in Indian National Congress and lead the nation for freedom fight against British Rule for 27 years (1920-47) and won the freedom of India.

Today, his name is diminishing in South Africa. The Phoenix Farm is owned by a company which has earmarked an acre of land in Gandhi's memory, where, PM Mr. Modi has planted spelling of Peeper and Bark tree during his recent visit in July 2016. The Tolstoy farm has been occupied by the community. The house he lived in, went into fire sometimes ago, lost its importance. The British Government of South Africa avoided promoting him in South Africa so that his Gandhi thoughts of equality don't spread across the country.

Recently, 3 months after the President of India gifted a statue of Gandhi to the University of Ghana, a group of professors and students have started a petition to bring it down. The opposition centres around their belief that Gandhi was "inherently racist" for his depiction of native black Africans as "kaffir" (considered a racial slur in Africa) in his early writings, when he was fighting for the rights of Indians in South Africa.

Johannesburg is the financial capital of the country. But the day ends after 6pm as safety is the main concern for the tourists. The crime rate is high but surprisingly Johannesburg people compare their rate of crimes with the rate of crimes in Cape Town!

The country has sound infrastructure, the growth rate is 0.3%, is happy with the growth rate of 1.3% in the last quarter, but will take some more years to establish itself as sound economy of the East Africa. It's human resource need more skills, more technical education to improve their employability.

From our side, our salute to the Nation, which had given us our father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. And has also got his Mahatma under the influence of non violence weapon of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Nation of South Africa, Mahatma Nelson Mandela.

Salaam South Africa.

Punamchand
16 September 2016
Johannesburg, SA.

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Massaimara the Jewel of Kenya in Savanna Grass Land

Massaimara the Jewel of Kenya in Savana Grass Land

Massaimara is a National Park (1800 sqm) of Kenya located on the southwest of the Country, famous for the migration of the herbivores animals. It is in continuation of it's sister park Serengeti of Tanzania. It is an area of Massai tribe and a river Mara, therefore, named Massaimara. Mara means spotted too.

It is a heaven for Herbivores animals: the Zebras, the Gazelles (Thomson and Grand), wildebeests, etc, in thousands come to Massaimara in June-July and return to Sarangeti in September-October. They migrate for green grass. March-April are the monsoon months, therefore, when the grass become green in Massaimara, they arrive and stay for three months. And as soon as the Serengeti Park have rains they migrate. These animals stay for 9 months in Serengeti and 3 months in Massaimara. Watching them over crossing the river Mara from different spots and saving themselves from the big crocodiles of the river are the major attractions for the tourists to watch during the migration season.

The park has thousands of Zebras. Thousands have migrated but hundreds were still on migration route. They are the donkeys, the donkeys with stripes, called Muliya Punda locally. They look beautiful as if the donkeys are ready for the Carnival. Imagine the nature, like our finger prints, the stripes of the Zebras are unique and don't match with each other. They live in herds and are monitored and guided by the group leader. If one member of the group is in trouble, they stop and wait for him. But if it is lost to the predator, they move.

Deers are the dears. The antipopes are in hundreds. Thomson the 'tommie' is small but the most beautiful gazelle with black striped golden brown colour, bounding leaps and continuously moving tail. Most of them have been migrated but few were left behind. Similar to them but bigger and more shiny brown coat without the strip but milky white rump, the Grand Gazelles were looking gorgeous. The males of both the gazelles were looking more handsome with their horns. Topi deers are peculiar. When others are sleeping, one of them become a watch topi, will stand on little top position and keep watching the dangers. If there is danger, it will wake the sleeping topis up and then they run for life. There are Water bucks, dark brown in colour, generally live near the water. The Elands the healthiest animal, look strong and beautiful but very shy, always run away when see the tourist vehicles. There are hetbeests, red bucks and Impala. The Wildebeests are famous for migration, we could see some, the left behind.

There are many Elephants in the Park. We could see more than hundred. They live in joint family, where the elders are respected. Female, called mama (mother) leads the family. Family live with the mother. The male is for security. When the old dies, the young takes over. They have good memory power. They have Infra sound communications, communicate and understand each other messages from the distance. Their life expectancy is 65 years. They die of malnutrition and starvation! As herbivores, they have to eat and grind a lot. They go through six sets of large, brick-like teeth that grow in at the back of their mouths and slowly move to the front as they are worn down. The teeth then fall out and are replaced by fresh ones. When an elephant's final set of teeth falls out, the elephant slowly dies of malnutrition or starvation. Old dies and the young takes over.

