Saturday, March 21, 2015

Unification of India by Goswami Tulsidas

Unification of India by Goswami Tulsidas

When India was under the greater influence of 'shunyavad' of Buddhism, Shaivism counter it through Gyan Yoga. But it was difficult for common people to meditate and put the mind on thinking process, Bhakti Yoga, worshipping through poojan and kirtan became popular. As a result Hinduism was divided into two major branches, Shaivism and Vashnavism.

The Shaiv Sanyasis wore saffron cloths and don't keep shikha and sutra (Janoi/Yagyo Pavit). They were Gyan Margi. Adi Guru Shakaracharya was Shaiv Sadhu proclaimed the principle of Adwaita. However, later he moved to Bhakti marg, wrote beautiful Bhajan, Bhaj Govindam.

The Vaishnav Sadhus wore white clothes and keep shikha and put on sutra (Janoi). They were Bhakti margi worshipping Lord Vishnu and his Avataras. Against one Shiva, they brought out Vishnu with his 10 Avataras. Initially, one idol of Vishnu or his Avatars were worshipped but later couple Pooja was introduced with Radha-Krishna temples. Bhakta was worshipped with Bhagwan. 

When India was passing through a bad time of foreigners rule and pressure of changing religion, the four schools of thought of Vaishnavas vedantica philosophy was saving Hinduism. 

Nimbarkacharya (3096 BCE or 13th Century) proclaimed principle of "Dwairadwait"  (bhedabhed). (duality and nonduality at the same time).

Ramanujacharya (1017-1137 CE)(south) proclaimed principle of "Vishishtadwaita" (advaita with uniqueness). God, Soul and Universe together form an inseparable unity which is one and has no second. Swami Ramanand (1738-1802) adopted vishishtadwaita, proclaimed by Ramanunacharya. Ramanand Swami passed reins of Uddhav sect to Sahajanand Swami, that is now developed as present day Swaminarayan sect, mostly followed by Gujaratis. Swami (Bhakt) and Narayan (Bhagwan) are worshiped together. 

Madhwacharya (1238-1319) proponent of the Dvaita principle of Bhakti that is now followed by Iscon group. The universe consists of jīva (chetan) and matter (jad). The only way for the jīva to escape the world is divine grace, which can only be gained through selfless devotional service to God, or bhakti. 

Vallabhacharya (1479-1531 CE), founder of Pushti Sect, proclaimed the principle of Shuddhadweta (pure adwait).  

But the difference of method of  worshipping was converted into fight between Shaivs and Vaishnavas and dividing Hindus.

Goswami Tulsidas (1497/1532-1623) united Shaivism and Vaishnavism together through Ramcharit Manas. Ramayana was very popular amongst people of India. Tulsidasji while rewriting Valmiki Ramayan in Awadhi made some changes. Hanuman, was declared Rudravtar of Lord Shiva as he was devotee to Lord Rama the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. And Lord Rama established Shivlinga at Rameshwar and prayed to Lord Shiva to absolve sin of killing a Brahman, the demon King Ravana in Sri Lanka. He united the two Gods Ramcharitmanas and made it so popular that both the branches united together.

Thereafter, makers of temples, established Shivlinga in LaxmiNarayan temples. The two branches of Hinduism united through temples. People started worshipping both, Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu together. People find it easy to love and pray God through heart then analysing him through brain.

Adwaita, the ultimate announcement of aham brahmasmi can be a destination of a Hindu, but Dwaita, the devotion to the God as Bhakta make them more happy and comfortable doing bhakti and living in Sansara.

Tulsidasji did a great service to the Nation and making India by uniting Shaivism and Vaishnavism.

21 March 2015


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