Monday, April 13, 2020

Baisakhi 1919

Baishakhi 1919

13 April 1919, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day, processions were banned but 15000 people were gathered in the Bagh to protest against Rowlatt Act. Colonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer went with Shikh, Gurkha, Rajput, Baloch troops and ordered them to fire to strike terror throughout Punjab. 1650 rounds were fired killing 379 and wounded 1100. Some people died in crushing and some by jumping into the well. It happened at 18.30, the curfew was operational after 20.00 hours, therefore, some injured died in the night without moving to the hospital.

Dyer was transferred, barred from further employment in India, retired from army, isolated he was paralysed and died of cerebral haemorrhage in 1927. Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood in protest against inhuman cruelty. Mahatma Gandhi launched Non Cooperation Movement. It was a severe blow to Indian faith in British.

Irish, Sir Michael Francis O’Dwyer, ICS was the Lieutenant General of Punjab. He was not at the spot but had approved the action of General Dyer and subsequently imposed Martial Law in Punjab. He was assassinated by Udham Singh on 13 March 1940 in Caxton Hall, Westminster, London when he attending a meeting of East India Association. It was in revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Shaheed Udham Singh was present at the spot on 13 April 1919 took a pledge to take revenge of the massacre. He was under surveillance of British Police but escaped to London, took a job of an engineer and waited for the opportunity. It was not clear, whether he was confused with the Surname O’Dyer and O’Dawyer and killed O’Dawyer  instead of O’Dyer. O’Dyer was died in 1927. Udham Singh was from a humble background but he was active revolutionary of Ghadar Party. He was executed.

Baishakh (Vaishakh) Sakranti, when Sun transits to its exalted house of Aries, and when Punjab welcomes good harvesting of wheat crop and celebrating Baisakhi in remembrance of Great Guru Gobind Singh for his casteless Singh Army of Khalsa and India mourns for the innocents died in Jallianwala Bagh tragedy that became the turning point of Indian Freedom movement.

Salutes to all the great sons of Mother India.

Punamchand
13 April 2020

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