One can identify the males and females from the face. The male has round head and the female has angular head. While flapping their big ears, they control body temperature and cooling of the blood. After drinking water, they make mud through their legs and then spray over the body to maintain the cooling of the body. Their skins have many rinkles because of the dehydration of the body.

We saw hundreds of Wild buffalos. They are considered to be the strongest and dangerous animals as they may charge any time. United together they can fight with the lions. The males guard the hude. Male horns are joined together and stout. Female horns are apart and soft. People tried to make it domestic but couldn't train and failed.

Giraffes are unique, live in herds. With long neck and legs, they are always ready to give poses. Like Camel, Giraffe, while walking, move both legs on the same side of the body at the same time (both right legs, then both left legs). Other animals moving their legs in order left hind leg, left front, right hind, right front. One can identify the male and female Giraffe from the Ossicones (horns). The male ossicones are set apart and have round ball on top. Female have two cross ossicones introvert and the top round balls are smaller in size. Blacks are the aged one, as their skin become darker with ageing. They walk in steps line, keeping a right distance, so that when their is danger, they can run without obstructing each other.

The park has 200+ lions. It is called 'Simba' in local language. We could see total 18 lions during the tour. As enough food is there, Lions of Kenya found lazy. They eat and sleep, sleep for 16 hours a day. They look little lighter in colour compared to our Asiatic Geer lions. The colour of the abdominal skin is milky white. We saw a couple in mating. They sleep, wake up, mate for few seconds and again go to sleep. The cycles may go on many times during the period of mating. We couldn't see the kill, but at one spot, a Zebra was stranded, and may a wild animal was in the ditch and across the ditch many zebras were watching and waiting for their member to return.

At one spot we saw a group of 6 lions, of which 4 were resting and two grown up Cubs were watching around. And in the cordon of these six lions, a female egipcian gees was walking with her thee chicks fearlessly.

Tanzanian Cheetah, the major predator of the tommies, are now endangered specie. One of our group could see two tommies facing the cheetah with direct eye contact, as if communicating that we have seen you and you now can't catch us. The cheetah had to return. Their numbers are diminishing. They have problems of breeding and rearing the animals. Hyenas, Lions kill their Cubs. Mother Chitah lives a solitary life. The Cubs leave the mother. God knows, she must be the tough mother! Males live together in a group of two or three.

There are many Hippos in Mara river, living in groups. Their skin is sensitive to sun light, therefore, they live in water during the day time and move in the grass land for grazing in nights. 7.30 pm to 6.30 am is generally their time to move into the area for food. It was 1.30 pm. As tourists, we were not allowed to move out of the vehicle, therefore we had our lunch in the vehicle. But side by, river Mara was flowing, and the Hippos in water were, some resting, some moving; and a big crocodile was sleeping on the bank, and in the cooling wind of the nature, we have enjoyed our picnic lunch. We dined with Hippos!

There are spotted hyenas, the second highest predator after the lions. They are scavengers, normally eat the flesh of the animals killed by lions. But if need be, they form a group and can kill an animal. As they don't know hunting, they strand the animal, bite and eat it alive.

The Warthogs (pig family) of Savanna are different. One can see a couple of Warthog with their 2-3 cubs. As soon as the vehicle passes by, they run away fast, keeping their tail up. They are called the 'Kenyan Express'. We enjoyed the run of the Kenyan express many times.

We could see Vultures, Marabou (scavenger) Stokes, Ostriches, go away birds, Liela pristed rola, and many other species of beautiful birds. We could see many other animals; baboons, monkeys, jackal, mongooses, serval cat spotted like Cheetah, Impala, etc. The Park is very rich in flora and fauna.

Nature is great, maintaining the Eco system. Herbivores are eating whole day, have less sleep and live under the fear of attacks from the Carnivores. The Carnivores eat one time in a week and sleep for 16 hours a day. Herbivores are in plenty, will multiply though hunt. But some of the Carnivores become endangered species. Because they have problems of breeding and safety of their Cubs from other wild animals.

