Tuesday, December 29, 2015

Human sacrifice, a practice to repeal curse.

Human sacrifice, a practice to repeal curse.

The tradition of human sacrifices by the kings were recorded by falk songs, but the historians of the Kings failed to write them in history. I was searching for an evidence of human sacrifice of Megh Mayo in Saharshaling Lake in Patan Gujarat in the history of Gujarat. Except the derry of Maya on the bank of the lake and the remembrance of the event by his community for 1000 years, no other concrete evidence in any other form is available. 

As per the legend, Mayo, a young man of a backward community buried live (willingly) to repeal the curse of Jasma Odan. Jasma, a beautiful wife of Rooda Od (tank digger) cursed the Solanki King of Patan Siddhraj Jaisingh, who was captivated by her beauty and wanted to marry her. Due to the curse, the tank was not filled with water. To repeal the curse, a human sacrifice was needed. With Maya's sacrifice, the tank was filled with water. King Jaisingh, in return allowed his caste to stay with higher castes in the town.

The tradition of human sacrifice was further confirmed in Maherangarh Fort of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. It was built by Rathore King Jodha around 1460. He had to displace Cheeriya Nathji, the lord of the birds on the hill to build the fort. Cheeria Nathji cursed Rao Jodha with scarcity of water. With the request from the crown, Raja Ram Meghwal came forward and was buried alive in the foundations as human sacrifice to repeal the curse. In return, the Rathore promised to look after his family. It is believed that Raja Ram was Mehra, meghwar. Therefore, Rao Jodha named the fort Mehrangarh in remembrance of his sacrifice. Another school of thoughts believe that it was Mihir (Sun) garh, changed to Maherangarh, as the Sun has been the chief deity of the Rathores. But the previous tale is more probable looking at the affections of the Kings with their people. 

Do you know the story of Rathore King Hanwant Singh (29)? 

His father King Umed Singh died of appendicitis in 1947. Hanwant Singh became the King of Jodhpur at 24 Y age. He married to Krishna Kumari from Dhrangadhra State of Gujarat and was blessed with a son (the present King Gaj Singh). 

As you know Hanwant Singh reluctantly signed the instrument of accession to India and when Mountbatten had left the room; he pointed a fountain pen over Mr. Menon which was a .22 Calibre pistol and cried with the voice, "I will kill you if you betray my people...' 

He pleaded in the communal tension period of 1947, that the Hindus and Muslims of his state are like his two eyes. And if anyone were to get hurt it would be like blinding him. No untoward incident happened. He personally led a peace march through the city and begged each one to stay. "You are my children! You cannot leave! You cannot insult me!" And they stayed.

He was very popular King. If instrument of accession terms continued, Rathores would have continued as popular King of Jodhpur kingdom even today. But the accession deed was converted into merger deed by Nehru and Sardar. Hanwant Singh participated in the general elections of 1952 through his party of independents. When Nehru had threatened to revoke the purses if the Princes entered politics; he, a mesmerizing orator campaigned. "I have you, my people. Raise your hands, my privy purse!" And they did. He campaigned for 14 hours a day.

26 January 1952, a day of counting of votes. He flew in his two seater air plane from constituency to constituency for the results. His love wife actress Zubaida (Vidhya Rani) was with him. And may be due to tiredness or overwhelmed with joy of sure victory, or may be due to technical faults, (or a sabotage?) the plane came down to a low height, hit with the wire and crash in the dusk of the day, 26/1/1952. The couple died. The results were announced. His party won all 4 parliament seats and 31 of 35 assembly seats. Jodhpur State cried that night losing their affectionate King Hanwant Singh Rathore. 

Human sacrifice was a practice followed in ancient period to repeal curse as well as for speedy completion and long life of the building/lake. 

The community which offer such sacrifices was later known as "Meghwal or Meghwar", those who have power to bring back the rain from the clouds through prayer. Megh in Sanskrit meaning clouds and rain, and war meaning descent or who bring back.

Drought was considered a curse of the innocent victim. And that was repealed by the sacrifice of another innocent! The mortal lives of the lower caste were sacrificed for the immortal prestige of the Kings. Tradition prevailed.

29 December 2015

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