The massai tribe people are very simple and loving, carry smile over their faces. They wear bright coloured clothes, mostly red and yellow and wear lot of ornaments made of local articles. They make nice wooden handicrafts of mahogany and hapony woods. Some can understand and speak English to sale their products. It is a National Park, therefore no human population is allowed to stay in the Park area. People live in villages outside of the park. However, the herbivores wild animals damage their crops, therefore, they are dependent on Cows rearing. The families are big. Jeff, the hotel chef are 41 brothers and sisters. His father has 3 wives. The elders give blessings to have more children, therefore, they implement the wish of their parents! Average 8-9 children is very common in many families in Kenya.

There is an airport, must be the most economical Airport of the world. A dish, an antenna, a ticket window, a small cottage for the waiting passages, a toilet unit and a run way made from hard moram. Aircrafts come and go at an interval of half an hour, hour, depending upon the flow of tourists traveling by air from Nairobi to Massaimara.

The route from Nairobi to Massaimara is a road journey of 6 hours; 3 hours on tar road and 3 hours on metal road. One can pay Kshilling 20,000 (one way) and fly, but will miss the beauty of the scenery and views of the route of the Rift Valley drive. Some portion of the road was built by the Italian prisoners of WW-II. Tanzania was with Itali. British fought war with Italy to get Tanzania. It is Great North Road, where one can see traffic of trucks from Mumbasa to neighboring countries of East Africa; Yuganda, Ruanda, etc.

The tourists vehicles/Landcruisers have wireless Radio linked with the radios of other tourists vehicle. They spot the animals and communicate to each other so that the tourists can see the maximum number of animals. The landcruisers are openable from the top. Each vehicle has binocular and some beverages to facilitate the tourists. They maintain utmost discipline and follow the rules in words and spirit.  As the driver has the limitation to drive and see around, and the tourists can see farther distance from the top, the tour is made interesting by using local words. Tourists will say 'Simama' to stop and 'Twende' to move the vehicle. Fransis was our driver, saw us many animals and birds within the time constraints. He was experienced and very good at English and Swahili.

The Hotel Sun Africa offers star facilities to the tourists. It has comfortable hut rooms, good ambience, good reception and serves good food. It has good free wifi connectivity and restricted hours power supply through generator. Karibu (welcome) Travel Jeep and the company of it's  driver Fransis as guide made our trip memorable. Hakuna Matata (No Problem!)

Though restful, attractive with it's rich flora and fauna; we have to leave the place and to say Shante Shana (thank you) and 'Koheri' (good bye) Massaimara, Koheri Kenya. Next time, they will again welcome us saying 'Jambo' (Hello).

Punamchand
18 September 2016
Massaimara

Monday, September 12, 2016

Robben Island, a pilgrimage to freedom

Robben Island, a pilgrimage to freedom

Dutch rule the South Africa for 160 years. The population consist of 80% blacks, 8% whites, 3% Indians and rest the ethnic and coloured. Life the Dutch and Whites, the blacks have also moved here from other parts of the continent. As large part of the country is dessert but it is very rich in minerals like plutonium, gold, iron ore, coal, etc. 27% of the income of the country comes from the mining. 80% gold of the world is produced here.

Dutch were the first foreigners, established their trade colonies and then became the ruler for 160 years before being replaced by the British.

Robben island situated some 12 Kms away from the Table Bay was a Dutch Prison. The hardcore criminals were moved to the island in jail. Later it was used as hospital for the people suffering from leprosy and mental illness. Leprosy was considered a contagious disease, therefore the couples were kept in separation to prevent the birth of new generation carrying the disease. They were kept away from the society to die on the island.

The place was used as a military base during the Second World War.

The criminals and political prisoners were kept in the jail of the island. There is a lime stone quori inside, where the prisoners were working with primitive equipments or breaking the stones by hand. But this place become the school for the freedom fighters. Each one to teach one. They were working in the quori and looking at the Table Mountain with a hope that one day they will get freedom from the racism. The resting Cave become their meeting place where most of the the Constitutional provisions were discussed. Due to working without safety equipments, many prisoners were suffered from the eyes and lungs disease. The father of South Africa Nation, Mr. Nelson Mandela (Prisoner 466/64) was one of the political prisoner over here. He stayed in this jail for 18 years of his stay of 28 years in jail. He lost his tears gland while working in such a harsh condition for many years. His jail room is only 6'x6', where he lived with a rough sleeping mattress, one plate, one bowl, one spoon and a bucket to use as toilet.

The prisoners were allowed to take bath twice in a week, on Wednesday and Saturday. They were allowed to wash their clothes once in a week. Their was discrimination in treating and serving the prisoners. They were divided into Coloureds and Bantas. The blacks/bantas were given bad treatment, more punishment and bad food. The whites were served with rice, bread, jam and the Blacks with bad food porridge. There was a Hindu prisoner, Billy Nair (69/64) sentenced for 20 years (26/2/64 to 27/2/84) for a crime of Subotasie.

He lead the path of equality, freedom from racism from this land. His wrote his famous book "Long walk to Freedom" from this place. The Stones in front of the lime quori is a symbol of peace and unity of the country. On the day of freedom from the jail, they all assembled here, Me. Mandela lifted one stone and came forward and put on the land with respect. All other did the same and symbolise them the unity and peace of the country.

What was the greatness of this man? He forgave all and made South Africa free from racism. He didn't act against the whites who have torchered them. They made South Africa a Rainbow nation. No more blacks, no more whites. No Africans, no bontas, no indian. They are free and one .

Mr. Mandela was released from the jail in 1990. Others political prisoners were released in 1991. The criminal prisoners were shifted to other jails in 1994. And then the place has been converted into a Museum. It has been declared as World Heritage site in 1999. And the guides are the Ex Political Prisoners!

Punamchand
Cape Town
12 September 2016

Saturday, September 10, 2016

Cape Town the Mother City of South Africa

Cape Town the Mother City of South Africa

Spread over 2445 square kilometres area, it is the second most populous urban area of South Africa, with a population of 3.7 million and popularly known as the mother city of South Africa. It is a tourist friendly and Windy City where one can experience all the four seasons in a day.

Dutch people had established their first colony in Cape Town. It was known as Cape of Storms, the Cape of Good Hope, a milestone to establish trade with the Far East. Because on half way to India, the Dutch voyagers used to receive fresh food, fresh water and fresh manpower (slaves) from this place. The Signal Mountain was used for firing cannon against the enemies coming towards the bay as well as alerting the army at the bay to defend the establishment.

But British were the wiser traders. Their chain of establishment never change their goal of business interests and sustain with the single line of commands and decision making system. It didn't change with the change of the moods of the Kings. They first removed the Dutch supremacy over the area and then established the rule of British Law over the land for many years. After independence from the British colonial rule, the democracy has opened equal opportunities for all. However, as usual, heavy expenditure on elections and corruption in administration are the two major complaints of democracy persist over here like other democratic countries.

There are many places to visit in Cape Town. The Table Mountain is flat like a table and with clouds over it, looks like a table cover over the table, the table top. The Lion Head is an inactive lava mountain, looks like the upper part of a lion. Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean meet here. The meeting place of warm and cold water. The Atlantic Ocean is very cool and doesn't attract swimmers but the bay is beautiful. It has been divided into three parts: the wagons zone, cold storage zone and the Victoria Water Point. Victoria Water Point is the major spot of tourists attraction as people go here for walking, boating, shopping and eating. The City is generally safe and the hotels provide cab services at an hourly interval to drop and pick up till 11.30 PM. The long street is the busiest street for the youths to enjoy night life in weekends.

The city is maintained clean. The Country is ruled by the African National Congress, but the Cape Town Province is under the rule of the opposition party the Democratic Alliance. There are 9 Provinces of the Country, 5 under the rule of ANC and 4 under the rule of DA. As Johannesburg is the financial capital and centre economic activities of SA, Cape Town is the legislature capital and a tourist destination of the Country. It is a seat of the Parliament. Though rule by the coloured, the white population, small in number but placed well in government, trades and commerce. The tax structure is aligned with the incomes. Higher caped people pay high taxes. Tourism provides income to the government and to the traders of goods and services, and employment opportunities to the locals. Our Driver Noor, a young man of Malaysia (father side) and Indian (mother side) origin, studied upto Metric, did his diploma in Draftsmanship, worked with an architect for sometime but fed up soon with the table job, moved out and joined the tourism sector as driver, where he travels a lot, see many places, meet and interact with many people and earn better than the table job of a draftsman.

Drop outs in education is one of the major challenges of the administration. They have made a rule that all the registered shops can keep minimum metric passed staff only. This is to push the students to complete education upto metric level at least. However, the dropouts work at the unregistered stores and corners and earn the minimum wages. After 1994, when the city was opened up for the coloured population, lot of slums colonies have been developed around the harbour area. The local government build beautiful houses for the slum dwellers with rooftop solar power system and other facilities but as usual the slum dwellers occupy the houses, stay for a month or two and then rent them out or sale to the third parties and return to the slums again. Meantime, new slum dwellers arrive into the city.

The city has been developed horizontally. No sky scraper buildings around. It is widely spread, clean and free from footpaths environments.

We had good sleep after an Indian supper in the hotel 'Jewels of India' and good morning with continental breakfast at the Southern Sun Hotel in Cape Town. The atmosphere is cloudy and windy and we may be riding a boat to sail around the cape point, the cape agulhas and the meeting point of Indian and South African hearts, the meeting of Indian and Atlantic Oceans, the meeting of warmth (green) and cold (blue) water. Millions of years ago our lands were separated from this corner and we had sailed through the water of Indian Ocean towards Himalayas. Later, the sailors of Gujarat and west coast had established trade linked with this place and shown a way to India to Vasco da Gama, the history of India changed. Coloured we have been further coloured with the principles of rule of law, principles of natural justice, equality, liberty and justice.

Do visit Cape Town, the Mother City of South Africa.

Punamchand
Cape Town
10 September 2016

Thursday, September 1, 2016

Rudraksha the Natural Pacemaker

Rudraksha the Natural Pacemaker 

India is a country where you will find women wearing Gold ornaments. There are many options for women to follow fashion in terms of clothing, ornaments, beautifying, styling, etc. But men have limited choice of wearing trousers, jeans, shirts, t-shirts and now the kotis. On ornaments side, Men are generally happy with a ring on the finger. But when you look at the Babas, Sadhus, public personalities, elderly people, etc, thousands of people in India wear Rudraksha Mala. 

Generally the seeds (Rudraksha) of tree Eliocarpus Genitrus are panchmukhi but the ekmukhi is the costliest. As people in general believe in Spirituality, it is consider good for positivity as it upscales the spiritual life. Some people say that the benefits may vary with the number of faces over the Rudraksha. Some will bring prosperity and some will make you Sadhu living the Sansara.

But do you know, it carries health benefits. It is a Natural Pace Maker regulates the pulse rate and heart movement. The voltage necessary to run the heart, if lowering with ageing, Rudraksha Mala support the heart. It balances the Ida (cold, left breathe) and Pingala (hot, right breathe) and increase the Susumna cycles, useful for meditation and Samadhi. It is bringing positivity in thought process therefore increases the span of peace of the mind that in turn improves quality of living. 

Rudraksha Mala is generally made of 108 beads and one meru (guru bead). As people do mantra japa for spirituality, it is easy for them to count the numbers by multiplying it with number of malas, so that the daily routine and regularity are maintained. Number 108 is very important in India. 12 Zodiac Signs multiplied with 9 planets makes it 108. 27 Nakshatras multiplied with 4 directions makes it 108. In Smudra Manthan, 54 devas on one side and 54 Asuras on other side, (make it 108), churning the Ocean of Milk with the rod of Mandar mountain, pulling the Vasuki serpent back and forth to produce the elixir of immortality. In Kundalini Sadhana of subtle body, the electric serpent is charged and lifted upward (Prana-life force, vital energy) from  Muladhar (root chakra) to Shahstrar (crown chakra) using the nerve pairs of the spine, passing through the wheels of life. Sex is the downfall of the Prana and the journey of wheels is the rise of the Prana. 

All of us are energy balls and living in the Ocean of Consciousness. As the environment is full and charged with the positive and negative waves, the people, place, bed, surroundings, company, etc, can disturb our mind and create impact over our subtle body. Those who are traveling more must have noticed the difference in the level of peace and quality of sleep with change of places. Rudraksha makes it neutral. 

We are the bundles of thoughts. Over the years, some of us have cultivated positivity and some have cultivated negativity. And accordingly, we carry the vibrations and aura around us, that may match or mismatch with other individuals. Therefore we develop likes and dislikes for different individuals. 

A peaceful mind can read the environment and thought process of other individuals easily. Thousands of people are moving around and with the increase pace of life, restless we are, how could judge the right and positive persons around us? Rudraksha makes it easy. If one holds a Rudraksha tied with a thread (like a pendulum) few inches above the head of an individual, it will rotate clockwise if the guy is positive and rotate anti-clockwise if he/she is negative. 

Hope you will not try over your spouse? Lol

Punamchand
1 September 2016
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